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encounter. From one end of the land and unjustifiable war are no friends of to the other—in the crowded streets of yours, no friends of Democratic liberty. cities, and in the solitude of the country Will you aid them in their work of sub-wherever the splendor of the stars jugation and tyranny ? and stripes, the glittering emblems of | "When the Government at Washingour country's glory, meets the eye, come ton calls for volunteers or recruits to forth shouts of devotion and pledges of carry on the work of subjugation and aid, which give sure guarantees for the tyranny under the specious phrase of perpetuity of American freedom. War' enforcing the laws,' 'retaking and procan inflict no scars on such a people. It tecting the public property,' and 'colcan do them no damage which time can lecting the revenue,' let every Democrat not repair. It cannot shake the solid fold his arms and bid the minions of Tory foundations of their material prosperity, despotism do a Tory despot's work. Say while it will strengthen the manly and to them, fearlessly and boldly-in the heroic virtues which defy its fierce and language of England's great lord, the frowning front.”

Earl of Chatham, whose bold words in Although the prevailing tone of the behalf of the struggling Colonies of North was one of enthusiasm in behalf America, in the dark hours of the Revof waging war against those who had olution, have enshrined his name in the insulted the flag of the Union, there heart of every friend of freedom and were still some of the Northern papers immortalized his fame wherever the which ventured to protest against the name of liberty is known--say in his President's proclamation. From New thrilling language: 'If I were a SouthEngland, by a strange contrast with its erner, as I am a Northerner, while a general feeling, came some of the bold- foreign troop was landed in my country, est dissent from the predominating sen I would never lay down my armstiment of the nation.

never, never, never !!! “Democrats of Maine !" was the dar- Another,* more calmly, but not less ing appeal of an audacious Northern decidedly, opposed the war : editor, * " the loyal sons of the South | “The President has issued his prochave gathered around Charleston as lamation, calling Congress to meet on your fathers of old gathered about the 4th of July. Also calling for 75,000 Boston in defence of the same sacred volunteers to aid in carrying on a conprinciples of liberty—principles which flict with the South. The news already you have ever upheld and defended with received from the border States indiyour vote, your voice, and your strong cates that they will leave the Union, and right arm. Your sympathies are with that the war will be between nineteen the defenders of the truth and the right. free and fifteen slave States. Those who have inaugurated this unholy | “Could this war policy possibly save • Bangor (Me.) Union.

Hartford (Ct.) Times.


167 the Union and promote the welfare of doers. If the General Government com

2 people, we could look upon it with mit any wrong or outrage upon South more complacency. But as it must in- Carolina or Florida, it will be conevitably more completely divide the demned ; but if a United States vessel Union and injure the interests of the shall be fired into and her men slain for whole country, we believe it to be an a mere attempt to take food to the Govunwise and unsafe policy. To march ernment's troops in the Government's soldiers into the Southern country to own forts, and if war shall grow out of contend with armies and yellow fever, the collision, no spirit of secession or reand to end in no good, but much evil, bellion will be created thereby this side does not seem to be a discreet or a the cotton line. Such, at least, is our righteous policy.

| opinion, founded upon our conviction "A bloody conflict may be continued that the great mass of our fellow-citizens with the South for weeks, for months, are sensible, and patriotic, and just. or for years. At its close a compromise Who that loves his country would see it must be made no more favorable to the humiliated and its honor trampled on ?” North than was the Crittenden com- With the proclamation by the Presipromise. But the evils of the unneces- dent came the call upon the several sary strife will continue into the long States for their quotas of militia to make years of the future, and be felt by up the required number of troops to be millions. No good whatever can come mustered for the suppression of the reout of the shocking conflict.

bellion and the defence of the Union. “War has been commenced. Its or- The following circular was addressed by igin is the negro agitation. Let the the secretary of war to the governors

e agitation point out the not only of the free States, but of those spot where a slave has been benefitted, slave States whose loyalty might be susif they can. Great evils have come. pected, but which yet nominally continWhere are the benefits ?"

ued to acknowledge the Federal auAs a set-off, however, to this expres- thority : sion of Southern opinion at the North, “SIR : Under the act of Congress for there was a vigorous word uttered for calling out the militia to execute the union in the slave State of Kentucky: laws of the Union to suppress insurrec

“The secession leaders,” wrote the tion, to repel invasion, etc., approved editor of the Louisville Journal, are February 28, 1795, I have the honor to relying very largely upon the first shock request your Excellency to cause to be of battle for the promotion of a general immediately detailed from the militia secession feeling in the Southern States. of your State the quota designated in They ought, however, to consider that the table below, to serve as infantry or the sympathies of honest and sensible riflemen for a period of three months, men are not likely to go with the wrong- / unless sooner discharged. Your Excel

lency will please communicate to me States, appealing to their loyalty, and the time at about which your quota will invoking them to manifest it by taking be expected at its rendezvous, as it will | up arms in defence of the Union. be met as soon as practicable by an officer | The slave States, with the exception or officers to muster it into the service of Maryland and Delaware, answered and pay of the United States. At the with a resolute refusal, expressed in a same time the oath of fidelity to the | tone of bold defiance of the Federal auUnited States will be administered to thority. The Governor of Virginia, John every officer and man. The mustering Letcher, wrote: “I have only to say, officers will be instructed to receive no that the militia of Virginia will not be man under the rank of commissioned furnished to the powers at Washington officer who is in years apparently over | for any such use or purpose as they have forty-five or under eighteen, or who is in view. Your object is to subjugate not in physical strength and vigor. The the Southern States, and a requisition quota for each State is as follows: made upon me for such an object-an Maine ......... 1 Virginia ....

object, in my judgment, not within the New Hampshire ........ 1 North Carolina .... | purview of the Constitution or the act Vermont......... 1 Kentucky........ Massachusetts .... 2 Arkansas..

of 1795—will not be complied with. Rhode Island.. 1 Missouri .....

You have chosen to inaugurate civil Connecticut. 1 Ohio .........

war, and having done so, we will meet New York ........ 17 Indiana....... New Jersey .. Illinois.

it in a spirit as determined as the adPennsylvania.... 16 Michigan .....

ministration has exhibited toward the Delaware .......

1 Iowa ........... Tennessee.

... 2 Minnesota ............. South,” Maryland.. | Wisconsin...

C. F. Jackson, Governor of Missouri, "It is ordered that each regiment wrote: “Your requisition, in my judgshall consist, on an aggregate of officers ment, is illegal, unconstitutional, and and men, of 780. The total thus to be revolutionary in its objects, inhuman and called out is 73,391. The remainder, diabolical, and cannot be complied with. to constitute the 75,000 men under the Not one man will the State of Missouri President's proclamation, will be com- furnish to carry on such an unholy posed of troops in the District of Co- crusade." lumbia.”

John W. Ellis, Governor of North In response to this call, there came Carolina, wrote: “I have to say in from all the free States, without an ex- reply, that I regard the levy of troops ception, an ardent expression of patriotic made by the administration for the pursyinpathy with the President's procla- pose of subjugating the States of the mation, and an immediate effort to meet South, as in violation of the Constituits requirements. Proclamations were tion, and a usurpation of power. I can at once addressed by the governors to be no party to this wicked violation of the people of the several Northern | the laws of the country, and to this war

os oss Arco





upon the liberties of a free people. independence and subjecting the free You can get no troops from North people thereof to the dominion of a Carolina."

foreign power; and whereas it has thus Magoffin, the Governor of Kentucky, become the duty of this Government to wrote: “I say emphatically that Ken- repel the threatened invasion, and detucky will furnish no troops for the fend the rights and liberties of the wicked purpose of subduing her sister people by all the means which the laws Southern States."

| of nations and usages of civilized warGovernor Harris, of Tennessee, re- fare place at its disposal ; plied : “ Tennessee will not furnish a “Now, therefore, I, Jefferson Davis, single man for coercion, but fifty thou- President of the Confederate States of sand, if necessary, for the defence of America, do issue this, my proclamation, our rights, or those of our Southern inviting all those who may desire, by brethren.

service in private armed vessels on the Governor Reeder, of Arkansas, an high seas, to aid this Government in reswered with equal resoluteness of re- sisting so wanton and wicked an aggresfusal, but less courtesy :

sion, to make application for commis"In answer to your demand for troops sions or letters of marque and reprisal, from Arkansas to subjugate the South- to be issued under the seal of these ern States, I have to say that none will Confederate States; and I do further be furnished. The demand is only add- | notify all persons applying for letters of ing insult to injury.

marque, to make a statement in writing, “The people of this Commonwealth giving the name and suitable description are freemen, not slaves, and will defend of the character, tonnage, and force of to the last extremity their honor, lives, the vessel, name of the place of resiand property against Northern men dence of each owner concerned therein, dacity and usurpation."

and the intended number of crew, and President Davis, of the Confederate to sign each statement, and deliver the States, after venting this exulting jeu same to the secretary of state or collector d'esprit,

of the port of entry of these Confederate "With mortar, Paixhan, and petard

States, to be by him transmitted to the We sent the foe our Beauregard,"

secretary of state ; and I do further met the proclamation of President Lin- notify all applicants aforesaid, before coln with this menacing document: any commission or letter of marque is

"Whereas Abraham Lincoln, Presi- issued to any vessel, or the owner or dent of the United States, has, by proc- the owners thereof, and the commander lamation, announced his intention of in- for the time being, they will be required vading the Confederacy with an armed to give bond to the Confederate States, force, for the purpose of capturing its with, at least, two responsible sureties fortresses, and thereby subverting its not interested in such vessel, in the


penal sum of five thousand dollars; or attached this seventeenth day of April, if such vessel be provided with more in the year of our Lord one thousand than one hundred and fifty men, then eight hundred and sixty-one. in the penal sum of ten thousand dollars,

“JEFFERSON Davis. with the condition that the owners, “ROBERT Toombs, Secretary of State.” officers, and crew who shall be employed At the same time that President on board such commissioned vessel shall Davis thus threatened Northern comobserve the laws of these Confederate merce with a fleet of privateers, he States, and the instructions given them called upon the Confederacy for a hunfor the regulation of their conduct, that dred and fifty thousand men, in addition shall satisfy all damages done contrary to the thirty-two thousand already deto the tenor thereof by such vessel dur- manded. A loan of five millions of ing her commission, and deliver up the dollars had been issued, and subscripsame when revoked by the President of tions were reported to be rapidly coming the Confederate States.

in under the stimulus of approaching “And I do further specially enjoin war. on all persons holding offices, civil and Davis' invitation to applications for military, under the authority of the letters of marque created great alarm, Confederate States, that they be vigilant and was received by the North with a and zealous in the discharge of the universal burst of indignation. Privaduties incident thereto; and I do, more-teering was pronounced an infamous ever, exhort the good people of these weapon of warfare. The destruction of Confederate States, as they love their private property in the course of a con country—as they prize the blessings of flict between two bostile parties was free government — as they feel the declared to be a relic of barbarism. wrongs of the past, and those now Davis was reminded of the treaties of threatened in an aggravated form by the United States with certain European those whose enmity is more implacable, powers, which prohibited citizens of because unprovoked—to exert them- either nation from accepting letters selves in preserving order, in promoting of marque from any authority hostile to concord, in maintaining the authority the agreeing parties. This, they deand efficacy of the laws, and in support- clared, would prevent his obtaining priing and invigorating all the measures vateers from Europe, and destroy any which may be adopted for a common hope of toleration from them from that defence, and by which, under the bless- quarter. It was declared that there was ings of Divine Providence, we may hope not one foreign port where, if Davis' for a speedy, just, and honorable peace. privateers should venture to enter, they

"In witness whereof, I have set my would not be seized as pirates, and dealt hand and have caused the seal of the with accordingly. If any man, in this Confederate States of America to be country, or in any other, dared to ac


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