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PONA 51 linn 30.
berb which gilds the teeth and gives a yellow colour to As the Prophet said of Damascus, it was too delicious.. the flesh of the sheep that eatit. Even the oil of this plant « As you enter at that Bazar without the gate of must be of a golden colour. It is called Haschischat Damascus, you see the Grecu Mosque, so called because ed dab.» it hath a steeple faced with green glazed bricks, which Father Jerom Dandini, however, asserts, that the render it very resplendent; it is covered at top with a teeth of the goats at Mount Libanus are of a silver pavilion of the same stuff. The Turks say this mosque colour; and adds, « this confirms me in that which I was made in that place, because Mahomet being come, observed in Candia; 10 wit, that the animals that lise so far, would not enter the town, saying it was too de- on Mount Ida eat a certain herb, which renders their licious.»—Thevenor. This reminds one of the follow- teeth of a golden colour; which, according to my judying pretty passage in Isaac Walton :- When I sat last ment, cannot otherwise proceed than from the mines on this primrose bank, and looked down these meadows, which are under ground.»—DANDINI, Voyage to Mount I thought of them as Charles the Emperor did of the Libanus. city of Florence, that they were too pleasant to be
Page 55, line 89. looked on, but only on holidays.'»
'Tis I that mingle in one sweet measure
The past, the preseot, and future of pleasure.
« Whenever our pleasure arises from a succession « Haroun Al Raschid, cinquième Khalife des Abas- of sounds, it is a perception of complicated nature, sides, s'étant un jour brouillé avec une de ses maîtresses made up of a sensation of the present sound or note, nommée Maridah, qu'il aimait cependant jusqu'à l'excès, and an idea or remembrance of the foregoing, while et cette mésintelligence ayant déjà duré quelque temps, their mixture and concurrence produce such a myscommença à s'ennuyer. Giafar Barmaki, son favori, terious delight, as neither could have produced alone. qui s'en aperçut, commanda à Abbas ben Ahnaf, ex- And it is often heightened by an anticipation of the cellent poéte de ce temps-là, de composer quelques vers
succeeding notes. Thus Sense, Memory, and Imagisur le sujet de cette brouillerie. Ce poëte exécuta nation, are conjunctively employed.»-GERRARD ex l'ordre de Giafar, qui fit chanter ces vers par Moussali,
Taste. en présence du Khalife, et ce Prince fut tellement This is exactly the Epicurcan theory of Pleasure, as touché de la tendresse des vers du poète et de la dou- explained by Cicero:« Quocirea corpus gaudere tamceur de la voix du musicien, qu'il alla aussitôt trouver diu, dum presentem sentiret voluptatem; animum et Maridab, et fil sa paix avec elle.»—D'Herbelor. præsentem percipere pariter cum corpore et prospicere
venientem, nec præteritam præterfluere sinere.» Page 52, line 43.
MADAME DE STALL accounts, upon the same principle, Where the silkeo swing.
for the gratification we derive from rhyme :-« Elle « The swing is a favourite pastime in the East, as est l'image de l'espérance et du souvenir. Un son nous promoting a circulation of air, extremely refreshing fait désirer celui qui doit lui répondre, et quand le in those sultry climates.»—RICHARDSON.
second retentit, il nous rappelle celui qui vient de nous « The swinys are adorned with festoons. This pas- échapper.» time is accompanied with music of voices and of instruments, hired by the masters of the swings.»
Page 55, line 110. THEVENOT.
'Tis dawn, at least that earlier dawn,
Whose glimpses are again withdrawn.
The Persians have two mornings, the Soobhi Kazin Like those of Kathay, utter'd music, and gave
and the Soobhi Sadiq, the false and the real day-break. An answer in song to the kiss of each wave,
They account for this phenomenon in a most wluimsical This miraculous quality has been attributed also to
manner. They say, that the sun rises from behiol the shore of Attica. Hujus littus, ait Cappelli, con.
the Koli Qaf (Mount Caucasus), it passes a hole tentum musicum illisis terræ undis reddere, quod forated through that mountain, and that darting its propter tantam eruditionis vim puto dictum.»-Ludov. rays through it, it is the cause of the Soobhi Kazim, or Vives in Augustin. de Civitat. Dei, lib. xviii. c. 8.
this temporary appearance of day-break. As it as
cends, the earth is again veiled in darkness, until the Page 54, line 67.
sun rises above the mountain and brings with it thr!
Soobhi Sadig, or real morning.»—Scott WARING. lle Its fragrant blossoms over graves. « The women in Egypt go, at least two days in the
thinks Milton may allude to this, when he says, week, to pray and weep at the sepulchres of the dead :
Ere the hilabbing Eastern scout
The nice mora on the Indian steep and the custom then is to throw upon the tombs a sort
From her cabia'd loop-bole peep. of herb, which the Arabs call rihan, and which is our sweet basil.»---MAILLET, lett. 10.
Page 56, line 22.
Hold a feast
In his magnificent Shalimar,
« In the centre of the plain, as it approaches the The tooth of the fuwo like gold.
Lake, one of the Delhi Emperors, I believe Shah Jehan, Niebuur thinks this may be the herb which the constructed a spacious garden called the Shalimar, Eastern alchymists look to as a means of making gold. which is abundantly stored with fruit-trees and flower! « Most of those alchymical enthusiasts think them- ing shrubs. Some of the rivulets which intersect | selves sure of success, if they could but find out the plain are led into a canal at the back of the Gartea
As if all tlie shores,
The Basil tult, that waves
and, flowing through its centre, or occasionally thrown There is another account of Cashmere by Abulinto a variety of water-works, compose the chief beauty Fazil, the author of the Ayin-Acbaree, « who,» says of the Shalimar. To decorate this spot the Mogul Major RENNELL, « appears to have caught some of the Princes of India have displayed an equal magoificence enthusiasm of the Valley, by his descriptions of the and taste; especially Jehan Gheer, who, with the en- holy places in it.» chanting Noor Mahl, made Kashmire his usual residence
Page 59, line 34. during the summer months. On arches thrown over
Whose kouses, roofd with flowers. the canal are erected, at equal distances, four or five suites of apartments, each consisting of a saloon, with
« On a standing roof of wood is laid a covering of four rooms at the angles, where the followers of the fine earth, which shelters the building from the great court attend, and the servants prepare sherbets, coffee, quantity of snow that falls in the winter season. This and the hookah. The frame of the doors of the prin- fence communicates an equal warmth in winter, as cipal saloon is composed of pieces of a stone of a black a refreshing coolness in the summer season, when the colour, streaked with yellow lines, and of a closer grain tops of the houses, which are planted with a variety of and bigher polish than porphyry. They were taken, it flowers, exhibit at a distance the spacious view of a is said, from a Hindoo temple, by one of the Mogul beautifully chequered parterre. »—FORSTER. princes, and are esteemed of great value.»—FORSTER.
Page 59, line 49
Lanterns of the triple-coloured tortoine-sbell of Pegu.
« Two hundred slaves there are, who have no other # Around the exterior of the Dewan Khass (a building office than to hunt the woods and marshes for tripleof Shah Allum's) in the cornice are the following lines coloured tortoises for the king's Vivary. Of the shell in letters of gold upon a ground of white marble :- of these also lanterns are made.»--VINCENT LE BLANC's 'If there be a paradise upon earth, it is this, it is this. 's Travels. --FRANKLIN.
Page 59, line 58.
The meteon of the borib, as they are seen by those hunters.
For a description of the Aurora Borealis, as it ap* The Chinese had formerly the art of painting, on pears to these hunters, see Encyclopædia. the sides of porcelain vessels, fish and other animals,
Page 59, line 73. which were only percepuble when the vessel was full
The cold, odoriferous wind. of some liquor. They call this species Kia-tsin, that is, azure is put in press, on account of the manner in is, according to the Mahometans, one of the signs of
This wind, which is to blow from Syria Damascena, which the azure is laid on».—u
-« They are every now and the Last Day's approach. then trying to recover the art of this magical painting,
Another of the signs is, « Creat distress in the world, but to no purpose. »-Dunn.
so that a man when he passes by another's grave shall Page 59, line 17.
say, Would to God I were in his place !»--Sale's PreMore perfect than the divinest images in the House of Azor. liminary Discourse. An eminent carver of idols, said in the Koran to be
Page 60, line 2. father to Abraham. «I have such a lovely idol as is
The Cerulean Throne of Koolburga. not to be met with in the house of Azor.---HAFIZ.
« On Mahommed Shaw's return to Koolburga (the Page 59, line 29.
capital of Dekkan), he made a great festival, and The grattas, bermitagen, ond miraculous fountains. mounted this throne with much pomp and magni« The pardonable superstition of the sequestered in- ficence, calliog it Firozeh or Cerulean. I have heard habitants has multiplied the places of worship of Ma- I some old persons, who saw the throne Firozeh in the hadeo, of Beschan, and of Brama. All Cashmere is reign of Sultan Mamood Bhamenee, describe it. They holy land, and miraculous fountains abound.---Major say that it was in length nine feet, and three in breadth ; PENNELL'S Memoirs of a Map of Hindostan.
made of ebony, covered with plates of pure gold, and Jehanguire mentions « a fountain in Cashmere call- set with precious stones of immense value. Every ed Tiroagh, which signifies a snake; probably because prince of the house of Bhamenee, who possessed this some large snake had formerly been seen there.»--throne, made a poiot of adding to it some rich stones, * During the life-time of my father, I went twice to so that when in the reign of Sultan Mamood it was this fountain, which is about twenty coss from the taken to pieces, to remove some of the jewels to be set city of Cashmere. The vestiges of places of worship in vases and cups, the jewellers valued it at one crore and sanctity are to be traced without number, amongst of oons (nearly four millions sterling). I learned also the ruins and the caves which are interspersed in its that it was called Firozeh from being partly enamelled neighbourhood. » — Toozek JEHANGEERY. - See Asiat of a sky-blue colour, which was in time totally conMisc. vol. 2.
cealed by the number of jewels.»--FERISHTA.
Epistles, Odes, and other poems.
Tanti non es, ais. Sapis, Luperce.
MARTIAL, Lib. i. Epig. 118.
Plurancu. 774p. Tadayogogas.
TO FRANCIS, EARL OF JOIRA,
CONSTABLE OF TIIE TOWER, ETC.
MY LORD :- It is impossible to think of addressing a I went to America with prepossessions by no means Dedication to your Lordship without calling to mind the unfavourable, and indeed rather indulged in many of well-known reply of the Spartan to a rhetorician, who those illusive ideas with respect to the purity of the proposed to pronounce an eulogium on Hercules. « On government and the primitive happiness of the people, Hercules!» said the honest Spartan, « who ever thought which I had early imbibed in my native country, where, of blaming Hercules ?» In a similar manner the con unfortunately, discontent at home enhances every di currence of public opinion has left to the panegyrist of tant temptation, and the western world has long been your Lordsbip a very superfluous task. I shall therefore looked to as a retreat from real or imaginary oppresbe silent on the subject, and merely entreat your indul- sion, as the elysian Atlantis, where persecuted patriots gence to the very humble tribute of gratitude which I miglit find their visions realized, and be welcomed by have here the honour to present.
kindred spirits to liberty and repose. I was completels I am, my Lord,
disappointed in every flattering expectation which I har! With every feeling of attachment and respect, formed, and was inclined to say to America, as lloraee ! Your Lordship's very devoted servant, says to his mistress, « intentata nites.» Brissot, in the TIIOMAS MOORE.
preface to his travels, observes, that « freedom in that
country is carried to so luigh a degree as to border upon 27, Bury-street, St James's, April 10, 1806.
a state of nature;» and there certainly is a close apr
proximation to savage life, not only in the liberty which PREFACE.
they enjoy, but in the violence of party spirit and of private animosity which results from it. This illibera!! zeal embitters all social intercourse ; and, though I
scarcely could hesitate in selecting the party, whos The principal poems in the following Collection were
views appeared the more pure and rational, yet I was written during an absence of fourteen months from sorry to observe that, in asserting their opioions, they Europe. Though curiosity was certaivly not the motive bothíassume an equalshare of intolcrauce; the Democrats of my voyage to America, yet it happened that the gratis consistently with their principles, exhibiting a vulgarily fication of curiosity was the only advantage which I of rancour, which the Federalists too often are so for derived from it. Finding myself in the country of a getful of their cause as to imitate. new people, whose infancy had promised so much, and
The rude familiarity of the lower orders, and inderd whose progress to maturity has been an object of such the unpolished state of society in general, would neither interesting speculation, I determined to employ the surprise por disgust if they seemed to flow from thar short period of time, which my plan of return to Eu. simplicity of character, that honest iguorante of the rope afforded me, in travelling through a few of the i gloss of refinement, which may be looked for in a nes States and acquiring some knowledge of the inha- | and inexperienced people. But, when we find then bitants.
arrived at maturity in most of the vices, and all ide The impression which my miod received froin the pride of civilization, while they are still so remote from character and manners of these republicans, suggested its clegant characteristies, it is impossible pol to ton the Epistles which are written from the city of Washi- that this youthful decay, this crude anticipation of the ington and Lake Eric.
How far I was right, in thus natural period of corruption, represses every sanguine assuming the tone of a satirist against a people whom hope of the future energy and greatness of America. | viewed but as a stranger and a visitor, is a doubt
I am conscious that, in venturing these few remarks, wbieli my feelings did not allow me time to investigate. I have said just enough to offend, and by no means All I presume to answer for is the fidelity of the picture sufficient to convince; for the limits of a preface ws/ which I have given; and thougla prudence might have not allow me to enter into a justification of my ore dictated gentler language, truth, I think, would have nions, avd I am committed on the subject as effattak justified severer.
as if I had writen volumes in their defence. My readies "Iple VI VII, and VIII.
however, is apprized of the very cursory oliserrat en
upon which these opinions are founded, and can easily The heart may let its wanton wing decide for himself upon the degree of attention or con- Repose awhile in pleasure's spring, fidence which they merit.
But, if it wait for winter's breeze, With respect to the poems in general which occupy The spring will dry, the heart will freeze! the following pages, I know not in what manner to And then, that Hope, that fairy llope, apologize to the public for intruding upon their notice Oh! she awaked such happy dreams, such a mass of unconnected trifles, such a world of And gave my soul such tempting scope epicurean atoms, as I have here brought in conflict to- For all its dearest, fondest schemes, gether. To say that I have been tempted by the liberal That not Verona's child of song, offers of my bookseller, is an excuse which can hope When flying from the Phrygian shore, for but little indulgence from the critic; yet I own With lighter hopes could bound along, that, without this seasonable inducement, these poems Or pant to be a wanderer more! very possibly would never have been submitted to the world. The glare of publication is too strong for such Even now delusive hope will steal imperfect productions: they should be shown but 10 Amid the dark regrets I feel, the eye of friendship, in that dim light of privacy, Soothing as yonder placid beam which is as favourable to poetical as to female beauty, Pursues the murmurers of the deep, and serves as a veil for faults, while it enhances every And lights them with consoling gleam, charm which it displays. Besides, this is not a period And smiles them into tranquil sleep! for the idle occupations of poetry, and times like the Oh! such a blessed night as this, present require talents more active and more useful. I often think, if friends were pear, Few have now the leisure to read such trifles, and I How we should feel, and gaze with bliss sincerely regret that I have had the leisure to write Upon the moon-bright scenery here! them.
The sea is like a silvery lake,
And o'er its calm the vessel glides
Gently, as if it fear'd to wake
The slumber of the silent tides!
The only envious cloud that lowers, TO LORD VISCOUNT STRANGFORD.
Iath hung its shade on Pico's height, ABOARD TUE PHAETON FRIGATE, OFF THE AZORES, Where dimly, 'mid the dusk, he towers, BY MOONLIGHT.
And, scowling at this Heaven of light,
Exults to see the infant storm
Cling darkly round his giant form!
Now, could I range those verdant isles
Tovisible, at this soft hour,
And see the looks, the melting smiles,
That brighten many an orange bower ;
And could I lift each pious veil, The recollection, kind and sweet,
And see the blushing cheek it shades, The reveries of fond regrel,
Oh! I should have full many a tale,
To tell of young Azorian maids. 3
Dear Strangford! at this hour, perhaps,
Some faithful lover (not so blest
As they who in their ladies' laps
Mav cradle every wish to rest) For ever past, when brilliant joy
Warbles, to touch his dear one's soul, Was all my vacant heart's employ:
Those madrigals, of breath divine,
Which Camoens' harp from rapture stole,
And gave, all glowing warm, to thine!
Oh! could the lover learn from thee,
And breathe them with thy graceful tone, Delicious days of whim and soul!
Such dear beguiling minstrelsy
Would make the coldest nymph his own.
And turn'd the leaf with folly's feather! I little thought that all were fled,
Alluding to these animated lines in the 44th Carmen of this poet That, ere that summer's bloom was shed,
Jam mens prætrepidans avet vagari, My eye should see the sail unfurld
Jam læti stadio pedes vigescunt ! That wafts me to the western world!
· Pico is a very high mountain on one of the Azores, from which
the island derives its name. It is said by some to be as bigh as the And yet 'I was time-in youthful days,
Peak of Teneriffe. To cool the season's burning rays,
3. I believe it is Guthrie who says, that tbe inhabitants of the Azores
are murb addicted to gallantry. This is an assertion in which even ' Pythagoras ; mbo was supposed to have a power of writing upon Gutbne may be credited. he moon by the means of a magie mirror. See Barla, ant. Pythag. • These islands belong to the Portuguese.