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while, the people of the North remained works was made and published, in which in a state between fear and hope. The the efforts in progress to improve their timid gave expression to their alarms in strength were studiously detailed and "union meetings," and petitions coun exaggerated, with the view of exciting selling concession ; while the hopeful de the impatient ardor of the South Caroluded themselves with the supposed linians to wrest them from the F'ederal strength of the loyal men in the South. Government. A few contemplated the possibility of This account, as it conveys a tolerably war, but most fondly believed that the accurate idea of the forts in the harbor country would be spared its horrors. of Charleston, is here given as published

South Carolina, however, though se- in the Charleston Mercury : cured for the present by the pledges of "Fort Moultrie is an inclosed water President Buchanan and the corrupt battery, having a front on the south, or connivance of his cabinet, was yet dis- water side, of about 300 feet, and a trustful of the future, and began to pre- depth of about 240 fect. It is built pare for its possible dangers. A reso- with salient and re-entering angles on Dec, lution was offered in the conven- | all sides, and is admirably adapted for

26. tion at Charleston that the governor defence, either from the attack of a be requested to communicate in secret storming party or by regular approaches. session any information he might pos- " The outer and imner walls are of sess in regard to the condition of forts brick, capped with stone, and filled in Moultrie and Sumter, and Castle Pinck with earth, making a solid wall 15 or 16 ney, the number of guns in each, the feet in thickness. The work now in number of workmen and kind of labor progress consists in cleaning the sand employed, the number of soldiers in from the walls of the fort ; ditching it each, and what additions, if any, had around the entire circumference, and been made since the 20th of December ; erecting a glacis ; closing up the postern also, whether any assurance had been gates in the east and west walls, and, given that the forts would not be rein- instead, cutting sally-ports which lead forced, and if so, to what extent ; also, into strong outworks on the southeast what police or other regulations had and southwest angles, in which twelvebeen made, if any, in reference to the pounder howitzer guns will be placed,

s of the harbor of Charleston, the enabling the garrison to sweep the ditch coast, and the State.

on three sides with grape and canister. At the same time the condition of these The northwest angle of the fort has also forts and their capability of defence be- been strengthened by a bastionette to came a subject of intense interest to the sustain the weight of a heavy gun which people of South Carolina, who were evi- will command the main street of the dently determined upon possessing them- island. The main entrance has also selves of them. A minute survey of the | been better secured, and a trap-door, two feet square, cut in the door for in- ' “A noticeable fact in the bastionettes, gress and egress. At this time, the to which we have above alluded, is the height of the wall from the bottom of haste in which one of them has been built. the ditch to the top of the parapet is 20 The one completed is formed of solid feet. The ditch is from 12 to 15 feet masonry. In constructing the other, wide at the base, and 15 feet deep. The however, a framework of plank has been nature of the soil would not seem to substituted. Against the inside of this admit of this depth being increased, wooden outwork loose bricks have been quicksand having been reached in many placed. Both bastionettes are armed places. The work on the south side is with a small carronade, and a howitzer nearly finished. The counterscarp is pointed laterally so as to command the substantially built with plank, and whole intervening moat by a cross-fire. spread with turf. The glacis is also “In the hurried execution of these finished. It is composed of sand, and extensive improvements, a large forcecovered with layers of loam and turf, about 170 men-are constantly engaged. all of which are kept firmly in place by Additions are daily made to this numthe addition of sections of plank nailed ber, and the work of putting the post to uprights sunk in the sand, and cross in the best possible condition for deing each other at right angles, making fence is carried on with almost incredsquares of 10 feet each. The purpose ible vigor. of the glacis, which is an inclined plane, “A few days ago, Colonel Gardiner, is to expose an attacking party to the who for years had held the commandfire of the guns, which are so placed as ant's position, and whose courtesy and to sweep it from the crest of the coun bearing had won the friendship of all terscarp to the edge of the beach. On who knew him, was relieved in the the north side all the wooden gun-cases command by Major Robert Anderson, have been placed close together on the of Kentucky. Major Anderson received ramparts, apparently for the purpose of his first commission as brevet second lieusecuring it against an escalade, but pos- tenant second artillery, July 1st, 1825, sibly as a screen for a battery of heavy was acting inspector-general in the guns. A good many men are engaged Black Hawk war, and received the rank in clearing the ramparts of turf and of brevet captain, August, 1838, for his earth, for the purpose of putting down successful conduct in the Florida war. a very ugly-looking arrangement, which On September 8th, 1817, he was made consists of strips of planks four inches brevet-major for his gallant and meritowide, one and a half inches thick, and rious conduct in the battle of Molino six or eight feet long, sharpened at the del Rey. point, and nailed down so as to project “The other officers are : Captain Ababout three feet horizontally from the ner Doubleday, Captain T. Seymour, top of the walls.

Lieutenant T. Talbot, Lieutenant J. C. CONDITION OF FORT SUMTER.



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Davis, Lieutenant N. J. Hall—all of the of port-holes for the heaviest guns, and first regiment artillery.

on the south or land side, in addition to “Captain J. G. Foster and Lieuten- openings for guns, loop-holes for musant G. W. Snyder, of the engineer corps. ketry; stands in the middle of the har

“Assistant Surgeon S. W. Crawford, bor, on the edge of the ship channel, of the medical staff.

and is said to be bomb-proof. It is at “The force under these gentlemen present without any regular garrison. consists of two companies of artillery. There is a large force of workmenThe companies, however, are not full, some one hundred and fifty in allthe two comprising, as we are informed, busily employed in mounting the guns only about seventy men, including the and otherwise putting this great stratband. A short time ago two additional egic point in order. The armament companies were expected, but they have of Fort Sumter consists of 140 guns, not come; and it is now positively many of them being the formidable tenstated that there will be, for the pres inch columbiads,' which throw either ent at least, no reinforcement of the shot or shell, and which have a fearful garrison.

range. Only a few of these are yet in " While the working-men are doing position, and the work of mounting wonders on the outside, the soldiers pieces of this calibre in the casemates within are by no means idle. Field- is necessarily a slow one. There is also pieces have been placed in position upon a large amount of artillery stores, conthe green within the fort, and none of sisting of about 40,000 pounds of powthe expedients of military engineering der, and a proportionate quantity of have been neglected to make the posi- shot and shell. The workmen engaged tion as strong as possible. It is said here sleep in the fort every night, owing that the greatest vigilance is observed to the want of any regular communicain every regulation at this time, and tion with the city. The wharf or landthat the guns are regularly shotted every ing is on the south side, and is of course night. It is very certain that ingress is exposed to a cross fire from all the openno longer an easy matter for an out- | ings on that side. sider, and the visitor who hopes to get “The fortress most closely commandin must make up his mind to approach ing the city and its roadstead is Castle with all the caution, ceremony, and cir- | Pinckney, which is located on the cumlocution with which the allies are ad- southern extremity of a narrow slip of vancing upon the capital of the Celestial marsh land, which extends in a northEmpire.

erly direction to Hog Island Channel, "Fort Sumter, the largest of our fort- To the harbor side the so-called castle resses, is a work of solid masonry, presents a circular front. It has never octagonal in form, pierced on the north, been considered of much consequence east, and west sides with a double row | as a fortress, although its proximity to

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