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Jiius from the place to which he had beer! chosen, and also had accepted, he published a declaration (yy) concerning the proceedings

f/j See want of it (/). The truth is, no men deserve punishBayie'sdict. ment more than writers of Scioppius's temper. He1 rail* opp'ms,SCI" ne reviled, he reproached, he uttered a thoufand notes falfhoods against his adverfaries, and stuck at nothing in (c) and (h). order t0 defame. Men's reputations he valued not, nor cared he who was hurt by his calumnies. He deserved chastisement from the hand of the magistrate; and it would have been no more than justice to have treated him as a criminal. For there is a great deal of difference between refuting and defaming an adverfary, between shewing the inconclusiveness of his reasonings, and inventing lies in order to blast his character; and I cannot help thinking that he who does the latter, ought to be looked on as a wretch who is a disgrace both to learning and humanity, and exposed to the punishment of calumniators.

(yy) He published a declaration concerning the proceedings in the cause of Vorstius.] This declaration is "dedicated and consecrated to the honour of our Lord "and Saviour Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of the eter*' nal Father, the only GEANGPslnox, mediator and "reconciler of mankind, in sign of thankfulness, by "his most humble, and most obliged servant, James, (*) James's *' &c*(")" If this dedication be thought extraordinary, works, p, the declaration itself will be judged more so j. for. he 34** declares it to be the duty of a christian king to extirpate heresies; professes that 'tis zeal for the glory of God which alone induces him to move for the banishment of Vorjlius, whom he stiles a wretched heretic, dt rather atheist, out of the State's dominions; and then goes on to give an account of what he had done in that affair. He gives us a copy of his sirst letter to Sir Ralph tPinwood, in which he orders him to tell the States, that" there had lately come to his hands a piece of , . >** work Jugs with the states general of the united provinces of the Low Countries in the cause of D. Conradus Vorstius, in which, among

other

"work of one Forjlius, a divine in those parts, where"in he had published such monstrous blasphemies, and "horrible atheism, as he held not only the book wor*Is thy to be burnt, but even the author himself to be "most severely punished;" and withal he commands him to " let them know how insinitely he shall be "displeased if such a monster receive advancement in; "the church; and that if they continue their resolu** tion to advance him, he will make known to the ** world in print how much he detested such abomi"nable heresies, and all allowers and tolerators of "them;" and that the slates might not want proper information, he sent a catalogue of his damnable positions (b). .. But the states were not so furious as(jj Works, "James; they had more knowledge, and consequently p. 359. more discretion. All the answer he could get amounted to no more than a representation of the good character of Vorstius^ his great abilities, the reasonableness of allowing him to defend himself against his adverfaries, and an assurance that if upon examination he should be found guilty, he should not be admitted to the professor's place (c). Before the receipt of this an- (c) Id, p. swer "James was determined to shew his zeal, and ma- 35*, 353> nifest his indignation against the heretic. He ordered his books to be burnt in St. Paul's church-yard, and both the universities; by this means confuting them in the shortest manner. But he stopt not here; he renewed his instances to the states for the setting aside VorJiiust and again represented his execrable blasphemies, and assures them never any heretic better deserved to be burnt than he; and lest they should hearken to his denials of What was charged on him, he asks them, "what will *' not he deny, that deniefh the eternity and omnipo*' tency of God. He concludes with threatning them *f that if they should fail of that which he expected at I' 3 '* thei?

other things, he declares, that only for the title of one of his books, viz. de siliationc

Christi,

!* their hands, and suffer such pestilent heretics to nestle among them, he should depart and separate himself V fromsuch false and heretical churches,and also exhort '*' all other reformed churches tojoin with him in a com

*' mon council, how to extinguish and remand to hell

p?35«! "thoseabom'nableneretics(4^'VBut notw'lthstan<linS these threatnings, Vor/lius came to Leyden. This caused Winwood to present himself before the States, who in a set speech backed his master's letters, and gave in a catalogue of Vorftrus's errors. But the States answered coldly, and nothing to James's expectation. Winwooi therefore, according to his orders, protested against the States receiving Vorjlius; and at length an answer was given by them more fatisfactory to James. This pleased him, but stil{ in his writings he went on to expose the profeflbr, and entered into a very tedious and insipid reply to his apology for his writings. This was the

treatment which a man of piety, parts, and learning met with from James, upon account of some metaphysical reasonings on the nature and attributes of God, and an error which he held with some of the fathers, (^SeeDu- concerning the corporeity of deity (e). I should not fin's hist, of won<]er tp },ear an inquisitor talk after the manner he: writers Vol. ^ , would only be in the way of his profession. But, I. p. I own, I can hardly tell how to bear such language from Foi. Lond. a professed protestant, and a temporal prince. And it 1'92' excites my indignation to behold a man who made no scruple of breaking the laws os the gospel, and living in desiance of God himself, by acting counter to his commands : I fay it sills me with indignation to hear such 3; one making a loud cry about heresy, and stirring up, men to punish it. But thus it has been, thus, perhaps, it always will be. The greatest persecutors have been some of the most wicked and abandoned of men. Without a fense of God, or religion on their minds, they have pretended to be actuated by a great zeal for them;

and

5

Ghristi, an author so suspected as he, is worthy of the faggot; and that if he had been

his

and covered with this pretence they have gone on, eyen with the applause of the superstitious and bigotted, to glut their ambition, their pride, their revenge.. - . James is faid to have been excited to declare against 'Vorjlius, by Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury (/) ; and (/) Abridges not unlikely. Most of the ecclesiastics of that timement °f abounded with a fiery zeal, which frequently hurried.*"'',s;.

t • ,->• . • r.-r i i i w hist, of the

them into actions not to bejuttihed. Cut had not James reformation had an inclination to the work, Abbot would not haveofthe sow been able to have prevailed upon him to undertake it. voTiT' He thought, doubtless, that he should acquire fresh ho- 3ig. gVo*. nour by his pen ; that his people would applaud his zeal,Lond- }7z J' and hold in admiration his piety; and 'tis not to be TMooi yj^ doubted but many were imposed on by him. However 111. p'.*o.6f Sir Ralph Wtniyood did not escape censure at home, for what he had done in this affair. He had protested, as I had just observed, against the States receiving of VorJlius; but he added also, that he protested against the violence offered unto the alliance between his majesty and those provinces, which, faid he, " being founded upon, "the preservation and maintenance of the reformed"religion, you have not letted (so much as in you lies) "absolutely to violate in the proceeding of this cause

^ (i)'" Jamesx when he first heard of this, faid,te) i^ng

JVinwoodhat,h done secundum cor meum: but soon after- Jam" s wards he changed his note, and faid " the protest was 363. "made at an unreasonable time, when he was to re"ceive kindness (namely reimbursement of money) at *S the States hands; and so calling for the copies of his "letters, found that the ambassador had exceeded his "commission, in protesting against the alliance which !' should have been but against the religion (b)." This,^ win. it is to serve weak princes ; they take up their resolu- wood, Vol. tions without consideration, and are soon turned from111, t- V9them. To-day their servants are commended, to- morrow b.lamed for following their instructions. So that I 4 little

his own subject, he would have forced - him to have confessed those wicked heresies that were rooted in his heart; and I doubt not but he would have been as good

little reputation is to be got in their employment. Winp»oodreceived notice of this, "but the wiser part of the *' world (fays his friend Mr. John More to him) consi"dering the tenor of his majesty's sharp letter to the; "States, and how often, in open discourse, he hath, "threatned not only to write, but to fight against them, "rather than Yorjlius should rest at Leyden, will more '' readily conclude that his majesty varieth in himself, (j) Win. 'c than that you have erred (/)." At length, however,

X\\^' ,i Wlnwood had the pleasure of hearing that his majesty held him in his favour, and spoke well qf him; but for tyorftius, he was obliged, through these solicitations of 'James, to renounce provisionally his employment, and leave Leyden, and expect elsewhere a definitive sentence concerning this dispute. He retired to Gouda about May 1612, where he lived quiet till the year 1619, when he was forced to leave Holland; for the synod of JOort having declared him unworthy of the prosessor's chair, the states of the province deprived him of that ,Sv,. employment, and condemned him to a perpetual ba

{k) Bavio's nishment [k). So fad a thing it is for private men to,

rricUV^r- nave prlnc^s for tnelr adverfaries! right or wrong they fli)s(Con- must submit, and cannot make resistance. Tho'how, rad.) honourable it is for princes tg attack such, the. reader,

will determine.

I will conclude this no^e with observing that this declaration of James against Vorjlius, was, printed in French, Latin, Dutch, and-English, and consequently his monstrous zeal, bis unprincely revilings, and his weak and pitiful reasonings were known throughout (flWin- Europe (/). But after all, I presume, it was held in wood. Vol. fmall account. For Mr. Norton, who" had the printfwiSiher''" 'ng 9s it in Latin, swore he would not print it, un^ leiters,f.i3. {' less he might have money to print it («).'»

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