Page images


from Casiri's Biblioth. Arab. Hispan, in the Appendix to the feathers of the humma, according to the practice Berington's Literary History of the Middle Ages. of his family.»--Wilks's South of India. He adds in Page 19, line 86.

a note :-“The humma is a fabulous bird. The head

over which its shadow once passes will assuredly be Discharge, as from a kindled saptha fount.

circled with a crown. The splendid little bird, suspendSee Hanway's Account of the Springs of Naptha at ed over the throne of Tippoo Sultauo, found at SerinBaku (which is called by Lieutenant Pottinger Joala Mookhee, or the Flaming Mouth), taking fire and run- sapatam in 1799, was intended to represent this poeti

cal fancy. ping into the sea. Dr Cooke, in his Journal, mentions

Page 23, line 61. some wells in Circassia, strongly impregnated with this

Whose words, like those on the Writtea Mountain, last for ever. inflammable oil, from which issues boiling water. « Though the weather,» he adds, « was now very cold, the inscriptions, ligures, etc. on those rocks, which have

« To the pilgrims to Mount Sinai we must attribute the warmth of these wells of hot water produced near from thence acquired the name of the Written Mounthem the verdure and flowers of spring.» Major Scort Wabing says that naptka is used by the tain.»— Volxer. M. Gebelin and others have been at

much pains to attach some mysterious and important Persians, as we are told it was in hell, for lamps.

meaning to these inscriptions; but Niebuhr, as well as Maay a row of starry lamps and blazing (ressets, fed

Volney, thinks that they must have been executed at With aaptha and asphaltus, yielded light

idle hours by the travellers to Mount Sinai, « who were As from a sky.

satisfied with cutting the unpolished rock with any Page 21, line 15.

pointed instrument; adding to their names and the Thou seest yon cistera in the shade'e is flrd

date of their journeys some rude figures which bespeak With burning drugs, for this last hour dusulld.

the hand of a people but little skilled in the arts.»— « Il donna du poisorr dans le vin à tous ses gens, et se NIEBUIR. jeta lui-même ensuite dans une cuve pleine de drogues

Page 23, line 9o. brûlantes et consumantes, afin qu'il ne restât rien de From the dark bayarinth, to which Tafez compares his mistress's hair. tous les membres de son corps, et que ceux qui restaient See Nort's Hafez, Ode v. de sa secte pussent croire qu'il était monté au ciel, ce qui ne manqua pas d'arriver.»--D'HERBELOT.

Page 23, line gr.

To the Camalata, by whose roxy ble saom the heaven of India in Page 22, line 58. To eat any mangoes but those of Maragoog was, of course, impossible « The Camalata (called by Linnrus, Ipomea) is the

« The celebrity of Mazagong is owing to its mangoes, most beautiful of its order, both in the colour and form which are certainly the best fruit I ever tasted. The of its leaves and flowers; its elegant blossoms are .ceparent tree, from which all those of this species have bestial rosy red, Love's proper hue,

' and have justly been grafted, is honoured during the fruit season by a procured it the name of Camalata, or Love's Creeper.», guard of sepoys; and, in the reign of Shah Jehan, -Sir W. JONES. couriers were stationed between Delhi and the Mah- « Cámalata may also mean a mythological plant, by ratta coast, to secure an abundant and fresh supply of which all desires are granted to such as inhabit the mangoes for the royal table.»—Mrs Graham's Journal heaven of India, and if ever flower was worthy of Paof a Residence in India.

radise, it is our charming Ipomza.»--Ib.
Page 22, line 59.

Page 23, line 95.
His foe antique porcelaia.

Thai Flower-loring Aymph, when they worship in the temples of This old porcelain is found in digging, and « if it is esteemed, it is not because it has acquired any new de.

« According to Father Premare, in his tract on Chigree of beauty in the carth, but because it has retained pese Mythology, the mother of Fo-li was the daughter its ancient beauty; and this alone is of great import- of Heaven, surnamed Flower-loving; and as the nymph ance in China, where they give large sums for the small- was walking alone on the bank of a river, she found est vessels which were used under the Emperors Yan herself encircled by a rainbow, after which she became and Chun, who reigned many ages before the dynasty pregnant, and, at the end of twelve years, was delivered of Tang, at which time porcelain began to be used by of a son radiant as herself.». — Asiat. Res. the Emperors» (about the year 442).--Dunn's Collec

Page 24, line 23. tion of curious Observations, etc.-a bad translation of

On the blue flower, whicba - Bramins saysome parts of the Lettres Edifiantes et Curieuses of the

Blooms no wbore but in Paradise. Missionary Jesuits.

« The Brahmius of this province insist that the blue

Campac flowers only in Paradise.» Sir W. Jones. It
Page 23, line 6o.
That sublime bird, wbieb fies always in the air.

appears, however, from a curious letter of the Sultan

of Menangcabow, given by Marsden, that one place on « The Hamma, a bird peculiar to the East

. It is sup earth may lay claim to the possession of it. « This is posed to dy constantly in the air, and never touch the the sultan, who keeps the flower Champaka that is ground: it is looked upon as a bird of happy omen; blue, and to be found in no other country but his, being and that every head it overshades will in time wear

yellow elsewhere.»--MARSDEN'S Sumatra. a crown.»-RICHARDSON, lo the terms of alliance made by Fuzzel Oola Khan

Page 24, line 48. with Hyder, in 1760, one of the stipulations was, « that

I know where the Isles of Perfume are. he should have the distinction of two honorary altend- Diodorus mentions the Isle of Panchaia, to the south ants standing behind him, holding fans composed of of Arabia Felix, where there was a temple of Jupiter.


Page 27,

Page 27,

This island, or rather cluster of isles, has disappeared, come down to eat human flesh in the dark in safety.»— « sunk (says GRANDPRÉ) in the abyss made by the fire BRUCE. beneath their foundations.»Voyage to the Indian

Page 26, line 27.

Bat see,-ubo ponder comes.
Page 24, line 61.

This circumstance has been often introduced into
Whose air is halm, whose ocean spreads

poetry ;- by Vincentius Fabricius, by Darwin, and lately, O'er coral rocks and amber beds; etc.

with very powerful effect, by Mr Wilson. « It is not like the Sea of India, wliose bottom is rich with pearls and ambergris, whose mountains of the

Page 27, line 39.

The wild bees of Palestine. coast are stored with gold and precious stones, wliose gulfs breed creatures that yield ivory, and among the

Wild bees, frequent in Palestine, in hollow trunks plants of whose shores are ebony, red wood, and the or branches of trees, and the clefts of rocks. Thus it wood of Ilairzan, aloes, camphor, cloves, sandal-wood, is said (Psalm 81), « honey out of the stony rock.»— Bt Rand all other spices and aromatics; where parrots and Der's Oriental Customs. peacocks are birds of the forest, and musk and civet

line 41. are collected upon the lands.»-- Travels of Two Mo

And, Jordan, those sweet banks of thine, hammedans.

And woods so full of nightingales.
Page 24, line 76.

« The river Jordan is on both sides beset with little, Thy pillar'd shades.

thick, and pleasant woods, among which thousands of In the ground

vightingales warble all together.»---THEVENOT.
The bended twige take root, and daughters gros

Jine 86.
Abont the mother tree, a pillar'd shade,

On the brink
High over-arch'd, and echoing walks between.

Of a small imaret's rustic fount.

MILTOS. For a particular description and plate of the Banyan

Imaret, « hospice où on loge et nourrit, gratis, les tree, see Cordiner's Ceylon.

pélerins pendant trois jours.»- Toderini, translated by

the ABBE DE COURNAND. See also CASTELLAN'S Hours Page 24, line 78.

des Othomans, tom. v. p. 145. Thy monarchs and their thousand thrones. « With this immense treasure Mamood returned to

Page 27, line 116. Ghizni, and, in the year 400, prepared a magnificent

The boy has started from the bed

or flowers, wbere he had laid his bead, festival, where he displayed to the people his wealth

And down upon the fragrant sod in golden thrones and in other ornaments, in a great

Kacels. plain without the city of Gluizni.»— FERISHTA.

Buch Turks as at the common liours of prayer are Page 25, lipe 12.

on the road, or so employed as not to find convenience Blood like this,

to attend the Mosques, are still obliged to execute that For liberty sbed, 0 boly is.

duty; nor are they ever known to fail, whatever busiObjections may be made to my use of the word li- ness they are then about, but pray immediately wben berty, in this and more especially in the story that the hour alarms them, whatever they are about, in that follows it, as totally inapplicable to any state of things very place they chance to stand on; iosomuch thai that has ever existed in the East; but though I cannot, when a janissary, whom you have to guard you up of course, mean to employ it in that enlarged and noble and down the city, hears the notice which is given sense which is so well understood in the present day, him from the steeples, he will turn about, stand still, and, I grieve to say, so little acted upon, yet it is no and beckou with his hand, to tell his charge be must disparagement to the word to apply it to that national have patience for a while; when taking out his handindependence, that freedom from the interference and kerchief, he spreads it on the ground, sits cross-legged dietation of foreigners, without which, indeed, no li- thercupon, and says liis prayers, though in the open berty of any kind can exist, and for which both Hindoos market, which having ended, he leaps briskly up, s+ and Persians fought against their Mussulman invaders lutes the person whom he underlook to convey, and with, in many cases, a bravery that deserved much bet- renews his journey with the mild expression of gheid ter success.

ghonnum ghell, or, Come, dear, follow me.»- AARON

llill's Travels.
Page 25, line 29.
Afric's Lunar Mountaina.

Page 29, line 18. « Sometimes called,» says JACKSON, « Jihbcl Kumrie,

The Banyan Hospital, or the white or lunar-coloured mountains; so a white « This account excited a desire of visiting the Ban- | horse is called by the Arabians a moon-coloured horse.» yan Ilospital, as I had heard much of their benevolence Page 25. line 97.

to all kinds of animals that were either sick, lame, or Only the fierce byrna stalks

infirm, through age or accident. On my arrival there Throughout the city s desolato walks.

were presented to my view many horses, cows, and «Condar was full of hyrnas, from the time it turned oxen, in one apartment; in another, dogs, sheep, goals, dark till the dawn of day, secking the different pieces and monkeys, with clean straw for thein to repose on. of slaughtered carcases which this cruel and unclean Above stairs were depositories for seeds of many sorts, people expose in the streets without burial, and who and flat broad dishes for water, for the use of birds and firmly believe that these animals are Falashta from the insects.»—Parsons. neighbouring mountains, transformed by magic, and It is said that all animals kuow the Banyaus, that

red lotus.

the most timid approach them, and that birds will fly jessamines, and honeysuckles, make a sort of green nearer to them than to other people. See GRANDPRÉ. wall; large trees are planted round this place, which is Page 29, line 23.

the scene of their greatest pleasures.»—Lady M. W. Whose sweetness was not to be drawn forth, like that of the fragrant MONTAGE. Grass bear the Ganges, by crusbing and trampling upon them.

Page 31, line 112. * A very fragrant grass from the banks of the Gan

Before their mirrors count the time, ges, near Heridwar, wbich in some places covers whole acres, and diffuses , when crushed, a strong odour.»- ing-glasses. « In Barbary,» says Suaw, « they are so

The women of the East are never without their lookSir W. Jones on the Spikenard of the Ancients.

fond of their looking-glasses, which they hang upon Page 29, line 98.

their breasts, that they will not lay them aside, even Artisans, in chariots.

when, after the drudgery of the day, they are obliged Oriental Tales.

to go two or three miles with a pitcher or a goat's skin Page 29, line 108.

to fetch water.»- Travels. Wared plates of gold and silver flowers over their heads. In other parts of Asia they wear little looking-glasses

Or, rather,” says Scott, upon the passage of Fe- on their thumbs. «Hence (and from the lotus being rishta, from which this is taken, « small coin, stamped considered the emblem of beauty) is the meaning of the with the figure of a flower. They are still used in following mute intercourse of two lovers before their India to distribute in charity, and, on occasion, thrown parents. by the purse-bearers of the great among the populace.”

• He with salute of deferenee due Page 29, line 117.

A lotus to his forehead press'd;

She raised her mirror to his riew,
His delectable alley of trees.

Then tura'd it inward to ber breast..
This road is 250 leagues in length. It has « little

Asiatic Miscellany, rel. ii. pyramids or turrets, says Bernier, « erected every half

Page 32, line 49 league, to mark the ways, and frequent wells to afford

The uptrodden solitude drink to passengers, and to water the young trees.»

of Ararat's tremendous peak. Page 3o, line 36.

Staty says, “I can well assure the reader that their Oa tbe dear cold waters of which floated multitudes of the beautiful opinion is not true, who suppose this mount to be in

accessible. He adds, that the lower part of the « Here is a large pagoda by a tank, on the water of mountaia is cloudy, misty, and dark, the middlemost which float multitudes of the beautiful red lotus: the part very cold and like clouds of snow,

but the upper flower is larger than that of the white water-lily, and regions perfectly calm.» It was on this mountain that is the most lovely of the nymphæas I have seen.»- the Ark was supposed to have rested after the Delage, Mrs Graham's Journal of a Residence in India. and part of it, they say, exists there still, which Struy Page 3o, line 66.

thus gravely accounts for: «Whereas none can reWho, many hundred years since, had fled bither from their Arab con

member that the air on the top of the hill did ever

change or was subject either to wind or rain, which « On les voit, persécutés par les Khalifes, se retirer is presumed to be the reason that the ark has endured dans les montagnes du Kerman: plusieurs choisirent so long without being rotten.» See Carreri's Travels, pour retraite la Tartarie et la Chine ; d'autres s'arrê- where the Doctor laughs at this whole account of Mount tèrent sur les bords du Gange, à l'est de Delbin M. AN- Ararat. QUETIL, Mémoires de l'Académie, tom. xxxi. p. 346.

Page 33, line 131
Page 30, line 76.

The Gheber belt that round biun clung.
As a native of Cashmere, wbiela bad in the same manner become the

« Pour se distinguer des Idolâtres de l'Inde, les prey of strangers.

Guèbres se ceignent tous d'un cordon de laine, ou du * Cashmere (say its historians) had its own Princes poil de chameau.»--Encyclopédie Française. 4000 years before its conquest by Akbar in 1585. Ak- D'Herbelot says this belt was generally of leather. bar would lave found some difficulty to reduce this

Page 34, line 1. paradise of the Indies, situated as it is, within such a

Who, mora and eren, fortress of mountains, but its monarch Yusef Khan was

Hail their Creator's dwelling-place basely betrayed by his omrahs. »—Pennant.

Among the living lights of Heaven!
Page 3o, line 106.

« As to fire, the Ghebers place the spring-head of it His story of the Fire-worshippers,

in that globe of fire, the Sun, by them called Mythras, Voltaire tells us that, in his tragedy « Les Guebres,» gratitude for the manifold benefits flowing from its

or Mihir, to which they pay the highest reverence, in he was generally supposed to have alluded to the Jap- ministerial omniscience. But they are so far from consenists; and I should not be surprised if this story of founding the subordination of the Servant with the the Fire-worshippers were found capable of a similar doubleness of application.

majesty of its Creator, that they not only attribute no

sort of sense or reasoning to the sun or fire, in any of Page 31, line 111.

its operations, but consider it as a purely passive blind Who, lull'd in cool kiosk or bower.

instrument, directed and governed by the immediate «lu the midst of the garden is the chiosk, that is, impression on it of the will of God; but they do not a large room, commonly beautified with a fine foun- even give that luminary, all glorious as it is, more than lain in the midst of it. It is raised nine or ten steps, the second rank amongst his works, reserving the first and inclosed with gilded lattices, round which vines, for that stupendous production of divine power, the



mind of man.»--GROSE. The false charges brought dous chain » of which I suppose it a link does not ex. against the religion of these people hy their Mussulman tend quite so far as the shores of the Persian Gulf. tyrants is but one proof among many of the truth of this « This long and lofty range of mountains formerly writer's remark, « that calumny is often added to op- divided Media from Assyria, and now forms the bounpression, if but for the sake of justifying it.»

dary of the Persian and Turkish empires. It runs paPage 34, line 102.

rallel with the river Tigris and Persian Gulf, and almost That enchanted tree, wbich grows over the tomb of the musician Tan.

disappearing in the vicinity of Gomberoon (Ilarmozia),

seems once more to rise in the southern districts of ker« Within the enclosure which surrounds this monu- man, and, following an easterly course through the ment (at Gualior) is a small tomb to the memory of centre of Meckram and Balouchistan, is entirely lost Tan-Sein, a musician of incomparable skill, who tiou- in the deserts of Sinde. »-Kinster's Persian Empire. rished at the court of Akbar. The tomb is over

Page 36, line 112. shadowed by a trec, concerning which a superstitious

That bold were Voslen, who would dare notion prevails, that the chewing of its leaves will give

At twilight hour to steer bis sk.ft an extraordinary melody to the voice.»- Narrative of

Beneath the Gleber's lonely cliff. a Journey from Agra to Ouzein, by W. Hunter, Esq. There is an extraordinary bill in this neighbourhood, Page 34, line 105.

called Kohé Gubr, or the Gucbre's mountain. It rises The awful sicoal of the buboo-staff.

in the form of a lofty cupola, and on the summit of it, « It is usual to place a small white triangular Nag, Temple. It is superstitiously held to be the residence of

they say, are the remains of an Alush Kudu, or Fire fixed to a bamboo-staff of ten or twelve feel long, at the place where a tiger has destroyed a man.

Deeves or Sprites, and many marvellous stories are reIt is

counted of the injury and witchcraft suffered by these common for the passengers also to throw each a stone or brick near the spot, so that in the course of a little who essayed in former days to ascend or explore its

POTTINGER'S Beloochistan, time, a pile equal to a good waygon-load is collected. The sight of these tlags aud piles of stones imparts a certain

Page 37, line 13. melancholy, not perhaps altogether void of apprehen

Still did the mighty lame bura on. sion.»--Oriental Field Sports, vol. ii.

«At the city of Yezd in Persia which is distin! Page 34, line 113.

guished by the appellation of the Darüb Abadut, or Beneath the sbade, some pious bands bod erected, etc.

Seat of Religion, the Guebres are permitted to have « The ficus Indica is called the Pagod Tree and Tree an Alush Kudu or Fire Temple (which, they assert, of Councils, the first from the Idols placed under its has had the sacred fire in it since the days of Zorousshade; the second, because meetings were held under ter) in their own compartment of the city; but for its cool branches. In some places it is believed to be this indulgence they are indebted to the avarice, not the hau:t of spectres, as the ancient spreading oaks of the tolerance of the Persian government, which tatís Wales have been of fuirics: in others are crected, be them at twenty-five rupees each man.»—POTTINGER'S neath the shade, pillars of stone, or posts, clegantly

Deloochistan, carved and ornamented with the most beautiful por

Page 37, line 93. celain to supply the use of mirrors.»—PENNANT.

While on that altar's Gres

They srore.
Page 35, line 15.

« Nul d'entre eux n'oserait se parjurer, quand il a pris à The nightingale now bends ber flight.

témoin cet élément terrible et vengeur.- Encyclopedie « The nightingale sings from the Pomegranate-groves in the day-time, and from the loftiest trees at night.»-

Française. RUSSEL's Aleppo.

Page 37, line un

The Persian lily sbines and towers.
Page 36, line i.

"A vivid verdure succeeds the autumnal rains, april Before whose sabro's dazzling light, etr.

the ploughed tields are covered with the Persian lits, « When the bright cimitars make the eyes of our he- of a respicadent yellow colour.»—RUSSEL's Aleppo. rocs wink.--- The Moallakat, Pocm of Amrt'.

Page 39, line 25.
Page 36, line 45.

Like Dead Sea frute that tempt the eye.
As Lebanon's #mall mountain-lond

But fura to ashes on the lips.
J. Pender'd bols by the ranks

«They say that there are apple-trecs upon the sides of sainted redar. on its banks. In the Lettres Édifiantes, there is a different cause

of this sca, which bear very lovely fruit, but within arassigned for its name of lloly. «In these are deep ca

al full of ashes.:)--THEVENOT. The same is asserie verns, which formerly served as so many cells for a

of the oranges there.-Sec Witman's Travels in Asintic great number of recluses, who had chosen these retreats Turkey. 15 the only witnesses upon earth of the severity of their

« The Asplualt Lake, known by the name of the Dead penance. The tears of these pious penitents pave the Sea, is very remarkable on account of the cousiderable river of which we have just treated the name of the proportion of salt which it contains. In this respero Holy River.»--Sec CuATEAUBRIAND S Beauties of Christ it surpasses every other known water on the surface of tianity.

the earth. This great proportion of bitter-tasted salts Page 36, line 89.

is the reason why neither animal por pligt can live A roky mountain, o'er the sea

in this watcr,»--ALAPROTE's Chemical Analysis of the of Oman beetlingarfully.

Water of the Dead Scia, Annals of Philosophy, Januan, This mountain is my own creation, as the "stupen- 1813. 1LASSFLQUIST, however, doubts the truth of the

last assertion, as there are shell-fish to be found in the

Page 40, line 13. lake.

Her ruby rosary. | Lord Byron has a similar allusion to the fruits of the

« Le Tespih, qui est un chapelet composé de quatreDead Sea, in that wonderful display of genius, his Third vingt-dix-neuf petites boules d'agathe, de jaspe, d'ambre, Canto of Childe Harold,-magnificent beyond any de corail, ou d'autre matière précieuse. J'en ai vu un thing, perhaps, that even he has ever written.

superbe au Seigneur Jerpos ; il était de belles et grosses Page 39, line 31.

perles parfaites et égales, estimé trente mille piastres. » While lakes, that shone in nolery nigh.

TODERINT. The Suhrab, or Water of the desert, is said to be

Page 43, line 45. caused by the rarefaction of the atmosphere from ex. A silk dyed with the blossoms of the sorrowful tree, Niliea. treme heat; and, which augments the delusion, it is

« Blossoms of the sorrowful Nyctanthes give a durmost frequent in hollows, where water might be ex-able colour to silk. »- Remarks on the Husbandry of pected to lodge. I have seen bushes and trees reflected Bengal, p. 200. Nilica is one of the Indian names of in it, with as much accuracy as though it had been inis flower.--SIR W. Jones. The Persians call it Gul. the face of a clear and still lake.»- POTTINGER.

-CARRENT. « Ås to the unbelievers, their works are like a vapour in a plain, which the thirsty traveller thinketh to be

Page 45, line 89. water, until when he cometh therelo he findeth it to When pitying Ileaven to roses turu'd be pothing.»— Koran, chap. 24.

The death flames that beneath bim burn'd!

Of their other Prophet, Zoroaster, there is a story Page 39, line 42.

told in Dion Prisgus, Orat. 36., that the love of wisA flower that the Bidmusk bas just passed over.

dom and virtue leading him to a solitary life upon & A wind which prevails in February, called Bid- a mountain, he found it one day all in a flame, shining musk, from a small and odoriferous flower of that with celestial fire, out of which he came without any name.»--- The wind which blows these flowers com- larm, and instituted certain sacrifices to God, who, monly lasts till the end of the month.»—LE BRUYN.

be declared, then appeared to him.-See PATRICK on Page 39, line 44

Exodus, iii. 2.
Wbere the sca-gipseys, who live for ever on the water.

Page 50, line 95. «The Biajus are of two races; the one is settled on

Tlaxy were now not far from that Forbidden Raver. Borneo, and are a rude but warlike and industrious nation, who reckon themselves the original possessors the Nilab, which he called Attock, which means in the

« Akbar, op his way, ordered a fort to be built upon of the island of Borneo. The other is a species of sea- lodian language Forbidden; for, by the superstition cip eys, or itinerant fishermen, who live in small co

of the Hindoos, it was held unlawful to cross that vered boats, and enjoy a perpetual summer on the

river.»- Dows Hindostan. eastern ocean, shifting to leeward from island to island, with the variations of the monsoon. In some of their

Page 51, line 2. eustoms this singular race resemble the patives of the Resembling, she often thought, that people of Zioge. Maldivia islands. The Maldivians annually launch a The inhabitants of this country (Zioge) are never small bark, loaded with perfumes, gums, flowers, and aftlicted with sadness or melancholy: on this subject odoriferous wood, and turn it adrift at the mercy of the Sheikh Abu-al-KIETR-AZHARI has the following diswinds and waves, as an offering to the Spirit of the vich:Winds; and sometimes similar offerings are made to

« Who is the man without care or sorrow (tell) that the spirit whom they term the King of the Sea. In like

may rub my hand to him. mander the Biajús perform their offering to the god

« í Behold, the Zingians, without care or sorrow, of evil, launching a small bark, loaded with all the frolicksome with tipsiness and mirth.» sins and misfortunes of the nation, which are imagined

« The philosophers have discovered that the cause to fall on the unhappy crew that may be so unlucky of this cheerfulness proceeds from the influence of the as first to ineet with it.»--Dr LEYDEN on the Languages star Sobcil, or Canopus, which rises over them every and Literature of the Indo-Chinese Yations.

night.»— Eatract from a geographical Persian ManuPage 39, line 58.

script called Heft Aklim, or the Seven Climates, trans

lated by W. OLSELEY, Esq. « The sweet-scented violet is one of the plants most

Page 51, line 16. esteemed, particularly for its great use in Sorbet, which

Putting to death some bundreds of those unfortunate lizards they make of violet sugar.»--HASSELQUIST. « The sherbet they most esteem, and which is drank

« The lizard Stellio. The Arabs call it Hardun. The by the Grand Signor himself, is made of violets and Turks kill it, for they imagine that by declining the

head it mimics them when they say their prayers.»--sugar.»-TAVERNIER.

Page 39, line 6o.
The pasbetie measure of Nava.

Page 51, line 22. « Last of all she took a guitar, and sung a pathetic

About two miles from Hassan Abdaul sere those Royal Gardens. air in the measure called Nava, which is always used I am indebted for these particulars of Hussun Abto express the lamentations of absent lovers.»---Persian daul 10 the very interesting Introduction of Mr ELPHINTales.

STONE's work upon Caubul.


The violet sherbets.

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