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his election to the Legislature, with the cially devoted to the interests of the view of effecting a reform in the system slave States. He ranks high as a lawof public schools, in which he finally - yer, is a man of eloquence and capacity succeeded, in spite of an obstinate op in business, and was among the first and position.

most ardent to espouse the cause of seIn 1859 he was appointed a commis- cession in his State. sioner of South Carolina to the State of The attorney-general, Judah P. BenVirginia, to induce co-operation, on the jamin, attained to great eminence as a part of the slave States, in resistance to jurist and an advocate in Louisiana. the abolitionists of the North, a fear of While a senator of the United States, he whom had been awakened by the insur- was a professed Whig, but always a State rectionary attempt of John Brown at Rights' partisan. He is a brilliant rhetHarper's Ferry. Memminger has always orician, a subtle lawyer, a man skilled borne the character of an upright man in in political intrigue, and unscrupulous in private life, though for a long time his po- the use of means to effect the objects of litical integrity was suspected by the con- party or to reach the aim of his personal stant disunionists, as they recalled his ambition. early efforts in favor of the Union and his Stephen M. Mallory was for a long tardy conversion to the doctrine of State period a United States senator from Rights. His active interest in the Epis- | Florida, and though unobtrusive, bore copal Church, to whose general conven the character of a useful member of the tion he was frequently a delegate, and upper house of Congress. He was alhis earnest efforts to advance the public ways considered a conservative man in education and improve the charitable his political views, and supposed to be institutions of his city and State, have strongly attached to the Union. He is given him a character for piety and thought to have linked his fortunes to benevolence which none are disposed to secession rather from the force of cirquestion. His practised capacity as a cumstances, than from any personal financier, and his general accomplish- predilections for the cause. He was ments, make him one of the most effi- probably appointed secretary of the cient of President Davis' cabinet. navy of the Confederate States in con

Leroy Pope Walker was born in Ala sequence of his presumed experience bama in the year 1816. His family is obtained as chairman of the committee one of note ; his father was a man of of the United States Senate on naval wealth and some military distinction; affairs. one of his brothers was a member of John H. Reagan, the postmaster of Congress, another a judge, and both are the Confederate States, was but little prominent men in the new confederacy. known beyond the boundaries of his The present secretary of war was always own State, although he had served sevknown as a Southern Democrat, espe- / eral terms in the national Congress.

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Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin declared duly elected President and Vice-President of the United States.

Opening of Electoral Votes.-The reading of the Vote of South Carolina. -Concentration of public attention upon Lincoln.-The Siege of Springfield.--Throny of Visitors.-Insatiable Curiosity.-Lincoln Photographed.-House and Furniture minutely described.-Habits and Personal Appearance of the new President taken off. -Social Freedom and Political Reticence.-A Newspaper Interpreter.-Lincoln speaking for himself.--A grave Farewell.-Commencement of a triumphal Journey.-Speeches.-Homely Oratory.-A clever Illustration.-A Night Surprise.-An unexpected Visitor.-Portentous Intelligence.--A Tragic Plot.---Who were the Conspirators ?-The effect of the intelligence upon Lincoln and his Friends.-A sudden and mysterious Movement.-- Lincoln safe in Washington.Indignation at Baltimore.-Exposition of the Plot, and how it was ferreted out.-Congressional Debates.-Crittenden Compromise. - Adjournment of Peace Conference. The Product.-Hopefulness of the North.-Speculations in regard to Lincoln's Policy.—The Inauguration.—The Ceremonies.-Novel Additions.-Thirty-four young Ladies in loving Union.-A strong Military Force in Ambush.-Reading of the Message.—The Notables.- The Crowd.—The Message of Lincoln.

On the 14th of February, Abraham deputations thronged the little town of Lincoln, of Illinois, and Hannibal Ham- Springfield, in Illinois, and beset Mr.

lin, of Maine, were declared “duly Lincoln in his humble home. With his 1861.

elected" President and Vice-Pres-usual readiness of welcome, he had a ident of the United States for the four hand to shake with all comers, and none years commencing on the 4th of March, went away without a good-natured word 1861. The senators and members of and an impression of the unpretending Congress having been assembled in the amiability and simple honesty of the new House of Representatives, and Vice President. His visitors, with a desire to President Breckinridge having taken his satisfy the insatiable curiosity of the seat at the right of the speaker, he, in public, concentrated their powers of obaccordance with the Constitution, opened servation upon him, and took care to the packages containing the electoral describe with photographic minuteness votes of the several States, and the re his every feature, word, movement, and sult was announced. The reading of local surrounding. Through his wicket the vote of South Carolina was received gate, open to every comer, they walked, with an exhibition of good-humored hi- unbidden, into his residence, noting each larity.

clap-board of its shingly structure, and Immediately after the election of Lin- reproduced in print and picture the coln, and before it was constitutionally "good-sized house of wood, simply but announced, all the attention of the pub- tastefully furnished, surrounded by trees lic was concentrated upon the future and flowers.” Having a free run from President. Eager office-seekers, news kitchen to garret, they strolled into the paper gossip-mongers, insatiate photog- library, cataloguing his law-books, and raphers, aspiring politicians, and civic | inspecting his accounts, informed the

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world that “he owes no man a dollar ;" him at a public reception in the towrithey lounged in the parlor and took an hall, he frankly declared that the time inventory of Brussels carpet, sofa, pi- had not come for a definition of the ano, and of Mrs. Lincoln, in her newest policy of his administration, and that silk. They dogged Mr. Lincoln every- they must be satisfied for the present where, from his breakfast, through the with a hearty greeting, which he protown to his daily round of business, and ceeded to give by “shaking hands with back again to his dining-table, duly re- most of the attendants."* porting that “he loves a good dinner, Public curiosity was aroused to the and eats with the appetite which goes highest pitch, and although Lincoln reswith a great brain, but his food is plain olutely kept silence, some of the newsand nutritious ; he never drinks intox- papers, unable to resist the universal icating liquors of any sort.”

eagerness for an oracular response, spoke Meanwhile, they had fixed every line for him: “I will suffer,” said his newsand tint, every light and shadow, of the paper interpreter in behalf of Lincoln, man upon their memorandum-books and death before I will consent, or will adphotographic plates. Thus his fellow- vise my friends to consent, to any concitizens throughout the country could cession or compromise which looks like see at a glance that “his features, though buying the privilege of taking possession they are those of a man of mark, are not of this government, to which we have a such as belong to a handsome man ; that constitutional right, because whatever I his eyes are “dark grey, and fine when might think of the merit of the various lighted up ;" his hair black and, though propositions before Congress, I should thin, wiry ; “his head sits well on his regard any concession in the face of shoulders, but beyond that, defies de- menace the destruction of the Governscription ;' that his "head is unlike ment itself, and a consent on all hands either Webster or Clay's, but is very that our system shall be brought down large and phrenologically well propor- to a level with the existing disorgantioned, betokening power in all its de- ized state of affairs in Mexico. But this velopments ;" that he has "a slightly thing will hereafter be as it is now, in Roman nose, a wide-cut mouth, and a the hands of the people ; and if they dark complexion, with the appearance desire to call a convention to remove of having been weather-beaten." any grievances complained of, or to

There was, however, notwithstanding give new guarantees for the permathe free exposition of Mr. Lincoln to his nence of vested rights, it is not mine to inquisitive visiters on most points, a res- oppose.” olute reticence in regard to his future. When his election was, however, duly action toward the secession States of the declared, Mr. Lincoln ventured to speak South. To the “hundreds of people” for himself. On the 11th of February who had flocked to Springfield and met | • New York Times, Feb. 4th, 1861.



he bade farewell to his fellow-citizens at mies. His homely oratory was taken Springfield in these grave words: generally in good part by those who

“MY FRIENDS : No one not in my po listened to it, and it occasionally, by an sition can appreciate the sadness I feel at apt illustration, struck a chord of pop

arting. To this people I owe all ular sympathy. “In their [the secesthat I am. Here I have lived more sionists] view," he said happily at Inthan a quarter of a century, here my dianapolis, “ the Union, as a family children were born, and here one of relation, would seem to be 110 regular them lies buried. I know not how soon marriage, but rather a sort of free-love I shall see you again. A duty devolves arrangement, to be maintained on pasupon me which is, perhaps, greater than sional attraction.'' that which has devolved upon any other After passing through Cincinnati, Inman since the days of Washington. He dianapolis, Columbus, Pittsburg, New never would have succeeded except for York, and Trenton, he finally reached the aid of Divine Providence, upon Philadelphia. Here, to the usual prowhich he at all times relied. I feel that gramme of military parade, public reI cannot succeed without the same Di- ception, speech-making, and shaking of vine aid which sustained him ; and in hands, was added that of raising the the same Almighty Being I place my American flag upon Independence Hall, reliance for support, and I hope you, the ancient seat of Congress, on Frimy friends, will all pray that I may re- day, the 22d of February, the anniverceive that Divine assistance, without sary of Washington's birthday. which I cannot succeed, but with which On the night previous, Mr. Lincoln, success is certain. Again I bid you all after having gone to bed in the hotel, an affectionate farewell.”

was aroused and informed that a visitor This solemn leave-taking brought tears desired to see him on “a matter of life into his eyes and those of his fellow-cit- and death.” He was refused admission, izens. He now commenced a triumphant unless he gave his name, which he did, journey toward Washington. Crowds and as it was one that carried with it of people, with civic deputations at their an authority* that Mr. Lincoln was not head, met and welcomed him on his disposed to pass unheeded, he, while passage through the large cities. His“ yet disrobed," received the visitor. speeches, which were frequent, showed | The object of this mysterious, nocan amiable desire, though not always turnal visit was to inform Mr. Lincoln gracefully expressed, to conciliate his of the organization of a body of men political opponents by yielding his par- who had determined that he should not tisanship to the general interests of the be inaugurated President, and to effect country, but evinced a resolute deter- | their purpose, were ready to capture mination to uphold the Federal au- |

The visitor was, it is believed, the son of the present thority against the attacks of its ene- secretary of state.






him or to take his life on his way to exception of Mrs. Lincoln, Col. Sumner, Washington. Some influential persons Mr. Judd, and two reporters, who were in the interests of the secessionists were sworn to secresy, supposed him to be Feb. supposed to be implicated in the asleep.

23. plot. The morning's telegraph came “ The telegraph wires were put bewith this startling announcement: yond the reach of any one who might

"Statesmen laid the plan, bankers in- desire to use them." dorsed it, and adventurers were to carry At the same moment that the world it into effect. As they understood Mr. was excited by this alarming intelliLincoln was to leave Harrisburg at nine gence, its agitation was composed by o'clock this morning by special train, the welcome statement that Mr. Linthe idea was, if possible, to throw the coln had arrived safe at Willard's Hotel, cars from the road at some point where in Washington, and on the same day they would rush down a steep embank- “accompanied by Mr. Seward, had paid ment and destroy in a moment the lives his respects to President Buchanan” at of all on board. In case of the failure the White House. of this project, their plan was to sur- The press and people of Baltimore round the carriage on the way from supposed to be friendly to secession exdépot to dépot in Baltimore, and assas- pressed great disappointment and indigsinate him with dagger or pistol-shot.” nation that Lincoln and his friends

Whatever may have been the exact should have manifested any distrust of nature of the revelation, it was suffi- their hospitality. Those, however, who ciently serious to induce his wife and were unquestionably loyal to the Union, friends to persuade the reluctant Mr. confessed to a riotious intent on the part Lincoln to forego the continuance of his of some of the people of Baltimore, and triumphal progress of public reception, declared that Lincoln's proceeding was flag-raising, speech-making, and hand- “a simple and practical avoidance of shaking.

what might have been an occasion of “ Mr. Lincoln did not want to yield,” | disorder and of mortification to all intersays the telegraph reporter, "and Col. ested in the preservation of the good Sumner actually cried with indignation ; name of the city.'* but Mrs. Lincoln, seconded by Mr. Judd A detailed, and apparently authentic Feb, and Mr. Lincoln's original inform- exposition of the formation of the plot,

23. ant, insisted upon it, and at nine the agents employed, and the means o'clock Mr. Lincoln left on a special train. used to thwart it, appeared in one of the He wore a Scotch plaid cap and a very Northern journals. long military cloak, so that he was en- “Some of Mr. Lincoln's friends having tirely unrecognizable. Accompanied by heard that a conspiracy existed to asSuperintendent Lewis and one friend, sassinate him on his way to Washington, he started, while all the town, with the Baltimore American. † Albany Evening Journal.


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