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colne, preached his funeral sermon, which


not had fair play for his lise. The hindering a parliamentary inquiry into the death of a king, by putting an end to the parliament itself, had an odd appearance, and caused many to think that there was more at the bottom than it was convenient should see the light.—I wilL add a passage from Burnett, to what has been now produced, which, if true, will pretty well clear up this matter. "King fames, fays he, in the end of his "reign was become weary of the duke of Buckingham, '* who treated him wit^such an air of insolent contempts *' that he seemed at laif resolved to throw him off, but "could not think of taking the load of government on, "himself, and so resolved to bring the earl of Somerset •' again into favour, as that lord reported it to some from "whom I had it. He met with him in the night, in *' the gardens at Theobalds: Two bed chamber men "were only in the secret; the king embraced him ten*' derly and with many tears. The earl of Somerset be"lieved the secret was not well kept; for soon after the "king was taken ill with some fits of an ague and died. *' My father was then in London, and did Very much '• suspect an ill practice in the matter: 'But perhaps Dr. "Craig, my mother's uncle, who was one of the king's *' physitians, possessed him with these apprehensions; *' for he was disgraced for faying he believed the king *' was poisoned." (s) These are the foundations on (/) Burnet, which the suspicion of James's being poisoned by Buck- Vol-l- P. ingham relies. Whether any thing more than suspicion arises from them, must be left to the reader to determine. Lord Clarendon, who could not be ignorant of a good part of what has been now related, speaking of "James's death, fays^ *'itwas occasioned by an ague* *' (after a short indisposition by the gout) which meet"ing many humours in a fat unwieldy body of 58 "years old, in four or five fits carried him out of the "world. After whose death, adds he, many scanda"lous and libellous discourses were raised 'without the "least colour, or ground: as appeared upon the strictest R "and

soon after was printed with the title of* Great Britain's Salomon, [4 F] full of the


"and most malicious examination that could be made, *e long after, in a time of licence, when no body was ** afraid of offending majesty, and when prosecuting the ** highest reproaches and contumelies against the royal JhlCv3!" "family, was held very meritorious." (^) ThisistalkI. p! 24. ing w'tn a great air of authority indeed! was there no colour or ground for suspicion of foul play, when Buckingham himself owned that he had recommended the plaister and drink to the king, andhad them administered to him, without consulting the physicians? was there no ground for such a suspicion, when some of his majesty's own physicians believed it, and the king himself attributed the cause of his trouble to the plaister and drink which the duke had given him? had the house of commons no colour or ground to impeach the duke of Buck' . itigham for his behaviour in this affair? or were they the authors of the scandalous and libellous discourses that were raised about it? A writer who gives himself such a strange liberty of censuring, ought to be pretty sure he is in the right, or otherwise he stands but a very poor chance of being believed. Will. Sanderson, very roundly lays, " that what Buckingham gave James to drink ** was a posset drink of milk and ale, hartshorn, and ** marygold flowers, ingredients harmless and ordinary. "And though, fays he, the doctors were offended that "any one durst assume this boldness (of applying the plaister) without their consent; by after examina(b) Sander- "tion, all men then were assured of the composition, •fK'lames " and a p'ece thereof eaten down by such as made it; p. 59'i, he'" at,d the plaister many months afterwards in being for liadgivtn "further tryal of any suspition of poyson." (h) The almost the rea<jer must „;ve what credit to this he thinks it deserves,

very fame c i 1 1 • . , ,

account be- for my own part, I doubt it is apocryphal.

fore, in his

{SjjSf0*" [4 F] Dr. Williams preached and printed his funeral f. i9£' sermon, with the title of Great Britain's Salomon.]

This jhost gross flattery, and palpable untruths j


This sermon is a curiosity and deserves to be known, as jt gives us a specimen of the gross flattery of those times. His text was I Kings xi. 41, 42, and part of 43 verse. "And the rest of the words of Salomon, and all that he ** did, and his wisdome, are . they not written in the "book of the acts of Salomon; and the time that Sa"l'omon reigned in Hierufalem over all Israel, was "forty years. And Salomon flept with his fathers^ "and was buried in the city of David his father." After having mentioned the text he begins thus: "Most .** high and mighty, most honourable, worshipful and "well beloved in our lord, and Saviour Jesus Christ; *" it is not I, but this woful accident that chuseth this *' text." He proceeds then to consider it as applicable to Solomon; and afterwards compares him, and Jampi *' sirst as it were in one general lump, or mould; fays *' he, that you may fee by theoddness of their propor"tion, how they differ from all kings besides. And "then with a particular examination of the parts of my "text, that you may observe by the several members^ "how well they resemble the one the other.

"For the bulke or the mould, I dare presume to say, j* you never read in your lives, of two kings more fully u paralleled amongst themselves, and better distinguished "from all other kings besides themselves. King Sa

lomon is faid to be unigenitus ccram matre sua, the only "sonne of his mother, Prov. 4. 3. So was Yrngjamea "Salomon was of a complexion white, and ruddy, Can** ticl. v. 10. So was king, Salonica was an in"fant king, puer parvulus, a little child, 1 Chron. V xxii. 5. so was king James a king at the age of thir"teen months. Salomon began his reign in the life of "his predecessor, i Kings i. 32. so, by the force and '* compulsion of that state, did our late soveraigne king "'James. Salomon was twice crowned, and anoynted ** a king, I Chrori. xxix. 22. so was king Janes. Sa"lemon's minority was rough through the quarrels of "the former soveraigne; so was that of king James. "Salomon was learned above all the princes of the cast, K z i Kiajs insomuch that instead of celebrating his memory, he has only exposed it. James, by

. . his

"I Kings iv. 30. so was king yam*; above all the prin"ces in the univerfal world. Salomon was a writer in *' prose and verse, 1 Kings iv. 32. so in a very pure "and exquisite manner was our sweet soveraigne king "James. Salomon was the greatest patron we ever ** read of to church and churchmen; and yet no greater "(let the house of Aaron now confess) than king "fames. Salomon was honoured with ambassadors "from all the kings of the e?rth, 1 Kings iv. last "verse; and so you know was king James. Salomon "was a main improver of his home commodities, as "you may fee in his trading with Hiram, 1 Kings v. "9, and, God knows," it was the daily study of king *' James. Salomon was a great maintainer of (hipping "and navigation, 1 Kings x. 14. a most proper at"tribute to king James. Salomon beautisied very much *' his capital city, with buildings and water-works, 1 "Kings ix. 15. so did king James. Every man lived "in peace under his vine, and his sig-tree, in the days "of Salomon, 1 Kings iv. 25. and so they did in the "blessed days of king James. And yet towards his "end king Salomon had secret enemies, Razan, Hadad, "and Jeroboam, and prepared for a warre upon his "gomg to his grave; so had, and so did king James. *' Lastly, before any hostile act we read of in the his"tory, king Salomon died in peace, when he had lived *' about 60 years, and so you know did king U) Great "James." (a)

Britain's Sa- One would think this had been enough of all conp" science; but the right reverend preacher proceeds according to the method of his text, " to polish and resine "the members of this statue in their division, and par"ticular. In his stile, fays he, you may observe the "Eccksiastes, in his sigures the Canticles, in his fen"tences the Proverbs, and in his whole discourse, reli"quum verborum Salomonis, all the rest that was ad

"mirable in the eloquence of Salomon. From

6 "his

his queen, Anne of Denmark^ had issue besides


"his faying I come to his doings. Quæ fecerit, all that "he did. Every action of his facred majesty was a "virtue, and a miracle to exempt him from any pa"rallel amongst the moderne kings and princes. Of "all christian kings that ever I read of, he was the most "constant patron of churches and churchmen.———I "will speak it boldly, in the presence here of God and "men, that I believe in my soul and conscience, there "never lived a more constant, resolute, and settled ".protestant in point of doctrine thanour late soveraigne, "'Through all Europe no more question was

*' made of his beingjust, than of his being king. He

"was resolute enough, and somewhat too forward in "those unapproachable places (the Highlands) scatter"ing his enemies as much with his example, as he did "with his forces. Besides these adventures of his per*' son, he was unto his people, to the hour of his death, *' another cherubim with a flaming sword, to keep out (* enemies from this paradice of ours."

After flourishing upon his political wisdom and learned works, he goes on to let his hearers know " that as "he lived like a king, so he died like a faint. All his *' latter days he spent in prayer, sending his thoughts "before into heaven, to be the harbingers of his happy "soul. Some foure days before his end he desired to rc*' ceive the blefled facrament, and faid he was prepared "for it by faith and charitie. He repeated the articles "of the creed, and after the absolution had been read "and pronounced, he received the facrament with "that zeal and devotion, as if he had not been a fraile "man, but a cherubim cloathed with flesh and blood, "he twice, or thrice repeated Domine Jesu, veni cito; "and after the prayer usually faid at the hour of death, "was ended, his lords and servants kneeling, without "any pangs or convulsions at all, dormivit Salomon, "Salomon flept. And his foul, adds the good bishop, *' severed from the dregs of the body, doth now enjoy f* an eternal dreaming in the presence of God, environed, R 3 "no

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