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their destiny beckoned them on to in- committee, while they added, "the coldependent expansion and achievementors constrast admirably, and are lasting.!' -cast no lingering, regretful looks be- The Confederate Government began hind. They were proud of their race to prepare actively for war. The govand lineage, proud of their heritage in ernors of the several States having been the glories, and genius, and language of ordered by President Davis, issued proOld England, but they were influenced clamations, calling upon the militia to by the spirit of the motto of the great muster. General Beauregard, formerly Hampden, Vestigia nulla restrorsum.' a major in the United States engineer They were determined to build up a corps, was dispatched to take March new power among the nations of the command of the works and forces 5. world. They therefore did not attempt at Charleston. In the mean time the

to keep the old flag.' We think it South Carolinians had made great progood to imitate them in this compara gress in strengthening and manning tively little matter, as well as to emu their defences. The people of Charleslate them in greater and more import- ton were raging each day more furiously ant ones.”

as they contemplated the flag of the The committee (of which it may not be Union persistingly raised in their harimpertinent to say that a South Carolinian bor. “The fate of the Southern Conwas chairman, who, from the traditional federacy hangs,” they said, "by the disloyalty of his native State, was ensign halliards of Fort Sumter.” The less likely to sympathize with the rev- | Governor of South Carolina made reerence of the nation for the symbol of peated calls for troops, until seven thouits union) therefore recommended a new sand men had been gathered, and im

the Confederate States, which mense gangs of negro slaves brought was adopted. This consists of a red from the plantations in the interior and field with a white space extending hori- set to work upon the fortifications. zontally through the centre and equal The floating batteries, which had been in width to one third the width of the in course of construction for months, flag, the red spaces above and below were now finished, mounted, manned, being of the same width as the white; and anchored in the harbor. Ardent the union blue extends down through gentlemen of South Carolina volunthe white space, but terminates at the teered as privates, among whom there lower red one. In the blue are stars was a large number of the members of corresponding in number to the States the convention, which had lately adof the confederacy. “The three col-journed. Senators and members of ors, red, white, and blue, are the true Congress from Carolina and other serepublican colors. In heraldry they are ceded States had offered their services, emblematic of the three great virtues, and while some, like Senator Wigfall, of of valor, purity, and truth," reported the Texas, received appointments on General

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Beauregard's staff, others were con- not publicly announced. At the same strained to take their places in the time a special messenger was sent by ranks.

the United States Government to the In the mean time, however, there authorities at Charleston, bearing the were still rumors that a conflict would message that a peaceable effort would be avoided by the evacuation of Fort be made to supply the garrison of Fort Sumter by Major Anderson, with whom Sumter with provisions, and that if this there continued to be preserved a court were not permitted, force would be tried. eous relation by the citizens of Charles The Southern Confederacy accepted ton, who not unfrequently had him to this as a menace of hostility. The dinner, or supplied him with delicacies people of Charleston were roused to a from their tables and madeira from their high degree of excitement. “We have cellars. Messengers traveling by land patiently submitted,” they said, “ to the passed between the Federal Govern insolent military domination of a handment and the fort, with the concurrence ful of men in our bay for over three of the authorities of South Carolina. months after the declaration of our inThe batteries in the harbor, however, dependence of the United States. The abated not a jot of their vigilance, and object of that self-humiliation has been were determined not to let a vessel to avoid the effusion of blood while enter under the flag of the United such preparation was making as to States. A trading schooner of Boston, render it causeless and useless. laden with ice, having drifted in a dense “It seems we have been unable, by fog over the Charleston bar, close to the discretion, forbearance, and preparation, fort on Morris Island, was fired at. The to effect the desired object, and that now captain hoisted the stars and stripes, but the issue of battle is to be forced upon this only increased the intensity of the us. The gage is thrown down, and we attack ; and he was glad finally to make accept the challenge. We will meet the his escape to sea, after having received invader, and the God of battles must several thirty-two-pounder shots in his decide the issue between the hostile rigging.

hirelings of Abolition hate and Northern At Washington, the President and tyranny, and the people of South Carcabinet were supposed to be a long olina defending their freedom and their time perplexed how to act in regard to homes. We hope such a blow will be Fort Sumter, but finally came to a de-struck in behalf of the South, that cision. It was determined to make a Sumter and Charleston harbor will be demonstration at least of sustaining remembered at the North as long as Major Anderson. A fleet was hurriedly they exist as a people."* fitted out for the purpose, and prepared The commissioners of the Con- April to sail, the destination of which it was federate States now left Washing- 9. not doubted was Charleston, although |

• Charleston Mercury.





ton, after sending a defiant missive to the announced the fact by telegraph to the
secretary of state : “ It is proper, how- secretary of war of the Confederate
ever, to advise you,” they said in their States, Larry P. Walker.
dispatch to Mr. Seward, “ that it were "An authorized messenger from Pres-
well to dismiss the hopes you seem to ident Lincoln just informed Gover- April
entertain, that, by any of the modes nor Pickens and myself," wrote 8.
indicated, the people of the Confeder- Beauregard, “that provisions will be
ate States will ever be brought to sub- sent to Fort Sumter peaceably, or other-
mit to the authority of the Government wise by force."
of the United States. You are dealing To this the secretary answered:
with delusions, too, when you seek to “If you have no doubt of the author-
separate our people from our Govern- ized character of the agent who Apr
ment, and to characterize the deliberate, communicated to you the intention 10.
sovereign act of the people as a 'per of the Washington Government, to sup-
version of a temporary and partisan ex- ply Fort Sumter by force, you will at
citement.' If you cherish these dreams, once demand its evacuation, and if this
you will be awakened from them, and is refused, proceed in such a manner as
find them as unreal and unsubstantial you may determine to reduce it. An-
as others in which you have recently swer.”
indulged. The undersigned would omit Beauregard briefly responded : April
the performance of an obvious duty “The demand will be made at 10.
were they to fail to make known to the twelve o'clock.”
Government of the United States, that. The secretary, in his impatience, again

ple of the Confederate States replied: "Unless there are especial
have declared their independence with reasons connected with your own con-
a full knowledge of all the responsibil- dition, it is considered proper that you
ties of that act, and with as firm a de- should make the demand at an early
termination to maintain it by all the hour.”
means with which nature has endowed “The reasons are special for twelve
them, as that which sustained their o'clock," was the positive response April
fathers when they threw off the author- of the General.

10. ity of the British crown.”

1 Accordingly Beauregard made his deAs soon as it was suspected at mand on the 11th of April, which led Charleston that there was an intention to the following correspondence : on the part of the Federal authorities

authorities | “HEADQUARTERS, ProvisionAL ARMY, C. S. A. , to make an effort to sustain Major CHARLESTON, S. C., April 11, 1861—2 P.M. S Anderson and his garrison, all communi “Sir: The Government of the Concation between the people and the fort federate States has hitherto forborne was at once stopped. Upon the arrival / from any hostile demonstration against of the Federal messenger, Beauregard Fort Sumter, in the hope that the Gov


ernment of the United States, with a “HEADQUARTERS, FORT SUMTER, S. C., ) view to the amicable adjustment of all

April 11, 1861. questions between the two governments, “GENERAL : I have the honor to acand to avert the calamities of war, knowledge the receipt of your communiwould voluntarily evacuate it. There cation demanding the evacuation of this was reason at one time to believe fort ; and to say in reply thereto, that that such would be the course pursued it is a demand with which I regret that by the Government of the United my sense of honor and of my obligaStates ; and under that impression, my tions to my Government prevent my Government has refrained from making compliance. any demand for the surrender of the fort. “Thanking you fo: the fair, manly,

“But the Confederate States can no and courteous terms proposed, and for longer delay assuming actual possession the high compliment paid me, of a fortification commanding the en “I am, General, very respectfully, trance of one of their harbors, and

Your obedient servant, necessary to its defence and security.

“ROBERT ANDERSON, "I am ordered by the Government “Major U. S. Army, Commanding. of the Confederate States to demand “To Brigadier-General G. T. BEAUREGARD, the evacuation of Fort Sumter. My commanding Provisional Army, C. S. A.” aids, Colonel Chesnut and Captain Lee,

“MONTGOMERY, April 11. are authoized to make such demand of | “Gen. BEAUREGARD, Charleston : you. All proper facilities will be af “We do not desire needlessly to bomforded for the removal of yourself and bard Fort Sumter, if Major Anderson command, together with company arms will state the time at which, as indicated and property, and all private property, by him, he will evacuate, and agree that, to any post in the United States which in the mean time, he will not use his you may elect. The flag which you guns against us, unless ours should be have upheld so long and with so much employed against Fort Sumter. You fortitude, under the most trying circum- are thus to avoid the effusion of blood. stances, may be saluted by you on taking If this or its equivalent be refused, reit down.

duce the fort as your judgment decides “ Colonel Chesnut and Captain Lee to be most practicable. . will, for a reasonable time, await your “L. P. WALKER, Sec. of War.'' answer.

“HEADQUARTERS, PROVISIONAL ARMY, C.S. A.) “I am, sir, very respectfully,

CHARLESTON, April 11, 1861–11 P.M. “Your obedient servant, "MAJOR : In consequence of the verbal

“G. T. BEAUREGARD, observations made by you to my aids, “Brigadier-General Commanding. Messrs. Chesnut and Lee, in relation to “Major ROBERT ANDERSON, commanding at the cor

the conditon of your supplies, and that Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, S. C.” you would in a few days be starved out CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN BEAUREGARD AND ANDERSON.


if our guns did not batter you to pieces from my Government, or additional —or words to that effect—and desiring supplies; and that I will not, in the no useless effusion of blood, I communi mean time, open my fire upon your cated both the verbal observation and forces, unless compelled to do so by your written answer to my communica some hostile act against this fort or the tion to my Government.

flag of my Government, by the forces “If you will state the time at which under your command, or by some poryou will evacuate Fort Sumter, and tion of them, or by the perpetration of agree that in the mean time you will some act showing a hostile intention on not use your guns against us, unless your part against this fort, or the flag it ours shall be employed against Fort bears. Sumter, we will abstain from opening “I have the honor to be, General, fire upon you. Colonel Chesnut and

“Your obedient servant, Captain Lee are authorized by me to

“ROBERT ANDERSON, enter into such an agreement with you. “Major U. S. A. Commanding. You are therefore requested to com

“ To Brigadier-General G. T. BEAUREGARD, municate to them an open answer. commanding Provisional Army, C. S. A.” “I remain, Major, very respectfully, “Your obedient servant,


April 12, 1861, 3.20 A.M. “Brigadier-General Commanding. “SIR: By authority of Brigadier“Major ROBERT ANDERSON, commanding at General Beauregard, commanding the Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, S. C.” Provisional forces of the Confederate

“HEADQUARTERS, Fort SUMTER, S. C., States, we have the honor to notify you

. 2.30 A.M., April 12, 1861. s that he will open the fire of his batteries “GENERAL : I have the honor to ac-on Fort Sumter in one hour from this knowledge the receipt of your second time. communication of the 11th inst., by “ We have the honor to be, very reColonel Chesnut, and to state, in reply, spectfully, that cordially uniting with you in the “Your obedient servants, desire to avoid the useless effusion of

“JAMES CHESNUT, Jr., blood, I will, if provided with the proper

“Aid-de-Camp. and necessary means of transportation,

“ STEPHEN D. LEE, evacuate Fort Sumter by noon on the “Captain S. C. Army and Aid-de-Camp. 15th instant, should I not receive, prior! “ Major ROBERT ANDERSON, United States to that time, controlling instructions Army, commanding Fort Sumter."


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