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sails with Secret orders. Your Boatswain's mate shall have an Acting order, and Harriman will, of course, travel with you. All here join in regard. I am, &c,




Most secret.

September 7th, 1799. My dear Troubridge, The Perseus is this moment arrived. I am not surprised at what you tell me about Procida, but never mind it. If the Russian frigates will tell you that they are to stay at Naples, and you think the Capital will remain quiet, I would have you go immediately to Civita Vecchia—not telling any person where you are going. The Perseus stays to take her anchor and a new cable. She shall follow you to Civita Vecchia, if she misses you at Naples. I am, &c,


[From a Copy in the Nelson Papers.]

Palermo, 10th September, 1799.

My dear Sir, As Sir William Hamilton has told your Excellency the whole of the very unpleasant affair which happened on Sunday last/ I shall only say, that no fault attaches itself in the least to Cadir Bey; for a man of more conciliating manners does not exist, and he has gained all our hearts in this house, in which he is considered as a brother. Poor fellow! he is full of affliction, fearing that his enemies, if it is possible he can have any, may do him an injury with the Sultan. That nothing of that kind may happen, I beg your kindness. I have examined his Ship with much attention, and could not but admire her extreme good order and remarkable cleanliness. Your exertion of good offices for Cadir Bey, will much oblige us all. Since I wrote you a line, about fourteen days back, I have not had a Vessel from the westward. Although it is now six weeks since Lord Keith passed the Straits, I have heard nothing of his movements. If he can but meet the Combined fleet, I shall be happy. In Italy all goes on well, although the Austrian Eagle appears to wish to cover with his wings more than I think the other Powers will allow him.

* Miss Knight says In her Journal—" Unfortunately, in the town an affray happened between the Polermitans and some of the Turkish sailors. Some of the first, and many of the latter were killed; and the Turks were so much irritated with the cruelty of the Sicilians, that they rose against their Admiral, and obliged him to return with bis Squadron to Corfu." Lord Nelson went on board of the Turkish Admiral's 8hip, and subdued the disturbance. The subject is again noticed by Lord Nelson, in pp. 11, 17.

By desire of Cadir Bey, I have presumed to write a line to the Grand Signior, of which I send your Excellency a copy. I sincerely hope your brother has returned to Constantinople, having finished his hard expedition: if so, you will make my kindest regards to him, and believe me, my dear Sir, your obliged and faithful servant,


[Letter-Book. This letter was enclosed to the Capitan Pasha.]

Palermo, 10th September, 1799.

Sire, I trust that your Imperial Majesty will permit the servant of your most faithful Ally to bear his testimony to the good conduct of your Admiral, Cadir Bey. I can assure your Majesty that Ships in higher order cannot be than those under his command, and the little disturbance which arose in this place has not been owing to any want of attention from your Majesty's Admiral. Cadir Bey is with me every day, and a better man does not live in the world, or a better Officer: he is my brother. And I am, in the truest s/ense of the words, your Majesty's attached and faithful servant.

Bronte Nelson.

* On this Paper is written—" N.B. Received at Constantinople, on 7th October, and the needful done to save the Ottoman Admiral harmless. J. S. S."


Palermo, September llth, 1709.

Dear Sir, As you have been so obliging as to furnish me with the disposition of the Squadron under your Excellency's command, I here enclose, for your information, the disposition of those under mine; and be assured that I shall always be happy to co-operate with you by every means in my power for the good of the Common cause. I have the honour, &c.



[September 1lth, 1799.]

Off Alexandria and coast of Egypt, under Sir Sidney Smith:
Le Tigre, 80 guns.
Theseus, 74.
Cameleon, 18.

Off Malta, under Rear-Admiral the Marquis de Niza:

Principe Real, 92, \
Ilainha, 74,
Affonco, 70,
Benjamin, 18,
El Corso, 16,


Alexander, 74.
Audacious, 74.
Lion, 64.
Success, 32.
Bonne Citoyenne, 20.
Strombolo, Bomb, 16.

At Palermo:

St. Sebastian, 64.
Balloon, 16.
Fulminante Cutter, 4.

On the coast of Naples, and Roman coast, under Commodore

Culloden, 74. Transfer, 16.

Minotaur, 74. Perseus Bomb, 20.

La Mutine, 18.

On the North coast of Italy, and to go down to Gibraltar as
soon as relieved by a Russian Squadron :
Northumberland, 74.

Seahorse, 38.
Thalia, 36.

Santa Teresa, 36.
Peterel, 18.

San Leon, 14.
To blockade Cadiz, and protect the Straits of Gibraltar,
Minorca, &c.:
Leviathan, 74.

La Minerve, 40.
Majestic, 74.

Emerald, 36.
Vanguard, 74.

L'Alceste, 36.
Powerful, 74.

Mermaid, 32.
Bellerophon, 74.

Santa Dorothea, 36.
Zealous, 74.

Incendiary Fire Ship, 18.
Goliath, 74.

Salamine, 18.
Swiftsure, 74.

St. Vincent Cutter, 16.
Enemy's Force as reported.
At Cadiz—7 Sail of the Line,
Carthagena-4 ditto,

Besides Frigates, Cor-
Toulon-2 ditto,

vettes, &c.
Alexandria—2 Ships, late Venetians.



Palermo, September 12th, 1790. My dear Admiral, I approve very much of your first plan of visiting Gibraltar, after looking into Carthagena; but I wish you had fixed to send some of the best Ships immediately back to Minorca, and as Goliath and Swiftsure go from hence direct to Gibraltar, you will send two Ships of the Line, and, if they are to be found, some small Ships; for at present I know not the names of the Frigates left by Lord Keith, or how they are disposed of. When winter gets a little more advanced, all the present Ships off Malta must go down the Mediterranean, and some part to England; therefore, keep no more Ships below Minorca than you think the service requires; for I had plenty of reasons lately to write to the Admiralty, that if a Naval force should be wanted for the Coast of Italy, that England must find it; for the Russian Admiral has told me, his Ships cannot keep the sea in the winter; and I see no desire to go to sea in the summer. The Turks are returned to Constantinople, having had a fray with the Sicilians, in which many lives were lost. I have nothing new since my letters by the Bulldog, and Incendiary. In case Lord Keith is not in the Mediterra. nean, I send you an Acting order for Captain Buchanan ;' but as I am ignorant of the intention of the Commander-in-Chief, respecting the fitting her for sea, and whether any Officers are to be appointed to her, I leave the making use of the order to your judgment.

If I am left in the command even for a few months, I shall send those French frigates' which cannot be manned to England, and for that purpose fifty good men shall be left by those Ships going to England. The Alceste may serve for a convoy for Leghorn, or Sardinia for provisions; but Junon and Courageux cannot be made useful, at least I am told so; and to keep them lying at Mahon appears to me a waste of public money. My mind is fixed that I will not keep one Ship in the Mediterranean which is not fit for any service. During the winter those half-fit, drain us of all the stores, and render us all useless. You have acted on this principle in sending the Aurora and Dolphin, and it is my particular desire that you continue it. Therefore, if the Seahorse, whose state requires docking and a thorough re-fit, cannot, without robbing us of all our stores, be put in order at Gibraltar or Minorca, she must, and sorry I shall be to part with her, go to England; and I beg you will write to the Admiralty of my intentions to keep no Ships but what are fit for service in the Mediterranean; and I am sure the King will save by the measure being adopted on stations so near England. I am aware of the argument which may be used

• Captain William Buchanan, who was posted in October 1809, and died in April 1883.

? La Junon (afterwards called the Princess Charlotte), L'Alceste, Courageux, and two brigs, La Salamine and L’Alerte, afterwards called Minorca, which were taken off Cape Sicie, by a detachment of Lord Keith's Squadron, on the 18th of June, 1799.

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