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won the first place. In accordance resigned in August of the succeeding with his high position at the academy, / year. young Halleck was brevetted a second He now determined to settle permalieutenant of the corps d'élite of engi- nently in California, where he established neers, and retained at West Point as an himself as a lawyer, and became partner assistant professor of engineering for a in the well-known legal firm of Halleck, year. In 1841 he gave to the world the Billings & Co., of San Francisco. He result of his scientific studies in a work was engaged in the successful prosecuon “Bitumen—its Uses." In January, tion of his new profession when he re1845, he was promoted to a first lieu-ceived the appointment to a major-gentenantcy ; and in the same year, such eralship in the army. His commission was his repute as an accomplished stu- dates from August 1, 1854, though Condent of his art, that he was selected by gress did not bestow it upon him until the committee of the Lowell Institute, November, 1860, when he was selected at Boston, as one of its annual lecturers. to take the chief command of the DeThe subject of his course was "military partment of the West. science and art.” These lectures were General Halleck is in the vigor of life, subsequently published, with the addi- being forty-three years of age. With tion of a long essay on the “ Justifia- his military knowledge and practical acbleness of War.” This work is consid- quaintance with public as well as private ered a creditable proof of his knowledge business, he was singularly well adapted and research. It contains much useful to the command of a department which information on the military art, and is required the skill of a strategist comreplete with historical illustrations. bined with the ability of a statesman.
During the Mexican war, Halleck was He possesses great energy of body and rewarded for his services with the brevet mind with remarkable promptitude in rank of captain. From 1847 to the close action and perseverance of effort. From of 1849 he was secretary of state of the a leader possessed of such qualities, the newly conquered territory of California, country naturally expects much, and it while under military administration. He has an assurance in the good service also served as chief of the staff of Com- General Halleck has already rendered, modore Shubrick during his operations that its expectations will not be disapon the Pacific coast in 1847 and 1848. pointed. In 1849 he was elected a member of the The chief occupation of Halleck, when convention which met at Monterey to he first assumed the command in Misform a constitution for the proposed souri, was to thwart the machinations of State of California, and was appointed the rebellious, by some of whom he was one of the committee to draft that paper. surrounded in St. Louis, to discipline In July, 1853, he was promoted to the the troops under his command, enforce full rank of captain of engineers, but a stricter police within the camps, and organize those combined naval and mili- from headquarters would be regarded tary expeditions at St. Louis and Cairo, * and punished as a military offence. By on the Mississippi, and Paducah on the these rigid measures, all expressions and Ohio, which have since, by their brilliant acts of disloyalty within the immediate results, exercised so great an influence control of the Federal arms were effecon the fate of the war.
tually suppressed. General Halleck's order to exclude Though General Halleck was awaiting fugitive slaves from the Federal camps the full organization of his army before seemed to exhibit such a tenderness for attempting to make a clean sweep of the the peculiar institution of the South, and enemy from the State of Missouri, he such an indifference to the sympathy of was determined to keep the marauding some of the Northern people with its bands of secessionists in check. He victims, that it was emphatically de- accordingly dispatched General Pope nounced by the enthusiastic advocates from Sedalia, with a considerable force, of liberty as a concession to slavery. to disperse the enemy's encampments in The General, however, justified his or Western Missouri. The result is told in der on the ground that the free com- this official report of General Pope : munication of the slaves with the camps “HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT CENTRAL, MIS-, was inconsistent with good order and the SOURI, OTTERVILLE, Dec. 23, 1861. Ś safety of the army, and these negroes “ CAPTAIN: I have the honor to state were suspected of carrying military in- | that, having replaced by troops from Dec. formation to the enemy.
Lamine the garrison of Sedalia, I 17. Determined to check the active sym marched from that place on Sunday, the pathy of the wealthy secessionists of 15th instant, with a column of infantry, St. Louis with the enemy, General Hal-cavalry, and artillery, numbering about leck ordered an assessment upon all | 4,000 men. The first brigade was comsuch for the benefit of the Union manded by Colonel J. C. Davis, Indiana refugees who had flocked into the city, Volunteers ; the second by Colonel F. on the retirement of the Federal army Steele, Eighth Iowa Regiment. The from the interior of the State. This object of the movement was to interpose having been resisted by a Mr. Engel, of between Price's army on the Osage and St. Louis, a thriving merchant, who ap- the recruits, escort, and supplies on their pealed to the civil courts, General Hal-way south from the Mississippi River. leck ordered him to leave the Depart. This body of the enemy was represented ment of Missouri. He, at the same time, to be between four and six thousand declared officially, that any attempt to strong, with a large train of supplies. interfere with the execution of an order | “I encamped on the 15th eleven miles
southwest of Sedalia. That the enemy o Cairo and Paducah, though the former is in Illinois
might be thoroughly misled as to the and the letter in Kentucky, were included in the department under the command of Halleck,
destination of the expedition, it was
given out that the movement was upon and one entire company of the enemy's Warsaw, and the troops pursued the cavalry, with tents, baggage, and wagons. road to that place several miles beyond | One of the pickets and two wagons were Sedalia. I threw forward on Clinton captured within the lines of Rains' divifour companies of the First Missouri sion, encamped north of the Osage River. cavalry, under Major Hubbard, with | “The column under Lieutenant-Colonel orders to watch any movement from Brown continued the pursuit vigorously Osceola, to prevent any reconnoissance all night of the 16th, all day of the 17th, of our main column, and to intercept and part of the night of the same day, any messengers to the enemy at Osceola. his advance guard consisting of Foster's On the 16th I pushed forward by forced i company of Ohio cavalry and a detachmarch twenty-seven miles, and with my ment of thirty men of the Fourth regular whole force occupied, at sunset, a posi | cavalry, occupying Johnstown in the tion between the direct road from War | course of the night. The enemy began rensburg to Clinton, and the road by to scatter as soon as the pursuit grew Chilhowee, which latter is the road here- close, disappearing in every direction in tofore pursued by returning soldiers and the bushes and by every bye-path, drivby recruits. Shortly after sunset, the ing their wagons into farm-yards remote advance, consisting of four companies of from the road, and throwing out their Iowa cavalry, under Major Torrence. loads. As these wagons were all twocaptured the enemy's pickets at Chilho- | horse wagons of the country, and had wee, and learned that he was encamped been, in fact, taken by force from the in force (about 2,200) six miles north farm-houses, it was impossible to identify of that town.
them. When our pursuit reached Johns“After resting the horses and men for town, about midnight on the 17th, the a couple of hours, I threw forward ten enemy, reduced to about 500, scattered companies of cavalry and a section of ar- completely, one portion fleeing precipitillery, under Lieutenant-Colonel Brown, tately toward Butler, and the other Seventh Missouri Regiment, in pursuit, toward Papinsville. and followed with my whole force, post “The main body of my command ing the main body between Warrensburg moved slowly toward Warrensburg, and Rose Hill, to support the pursuing | awaiting the return of the force under column. I, at the same time, reinforced Lieutenant-Colonel Brown, which proMajor Hubbard with two companies of ceeded from Johnstown to scour the Merrill's horse, and directed him, in or country south of Grand River to the der to secure our flank in the pursuit, to neighborhood of Clinton. In these opepush forward as far as possible toward rations, sixteen wagons, loaded with Osceola. This officer executed his duty tents and supplies, and one hundred and with distinguished ability and vigor, fifty prisoners were captured. The driving back and capturing the pickets | enemy's force was thoroughly dispersed.