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very indifferent reception abroad, especially


so wrong a place; by which his own character suffered, and his master was despised. . ,

'Tis pleafant enough, however, to see such effects attributed to this work of James's.. The Venetians, upon the coming out of this book, maintained the doctrine of the supream power of temporals in princes and free states. 'Tis true they did; and they had done it before ever James had put pen to paper on this subject; for the quarrel with the pope, which produced the interdict, arose from thence : now this commenced anno 1606, and James's apology was not printed till the year 1609, and consequently neither it nor the premonition which came after it, could be the cause of their holding this doctrine (b). As to the Sorbonne, ever since the (I)Father extinction of the civil wars in France, they had taught £*JJockmiBL. it; nor could be expected any sovereign state would prrfirtd to * difavow it: so that whatever the bishop might fay, 'tis his treatise certain nothing this way was produced. As for James's °["^"_stl" adverfaries being opposed by men of their own reli-sices, p. 48. gion, 'tis not to be wondered at. There are every 8vo. Lond. where men who love controversy, and therefore that^f^'sntwill oppose, if only for a shew of their parts and gotiatsons, learning. How many were converted by his majesty's p. *98. confession of faith I cannot fay, I remember to have read but of one, the archbishop of Spalatto (c); but (c) FrankI know very well that within a few years of this land's ancontroversy, great numbers of the British protestantni s'p* *7* subjects revolted to the Romish communion, none of which, I believe, were induced to return by this performance. If many were converted by it, why

had they not been pointed out? we know Waddefworth, chaplain to Sir Charles Cernwallis, ambassador in Spain, (J) winwas reconciled to the church of Rome, and several of wood> VoI. the faid Sir Charles's kinsmen (d): We know likewise that Toby Matthews (afterwards Sir Toby) son to the 195', 441! archbishop of York, went over to it likewise (e); but (*) fheir return is never mentioned, nor are there any con- l6°6j# . versions

from most of the princes and states to whom it was addressed (yy)j though there were

. > not

versions by means of his majesty's book, except that one I have spoke of, recorded, and which, if true, was • of no consequence: for it is well known that Spalatta

went off from the protestants, and came to a most unhappy end at Rome: so that the bishop has been very Unhappy in his assertions with respect to the consequences of the premonition, and cannot but be put down as an inventor. As to the fourth and last things mentioned as following from this book, I have nothing to fay to them: they are before the reader, and he may view them in what light he pleases.

(ty) It met with but a very indifferent reception abroad, &c.J Let us hear a zealous hugonot: " This "work [the apology and premonition presixed] served *' for no more than to shew the little account the ca"tholics made of the author. It was not look-ed upon "in Spain; 'twas burnt in Florence; the inquisition at tc Rome put if in the number of prohibited books; "'twas ill received in France by the catholics, and the "king forbad it should be translated or printed. 'Twas "only at Venice where the reading of it was not profa) History " n'D'te<l (<?)."' There is some rrtith in this, tho' the of the edict account given is not very exact. Let us correct it as well Vo]Ninte*' 3S we can from Wnwooess state papers. Lord Salijburyy 451! 4t<£" ln a letter to Sir Charles Cornwallis, dated June 8, 1609, Lond. 1694. tells him that" his majesty had thought sit to fend his *' book to the Emperor, to the French king, who hath "received it, and all other christian kings and princes, "as a matter which jointly concerns their absolute ju(*)Win- *' risdiction and temporalities (&)." But though it was wood, Vol. sent to all other christian kings and princes, it'was not' IH.p. 51. received by them. The arch-dukes would not accept-of (<0ld. p. it (<0 i and even the state-of Venice, "after they had 68. "received the king's books", they did by public ordi

"nance forbid the publishing of the fame3 which (fays

"Sir hot wanting those at home who applauded and defended it.

Ar Vilnius

tl Sir Thomas Edmondes) Sir Henry Wooton took so ten -
** derly, as thereupon he charged them with the breach <

of their amity with his majesty, and declared unto "them that in respect thereof he could not longer ex"ercisehis charge of a public minister among them. *' This protestation of his was sound so strange by that *' state, as they sent hither (d) in great diligence to un- (<0 Tll'S', "derstand whether his majesty would avow him there- L„^e0"f'om "in, which did very much trouble them here to makeoct. 4.' *' a cleanly answer thereunto, for the falving the am- l6»9. "bassador's credit, who is censured to have prosecuted *'the matter to an over great extremity (e)." ThisWWIntnusthave been a great mortisication to James^ had he JJj°^ ^"jf* had much sensibility of temper; but yet, even this was 78.' nothing to the flight which was put upon his piece by the Spaniards; for it was no sooner known in Spain that James was about to write against the pope, than the secretary of state sent word to Sir Charles Cornwaliis, " that the king his master did much grieve at it, *' and marvelled that the king of Great Britain (the "pope in no sort meddling with him) would put his *' own hand into such a business (/)," f But though the(/)Id-^0,, ministers of state in England knew this, yet, when Sir 'p'4" Charles Cornwallis received his majesty's letter of revocationi "he also received a book of his majesty's, to*' gether with a letter to the king of Spain". But for fear of an indifferent reception, or rather a refufal of both the one and the other, he was ordered by lord Salisbury, from the king, to " present the letter and the "book to the king of Spain himself, as speedily and *' conveniently as might be, without giving any fore.** knowledge that he was to present any such matter; "for which purpose, adds his lordship, the letter for "your revocation may serve you for a good pretext of ." access (g)." They faw there was need of dexterity (?) H'.Vok to get the book accepted; indeed they could not help , p' S**

Arminius dying Oct. 19, 1609. Conrad Vorjiius was invited to succeed him in his professor's chair of divinity at Ley den: after a year's deliberation he accepted of it. But yames, in the mean time, having seen some of his writings, sent orders to his ambassador,

it; for the Spanish ambassador at London had resused

wLT Vol. the book' when ^ent n'm by the lord treasurer (h);

I1I. p, 55. and what he had done, it was to be seared, his master would do. And so it sell out; for just before Sir Charles had his last audience of the king of Spain, the duke of Lerma let him know plainly, that he was informed that . he intended at his taking leave of his master, to present his Britannic majesty's book to him ; that he was surprised that it could be imagined it would be received; and therefore gave him fair warning to forbear presenting the book, "whereby, faid he, might be avoided a *' resufal that would be so unpleasing to the one to give, "and so distasteful to the other to receive." Cornivallis replied to Lerma with zeal and understanding; but'twasall in vain: he was told positively, *' the king *' of Spain would never receive, much less give reading "to any book containing matter derogatory to his re"ligion and obedience to the see of Rome.' This silenced him; he took his leave of the Spanish king, and

{») Id. p.67, was obliged to carry back the book with him (/).

68. What an affront this! how provoking to onesosullof his

own abilities as fames! he thought, doubtless, that his sellow kings with attention would have read his works, applauded his talents, and magnified his art and dexterity in controversy. But he was mistaken, sew foreigners spoke well of his writings, and we see with what contempt he was treated by some of those to whom his book was addressed. However his flatterers at home kept up his spirits. Most wise, most learned, most understanding were the epithets bestowed on him by the designing courtiers, and aspiring clergy. These he was

so dor, Sir Ralph Winwood, in Holland, to represent the vileness of his doctrines, and desire that he might not be admitted to his place. The states returning an answer not satisfactory, he renewed his application; and in order the more effectually to exclude Vor


so long used to hear, that 'tls not improbable he might

come at length to think he deserved them. It would

be useless to take notice of the several writers of the

English nation who appeared in defence of "James against

his adverfaries. Their names may be seen in Fuller

ijt) j but for their works they are almost out of re-(*)ChufCh

membrance long ago, the reverends and right reverends, ^'sto()r^"nt*

by cruel fate, were doomed to be p!'ijT *°'

, Martyrs of pies, and reliques of the bum.


But all writings are not formed to abide any considerable space of time: and well were it for the world, if the dread of oblivion would restrain the zealot, the pe-> <3ant, the half-thinker from troubling its repose by their Controversies.

I will only observe before I conclude this note, that Gaspar Scioppius, that man of great reading and much learning, who had parts superior to most, and severity and ill manners equal to his abilities, published two pieces against James's apDlogy and premonition; the one intitled Ecclesiasticus auctoritati serenifsirni D. Jacob! Magnæ Biitanniæ regis oppositus, printed in 1611; 1 and the other stiled Collyrium regium Britanniæ regi graviter ex oculis labofanti muneri missum, printed the fame year. It may be supposed no great regard could be paid James by a writer of such a character; but it bad been better for him to have used a little more decency, for he had well near lost his life by the hands of some Of the English ambassador's servants at Madrid, for his I 2 want

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