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Charles who succeeded him, and Elizabeths
ct no more with lords and knight?, but with troupes of *' angels, and the souls of the blessed, called in this "text his fore-runners or fathers; and Salomon slept (b) Gn-at * ' wltn his fathers." (b)—This was the character given Umoa >.*" o^ James befoie those who were acquainted well with 73. him: and yet I believe there is no one, who reads it
now but will think it somewhat too panegyrical for the pulpit. But indeed the bishops strived (as he had been so great a friend to churchmen) to oiUvie each other in praising him; and consequently we can take no measures of the truth from their descriptions. Laud observes of him, that it was little less than a miracle, that so much sweetness should be found in so great a heart; that clemency, mercy, and justice, were eminent in him ; that he was not only a preserver of peace at home, but the great peace-maker abroad; that he was bountiful, and the greatest patron of the church ; that he was the most learned prince in matters of religion, and most orthodox therein; that he devoutly received the blessed facrament, and approved of absolution; that he called for prayers, was sull cf patience at his death, and had his Rj sli" h r€^ in Abraham's bosom, (c)
Yoi. i.°p.' Spotfwoad determining not to be outdone by TVilliamt 156. and Laud, declares " that he was the Salomon of this
"age, admired for his wife government, and for his '' knowledge in all manner of learning. For his wis"dom, moderation, love of justice, for his patience, (( and piety (which shined above all his other virtues, "and is witnessed in the learned works he left to poste*' rity) his name shall never be forgotten, but remain (/JCHurcfc "m bonor so long as the world endureth." (^) These fcirtory, p. are the characters j>iven of James by three of the highest 5*6, rank in the church; which yet have had the misfor
tune to be little credited by disinterested posterity, And (1) Kiami- therefore Dr. Grey did not do quite so right in referring Ne'k'°se t0 Sprtfi000^* character cf James, as a vindication of ccndvo- n'in from what he had been charged with by his adverluiae, p. 77. sary. (i) For court-bifiiops, by some fate or other, ••.',.' - •'• • > from
married Frederick, prince Palatine of the
from the time of Conjiantine, down at least to the death of yamest and a little after, have had the characters of flatterers, panegyrists, and others of like import; and therefore are always to have great abatements made in their accounts of those who have been their benefactors: it being well known, that suchs they endeavour to hand down to posterity under the notion of faints, as they always blacken and defame their adverfaries,
I have just observed that disinterested posterity have given little credit to the panegyrics of the three right reverends: I will give a proof or two of it, and then conclude this note. Burnett tells us, f that James "was become the scorn of the age; and while hungry "writers flattered him out of measure at home, he was "despised by all abroad as a pedant without true judgce rrrent, courage, or steadiness, subject to his favou"rites, and delivered up to the counsels, or rather the "corruption of Spain." (/")—Lord Bolingbroke observes (/) Burnett, of hini, "that he had no virtues to set off, but he had Vo1, '• P' "failings and vices to conceal. He could not conceal "the latter; and, void of the former, he could not "compenfate for them. His failings and his vices "therefore stand in sull view, he passed for a weak ** prince and an ill man, and sell into all the contempt
*' wherein his memory remains to this day." (g) -(s) Letters
Lord Orrery fays, " the character of queen ElizabethTM patrio
"has been exalted by the want of merit in her succes- 'p'"*'
»' for, from whose misconduct gushed forth that torrent
** of misery, which not only bore down his son, but
"overwhelmed the three kingdoms." (h) (4)Remarks
In the Abbe Raynal's history of the parliament of <"» uw •»<■ England, we read " that James wanted to be pacific, ^ds^"np* *'and he was only indolent; wise, and he was only10g. "irresolute; just, and he was only timid; moderate, "and he was only soft; good, and he was only weak; li a divine, and he was only a fanatic; a philosopher, '' and he was only extravagant; a doctor, and he was *.' only a pedant. No one ever carried the pretensions R 4. "cf
Rhyne (well known to the world by theic misfortunes) Henry, [4 G] a prince of a most
"of the crown further than James, and few princes "have contributed so much to villisy it.—This prince "found it easier to suffer injuries than to revenge them j "to dispense with the public esteem, than to merit it; "and to facrisice the rights of his crown, than to "trouble his repose by maintaining them. He lived on "the throne like a private man in his family; he re*c tained of the royalty only the gift of healing the evil, "which is attributed to the kings of England. One "would have faid he was only a passenger in the vessel "of which he ought to have been the pilot. This in"action made his days pass in obscurity, and prepared a (i) See the * ' tragical reign for his successor." (/)——Thus has the, "ewfo?thename of James been treated by the most disinterested year 1751, and unbiassed; whether the judgment of his courtiers p. 448. 8vu. who had been greatly favoured by him, is to be set in the, balance with the opinion of these writers is left to the reader.
[4 G] Prince Henry was of a most amiable disposition, and excellent genius.] This I take to be literally true j otherwise I would not have been at the trouble of faying any thing about him. He was born at Striveling, Feb. J9, I594, ar,d committed to the care of the earl of Mar (the family of Er/kin, earl of Mar, was always governor of the king's children, from the time, the Stuarts mounted the throne); by the following letter writ by his majesty's own hand.
My lord of Marxet
fc DEcause in the surety of my son, consisteth my "*•* surety, and I have concredited unto you the charge f* of his keeping, upon the trust I have of your honesty; f? this I command you out of my own mouth, being in
amiable disposition and excellent genius; the
*5 the company of those I like ; otherwise for any charge '* or necessity that can come from me, you shalL riot de"liver him; and in case God call me at any time, see f' that neither for the queen nor estates their pleasure, "you deliver him till he be 18 years of age, and that he f' command you himself.
"Striveling, 24th of
"July, 1595." "W WfJ1
In obedience to this command, lord Mar kept the prince, and resused to deliver him to the queen his mother, in the year 1603, till the duke of Lennox was sent with a warrant to receive him, and delivered him to the queen. Mr. (afterwards Sir) Adam Newton, was his tutor, by whose instructions he is faid to have profited greatly. "He was, fays Sir Charles Comwallis, of a "comely, tall, middle stature, about five, foot and. "eight inches high, of a strong, streight well-made "body, with somewhat broad shoulders, and a small "waste, of an amiable majestic countenance, his hair "of an aborne collour, long faced, and broad fore"head, a piercing grave eye, a most gracious smile, "with a terrible frown, courteous, loving and affable; "his favour like the sun, indifferently seeming to shine '.* upon all; naturally shamefaced, and modest, most !' patient, which he shewed both in lise and death.— "Dissimulation he esteemed most base, chiefly in a "prince, not willing, nor by nature being able to flat"ter, fawne, or use those kindly who deserved not his *' love. Quick he was to conceive any thing, not rash t' but mature in deliberation, yet most constant, having "resolved. True of his promise, most secret even from
his youth; so that he might have been trusted in any "thing that did not force a discovery; being of a close ?' disposjtion not easy to be known, or pried into: of a
darlingof the people whilst living, and greatly
'' searless, noble, heroic, and undaunted courage, • "thinking nothing unpossible, that ever was done by
"any. He was ardent in his love to religion, which *' love, and all the good causes thereof, his heart was "bent by some means or other (if he had lived) to have "shewed, and some way to have compounded the un"kindjarrs thereof.
"He made conscience of an oath, and was never
*' heard to take God's name in vain. He hated popery,
*' tho' he was not unkind to the persons of papists.—He
"loved and did mightily strive to do somewhat of every
"thing, and to excel in the most excellent. He great*
"ly delighted in all kind of rare inventions and arts,
"and in all kind of engines belonging to the wars,
*' both by sea and land: In the bravery and number of
"great horses; in shooting and levelling of great pieces.
"of ordnance; in the ordering and marshalling of
*' armes; in building and gardening, and in all sorts of
"rare musique, chiefly the trumpet and drum ; in
"limning and painting, carving in all sorts of excellent
"and rare pictures, which he had brought unto hirn,
(J) The "from all countries." (b) Thus speaks, of prince
4 midi H'ary» Sir Charles Cornwall!;, treasurer of his houshold.
lamented But without other authorities, I should lay very little
death of stress on his book, which looks more like a panegyric
H^nceof tnan a history: And we sind it observed by a fine
Wales, by writer, " that princes in their infancy, childhood and sir Charles ic youth, are faid to discover prodigious parts and wit, 8vTi64+' " t0 ^^ thinSs that surp«ze a"d astonish: strange, p. 93—101." adds he, so many hopesul princes, and so many (c) swift and cc shameful kings! if they happen to die young they cMaai'T' **' wou^d have been prodigies of wisdom and virtue: if Vol. I. ?. "they live, they are often prodigies indeed, but of 307. iimo. cc another fort." (c)— However, 'tis certain, prince *°"-Mo o<-Henry had very great merit. "The government of torn, j.5*7." his house was with much discretion, modesty, so
7 * ' briety,