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within a year. The results have been en said in effect, that rupture of the perineum tirely satisfactory. The first cost of the cre was strikingly frequent in the lying-in hospimatories were $9000 and $12,000 respectively tal connected with his college—that it was the and the cost of operation during the year was rule rather than the exception. That he had thirty cents per uet ton of garbage. This in charged the professor of obstetrics with pro. cluded wages of three men, repairs and one ducing the rupture in order that his students and a half tons of gas coal per diem. The

might profit by it and that the latter had crematories are said to be good for twenty not denied it. Now many a true word is years' use and the amount of ash is less than spoken in jest and if one may judge by the one per cent. There is absolutely no odor, circumstances, this gentleman evidently beno smoke, not even the escape of ammonia lieved in the truth of what he was saying. fumes from the stack. The crematory is Such a thing seems horrible to contemplate. built in the center of the city and the garbage That a human being - and often an innocent is dumped directly into the furnaces from young woman (at any rate more sinned steel carts each carrying 3000 pounds.

against than sinning"), often from a distant The details of this method, which are country home, far from friends and sympathy, vouched for by the Board of Health of At should be submitted to mutilation merely for lantic City, seem to go far to solve a very diffi the gratification of the whims and convenicult and yet very urgent problem. Some ence of students, if true, calls for loudest may declaim against the great loss to the condemnation and we brand

any

brother soil in fertilizing material, involved in the who would permit, much less himself perform destruction of so much organic waste, but it, as unworthy of his noble calling. the dangers and risks inherent in any attempt to utilize waste and decomposing organic refuse argue convincingly in favor of this A USEFUL hint or two may be obtained in cleanly, thorough and apparently perfectly some quarters from a description of the pursatisfactory method of rapid combustion.

poses fulfilled by the museum The Proper Uses of Owens College, Manches

of a Museum. ter. Its public utility is FROM time to time we have heard rumors

quite as great as its private, of the frequency with which ruptures of the if not greater. It is a teaching museum and

perineum occur at the lying not a mere agglomeration of curios. LecCan this be True? in hospitals. The accident, turers from the whole of the city and the

usually consequent upon surrounding districts are accustomed to send the use of forceps, seeins to have been looked their classes to verify by observation what upon as a matter of no consequence; a few they are taught. Insects and other animals stitches will make things all right again in are brought that it may be ascertained a week and when the woman is ready to get whether they are likely to be harmful to up at the ninth day, she will be as well as if cotton, wood or crops. Associations connothing had happened. It has even been as cerned with self-education and literary and serted always in a jocular way — that these scientific societies come for entertainment ruptures are not always accidental ; that the and instruction. Much interest is also taken exigencies of the students' instruction in this in the geological collection which is very important branch required that they should rich in specimens of coals. The museum is see such cases and know how to remedy open to the public daily free of any charge. them.

The Academy of Sciences of Baltimore But a few days ago the matter was again might well emulate the example of Owens brought to the writer's attention in such a College. It possesses now a fine buildingway as to impress him with its importance. the gift of Mr. Pratt-centrally located. Let It is possible that there is a serious evil here a recognized teacher in natural science be which demands rebuke and correction. The placed in charge and adequately paid for his writer was conve

versing with a prominent gyne services and we will guarantee that the colleccologist and dean of one of the St. Louis tion will grow and its usefulness will comcolleges. Referring to the subject of practi mend it to the beneficence of our wealthy and cal instruction in obstetrics, this gentleman public-spirited citizens.

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Dr. B. Bernard Browne has removed his office from Madison Avenue to 510 Park Avenue.

A new journal of hygiene, called Hygeia, is published monthly in Tyler, Texas, and is edited by Drs. Bell and Kirkscey.

The Society of Medical Phonographers held its first meeting in London, July 30, its founder, Dr. W. R. Gowers, presiding.

According to the Record, 82 physicians from the United States and 9 from Canada were registered at the British Medical Association.

Dr. Felix Hoppe-Seyler, Professor of Pathological Histology in the University of Strasburg, died August 12, of an apopleptic stroke, aged 70.

Professor H. A. Cottell has been transferred to the Chair of Physiology and Dr. Henry Miller Goodman elected to the Chair of Chemistry in the University of Louisville.

Mr. Wm. Berry, who began life by making blacking on a small scale with his own hands and hawking it about, has just died and left $165,000 to the medical charities and $70,000 to the other charities of Manchester, England.

The New York Academy of Medicine owns a half million of assets ; a valuable library ; has 774 fellows, and a self-supporting department of nurses. The current expenses amount to $17,000 per annum, not including the purchase of books.

The Index Medicus fund now amounts to $1475-$5000 are required. The editors (Drs. Billings and Fletcher) announce that if re

ed, it will have no exchanges and no advertisements and will be a rare work. Until December i will be given.

Dr. Jacobi says that more than half of the patients of every practitioner are infants and children, yet it was not until 1860 that their diseases were taught in a thorough and special way; not until 1870 did the larger medical schools give clinical instruction in this branch.

Dr. John Syer Bristowe, the eminent English physician, author of Bristowe's “ Practice," died August 20. He was senior physician to St. Thomas Hospital, London, and wrote the articles in Reynolds' System of Medicine on Pyemia and Diseases of the Intestines. He was 68 years old.

A bill has been introduced in the Minnesota legislature, by Dr. Zier, requiring those who manufacture patent medicines and nostrums to publish their formulae on each bottle, box, or package. The measure is a just one and has received the endorsement of many physicians and pharmacists of the State.

The Philadelphia authorities will not in fu. ture allow the exhibition, for money, of idi. otic, insane, imbecile or deformed persons, a recent legislative act forbidding such exhibition. This reform, as it may properly so be called, is strictly in the interests of humanity and public decency. These exhibitions are demoralizing in themselves, cruel to their subjects, and tend only to pander to a morbid curiosity, which rather needs repression than occasion.

Dr. Frank B. Gardner, a well known physician of this city, met death under very sad circumstances on Saturday last, September 7. On the previous morning when his servant went to his room to call him, he found ihim unconscious and the gas turned on. It appears that in adjusting his mosquito net Dr. Gardner had pulled upon the stopcock and turned on the gas. He was taken at once to the Maryland University Hospital and restoratives applied but he died the following morning without recovering consciousness. Dr. Gardner was a graduate of the University of Maryland, class of 1867, and 47 years of age. He was unmarried.

PUBLIC SERVICE.

OFFICIAL LIST OF CHANGES IN THE STATIONS

AND DUTIES OF MEDICAL OFFICERS.

Chairman Board for physical examination officers Revenue Cutter Service, August 22, 1895.

Fairfax Irwin, Surgeon, detailed as Chairman Board for physical examination of candidate Revenue Cutter Service, August 30, 1895.

Ĉ. E. Banks, Passed Assistant Surgeon, detailed as member Board for physical examination of candidate Revenue Cutter Service, August 30, 1895.

G. B. Young, Passed Assistant Surgeon, upon expiration of leave of absence, to report at Bureau for temporary duty in Laboratory, August 28, 1895.

BOOK REVIEWS.

UNITED STATES ARMY. Week ending September 9, 1895. Captain William W. Gray, Assistant Surgeon, upon the expiration of his present leave of absence, will be relieved from duty at Fort Schuyler, N. Y., and ordered to Philadelphia, Penn., for duty as Attending Surgeon and Examiner of Recruits in that city, relieving Captain Samual Q. Robinson, Assistant Surgeon.

Captain Robinson on being thus relieved is ordered to Fort Reno, Oklahoma, for duty, relieving Major William H. Gardner, Surgeon. Major Gardner on being thus relieved is ordered to Fort Thomas, Ky., for duty, relieving Major James C. Worthington, Surgeon.

Major James C. Worthington, Surgeon, on being relieved from duty at Fort Thomas, Kentucky, is ordered to Vancouver Barracks, Washington, for duty, relieving Captain William Stephenson, Assistant Surgeon.

Captain Stephenson on being thus relieved is ordered to the Presidi of San Francisco, California, for duty at that post.

The following named officers will report in person, on Monday, Sept. 23, 1895, to Colonel Chas. H. Alden, Assistant Surgeon General, president of the examining board appointed to meet in this city, for examination as to their fitness for promotion. Captain Louis S. Tesson, Assistant Surgeon, Captain William H. Corbusier, Assistant Surgeon, Captain Daniel M. Appel, Assistant Surgeon, Captain Samuel Q. Robinson, Assistant Surgeon.

Leave of absence for two months, to take effect on or about September 15, 1895, is granted Captain William C. Gorgas, Assistant Surgeon.

First Lieutanant Alexander S. Porter, Assistant Surgeon, is relieved from duty at Fort Keogh, Montana, to take effect on the expiration of his present sick leave, and ordered to Port Huachuca, Arizona, for duty.

Major Joseph K. Corson, Surgeon, granted leave of absence for two months.

Captain Leonard Wood, Assistant Surgeon, is relieved from duty at Fort McPherson, Georgia, and ordered to report in person to the attending surgeon in this city, for duty as his assistant.

Captain Marlborough C. Wyeth, Assistant Surgeon, is relieved from duty at the Army and Navy General Hospital, Hot Springs, Arkansas, and ordered to Fort Huachuca, Ari. zona for duty.

UNITED STATES MARINE SERVICE. Sixteen days ending August 31, 1895. John Vansant, Surgeon, granted leave of absence for thirty days, August 24, 1895.

W. H. H. Hutton, Surgeon, detailed as

A System OF SURGERY. By American Au

thors. Edited by Frederic S. Dennis, M. D., Professor of the Principles and Practice of Surgery, Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York; President of the American Surgical Association, etc., assisted by John S. Billings, M. D., LL. D., D. C. L., Deputy Surgeon-General, U. S. A. To be completed in four imperial octavo volumes, contain: ing about 900 pages, each with index. Profusely illustrated with figures in colors and in black. · Volume II, 915 pages, 515 engravings and 10 colored plates. Price per: volume : $6.00 in cloth ; $7.00 in leather ; $8.50 in half Morocco, gilt back and top. For sale by subscription. Full circular free to any address on application to the publishers.

In our issue of July 13, we made a brief notice of Volume I of this magnificent system of surgery, by American authors. We now have the pleasure of reviewing Volume II of the same work. The present volume is the joint production of eleven authors, whose names are sufficient guarantee of the excellence of their work. Dr. Henry R. Wharton of the University of Pennsylvania contributes the first article, on minor surgery, which occupies 130 pages, and describes the methods of application of bandages, sutures, transfusion, etc., and if any criticism is permissible, it is the mild one, that many of the illustrations have served these many years in the various text-books which have appeared from time to time. The only needle holder figured is an antiquated affair, which it is impossible to clean thoroughly, and which a modern surgeon would not care to use if he could get

any other.

Dr. Geo. R. Fowler of Brooklyn, N. Y., contributes the article on Plastic Surgery ; which is devoted especially to plastic operations on the face, such as the restoration of the lips and note, the closure of cleft palate

and the repairing of hare lips, all of which CURRENT EDITORIAL COMMENT: are fully described and illustrated. Military Surgery and the Care of the Wounded on the Battlefield is assigned to Lieutenant Colonel

MIDWIVES. W. H. Forwood, U. S. A., but we find very

Lousirille Medical Monthly. little said in regard to military surgery itself, There is no objection to midwives practicing the greater portion of the very interesting ar obstetrics, and we believe that they should ticle being devoted to the duties of the medi be allowed to do so, but they ought to be subcal officers in the field, the organization of. jected to the same restrictions as are placed field hospitals, and the distribution of sup on physicians. plies. Dr. Forwood seems to be somewhat

CONTAGION IN SCHOOLS. opposed to the performance of laparotomy

National Medical Review. for penetrating gunshot wounds of the abdo MEASLES is a more serious disease than is men, owing to the lapse of time before the

generally considered. It is a great error to patient can be brought to the surgeon, and think that we do children a kindness in exsays : “ Very exceptional qualifications are posing them to measles. One case of measles demanded of the surgeon,” and “none but in a school should cause the closure of the those having skill and especial training in this school until it can be definitely ascertained line should dare undertake it.” It seems to that all danger of contagion is past. the reviewer that every army surgeon should be prepared to perform laparotomy and suture

MANAGEMENT OF ENTERIC FEVER. intestinal perforations, as it is a procedure

Philadelphia Polyclinic. especially belonging to military surgery, and

With good treatment and good nursing, in the patient is almost certainly doomed to

the light of present knowledge, the mortality speedy death if it is not done.

of typhoid fever should not exceed seven per Dr. Nicholas Senn is the author of the ar

cent., and except under very unfavorable cir. ticle on “ Diseases of the Bones" and it shows

cumstances we may expect to see it reduced evidence of his usual careful and thorough

to less than five per cent. In seventy-five work, though only 46 pages are devoted to

cases out of one hundred of typhoid fever, this important class of diseases. Dr. Virgil

the patients left to themselves, without interP. Gibney devotes 100 pages to the considera

ference on the part of physician or nurse, tion of Orthopedic Surgery, and all the usual

will get well. In seventy cases out of one deformities and joint diseases are dealt with

hundred, typhoid fever patients will survive thoroughly but in a conservative manner.

poor medication, provided they have good The surgery of the blood vessels is thor

nursing; and in sixty-five cases out of one oughly considered by Drs. Lewis A. Stimson,

hundred, they will probably survive even

bad medication and bad nursing. Percival R. Bolton and Frederick S. Dennis. By all odds the most elaborate treatise in this THE REGULATION OF PROSTITUTION. volume is the section on Diseases and Injuries

New York Medical Journal. of the Head, by Dr. Roswell Park of Buffalo, The so-called “social evil” presents so N. Y., occupying nearly 300 pages, and richly many points of difficulty in its management illustrated with typical plates and drawings. that it is well-nigh useless to expect any maIt would seem that the subject had been most terial benefit to result from legislation on the minutely considered, embracing pretty much subject unless the legislation is based on every condition affecting these parts, from a broad conceptions of justice and expediency, scalp wound to a brain tumor. Articles by and it never will be so based until such conDr. Keen on the Surgery of the Spine, and ceptions are entertained by a large class of by Dr. John B. Roberts on the Surgery of the the people. To bring about such a desirable Nerves, are valuable contributions to surgi. state of public opinion it is quite necessary cal literature, as well as the article by Dr. that the moralist and the physician should Genish on the Surgery of the Lymphatic not array themselves against each other, each System.

intent on carrying through all that he regards We conclude as we began, with the expres as important; they should rather co-operate sion of our high appreciation of this magnifi to secure the best attainable regulation of the cent System of Surgery.

miserable trade.

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PUBLISHERS' DEPARTMENT.

PHARMACEUTICAL. All letters containing business communications, or referring to the publication, subscription, or ad Being devoid of toxic properties, Melachol vertising department of this Journal, should be addressed as undersigned.

may be safely recommended as a household The safest mode of remittance is by bank check or remedy, and because of its non-irritant qualipostal money order, drawn to the order of the Maryland Medical Journal; or by Registered letter. ties, it is the safest remedy for domestic pracThe receipt of all money is immediately acknowledged.

tice ; fecal impaction, typhlitis, and even apAdvertisements from reputable firms are respect pendicitis, has been cured by the prompt use fully solicited. Advertisements also received from all the leading advertising agents. Copy, to ensure

of Melachol. insertion the same week, should be received at this ofice not later than Monday.

Physicians when communicating with advertisers ACUTE cystitis-resulting from gonorrhea concerning their articles will confer a favor by mentioning this Journal.

and presenting symptoms of distress and pain Address:

over pubes, frequent and urgent inclination MARYLAND MEDICAL JOURNAL, 209 Park Avenue, Baltimore, Md. to micturate, urine cloudy and depositing

slight amount of mucus on standing. Chronic NOTES.

cystitis-resulting from enlarged prostate, re

tained or altered urine, or from gout or nervCIDER vinegar is an antidote for carbolic

ous derangement-mucus or muco-pus renacid.

dering the urine more or less cloudy or Diabetics are poor subjects for anesthesia.

opaque. Treatment-In addition to the meComa is apt to follow.

chanical treatment, usually essential in the

management of disorders of this class, the adThe internal use of chloroform is very suc ministration of Lambert's Lithiated Hydrancessful in colica pictonum.

gea is often of the greatest service. A prac

titioner of wide experience says—“I have ARSENIATE of strychnine is recommended

used Lambert's Lithiated Hydrangea on variin cases of tachycardia strumosa.

ous persons affected with diverse and painful

manifestations of chronic rheumatism, gout, GelseMINUM controls pain in the ovaries

lithiasis-urica, nephritic calculus and funcbetter than anything else, except narcotics.

tional disturbances of the renal system, with Iodide of potassium, when it causes coryza

excellent results and I consider it a valuable and depression, can be best given with nux

remedy for normalizing the renal function, vomica and citrate of iron and ammonia.

for promoting the active elimination of uric

acid and to calm the congestive conditions of Quinine pills made with aromatic sulphuric

the kidneys and of the urinary mucous memacid can be broken up at time of using and

brane." readily given to children with a little brown sugar or chocolate.

Extract from a paper read before the

Academy of Medicine of Cincinnati, May 13, When patients rebel against large doses of

1895, on Acute Mania, by W. H. De Witt, iodide of potassium, these are easily borne by

M. D.: The medical treatment of these cases the stomach if the salt be mixed with soda

is very simple, and can be disposed of in few water instead of ordinary water.

words. To procure sleep and quiet is perhaps SalicyLATE of strontium is considered one

the greatest desideratum, and I know of of the best intestinal antiseptics in doses of

nothing so certain in its action as chloral five grains. In doses of ten to fifteen grains hydrate, given in 40 or 60 grains. It may it acts decidedly in gouty and chronic rheu.

be given alone or combined with one of the matic conditions.

bromides. The “ Bromidia ” of Battle & Co.

I have always found very reliable. It is SALIPYRIN is recommended for menorrha almost certain to quiet and produce sleep. gia and metrorrhagia. It is given in the You will occasionally meet with cases that form of lozenges of fifteen grains each, three resist the influence of chloral even in large daily, commencing a day or two before the repeated doses ; here opium or some one of hemorrhage is expected.

its derivatives, either given alone or in con

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