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came. On his arrival, after paying his devoirs and debt to my father, he called upon me at Lincoln's Inn, and we soon became intimate. The reverend divine, with the black garb and clerical wig, was now transformed into the man of fashion, with his velvet, satin-lined coat, embroidered waistcoat, ruffles of rich lace, and hair dressed à la mode. The occasion of his departure from Constantinople and his success in Poland was this. Mr. Murray had a mistress; the reverend divine was supposed to have a greater share in the good graces of the lady, than it was agreeable to her diplomatic protector to witness. The air of Peru became too hot to hold the reverend divine: he quitted it, but not without a set of powerful and useful recommendations to different places, through which he had to pass in his return by land to England.
however uncouth it may sound, your uniting with France alone will probably stem the torrent. And however unnatural that alliance may seem, it is not more so than the northern alliance, nor than your late alliance with Prussia. “The idea, true in general, but surely subject to restrictions, that the interests of England and France are incompatible, militates strongly against such an union: that union may however, on some occasions, be necessary: it was necessary, when the insatiable ambition and formidable power of Charles V., Philip II. and Ferdinand II. engaged the attention and solicitude of all Europe; yet neither of these Princes seems to have had the bold adventurous ambition, which distinguishes her Russian Majesty; or the deep spirit of intrigue, which characterizes the King of Prussia. If, under these circumstances, an union with France was thought not only allowable, but necessary, why not allowable, why not necessary now, when the same circumstances recur? “I remember a passage of your lord Bolingbroke, with which I shall close this long letter, leaving you to apply it. ‘The “precise point, says he, “at which the scales of power turn, like ‘ that of the solstice in either tropic, is imperceptible to com‘mon observation ; and in one case, as in the other, some ‘progress must be made in the new direction, before thechange ‘ is perceived.—They, who are most concerned to watch the * variations of this balance, misjudge often : — they continue ‘to dread a power no longer able to hurt them ; or they con‘tinue to have no apprehensions of a power, that daily grows
About this time, a Prince Czartorynski, uncle to the King, became desirous of having some Englishman of good character to read English to him. The recommendations Lind brought with him, procured him a welcome reception from the Prince. The regular part of his employment consisted in reading, as it came in, the St. James's Chronicle. In those days, that newspaper found its way, and for what I know, so it may still, into various and distant parts of Europe. In the * more formidable.—These apprehensions cannot be taken or 'given too soon, when such powers as these arise; because,
when such powers as these are besieged, as it were, early, by • the common policy and watchfulness of their neighbours, • each of them may in his turn of strength sally forth, and gain ' a little ground; but none of them will be able to push their 'conquests far, and much less to consummate the entire pro•jects of their ambition.'" E. H. B.}
year 1788, I found a copy at Bucharest, to which place it came at the joint expense of a Greek, whose name I do not remember, and Mr. Webber, a German, whose occupation there consisted in part, or in the whole, in teaching English. In the Greek, I found, to my equal surprise and satisfaction, an intelligent young man, who spoke French perfectly, and read Helvetius. In the Imperial agent of that place, I had the still greater satisfaction of finding a very intelligent man, who had a very good English library and amongst other books, Smith's JPealth of Nations. But this is a digression, and old man's tattle: I correct myself, and return to Lind. Upon his arrival in London in the character just mentioned, his book passed with rapidity through the press, and brought his reputation immediately into full bloom. He was well received by the then Minister, Lord North. The King of Poland, in the course of a visit of a year or more he had paid to England before his election to the throne, had become acquainted with Lord Mansfield, then in all his glory, and Chief Justice to the King's Bench. Lind brought letters with him from the King to Lord Mansfield, and was well received by the noble and learned Lord. He had not been long in London, when, for the purpose of being near me, he took lodgings, I do not remember exactly where, and not long after took and furnished a house in Red-Lion Street, or East-Street inay for aught I know be the name of it, near Lamb's- Conduit-Street, where he continued till his death. Much about this time, he entered at Lincoln's Inn for the purpose of being called to the Bar, which calling he received in due season.* While he was yet in lodgings, he invited me to dinner, and desired me not to be surprised, and expressed his hope that I should not be scandalized, if I saw a third person in company, and that person young, handsome, and of the female sex. On his entering upon his house aforesaid, she migrated with him, and went by his name. All this while, he was living in the high world, and in particular in Ministerial circles. More than once, when I have been at his house, I have seen him come in with his purse sometimes replenished, too often drained, at the card-parties of Mrs. North, Lady of the then Bishop of Winchester, brother to the Minister.
At the breaking out of the American War he *[“ The following memorandum of Dr. Parr is historical of Mr. Bentham's (Lind's) early life:- Mr. Lind, Vicar of • Wivenhoe, was father of the celebrated Mr. Lind, Tutor to
the late King of Poland, the friend of Jeremiah Bentham, * A. B. of Baliol College, a Deacon of the Church of England, and afterwards, by Lord Mansfield's management, admitted as a Barrister.'” Dr. J. Johnstone's Memoirs of Dr. Parr, p. 547. E. H. B.]
was employed in penning a sort of manifesto published in justification of it. Not long before or after, another paper, written on I forget what different occasion, for the same purpose, bespoken by the same official customer, was penned by Historian Gibbon. A notion has found its way to Mr. Barker that Lind had written and published a Treatise on Grammar. I think I can direct him to the origin of this notion : no such treatise did my ex-reverend friend ever publish or write. He had neither relish, nor literary assets for any such literary enterprise. His views had a busier and higher direction. But he thought he had made one grammatical discovery, and he was ambitious to distinguish himself by it, and plant reformation in the language: where any body else would say himself, he took upon himself to say his self. This innovation found its way into his diplomatic paper: it attracted notice, but gave to it an air of singularity, of pedantry, of affectation, which certainly did not contribute to the success of it. I threw what cold water I could upon an ambition so unworthy of him, but did not succeed in quenching it.
The reception given to his Polish Letters encouraged him to take a new and adventurous course in the world of politics : the result was, a work which bore for its title “ A Review of