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lamented after his death j which (though his physicians declared to the contrary) was
"briety, and in an high reverence to piety, not swear
"ing himself, or keeping any that'did. He was not
*' only plausible in his carriage, but just inpayments, so
"far as his credit outreached the kings both in the Ck
"change and the church, (d) He was an enemy to op- (<0 H.P*
"pression and injustice; for hearing the king had given
"Sherburn-Castle to Sir Robert Car, he came with
*' some anger to his father, desiring he would be pleas
"ed to bestow Sherburn upon him, alledging that it
"was a place of great strength and beauty, which he
"much liked, but indeed with an intention of giving
"it back to Sir Walter Raleigh, whom he much esteem
"ed." (e) The fame noble disposition he shewed to-* (<,) R1.
wards Sir Robert Dudley, who was deprived of his ho-ie'gh*s
nors and estate by the injustice of James. "He made J"ork*'IVo1*
*' overtures to Sir Robert, favs king Charles, to obtain P" 7*
his title in Kcnilwortb castle, 5cc. and bought it of him "for fourteen thoufand sive hundred pounds, and pro"mised tp restore him in honors and fortunes." (f) \f) Patent This prince was the patron of the studies of Sir WaIterfor creati*>s Raleigh, for whose abilities he had an high esteem, and"y who drew up for his use, a discourse touching a match duchess of between the lady Elizabeth and the prince of Piedmvzt;England, observations concerning the royal navy and sea-service; and a letter touching the model of a ship. And in the year 161 r, " that worthy seaman, Sir Thomas Button, "servant to prince Henry, pursued the north-west dis*' coveries at the instigation of that glorious young
** prince." (g) And very certain 'tis that he endea- (*) Account
voured well to understand state affairs, and applied him-of several self to get a thorough knowledge of them ; the duke of ^ TMv*ges, Sullv assures us, " that as soon as he had obt ained his fa- in the in-" "ther's promise that he would, at least, not obstruct his troduction, "proceedings, he prevented Htmry's(ihe fourth's)wishes; p" '5", *'* being animated with a thirst of glory, and a desire -* ^ - (( t0
supposed to be by poison: but however that be, certain 'tis, James was little affected with
*f to render himself worthy the esteem and alliance of "Henry: for he was to marry the eldest daughter of "France. He wrote me several letters hereupon, and ** therein expressed himself in the manner I have men(b) Me- * ' tioned." (h) Agreeably hereunto, Dr. Welwood fays,
So'iy, Vol. " the duke of Sul1^ bei°g England laiJ the
j. p. 97. '"foundation of a strict friendship betwixt his master "and prince Henry; which was afterwards carried on ** by letters and messages till the death of that king. "Tho' it's a secret to this day what was the real design *' of all those vast preparations that were made by Henry "the fourth before his death : yet I have seen some pa*f pers which make it more than probable, that prince "Henry was not only acquainted with the secret, but (i)Wei- "was engaged in the design." (/) Sir Charles
wpo<rsme- Cornivallis having written to him from Spain, where moirs,p.2o.^e was am^ajr;a<jor} prince Henry in a letter to him, replies, **that he must particularly thank him for impart*' ing to him his observations of that state, whereof, "fays he, I will make the best use I may; and since "that is a study very well besitting me, and wherein I "delight, I will desire you to acquaint me further in "that kind as occasions mall be offered; that thereby the . " moreyemay deserve my readiness to acknowledge it." wood 'Vol, (0—Before Sir Thomas Edmondes's departure to France, 111. p. 45. prince Henry engaged him to communicate to him the course of things there; and on the second of September, Mr. Adam (afterwards Sir Adam) Newton, wrote from Richmond to Sir Thomas, to remind him of his promise to his royal highness. "This opportunity offering itself so "sitly, maketh me call unto your remembrance a pro"mise, which his highness allegeth you made unto him "at your departure, of imparting to him such occur** rences, as that country yieldeth. I sind his highness "doth expect it j and therefore I presume to acquaint
it. His' other children were Sophia, and
"you therewith.—The French perceived very early the "forwardness of this young prince, and thought pro"per to try to secure him to their interest; for secre"tary Villeroy wrote to Monsieur dt la Boderie, the "French ambassador in England, from Fontainbleau, "the 18th of July, 1608, N. S. that king Henry the "fourth had told him, that he had more desire than "ever to seek the friendship of the prince of Wales, *' and, for that purpose, to gratify those about him, as "that ambassador should judge fit j since that king *' forefaw, that the prince would soon hold a rank wor"thy of him in England, on account of the little es"teem, which was had of the queen and king," (/)(/} Birch's And there is a letter of prince Henry's to Sir Thomas vlewof 'he Edmondes, dated September 10, 1612, urging him in ations, strong and masterly manner to prosecute the scheme of p. 317. uniting the princes of the blood, and the heads of the protestant party in France, against the ministers of that court. («)—From these authorities I presume, we may (m)u.p^ with great truth affirm that this young prince was posses- 36,< sed of a most amiable disposition and excellent genius.' In short he was the very reverse of his father, and therefore not much esteemed by him. 'J The vivacity, "spirit, and activity of the prince soon gave umbrage "to his father's court, which grew extreamlyjealous of "him: and Sir Thomas Edmondes, though' at a *' distance, seems to have been sensible of this, and to "have been more cautious on that account of corre- . .» "sponding with his royal highness." («) And the M Birch** prince was so sensible of his want of influence in his fa-'TMTM' p* ther's court, that in a letter of his to Sir Thomas, dated September 10, 1612, he excuses himself from interposing in Sir Thomas's favour, with regard to asking preserment for him; " because as matters go now here, '' fays he, I will deal in no businesses of importance for "some respects." (0) OJborn therefore seems to have r^ u. p; been well informed in faying " that the king though he 361.
Mary, who both died young, and were
ct would not deny any thing the prince plainly desired, "yet it appeared rather the result of fear and outward "compliance, than loveor natural affection; being hard"er drawn to confer an-honor or pardon, incases of de0) Of- * ' sertr upon a retainer of the prince, than a stranger."(^J fcdm, p. However, he was the darling of the English nation, his J >' court was well silled, and his attendants were numerous;
in life he was highly beloved, after death equally lamented, by all but his father, and his favourite, Rocbejler.. "November the 6th 1612, proved fatal to "him, who died at the age of eighteen, at St. James's, "of a diseases with which he had been seized in the "preceding month: but the prevailing opinion of that (q) See Bur-" time (q) and since adopted by some of our historians, ""'lo°'* "thoug" contradicted by the unanimous report of his Winwood, "physicians, was, that his end was hastened by poison. Vol. ill. p. ** And this notion received some countenance, from Vou . "the little concern, which was shewn at his death by quinariæ, pi" the court, though the nation considered it as an irre■ , "parable loss. For it made so little impression upon the H^Zt' " kin? and his favourite, that Rochester, on the 9th of Wilson, in " November, three days after that melancholy event, compleat "wrote from Whitehall to Sir Thomas Edmondes, to Voil'il. p. "',eg'n a negotiation for a marriage between prince 6S^. "Charles and the second daughter of France." (r) (r) Birch's S|r Thomas indeed had more fense of decency, and 371? therefore delayed it. This the king approved of on consideration. For, fays his majesty, " it would have "been a very blunt thing in us, that you, our minister, should so soone after such an irreparable lofle received by us,- have begun to talk, of marriage, the most "contrary thing that could be, to death and funeralls."
(1) p. (j) .This conduct is quite amazing! what must the
world judge of a father who was thus unaffected with' the death of a worthy virtuous son? If to be without natural affection, shews the utmost depravity of :he heart
buried with great solemnity at Westminster.
of man, we may, without breach of charity, fay that James's heart was utterly depraved. His passion for his favourite, extinguished his affection for his child; and his weakness and worthlessness made him look on him as an object of terror, whom all. mankind viewed with esteem and approbation. But the neglect of a father deprived not prince Henry of that reputation which he so well deserved. Posterity have sounded forth his praises, and held him up to view as one worthy the imitation of all young princes; and wherever his character is known, his memory will be highly honoured.