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Your curut tea and toast.

down from the fly-sticking of Domitian, the mole.

Page 143, line 115. catching of Artabanus, the hog-mimicking of Parme- No one can suspect Boileau of a sneer at his royal nides, the horse-currying of Aretas, to the petticoat- master, but the following lines, intended for praise, embroidering of Ferdinand, and the patience-playing look very like one. Describing the celebrated passatie of the P-R--1!

of the Rhine, during which Louis remained on the safe Page 140, line 15.

side of the river, he says,

Louis, les asimane da feu de son courage. Is Mr Bob aware that his contempt for tea renders

Se plaint de sa grandeur, qui l'attache au rivage.

Epit. 4. him liable to a charge of atheism? Such, at least, is

Page 144, line 43. the opinion cited in Christian. Falster. Amanitat. Phi

Turns from his victims to his glees, lolog.-« Atheum interpretabatur hominem ab herba

And has them both well executed. The aversum. » He would pot, I think, have been so

How amply these two propensițies of the Noble Lord irreverent to this beverage of scholars, if he had read would have been gratified among that ancient people Peter Petit's Poem in praise of Tea, addressed to the of Etruria, who, as Aristote tells us, used to whip learned Huet-or the Epigraph which Pechlinus wrote their slaves once a year to the sound of flutes! for an altar he meant to dedicate to this herb-or the Anacreontics of Peter Francius, in which he calls Tea

Page 148.-line 6.

Lampreys, indeed, seem to have been always a faΘεαν, θεην, θεαιναν.

vourite dish with Kings-whether from some congeThe following passage from one of these Anacreon- niality between them and that fish, I know not; but Dio tics will, I have no doubt, be gratifying to all true Cassius tells us that Pollio fattened his lampreys with Theists.

human blood. St. Louis of France was particularly Θεοις, θεων το πατρι

fond of theni.-See the anecdote of Thomas Aquinas Εν χρυσεοις σκυφεισι

eating up his majesty's lamprey, in a note upon RabeΔιδοι το νεκταρ Ηβη.

lais, liv. 3. chap. 2.
Σε μου διακονοιντο

Page 148, line 14.
Σκυφοις εν μυρρινοισι,

Till five o'еlock brings on that hour so momentous.
Τω καλλεί πρέπουσαι

Had Mr Bob's Dinner Epistle been inserted, I was
Καλαις χερεσαι κουραι. .

prepared with an abundance of learned matter to illus Which may be thus translated:

trate it, for which, as indeed, for all my « scientia

popine, I am indebted to a friend in the Dublin Yer, let Hebe, ever young.

l'niversity,—whose reading formerly lay in the magic High in heaven ber nectar hold, And to Jore's immortal throng

line; but, in consequence of the Provost's enlightened Pour the ride in cups of gold.

alarm at such studies, he has taken to the authors « de I'll not envy beaven's primers,

re cibaria » instead; and has left Bodin, Remigius, While, with snowy hands, for me,

Agrippa, and his little dog Filiolus, for Apicins, No-
KATE the china ten-eup rinses,
And pours out her best Bohen!

nius, and that most learned and savoury jesuit, Bulen

gerus.
Page 141, line 86.

Page 151, line 89.
Here break we off, at this uoballow'd name.

Live bullion,, says merciless Boh, - which I think The late Lord C. of Ireland had a curious theory Would, if coin'd with a lule mint sauce, be deixout!. about names ;-he held that every man with three Mr. Bob need not be ashamed of his cookery jokes, names was a jacobin. Bis instances in Ireland were when he is kept in countenance by such men as Cicero, numerous :- viz. Archibald Hamilton Rowan, Theobald St Augustine, and that jovial bishop, Venantius ForWolfe Tone, James Napper Tandy, John Philpot Cur- tunatus. The pun of the great orator upon the « jus ran, etc. etc. and, in England, he produced as examples Verrinum,» which he calls bad hog broth, from a play Charles James Fox, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, John upon both the words, is well known; and the Saini's Horne Tooke, Francis Burdett Jones, etc. etc.

puns upon the conversion of Lot's wife into salt are The Romans called a thief « homo trium literarum. equally ingenious:- In salem conversa hominibus Tuo trium literarum homo

fidelibus quoddam præstitit condimentum, quo sapiant Me vitaperas! Fur.'

aliquid, unde illud caveatur exemplum.»--De Civitat. Plantas, Aulular. Act. 2. Scene 4. Dei, lib. 16. cap. 30.—The jokes of the pious favourite Page 142, line 45.

of Queen Radagunda, the convivial Bishop l'enantius, The Testament, turn'd into melo-drames nightly.

may be found among his poems, in some lines against a The Old Testament,» says the theatrical Critic in a cook who had robbed him. The following is similar

to Cicero's pun. the Gazette de France, « is a mine of gold for the maDagers of our small play-houses. A multitude crowd

Plus juscella Coci quam mea jura valet. round the Théâtre de la Gaité every evening to see the See bis poems, Corpus Patar. Latin. Tom. 2. p, 1732. Passage of the Red Sea."

Of the same kind was Montmaur's joke, when a dish In the play-bill of one of these sacred melo-drames was spilt over bim- summum jus, summa injuria ; » at Vienna, we find « The Voice of G-d, by Mr. and the same celebrated parasite, in ordering a sole to Schwartz.

be placed before him, said,

Eligi cui dicas, tu mihi sela places ' Dusaldeus supposes this word to be glossema--that is, he bunks • Furbas made b's escape from the margia into the text,

Seneta

line 172

The reader may likewise sec, among a good deal of takes it station as one of the Fine Arts in the followkitchen erudition, the learned Lipsius's jokes on cutting ing passage of Mr Dugald Stewart.-« Agreeally to up a capon, in his Saturnal. Sermon. lib. 2. cap. 2. this view of the subject, sweet may be said to be in

trinsically pleasing, and bitter to be relatively pleasing; Page 157,

which both are, in many cases, equally essential to Upon singing and cookery, Bouir, of course,

those effects, which, in the art of cookery, correspond Standing up for the latter Fine Art io full sorce.

to that composite beauty, which is the object of the Cookery has been dignised by the researches of a painter and of the poet to create.»--Philosophical Bacon (see his Natural History, Receipts, etc.); and l Essays.

Tom Crib's Memorial to Congress.

Αλλ' ουκ' οιοι ΠΥΚΤΙΚΗΣ ΠΛΕΟΝ ΜΕΤΕΧΕΙΝ τους πλούσιους επιστημη τι και εμπειρια Η

ΠΟΛΕΜΙΚΗΣ; Εγω εφ».

Plato de Rep. lib. 4.
. If any man doubt the significancy of the language, we refer lim tothe third volume of orts, set forth by the learned in the
lass of Canting, and published in this tongue...

BEN JONSON.

PREFACE.

long to have such influence upon the affairs of the world, I have, for some time past, been employed in a

voluminous and elaborate work, entitled « A Parallel Tac Public have already been informed, through the between Ancient and Modern Pugilism,» which is now medium of the daily prints, that, among the distin in a state of considerable forwardness, and which I guished visitors to the Congress lately held at Aix-la. hope to have ready for delivery to subscribers on the Chapelle, were Mr Bob Gresson, Mr George Cooper, morning of the approaching fight between Randall and a few more illustrions brethren of The FANCY.

and Martin. Had the clegant author of Boxiana exhad been resolved at a Grand Meeling of the Pugilistic tended his inquiries to the ancient state of the art, I Fraternity, that, as all the milling Powers of Europe should not have presumed to interfere with a historian were about to assemble, personally or by deputy, at

So competent. But, as his researches into antiquitv Aix-la-Chapelle, it was but right that The Fancy should have gone no farther shan the one valuable specimen of have its representatives there as well as the rest, and erudition which I have given above, I feel the less hesithese gentlemen were accorvlingly selected for that high

tation anci lionorable office. A description of his Meeting, of

--- noros dererpere flores, The speeches spoken, the resoluuions, etc, etc, has been

Insirnemque mon canili petere inde coronam, given in a letter written by one of the most eminent of

l'nde prius nulli velarint tempora Mose.'

Lucret. lib. 4. 5. 3. The profession, which will be found in the Appendix, No. I. Mr Crie's Memorial, which now for the first time

The variety of studies necessary for such a task, and meets the public pye, was drawn up for the purpose of the multiplicity of references which it requires, as well being; transmitted liv these gentlemen to Congress; and,

1o the living as the dead, can only be fully appreciated as it could not possibly be in better hands for the en

by him who has had the patience to perform it. Alter. forcement of every point connected with the subject, nately studying in the Museum and the Fires Courtthere is every reason to hope that it has made a suitable passing from the Academy of Plato to that of Mr Jackimpression upon that body.

son-now indulging in Attic flashes with Aristophanes, The fixour into which thuis branch of Gymnastics, and now studying Flash in the Attics of Cock-Court: called Pugilism (from the Greek Tuš, as the author of between so many and such various associations has Roxina learnedly observes), has risen with the Public my mind been divided during the task, that sometimes. of late vears, and the long season of tranquillity which in my bewilderment, I have confounded Ancients and we are now promised by the new Millennarians of the Moderns together.-mistaken the Greek of St. Giles's Holy Learur, encourage is to look forward with some

for that of Athens, and have even found myself tracing degree of sangvineness to an order of things, like that Bill Gibbons and his Bull in the taurum tibi, pulcher which Plato and Tou Cein lave described (the former Apollo,» of Virgil. My printer, too, has been affected in the molto prefixed to this work, and the latter in

"To wander through The Fourr's bowers, the interesting Memorial that follows), when the Mil

To gather new, unheard-of forers, ling shall succeed to the Military system, and The

And wreathe auch garlando for in brow Fincy will be the sole arhitreas of the trilling dispnes

As Poet narrrwreathed will now! of mankind

* The residence of the Nonpareil, Jork Randall, -»bere, the day after From a wish to throw every possible beslist prose victory, be held a lover, which was attended, of course, by light on the history of an All, weich is destined ere all the leading handles of St Giles's.

(C

with similar hallucinations. The Mil. Glorios. of Plau- rived to drag; and whence, also, a flash etymologist tus be converted, the other day, into a Glorious Mill; might contrive to derive dpapucs, drama, Thespis having and more than once, when I have referred to Tom. prim. first performed in a drag. This chapter will be found or Tom. quart. he has substituted Tom Crib and Tom highly curious; and distinguished, i flatter myself, by Oliver in their places. Notwithstanding all this, the much of that acuteness which enabled a late illustrious work will be found, I trust, tolerably correct; and Professor to discover that our English « Son of a Gun» as an Analysis of its opening Chapters may not only was nothing more than the Nais Turrs (Dor.) of the gratify the impatience of the Fanciful World, but save Greeks. my future reviewers some trouble, it is here given as succinctly as possible.

Chap. 4. enumerates the many celebrated Boxers of

antiquity. — Eryx ( grandson of the Amycus already Chap. 1. contains some account of the ancient in mentioned), whom Hercules is said to have finished ventors of pugilism, Epëus and Amycus.-- The early in style.-Phrynon, the Athenian General, and Autoexploit of the former

, in milling his twin-brother. in lycus, of whom, Pausanias tells us, there was a statue ventre matris, and so getting before him into the world, in the Prytaneum–The celebrated Pugilist

, who, at the as related by Eustathius on the authority of Lycophron.

- Amycus, a Royal Amateur of the Fancy, who.chal- very moment he was expiring, had game enough to lenged to the scratch all strangers that landed on his make his adversary give in; which interesting circumsbore.-The Combat between him and Pollux (who, to

stance forms the subject of one of the Pictures of use the classic phrase, served him out), as described by Philostratus, Icon. lib

. 2. imng. 6.--and above all, Theocritus,' Apollonius Rhodius, and Valerius Flaccus.3

that renowned Son of the Fancy, Me!ancomas, the fa-- Respective merits of these three descriptions.

Thco rourite of the Emperor Titus, in whose praise Dio

Chrysostomus has left us two elaborate orations. erilas by far the best ; and, altogether, perhaps, the The peculiarities of this boxer discussed his power of most scientific account of a Boxing-match in all anti standing with his arms extended for two whole days, quity.- Apollonius ought 10 have done better, with

without such a model before him; but, evidently not up to the Ens usrev avaritexas Tees xeipas, nas oux ay aday

any rest (δυνατος ην, says Dio, και δυο ημερας thing (whatever Scaliger may say), and his similes all slum.4— Valerius Flaccus, the first Latin Epic Poet after oudres vessta autor n avdravoausvav rostop best. Virgil, has done ample justice to this Set-to; feints, Orat. 28), by which means he wore out his adversary's facers, and ribbers, all described most spiritedly.

bottom, and conquered without either giving or taking.

This bloodlese system of milling, which trusted for Chap. 2. proves that the Pancratium of the ancients, victory 10 patience alone, has afforded to the orator, as combining boxing and wrestling, was the branch of Themistins, a happy illustration of the peaceful contheir Gymnastice that most resembled our modern Po-quests which he attributes to the Emperor Valens. 3 gilism; cross-buttocking (or what the Greeks called ÚTors, (*19) being as indispensable an ingredient as

Chap. 5 notices some cnrione points of similarity henobbing, Alooring, etc. etc.—Their ideas of a stand-up ens. in his Milling-match, calls Amycus «a glutton,”

tween the ancient april modern FANCY. -Thus, Theocrifight were very similar to onr own, as appears from the which is well known to be the classical phrase at Moulτο παιειν αλλήλους ΟΡΘΟΣΤΑΔΗΝ of Lucian,-περ» | sey-Hurst, for one who, like Amycus, takes a deal of Γυμνας. .

punishment before he is satisfied. Chap. 3. examines the ancient terms of the FANCY, Πως γαρ δη Διος υιος ΑΔΗΦΑΓΟN ανδρα καθειλεν. . as given by Pollux (Onomast. ad. fin. lib.3.) and others; and compares them with the modern.--For example. In the same Idyl the poet describes the Bebryciao hero as 27X811, to throttle-109134v, evidently the origin of ringais pobuwr, a drunk with blows,» which is preour word to lug-ayxupidav, to anchor a fellow (see cisely the language of our Fancy bulletins; for example' Grose's Greek Dictionary, for the word anchor), « Turner appeared as if drunk, and made a heavy lollopdpappan (perf. pass. Sedpaguoi), from which is de ing hit,n. 4 etc. etc.— The resemblance in the manner of

fighting still more striking and important. Thus we find Cris's favourite system of milling on the retrent,

which he practised so successfully in his combats with * Except one. BoUTUTIOS ois, which is good, and which Fawkes,

Gregson and Molyneux, adopted by Alcidamus, the Spartherefore, has omiued. The following couplet from his translation is, however, fanciful enough

• The following words, in which Dio sa decidedly prefers the art of Their dash'd teeth crackled and beir jaw-bones ranp..

The Breer to that of the soldier would perhaps have bern a will more • Emieat hie, dextramque parat, dertramque minatur

significant metto to Mr Crib's Memorial than that which I have chosen Tyndarides: redit huc oculis et pondere Bebrys

from Plato: Και καθολου δε «γαγε τουτο της εν τοις Sic ratus: ille antem celeri rapit ora sinistra.

πολεμοις αρετης προκρινα. .

Lib. 4. v. 290.
We have hrre a feint and facer together. The manner in which

3 Ην τις επι των προγόνων των ημετερων πυκτης Valerios Flaccus describes the multitude of black-guards that usually

ανηρ, Μελαγκομας ονομα αυτο........ ουτος ουδένα assemble on sueh orcasions, is highly poetical and picturesque. he sup- πωποτε τρωσας, ουδε παταξας, μονη τη σασει και τη poses them to be Shades from Tartarus: -

ταν χειρων αναστασει παντας απεκναις τους αντιπα-
Et pater orantes cæsorum Tartarus umbras
Nube enva tandem ad merite spectacula pugnæ

MOUS..THEMIST. Orat. Trepo Espavas.
Emiuit; cummi nigrese une culmina moniis.

+ Keni's Weekly Dispatch
!

• Idyl. 32.
- Arponaut. lib. 2.
• Lib. 4.

• The Aash term for a cart.

. So from their batter'd cheek, loud echors sprung.

V. 258

tan, in the battle between him and Capancus, so mi- stance recorded in Boxiana:-«George Madox, in this nutely and vividly described by Statius, Thebaid. lib. 6. battle, was seconded by his sister, Grace, who, upon its ... sed non, tamen, immemor artis.

conclusion, tossed up her hat in defiance, and offered to Adversus fugir, et fugiens tamen ictibus obstat.'

fight any man present;»—also the memorable challenge. And it will be only necessary to compare together own riven in the same work (vol. i. p. 300), which passed! extracts from Boxiana and the Bard of Syracuse, to see

between Mrs Elizabeth Wilkinson of Clerkenwell, and how similar in their maneuvres have been the millers of Miss Hannah Uyfield of Newgate-Markel-another proof all ages—« The Man of Colour, to prevent being fibbed, that the English may boast many a « dolce guerriera» as grasped tight hold of Carter's band»? - Account of the well as the Greeks. Fight between Robinson the Black and Carter), which,

Chap. 9. contains Accounts of all the celebrated Set(translating and an ouevos, «the Lily-wlnite,».3) is almost tos of apriquity, translated from the works of the diffeword for word with the following:

rent authors that have described them, -viz. the faΗτοι όγε δεξαι τι λιλαιομενος μεγα εργον

mous Argonautic Battle, as detailed by the three poets Σκαιη μεν σκαιην Πολυδεύκεος ελλαβε χειρα. mentioned in chap. 1.- the Fight between Fpens and

THEOCRIT. Euryalus, in the 23d Pook of the Iliad, and between Chap. 6. proves, from the jawing-match and Set-to Ulysses and Irus in the 18th Book of the Odyssey-the between Ulysses and the Beggar in the 18th Book of Combat of Dares and Entellus in the 5th Eneiil-of the Odyssey, that the ancients (notwithstanding their Capancus and Alcidamus, already referred 10, in Stutins. dix and past yout@v, or Laws of Combatants, which, Ar- and of Achelous and Ilercules in the oth Book of the temidorus savs in his chap. 33. Trepi Movou.sex.cx

Metamorphoses; though this last is rather a wrrstling:tended to pugilism as well as other kinds of combats)

bout than a mill, resembling that between Hercules' and did not properly understand fair play; as Ulysses is anxious to know how I have succeeded in this part of

Antrus in the 4th Book of Lucan. The reader who is bere obliged to require an oath from the standers-by. that they will not deal him a sly knock, while he is Virgil in the Appendix to the present work, No. 2.

my task, will find, as a specimen, my translation from cleaning out the

mumperΜη τις επ’ Ιρα ηρα φερων εμε χειρι παχει

Chap. 10. considers the various arguments for and Πληξη ατασθαλλων, τουτω δε με ιφι δαμασση.

agaiost Pugilism, advanced by writers ancient and mo

dern.- A strange instance of either ignorance or wilful Chap. ;. describes the Cestus, and shows that the

falsehood in Lucian, who, in his Anacharsis, has reGreeks, for mere exercise of sparring, made use of presented Solon as one of the warmese advocates for muffles or gloves, as we do, which they called sodpat. This appears particularly from a passage in Plaio, de that that legislator took every possible pains to discou

Pugilism, whereas we know from Diogenes Laertius Leg. lib. 8, where, speaking of trnining, he savs, it is only hy frequent use of the gloves that a knowledge of enough to prohibit the Fancy (Plutarch in lit.):-Galen

rage and suppressit. -- Alexander the Great, 100, tasteless stopping and hitting can be acquired. The whole pas in many parts of his works, but particularly in the sage is curious, as proving that the Divine Plato was not

Hortat. ad Art. condemns the practice as enervating and altogether a novice in the Fancy lay.s-Kat seg guo pernicions. ?-On the other side, the testimonies in its 7154 TOU dvorov, avto inaytay IVAIPAS - 7:4ro- favour, numerous. — The greater number of Pindar's δουμεθα, όπως αι ΠΛΗΓΑΙ τε και αί ΤΩΝ ΠΛΗ- Nemean Odes written in praise of pugilistic champions: ΤΩΝ ΕΥΛΑΒΕΙΑΙ διεμελετοντο εις τι δυνατον καww5.-Thiese muffles were called by the Romans sarculi,

-and Isocrates, though he represents Alcibiades as as we find from Trebellius Pollio, who, in describing a

despising the art, yet acknowledges that its profeseors triumph of Gallienus, mentions the « Pugiles sacculis

were licle in higli estimation through Greece, and that non veritate pugilantes.»

those cities, where victorious pugilists were born, became

illustrious from that circumstance; 3 just as Bristol has Chap. 8. adverts to the pugilistic exhibitions of the been rendered immortal by the production of such heSpartan ladies, which Propertius bas thus commemo- rocs as Tom Crib, Harry Warmer, Big Ben, Dutch Sam. rated

etc, etc.--Ammianus Marcellinus tells us liow mucle Pulverulenta que ad cxtremas atat fæmina metas,

that religious and pugnacious Emperor, Constantius. Et paritur duro vulnera peneratio ; Nunc ligat ad cæstuur gaudentia brachia lorie, ate, etc. 'Thoucle wrestling was evidently the farourite sport of lletrales

Li. 3. 1. 1.

we find him, in the Irrstre. just returned from a Bruising-seate.

and it is a curious proof of the superior consideration in which these and, to prove that the moderns are not behind-hand iris more hell, that for the lighter exerrises, he tells us hersas alas with the ancients in this respect, cites the following in

were the retard, while tronquerors in the ligher games of racilis

and triatling, thole herole of cattle (milli sotretimes a young lady into Yet, noturmindful of his art. lir hica,

be bargain) ters given as prizes. But turns his face, and combats as lieflies.

τοισι δ' αυ τα μειζονα : A manæuere, generally rolled Tom Owen's stop.

Νικοσι, πυγμην και παλ.Μν, μουσορβια ? The Flach term for a necro, and also for a chimner-sweeper.

Γυνη δ' ετ' αυτοις ειπε τ'.

EURIP. Anther philoinpluar. Seneca, line shonen limerli equally flash on the subiect, and, in his 13th Friulle, laps it doen aan asiom, that no pote

st #: remarked by the ancient plssicians, that man erho yere is filist can be considered worth any thing, will be has had his perpers tita

the habit of having and wrestling became pomarkable Iran and atestet hen mesure of fora wit of morming or, in common language, las

from the loing dansard, while the upper parts of their frame acquired reseised a pair of black eyes, The whole passare is editing :- Nan

prodigious size and strength. I could nuwe some pugilists of the prea potrat athleta marang spiritus ad certamen ufferre, qui nunquam

sert das e brise picons seem to sarrant the truth of this observatica. sugillapus rie. Ille quiritlet unguinem sunm, cujus denies repuerint

3 Τους τ' αθλιπας ζηλουμινους, και τας πολεις ονοmuli puno, ille qui en plantarus seretrin toto tube compare, me Nasas zo grounds TOY FIXOVTO. ISOCRAT. 1640 TOO projemnot animam progestia, qui juridice nocidit enutum teves reSUncat, 7:07,005. An intinn erotten by Isocates for the son of Akin luni mana pe degrendet alpam,

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LEWIS.

ventor.

delighted in the Set-tos, « pugilum' vicissim se conci: Ilead's English Rogue, which was published, I believe, dentium perfusorumque sanguine. »To these are ad- in 1666, would be intelligible to a Greek of the present ded still more flattering testimonies; such as that of day; though it must be confessed that the Songs which Isidorus, who calls Pugilisin «virtus,» as if par exce!- both he and Dekker have given would puzzle even that lence;' and the yet more enthusiastic tribute with « Graiæ gentis decus,» Caleb Baldwin himself. For inwhich Eustathius reproaches the Pagans of having en- stance, one of the simplest begins, rolled their Boxers in the number of the Gods.--In

Bing out, bien Morts, and toure and toure, short, the whole chapter is full of erudition and yous;

Bing out, Lien Morts and toure; - from Lycophron (whose very name smacks of pugi

For all your duds are bing'd awast;

The bies Cove hath the loure. lism) down to Boxiana and the Weekly Dispatch, not an author on the subject is omitted.

To the cultivation, in our times, of the science of

Pugilism, the Flash language is indebted for a considerSo much for my « Parallel between Ancient and Mo- able addition to its treasures. Indeed, so impossible dern Pugilism.» And now with respect to that peculiar is it to describe the operations of the Fancy without language called Flash, or St Giles's Greek, in which Mr words of proportionate energy to do justice to the subCrib's Memorial and the other articles in the presentject, that we find Pope and Cowper, in their translation volume are written, I beg to trouble the reader with a of the Set-to in the Iliad, pressing words into the serfew observations. As this expressive language was ori- vice which had seldom, I think, if ever, been enlisted rinally invented, and is still used, like the cipher of the into the ranks of poetry before. Thus Pope, diplomatists, for purposes of secrecy, and as a means Secure this band shall his whole frame confound, of eluding the vigilance of a certain class of persons, Mash all his bones, and all bis body pound. called flashice, Traps, or, in common language, Bow. Cowper, in the same manner, translates x04de. street Officers, it is subject of course to continual

arpnov, a pash'd him on the check;» and, in describchange, and is perpetually either altering the meaning ing the wrestling-match, makes use of a term, now of old words, or adding new ones, according as the

more properly applied to a peculiar kind of blow,' great object, secrecy, renders it prudent to have re

of which Mendoza is supposed to have been the incourse to such innovations. In this respect, also, it resembles the cryptography of kings and ambassadors,

Then his wiles who by a continual change of cipher contrive to baftle

Forgal not be, but on the bam behind the inquisitiveness of the enemy. But, notwithstanding

Chopp'd bim. the Protean nature of the Flash or Cant language, the Before I conclude this Preface, which has already I greater part of its vocabulary has remained unchanged fear extended to an unconscionable length, I cannot for centuries, and many of the words used by the Cant- help expressing my regret at the selection which Mr iag Beggars in Beaumont and Fletcher, 3 and the Gipsies Crib has made of one of the Combatants introduced in Ben Jonson's Masque,' are still to be heard among into the imaginary Set-to that follows. That person the Gnostics of Dyol-street and Tothill-fields. To prig has already been exhibited, perhaps, « usque ad nauis still to steal,5 to fib, to beat; lour, money; duds, seam, before the Public; and, without entering into clothes ;6 prancers, horses ; bouzing-ken, an ale-house; the propriety of meddling with such a personage at all, cove, a fellow; a sow's baby, a pig; etc. etc. There are it is certain that, as a mere matter of taste, he ought also several instances of the same term, preserved with now to be let alone. All that can be alleged for Mr a totally different signification. Thus, to mill, which Crib is—what Rabelais has said in defending the moral was originally « to rob,» 7 is now « to beat or fight :» notions of another kind of cattle-- he « knows no betand the word rum, which in Ben Jonson's time, and ter.» But for myself, in my editorial capacity, I take even so late as Grose, meant fine and good, is now ge Unis opportunity of declaring, that, as far as I am connerally used for the very opposite qualities; as, he's cerned, the person in question shall henceforward be but a rum one,» etc. Most of the Cant phrases in safe and inviolate; and, as the Covent Garden Mapa

gers said, when they withdrew their much-hissed eleNotwithstanding that the historian expressly says • pagilum, phant, this is positively the last time of his appearing lipsius is so anxious to press this circumstance into his Account of the

on the stage. Ancient Gladiators, that he insists such an esfusion of claret could only have taken place in the gladiatorial combat. But Lipsius never was at Moulaey Horst. See his Saturnal. Sermon. lib. i. cap. a. * Origin. lib. xviii. c. 18.

TOM CRIB'S MEMORIAL • In their amusing comedy of The Beggar's Bush..

• The Masque of the Gipsies Metamorphosed. - The Gipsy language, Indeed, with the exception of such terms as relate to their own peru

CONGRESS. Har customs, differs but lule from the regular Flasb; as may be seen by consulting tbe Vocabulary subjoined to the Life of Bamfylde

• See the third chapter, 1st book of the History of Jonathan Wild, Most Holy, and High, and Legitimate squad, for an undeniable testimony of the great antiquty of Priggism.. First Swells ? of the world, since Boney's in quod,3

• As angler ser duds is thus deseribed by Dekker: --- He carries a short staff in bia band, which is called a Alch, having in the nab or 1. A chopper is a blow, struck on the face with the back of the hand. bead of it, a ferme (that is to say a hole), into skich, upon any piee Mendoza claims the honour of its invention, but unjustly, he cerof service, when he goes a filching, bor puttrtb a booke, of iroa, with lainly revived, and considerably improved it. It was practised long which booke he angles ai a window in the dead of night for shirts, before our time-Broughton occasionally used it; and Slack, it also sinockes, or any other lioen or woollea.-English Villanies, appears, struck the chopper in giving the return in many of bis bal

? Can they cant or mill? are they matters in their art'.-Ben Jon- tes.. - Boriana, vol. il. p. 20. on. To mill, however, sometimes sigaitied to kill.. Thus, to mill : Swell, a great man. a bleating cheat, i. e, to kill a sleep.

* In poison. The dal's in quod: the roque is in prison.

TO

Moore Cares.

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