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CHAPTER XVII.

Indignation against Maryland in the North. - To Washington through Baltimore.-An energetic Citizen of New York

addresses the President.-An Editorial Re-echo.- Increased Martial Ardor.- The Seventh Regiment.-Its composition.-Anticipatory Heroes.-Their Departure from New York.--Enthusiasm of the People.—March of the Seventh.-Its Glorification..--An Account by an Historiographer from the Ranks.—The Eighth Massachusetts.Obstructions to their March to the Capital.-General Butler in command.-His Promptitude and Energy.-Seizure of the Ferry-boat Maryland.- Arrival at Annapolis.--Rescue of “Old Ironsides." -The difficulty of the Achievement.--Honor to Butler.-His Biography.-Birth and Descent.--Education.-Professional Career.-Prominence as a Lawyer.-His Legal Characteristics. -- First Appearance in Public Life.- A Delegate to the Democratic Convention at Charleston. A Breckenridge Elector.-- A Candidate for Governor of Massachusetts. -Suspiciously regarded.A proof of Loyalty.-Welcomed as a Defender of the Union. -- Appointed to Command by his Political Opponent.--His Energy and Success. -National Gratitude.-- Personal Description and Character of Butler.-His Coolness in Danger illustrated.-Other proofs in the course of this History,

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The attack of the mob of Baltimore | may and let them fall where they will." upon the Massachusetts troops, and the | The press echoed these resolute senti1861.

apparent determination of the se ments of a private citizen with emphatic

cessionists of Maryland, by ob sympathy, and declared : “If any man structing the railroads, tearing up the of position as a military leader or as a tracks, and burning the bridges, to cut strong, resolute commander, would offer off all communication through their to lead a force through Baltimore, with State between Washington and the or without orders, he could have fifty North, greatly angered the Northern thousand followers as soon as they could people. The universal cry was now, rush to his standard.” To this, an ed“To Washington through Baltimore !" itor added, alluding to the energetic and the determination was expressed private citizen already referred to, that that the way must be cleared at all haz- | he “could raise in three days volunteers ards. An energetic citizen* of New enough to clear the track, even if it York addressed the President in an should leave Baltimore an ash-heap.” emphatic letter, in which he said : “It The doom of that city was foreshadowed is demanded of Government that they as a second Sodom which must be deat once take measures to open and stroyed, “if it is necessary first to deestablish those lines of communication, stroy the Government at Washington and that they protect and preserve that now defends it.” them from any further interruption. In the mean time, the martial ardor Unless this is done, the people will be of the country was daily intensifying. compelled to take it into their own The choice military corps of the large hands, let the consequences be what it cities hurried forward to the endanMr. George Law.

gered capital. The Seventh Militia Reg.

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iment of the city was the first to move breeze and every eye was dazzled with of the large force rapidly mustering bright colors. The awful solemnity of everywhere in New York. This corps, civil war came pressing home to our composed of young men belonging more people who had sons, and brothers, and or less to the wealthier classes, and long fathers just departing, perhaps never to admired for the precision of their drill return. The news of the difficulties in and the elegance of their tenue, was the Baltimore, the struggle of the troops pet regiment of the city. When, there with the rabble, the reported death of fore, it was announced that these youth many, the rumors of an attack on the ful soldiers, who had been hitherto the capital, the tearing up of railroad mere ornaments of a gala parade, had tracks, and all the attendant horrors of determined to come forward to assume internecine warfare, struck terror into the serious work of fighting for their many a stout heart, while the tears of country, the population of the city ap kind-hearted women flowed copiously as plauded their spirited resolution, and, a rain-storm.” confident of their good conduct, antici- i "It was many Fourths-of-July rolled pated its rewards by bestowing upon into one,” was the comprehensive clithem the honors of an accomplished max arrived at by a writer* who had in April heroism. On the day of their de vain attempted an adequate description 19. parture for Washington the city of the scene. was unusually excited. “Never be- The story of the journey of the fore,” said a daily paper, “were the Seventh to Philadelphia ; its prudent people moved to such a pitch of enthu-dodging of the rioters at Baltimore, by siastic patriotism. There have been passing down the Delaware and up the gala days, and funeral pageants, and Chesapeake ; its arrival and encampmilitary shows, and complimentary re- ment at Annapolis, and its famous march ceptions, and triumphal processions that to Washington were told again and again filled the streets with crowds of curi- in daily newspapers, in pictorial weekous, wondering, sympathetic people, but | lies, and in grave monthlies. never has there been developed such a The regiment did not want for hisuniversal, heartfelt, deep-rooted, genu- | toriographers, as in its gallant ranks ine enthusiasm. The American colors there were those who were not unknown were prominent everywhere—on house- to fame for their skill in the literary tops, on flagstaffs, on horses attached to art. Onet who recorded the eventful all kinds of vehicles, on ropes stretched progress of the Seventh to Washington, across the streets, on the masts of ship- gave an animating account, from which ping in the harbor, on breastpins, on the the following extracts are made : lappets of coats, on the fronts of men's “Swift through New Jersey. * hats ; on all sides the glorious old red,

New York Times, April 20. white, and blue waved in the joyous f Captain Fitz-James O'Brien, in the New York Times.

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All along the track shouting crowds, bers of the Seventh as chose to partake hoarse and valorous, sent to us, as we of it, and we commanded beefsteak on passed, their hopes and wishes. When our fingers, and ordered tea by signwe stopped at the different stations, manual. Great numbers of our regirough hands came in through the win-ment, being luxurious dogs, went down dows, apparently unconnected with any to the Continental and Girard hotels, one in particular until you shook them, where they campaigned on marble floors, and then the subtle magnetic thrill told and bivouacked on velvet couches; they that there were bold hearts beating at are such delicate fellows, the Seventh the end. This continued until night Regiment! * * closed, and, indeed, until after midnight. “We, of course, were entirely ig

“Within the cars the sight was norant of our route, or how we were strange. A thousand young men, the going. The general feeling of the regiflower of the North, in whose welfare ment was in favor of pushing our way a million of friends and relatives were coute qui coute straight through Baltiinterested, were rushing along to con more. Rumors came along that the jectured hostilities with the same smil-city was in arms. The Massachusetts ing faces that they would wear going to troops had to fight their way through, a 'German' party in Fifth Avenue. It killing eighteen, and losing two men. was more like a festivity than a march. This seemed only to stimulate our boys, Those fine old songs, the chorusses of and the universal word was Baltimore! which were familiar to all, were sung But, as it turned out afterward, we were with sweet voice. * * *

under a wise direction, and the policy Our arrival at Philadelphia took of our Colonel, to whom we perhaps are place at four o'clock. We slept in the altogether indebted for bringing us safe cars, awaiting orders from our Colonel, here, was, I presume, to avoid all unbut, at daylight, hunger—and it may be necessary collision, and bring his regithirst–becoming imperious, we sallied ment intact into Washington. The rails out and roamed about that cheerless were reported to have been torn up for neighborhood that surrounds the dépot. forty miles about Baltimore, and as we * * * Finding that we were likely were summoned for the defence of the to remain for some time in the city-al- capital, it follows, according to reason, though under the impression that we that if we could get there without loss were to go straight through to Balti- we would better fulfil our duty. As it more—we wandered away from the happened afterward, we had to run desert of the dépot and descended on through more peril than Baltimore could civilized quarters. The superintendent have offered. of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum was a " There seemed but little enthusiasm . man for the emergency. He provided in Philadelphia. * * I understand a handsome breakfast for all such mem- | that the people were out in large num

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bers to see us enter, but our delay dis- we were going to steam up the Potoappointed them, and they went home. mac—a course which was not much ap* * We came and went without a re- proved of, inasmuch that we were cooped ception or demonstration.

up in a kind of river steamer that a shot “There was one peculiar difference from the fort at Alexandria might sink that I noticed existing between the at any moment. * * * Massachusetts regiments that we met in “ The first evening, April 20, on board Philadelphia and our men. The Massa- the Boston, passed delightfully. We chusetts men—to whom all honor be. were all in first-rate spirits, and the given for the splendid manner in which calm, sweet evenings that stole on us as they afterward acted in a most trying we approached the South, diffused a situation-presented a singular moral soft and gentle influence over us. The contrast to the members of the Seventh. scene on board the ship was exceedingly They were earnest, grim, determined. picturesque. Fellows fumbling in havBadly equipped, haggard, unshorn, they ersacks for rations, or extracting sandyet had a manhood in their look that wiches from reluctant canteens ; guards hardships could not kill. They were pacing up and down with drawn bayevidently thinking all the time of the onets ; knapsacks piled in corners contest into which they were about to bristling heaps of muskets, with sharp, enter. Their grey, eager eyes seemed shining teeth, crowded into every availto be looking for the heights of Vir- able nook ; picturesque groups of men ginia. With us it was somewhat differ- lolling on deck, pipe or cigar in mouth, ent. Our men were gay and careless, indulged in the dolce far niente, as if confident of being at any moment capa- they were on the blue shores of Capri ble of performing, and more than per- rather than on their way to battle ; unforming, their duty. They looked battle buttoned jackets, crossed legs, heads in the face with a smile, and were ready leaning on knapsacks, blue uniforms to hob-nob with an enemy and kill him everywhere, with here and there a glint afterward. The one was courage in the of officers' red enlivening the foreground rough ; the other was courage bur- / -all formed a scene that such painters nished. The steel was the same in as the English Warren would have revboth, but the last was a little more pol- elled in. ished.

“I regret to say that all was not roseOn April 20, at 4.20 P.M., we left colored. The steamer that the Colonel the Philadelphia dock, on board the chartered had to get ready at three or steamer Boston. The regiment was in four hours' notice, he having changed entire ignorance of its destination. Some his plans, in consequence of the tearing said we were going back to New York, up of the rails around Baltimore. The at which suggestion there was a howl result was that she was imperfectly proof indignation. Others presumed that visioned. As the appetites of the men

began to develop, the resources of the cloudless day. We had steamed all vessel began to appear. In the first night, and about ten o'clock were in the place, she was far too small to accom- vicinity of Chesapeake Bay. At eleven modate a thousand men, and we were o'clock A. M. we had service read by our obliged to sleep in all sorts of impossible chaplain, and at one P. M. we were seven attitudes. There is an ingenious device miles from the coast. The day was known to carpenters as 'dove-tailing,' calm and delicious. In spite of our and we were so thick that we had posi- troubles with regard to food-troubles, tively to dove-tail, only that there was be it understood, entirely unavoidablevery little of the dove about it; for we drank in with delight the serenity when perambulating soldiers stepped on of the scene. A hazy tent of the faces and stomachs of the sleepers, over our heads. On one side the dim as they lay on deck, the greeting that thread of shore hemmed in the sea. they received had but little flavor of the Flights of loons and ducks skimmed olive-branch.

along the ocean, rising lazily, and spat“Notwithstanding that we found very tering the waves with their wings as soon that the commissariat was in a bad they flew against the wind, until they way, the men were as jolly as sandboys. rose into air, and, wheeling, swept into I never saw a inore good-humored set calmer feeding grounds. Now and then of men in my life. Fellows who would the calm of the hour was broken with at Delmonico's have sent back a turban the heavy tramp of men and the mede volaille aux truffes because the truffles tallic voice of the corporal of the guard were tough, here cheerfully took their relieving his comrades. At five o'clock places in file between decks, tin plates P. M. we passed a light-ship and hailed and tin cups in hand, in order to get an her, our object being to discover wheinsufficient piece of beef and a vision of ther any United States vessels were in coffee. But it was all merrily done. the neighborhood waiting to convoy us The scant fare was seasoned with hilar- up the Potomac River. We had heard ity; and here I say to those people in that the forts at Alexandria were ready New York who have sneered at the to open upon us if we attempted to pass Seventh Regiment as being dandies, and up, and our steamer was of such a build guilty of the unpardonable crimes of that, had a shell or shot struck it, we cleanliness and kid gloves, that they would have been burned or drowned. would cease to scoff and remain to bless It therefore behooved us to be cautious. had they beheld the square, honest, The answers we got from the light-ship genial way in which these military and other vessels that we hailed in this Brummells roughed it. Farther on you spot were unsatisfactory, and although will see what they did in the way of the feelings of the men were unanimous endurance and activity.

| in wishing to force the Potomac, wiser “ April 21st was Sunday. A glorious, I counsels, as it proved, were behind us,

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