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the Acts of the Thirteenth Parliament, etc.” * but it went no further than the Acts passed on the occasion of the contest with America, and closed with the act called the Quebec-Act, by which a constitution in the true Tory style, and under the auspices, if not by the pen, of Lord Mansfield, was given to Canada. In that work I had some small share. Before I had any knowledge of this project of my friend's, I put together in a few pages, my thoughts relative to the . ground, on which it appeared to me that the question between the mother-country and the colony ought to be determined. Upon his communicating his design to me, I put the paper into his hand, and when the first sheet or two had come out of the press, not small was my surprise at finding this paper of mine placed at the commencement of his work, and constituting the foundation of it. Of this work I have preserved a copy, and shall say more of it by and by. He wrote with rapidity and carelessness; without looking at it, he would have signed with eagerness any thing that I wrote ; his style was rather loose and negligent: it was not equal to what it
* [The title is thus given in Dr. Watt's Bibliotheca Britannica :-“ Remarks upon the Principal Acts of the Thirteenth Parliament, relating to the Colonies. With a Plan of Reconciliation. Vol. I. 1775. Svo." E. H. B.]
was at the writing of the Polish Letters : though naturally cheerful, he was not quite in such good spirits at this time as in that: in respect of pecuniary circumstances, he was not quite so much at his ease. I touched it up a little in several places. But before it was brought to the length of the Quebec-Act, I lost sight of it. He was in haste to get it out, and circumstances either on his part, or on mine, or on both, admitted not of its passing at that time through my hands. Though writing on the government-side in support of that war, which, from its want of success has now become so universally disapproved, his mind was by no means destitute of the spirit of independence; on the occasion in question, without dictation or instruction, he wrote as he thought, which was as I thought. For by the badness of the arguments used on behalf of the Americans on that side of the water as well as on this, my judgment, unwarped by connection or hope, (for connection I had none, hope proportionable,) was ranked on the government-side. The whole of the case was founded on the assumption of natural rights-claimed without the slightest evidence for their existence, and supported by vague and declamatory generalities. If government be only the representative of rights, for which there is no standard, and about which there will be an infinite variety of opinions, the
right, to which the mother-country laid claim, would seem to stand on an older and a firmer foundation than the rights pretended by the colonies. A compliment I remember Lind reported to me as paid him by Lord Mansfield, was much more favourable to him than I had expected. It was to some such effect as this, where you have justified, you have justified convincingly,—where you have censured, you have censured freely. The Act was indeed widely open to censure ; the censure, to judge now from the impression I remember it made on me, had more of strength and freedom, than of correctness or discernment in it. Considering the quarter, from whence the above judgment came, my surprise at finding it so favourable, was not inconsiderable. But by the timid and crafty lawyer the revenge, if any such was taken, was concealed by prudence; certain it is that, during the remainder of their joint lives, Lind being all the time at the Bar, a letter of intercession, which the King of Poland wrote to Lord Mansfield for the purpose of obtaining for the Anglo-Polish Privy Counsellor the benefit of the noble and learned Lord's patronage, was not productive of any effect. •His Majesty knows very little of me,' said the Chief Justice to the Barrister, if he thinks that any thing, that he or any body else could say to me, could add any thing to my desire to give to the public the bene
fit of your services.' His labours, however, though the reward came from another quarter, did not go unrewarded.
On his return to England, he found his two maiden sisters, (Mary and Lætitia,) both a little younger than himself, keeping at Colchester a boarding-school for young ladies. It was not without some difficulty that they contrived to keep up, in that situation, a respectable appearance. I do not remember exactly what time it was, but it was during Lord North's administration, and a considerable number of years after the publication of that work of his, that a pension of 501. a year for life was granted to each of these sisters.
You will have been expecting to hear something of the young Telemachus, to whom, on the occasion of his visit to this island, my ex-reverend friend came officiating in the character of Mentor : how it happened I do not exactly remember, but so it was, that notwithstanding my intimacy with the Mentor, I never saw the Telemachus. The case must have been that Mentor must have been a considerable time in England before he deigned to visit my humble roof, if a garret in Lincoln's Inn may be so termed. The giddiness produced by the exalted vortex, in which, on his arrival, he found himself whirled, kept out of his remembrance, I believe for some months, the little debt he owed to my father; and till matters were thus settled with the father, it was not natural he should feel disposed to pay a visit to the son, who, at that time, was all but unknown to him. The stay of the Prince must, I think, have been but short. By whatsoever cause this shortness was produced, no dissatisfaction towards the Mentor, in the breast either of the Prince or of his royal uncle, could have had any part in it. A letter I remember seeing from the King to him shortly after the return of the Prince to Warsaw, concluded with these words :-'Et dans tout ce que je vois en lui, je reconnois votre ouvrage.
In addition to the two situations above mentioned, one of which, by his departure from Warsaw, the other by the departure of the Prince from England, were become sinecures, one which I have not yet mentioned, was far indeed from being so. From the day of his arrival in London to I believe the day of his death, which took place before that of the virtuous and unhappy King, scarce a post-day arrived, in which he did not write a Letter to the King: in short, he was in fact the Minister, and more than the Plenipotentiary of the King to this Court in trust and effect, though not in name. In name he would have been, but it was a maxim with George the Third, and being so natural an one, I know