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out Indignation behold the empty, insignificant

nal dishonor would light upon them, and the two king* of England and France would have more reason to assist: the States. The prince ioik him up briskly With these words, we will not go plead a process before the king's: •and le Roi vostre maistre n'ose pas parler au Roi d'Espagne, (and the king your master dares not speak to tne king of Spain.) Sir Ralph answered,

Monsieur, vous avez tort: le Roi mon maitre a & resolution de se ressentir, & puissance de se revencher'du. Roi & prince qui se soit. (Sir, you are mistaken. The king, my master, hath both spirit to resent an injury, and power to avenge himself on' any king, or prince that shall offer it.) The prince replied,

Comment s'est—il ressenti de la trahison du poudre? (How did he resent the gun-powder plot ?) Sir Ralph rejoined,

Comment scavez—vous, qui le roi d'Espagne s'y soit mêlé? (How do you know that the king of Spain had any hand in that affair.) Owen en à été. (Owen, had) faid the prince,

Lequel on a demandé; & le Comte de Tyrone est soutenu par le roi d'Espagne. (Whom they have in vain required the king of Spain to deliver up; and the earl of Tyrone 'tis notorious is supported by him.) Sir Ralph replied,

Quant à Owen, ce n'est pas a vous, a qui le roi mon maistre en rendra conte: & pour Tyrone, tout le monde scait qu'il est à Rome, & non pas en Espagne. (As for Owen, his malesty is not accountable to you for his behaviour in regard of him; and for Tyrone, all the M Birch's worl^ knows he is at Rome and not in Spain.)

view of the

negotia- (a) Owen here spoken of by the prince, had been de

tion., &c. manded of ihe archdukes and thekingof Spain,tobede

p. aiJo. ° * * ,. .

4 hvered cant figure the nation was reduced to by his

v manage

livered up by Sir Thomas tdmondes, being charged with being privy to the gun-powder plot; and Tyrone who had fled out of Ireland, upon account of his attempting a rebellion, had been asked of them likewise, but both unsuccessfully. Indeed they were both caressed by the Spaniards; and Tyrone in particular, tho' he resided at Rome, as Winwood faid, had a pension of six hundred crowns a month from the king of Spain, and therefore the interest of James was justly deemed insignisicant at the Spanish court, by prince Maurice, (e) (') s"f 'Tistrue, upon complaint of the English court, prince ^"g^. Maurice, in a very respectful letter, endeavoured to mol-tions, p lify James's anger; and afterwards in a second letter he *49> *7 acknowledged his offence, and cleared himself in the best manner he could, from any malicious intention to impeach his majesty's service, or asperse his character But 'tiseasy encugh to see that his apologies arose from' , the situation of his affairs, and that what in warmth he had spoken, he indeed thought.—Let us then conclude, that James's best friends, as I observed in the text, spoke most contemptuously of him; for such Henry and Maurice were.—If we would know' further in what esteem James was with his neighbours, the following epigram made in France will, in some measure, perhaps satisfy us.

"Tandis qu' Elizabeth fut Royt "L'Anglois fut d'Espagne l'effroy* "Maintenant, devise et caquette, "Regi par la Reine Jaquette."

That is literally in English,

Whilst Elizabeth was king,
The English were of Spain the terror.
But now governed by Shteenjaquety
They only talk and prattle.

N Or

management, and the scoffs and jeers wherewith they were insulted by their neighbours.

But

Or if the reader likes it better in rhyme, it is given
in English, thus:

While Elizabeth was England's King,
That dreadful name through Spain did ring.

How alter'd is the cafe, ad fa' me!

(/) Rapin, These jugling days of gude £>ueen "Jamie! (f)

Vol. II. p.

Morgan's And tnat lt may not De imagined that libellers and fatyphænix Bri-rists only contemned James, and represented him in a tanmcus, p. more ridiculous light than they ought, I will add, that 3*+' the grave and knowing duke of Sully tells us, that Henry, in derision, called James captain of arts and clark of is) Sally's arms . [g) and that he himself and his brother, had Voh°irSp spoken in terms not very respectful of him. 3o9. Edict Nor did his own people come behind in ridiculing and ofNant2, censuring his conduct. "They mouthed out that $52!' P' *'. Great Britain was become less than little England;

"that they had lost strength by changing sexes, and "that he was no king but a sidler's son, otherwise he "would not suffer such disorders at home, and so much "dishonor abroad. And they fay further, why

"should he assume to himself the title of defender of "the faith, that suffers the protestants of Germany ** and France to be extirpated. That he might almost , ** have purchased such a country as the Palatinace, with "the money spent on amtessages; and that his promising the French protestants assistance (by their agents "that interceded for them) made them the more re"solute, and consident to their ruin: So that they might well call England the land of promise. And "all that he got by his lip-labour assistance from the "French king was, that his ambassador, Sir Edward "Herbert, was snapt up by Luynes the young constable, *' and favourite there, with what hath your master to f( do with us and our business? Whereas the Englisliv 3 "fleets, feut however weak and pusillanimous James's conduct was abroad, at home he behaved very

haugh

"fleets, the glory of the world, (if employed) would "have taught the French.pride to know, that a looker"on fees more than the gamester, and he that strikes "with passion, will many times thank them that take "him ofF by friendly admonition, such discourses as "these flew up and down from lip to lip, that it was al"most treason to hear, much more to speak, "(h)—How (A) wiliari; weakly, how imprudently must a prince have behaved P. 19°. to have drawn on himself such bitter reflections, and cutting farcasms both at home and abroad? how mean a sigure must he have made, and with what contempt must his promises and threatnings be received? It could not be ill-will, it could not be malice, or the love of slander alone, which could bring on a regal character so much contempt when living: There must have been foolish wretched management, as we have seen there was, to render it passable. But of all things, princes should dread falling into contempt: seeing that thereby their reputation, and consequently their power ceases, and they are rendered incapable of executing any great design. For as cardinal Richlieu has well observed, " re"putation is the more necessary in princes, in that *' those we have a good opinion of, do more by their ** bare words, than those who are not esteemed with "armies. They are obliged to value it beyond life; *' and they ought sooner to venture their fortune and "grandeur, than to suffer the least breach to be made ** 'in the fame, since it is most certain that the least di*' minution a prince receives, tho' never so flight, is "the step which is of most dangerous consequence for "his ruin. In consideration of which I declare freely, "that princes ought never to esteem any prosit advan"tageous, when it reflects the least upon their honour; ** and they are either blinded or insensible to their true "interests, if they receive any of this nature. And in"deed history teaches us, that in all times and in all "States, princes of great reputation are always happier . N 2 "thart

haughtily. He valued himself much on his hereditary right, and lineal descent, [rrr]

to

"than those, who being inferior to them in that point, "have surpassed them in force and riches, and in all (i)R;di- "ot!"er power." (i) Pity it is but princes knew what

dsuto**'was^o*them' ^eyliadanytn'r^afterfame'any

went, part desire of real glory, it would excite them to direct their 'id. p. 46. actions to the good of the public, and it would make them weigh and consider things so, as that their resolutions might appear to be the result of prudence and discretion. If they will not act thus, but blindly follow their own whims and humours, or submit to be led by weak, ignorant, self seeking men, as was the,cafe of fames; they may depend on it, that tho'flattery mounts up their imaginary excellencies to the clouds, and represents them as demi-gods for power and wisdom, standees-by will laugh at them, and posterity expose and condemn them.

[rrr] He valued himself much on his hereditary right and lineal descent.] In his sirst speech to the parliament, Klarch 19, 1603, he tells them, that the sirst: reason of his calling them together was, " that they "might with their own ears hear him deliver unto "them the assurance of his thankfulness, for their so "joyful and general applause, to the declaring and re"ceiving of him in that seatj which God, by his birth— "right and lineal descent, had in the fulness of time (*)fCing "provided for him." (a) And in other parts of the James's fame speech, he speaks of his lineal descent out of the I$5. > ?• *' j0ins Qf }{enry tne seventh;" and of his being " li(*) Jd. p. "neally descended of both the crowns" (b) (of England 487,488. and Scotland.) One should have thought an English parliament should have stared at hearing such an unusual language from the throne. But such was the complaifance they had for their new king, and so willing were they to make their court to him, that they spoke in, like terms with him, and ecchoed back, not as has

some

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