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partiality. Indeed, his conduct in this affair


** le roy s'av'tfera; adding withal, that it smelled very "rankly of anabaptism, comparing it to the ufage of "a beardless boy (one Mr. John Black) who the last "conference his majesty had with the ministers of "Scotland, in Dec. 1602, told him, that he would "hold conformity with his majesty's ordinances for "matters of doctrine; but for matters of ceremony, n they were to be left in christian liberty to every man, "as he received more and more light from the illumi"nation of God's spirit, even till they go mad, quoth '"the king, with their own light. But I will none of "that, I will have one doctrine, and one discipline, v one religion in substance and in ceremony; and "therefore I charge you never to speak more to that "point (how far you are bound to obey) when the (g)U. p. "church hath ordained it (g)" Afterwards speaking 166. to the lords and bishops, he faid, "I will tell you, I "have lived among this fort of men ever since I was "ten years old; but I may fay of myself, as Christ "faid of himself, though I lived among them, yet, since

was never of them (b)."—; nores (M) Thinking by somewhat Dr. Reynolds faid, that the puriand(s) tans aimed at a Scotch presbytery, the king observed, "that it agreed with a monarchy, as God and the devil. Then Jack and Tom, and Will and Dick shall meet, added he, and at their pleasure censure me and ** my council, and all our proceedings. Then Will "shall stand up and fay, it must be thus; then Dick "shall reply, and fay, nay, marry, but we will have (0 Id. p. ** it tnus ^" Afterwards asking if they had any thing "v' further to object? and being answered no, he faid, ** if "this was all, he would make them conform, or would (i)ld.p. * ' hurry them out of the land, or else do worse (i)."

i/<" This was the behaviour of fames in this celebrated

conference; a behaviour contemptible and ridiculous,

and such as must expose him to standers-by. •

What then must we think of archbishop Wbitgift, who


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was such, as has been severely censured on almost all hands (00), as it well deserved.


faid " that undoubtedly his majesty spake by the special <l assistance of God's spirit?" What of bishop Bancroft, who on his knee protested" that his heart melted "with joy, and made haste to acknowledge unto al'' mighty God, the singular mercy in giving them such *' a king, as, since Christ's time, the like had not "been (/)." Or what of the temporal lords, who{/)ld. p. could applaud his majesty's speeches as" proceeding l744' from the spirit of God, and from an understanding "heart (m)." May we not fay, that they knew well (m) id. p; how to dissemble, and to maintain the character of good 17°

courtiers better than of honest men? Barlow

thought he had done a great piece of service to James, by publishing this conserence; but a worse office, in reality, could not have been done him. Posterity, by his account, see James's pedantry ; and to see it, is to despise it. The puritans, therefore, needed not to have complained so much as they have done of Barlow (»). (°) See Fulls he has not represented their arguments in as just a,er's church light, nor related what was done by the ministers as '' °°v advantageously as truth required, he has abundantly p.2i Lond. made it up to them by shewing, that the bishops, their l655. Folio. adverfaries, were gross flatterers, and had no regard to their facred characters; and that their mortal foe James had but a low understanding, and was undeserving of the rank he assumed in the republic of learning. This he has done effectually, and therefore, whatever was his intention, the puritans should have applauded his performance, and appealed to it for proof of --the insufficiency of him who set himself upas a decider of their controversies.

(00) His conduct was such, as has been severely

censured, &c.] I fay nothing of the puritans; they

were too much parties to be looked on as impartial

judges; and James's conduct towards them was such,

In the year 1605, on the sifth day of Nov.


as must necessarily give them but a poor opinion of his understanding and justice. Nor will I give the opinion of Barlow or Heylin: the sirst had his court to make, the other was a bigot in the greatest degree a man of fense (for such he was) could be ; and therefore the judgment pf neither of them is much to be regarded. 1 will give %the sentiments of a clergyman, zealous enough for the church; and a statesman, who cannot be thought partial to the puritans, when 'tis known that he most zealously promoted the occasional conformity, and schism bills, "Had there not been too stiff an adherence (fays the "reverend writer) to some few things at this confer"ence at Hampton-Court, which, without danger, "might have been altered, had not the bishops then *' had such an ascendant throughout the whole con** ference over the king, which he was well pleased "withal, having by the contrary party in Scotland ** been so roughly handled all his time; I fay, certainly *' that conference had terminated in a great advantage "to the church of England; for the puritan party was "not so numerous, nor consequently so strong as after** wards; nor yet their difaffections so great as they ** have.been since, a very little and easy condescension "had spoiled the market of the designing men, both

(a) Avindi-" gentry and ministers too (a)." "Learning, fays

cation of "the other writer, was the part upon which "James var Jjjjj'^TM*5^",c lued himself; this he affected more than became a in the'non,;." king, and broached, on every occasion, in such a nationtothe" manner as would have misbecome a schoolmaster, vacant bi- *( jjjS pedantry Was too much even for the age in which p. 7^0' ne lived. It would be tedious to quote the part he

tond. J691." took in the conference at Hampton-Ccurt. Let us

** only observe that the ridicule which arose from hence, "and which sixed on him was just, because the merit *' of a chief governor is wisely to superintend the "whole., and not to shine in any inferior class, because *' different, and in some cases perhaps, opposite talents,


was that most detestable conspiracy against


both natural and acquired, are necessary to move, and to regulate the movements of the machine of government; in short, because as a good adjutant may make a very bad general; so a great reader, and a writer too, may be a very ignorant king (b)." And in an- W OldOther place the fame sine writer observes, " that in haste "„£,*"" "to shew his parts, he had a conserence between the^37.' bishops and the puritan ministers at Hampton-Court, where he made himself a principal party in the dispute.—^—But surely such a conserence, however it might frighten and silence, could neither instruct nor persuade, and the king was so far from trusting, like his predecessor, to tine force of truth and aid of time, that in this very conserence he threatened to employ another kind of force, if he did not meet with compliance in a time to be limited. The bishops were at first to admonish paternally, and to conser amicably; but lest they should not succeed by preaching, writing, living men into conformity, (the sole means they ought to desire, or, if they desired others, the sole means they ought to be suffered to employ) they were to have recourse to compulsion afterwards. On these principles he proceeded, and the

consequence of this conduct was, that those sects who were not dangerous at first, became so at last. They became so, in some degree, from the very moment the declarations we have mentioned were made; for nothing is found more true in nature and expert ence than this, that they who are oppressed by governments, will endeavour to change them; and that he who makes himself terrible to multitudes,

will have multitudes to sear (<:)." -'' If those of(<0T<i.p.

them [the puritans] who were friends to order, had 178»279' been once incorporated with the efiablijf»ed church, the lemzining sectaries would have been but of little moment, either for numbers or reputation; and the very means which were proper to gain these, were 8 *' likewise

the protestant religion, known by the name of the powder-plot discovered j which, tho' x. disowned

*' likewise the most effectual to hinder the increase of "them, and of the other sectaries in the mean time. "Upon the whole matter we think it plain, that king ** James I. had an easy and secure opportunity of pre"venting any bad consequences, which might be apprehended from the divisions of his protestant sub"jects; and that the improvement of that opportunity "consisted in giving neither alarm to the well affected, fy) Id. p. "nor pretence to the factious (d)." That the reader 317. may the better be able to judge of the justness of these censures, I will add'what was requested by the puritans at this conference: and this was,

1. That the doctrine of the church might be preserved in purity, according to God's word.

2. Thatgood pastors might be planted in all churches to preach the fame.

3. That church government might be sincerely ministred, according to God's word.

4. That the book of Common Prayer might be sitted frj BarW, to more increase of piety (e). This was all that was

i*9. asked, and one .would have thought, as the difference in doctrine was little, that it had been a very easy matter to have reconciled things. But James's hatred of the puritans, the stiffness of the bishops, and their unwillingness to own any thing in the constitution of the hierarchy to be wrong, though seen to be such by all "indifferent observers, hindered a coalition of parties, and produced the troubles and persecutions of a great number of honest, well-meaning men. May the fame temper never again prevail! but may it be the ambition of princes and prelates, to reform whatever is amiss in the church; that it may be so pure and spotless that every honest and sincere christian may be looked on as a member of it, and entitled to all its privileges. Then will our church indeed be the bulwark of the reformation, the glory of the nation, the promoter of truth 6 and

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