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A. D. 31,

MATT. V. 30–33.

A. D. 31.

offend thee, cut them off, and cast rieth her which is put away doth comthem from thee: it is better for thee to mit adultery, Matt. xix. 8, 9. And did enter into life halt or maimed, rather not he make one? Yet had he the rethan having two hands or two feet sidue of the Spirit. And wherefore to be cast into everlasting fire, Matt. one? That he might seek a godly seed. xviii. 8. And if thy hand offend thee, Therefore take heed to your spirit, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter and let none deal treacherously against into life maimed, than having two the wife of his youth. For the LORD, hands to go into hell, into the fire that the God of Israel, saith that he never shall be quenched, Mark ix. 43. hateth putting away, Mal. ii. 15, 16.

b See parallels on last clause of And Jesus answered and said unto ver, 22.

them, For the hardness of

your · heart VER. 31.

he wrote you this precept: But from 'Ερρέθη δε ότι δς αν απολύση την γυναίκα | made them male and female. For

the beginning of the creation God αυτού δότη αυτή αποστάσιον. .

this cause shall a man leave his father It huth been suid, a Whosoever shall and mother, and cleave to his wife; put away his wife, let him give her a

and they twain shall be one flesh : so writing of divorcement :

then they are no more twain, but one a They say unto him, Why did flesh. What therefore God hath joinMoses then command to give a writ- ed together, let not man put asunder. ing of divorcement, and to put her And in the house his disciples asked away? Matt. xix. 7. When a man him again of the same matter. And hath taken a wife, and married her, he saith unto them, Whosoever shall and it come to pass that she find no put away his wife, and marry another, favour in his eyes, because he hath committeth adultery against her. And found some uncleanness in her: then if a woman shall put away her huslet him write her a bill of divorcement, band, and be married to another, she and give it in her hand, and send her committeth adultery, Mark x. 5–12. out of his house, Deut. xxiv. i. And Whosoever putteth away his wife, the Pharisees came to him, and asked and marrieth another, committeth him, Is it lawful for a man to put away adultery: and whosoever marrieth her his wife? tempting him. And he an that put away from her husband, swered and said unto them, What did committeth adultery, Luke xvi. 18. Moses command you? And they said, For the woman which hath an husband Moses suffered to write a bill of di- is bound by the law to her husband vorcement, and to put her away Mark. so long as he liveth ; but if the husX. 2-4.

band be dead, she is loosed from the VER. 32.

law of her husband. So then if, while 'Eyà de réyo ipeño, örı ôs av å wonúor another man, she shall be called an

her husband liveth, she be married to Tàu guvaisa aútoī, tapextos aéyou groeves adulteress : but if her husband be as, nossī authy moixão Das rai ôc làv åmo- dead, she is free from that law; so λελυμένην γαμήση μοιχάται. .

that she is no adulteress, though she But a I say unto you. That b whoso- be married to another man, Rom. vii. erer shall put away his wife, saving for 2, 3. And unto the married I comthe cause of fornication, causeth her to mand, yet not I, but the Lord, Let commit adultery : and whosoerer shall not the wife depart from her husband : marry her that is divorced commitleth But and if she depart, let her remain adultery.

unmarried, or be reconciled to her a See parallels on clause 1, ver. 22. husband : and let not the husband put

bHe saith unto them, Moses be- away his wife, 1 Cor. vii. 10, 11, cause of the hardness of your hearts

VER. 33. suffered you to put away your wives : but from the beginning it was not so.

Πάλιν ηκούσατε ότι ερρέθη τους αρχαίους And I say unto you, Whomsoever shall | Ουκ επιορκήσεις, αποδώσεις δε τω Κυρίω put away his wife, except it be for for. Toùç oqxous goû. nication, and shall marry another, Again, ye have heard that it hath been committeth adultery : and whoso mar. said by them of old time, - Thou shalt

A. D. 31.

MATT. V. 33–37.

A. D. 31.

not forswear thyself, but shalt perform b But I have chosen Jerusalem, that unto the Lord thine oaths:

my name might be there, 2 Chron. vi. a Thou shalt not take the name of 6. Beautiful for situation, the joy of the LORD thy God in vain ; for the the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the LORD will not hold him guiltless that sides of the north, the city of the great taketh his name in vain, Exod. xx.

King, Ps. xlviii. 2. The Lord loveth' 7. And ye shall not swear by my dwellings of Jacob. Glorious things

the gates of Zion more than all the name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the lxxi. 2,3. I am a great King, saith

are spoken of thee, O city of God, LORD, Lev. xix. 12. If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an

the Lord of hosts, and my name is oath to bind his soul with a bond; he

dreadful among the heathen, Mal. i.

14. shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out

VER. 36. of his mouth, Numb. xxx. 2. Offer Μέτε εν τη κεφαλή σου ομόσης, ότι ου unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy | δύνασαι μίαν τρίχα λευκήν ή μέλαιναν σοιvows unto the Most High, Psal. 1. 14. noun. Vow, and pay unto the LORD your God, lxxvi. 11. When thou vowest a

Neither shalt thou swear by thy head,

a because thou canst not make one hair vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for

white or black. he hath no pleasure in fools: pay

that which thou hast vowed. Better is

a Which of you by taking thought it that thou shouldest not vow, than can add one cubit unto his stature? that thou shouldest vow and not

Matt. vi. 27.

pay, Ecc. v. 4,5. O Judah, keep thy so

VER. 37. lemn feasts, perform thy vows: for "Εστω δε ο λόγος ύμών ναι, ναι· ου, ού the wicked shall no more pass through το δε περισσόν τούτων εκ του πονηρού έστιν. . thee; he is utterly cut off, Nah. i. 15.

But les your & communication b be, VER. 34.

Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whutsoever is 'Egà de néga üzīv, pas operas aweso peño more than these c cometh of evil. τε εν τω ουρανώ, ότι θρόνος έστι του Θεού a What manner of communications But a 1 say unto you, 6 Swear not at

are these that ye have one to another, all; neither by the c heaven; for it is as ye walk, and are sad? Luke xxiv.

17. Be not deceived; evil commuGod's throne :

nications corrupt good manners, 1 Cor. a See parallels on clause 1. ver. 22. b But above all things, my brethren, tion proceed out of your mouth, but

xv. 33. Let no corrupt communicaswear not, neither by heaven, neither that which is good to the use of edifyby the earth, neither by any other ing, that it may minister grace unto oath: but let your yea be yea, and the hearers, Eph. iv. 29. But now ye your nay, nay; lest ye fall into con

also put off all these ; anger, wrath, demnation, James v. 12.

malice, blasphemy, filthy communica• He that shall swear by heaven, tion out of your mouth, Col. iii. 8. sweareth by the throne of God, and b When I therefore was thus mindby him that sitteth thereon, Matt.ed, did I use lightness? or the things xxii. 22. Thus saith the Lord, The that I purpose, do 1 purpose according heaven is my throne, Isa. lxvi. 1.

to the flesh, that with me there should VER. 35.

be yea yea, and nay nay? Máte šv , örı imore68eby irti tão God is true, our word toward you was Fredãv autoữe jhte els ‘legosbruna, öte not yea and nay. For the Son of «όλις έστι του μεγάλου βασιλέως

God,

Jesus Christ, who was preached Nor by the earth; for it is his foot- vanus and Timotheus, was not yea

among you by us, even by me and Silstool: b neither, by Jerusalem ; for it is and nay, but in him was yea. For the city of the great King.

all the promises of God in him are a Thus saith the LORD, The heaven yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory is my throne, and the earth is my foot- of God by us, 2 Cor. i. 17–20. But stool, Isa. Ixvi. 1.

above all things, my brethren, swear VOL. I.

G

But as

A. D. 31.

MATT, V. 37-39.

A. D. 31.

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not, neither by heaven, neither by the An a eye for an eye, and a tooth for a earth, neither by any other oath : but tooth : let your yea be yea; and your nay, a Thou shalt give life for life, eye nay; lest ye fall into condemnation, for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, James v. 12. Woe unto you, ye blind foot for foot, burning for burning, guides, which say, Whosoever shall wound for wound, stripe for stripe, swear by the temple, it is nothing ; Exod. xxi. 23—25. If a man cause but whosoever shall swear by the a blemish in his neighbour; as he gold of the temple, he is a debtor ! hath done, so shall it be done to him ; Ye fools and blind : for whether is Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth greater, the gold, or the temple that for tooth: as he hath caused a blesanctifieth the gold ? And, whosoever mish in a man, so shall it be done to shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; him again, Lev. xxiv. 19, 20. Then but whosoever sweareth by the gift shall ye do unto him, as he bad that is upon it, he is guilty. Ye fools thought to have done unto his brother, and blind: for whether is greater, the Deut. xix. 19. gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the

VER. S9. gift? Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by

"Εγώ δε λέγω υμίν, μη αντιστήναι το all things thereon. And whoso shail Tompa, kax' CTIS Cparisa éri Thy dsswear by the temple, sweareth by it, Esáv sou olaybva, oti tov avto dal ti år. and by him that dwelleth therein. And he that shall swear by heaven,

But a I say unto you, b That ye resist sweareth by the throne of God, and not evil : but whosoever shall c smite thee by him that sitteth thereon, Matt. on thy right cheek, turn to him the other xxiii. 16–22. The wicked, through also. the pride of his countenance, will not a See parallels on clause 1. ver. 22. seek after God: God is not in all his b Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear thoughts. His mouth is full of curs

any grudge against the children of ing and deceit and fraud: under his thy people, but thou shalt love thy tongue is mischief and vanity, Psal. x. neighbour as thyself, Lev. xix. 18. 4,7. Out of the same mouth pro- Say not thou, I will recompense evil ; ceedeth blessing and cursing. My but wait on the Lord, and he shall brethren, these things ought not so to save thee, Prov. xx. 22. Say not, I be, James ii. 10.

will do so to him as he hath done to © But those things which proceed me: I will render to the man accordout of the mouth come forth from the ing to his work, xxiv. 29. Recomheart ; and they defile the man. For pense to no man evil for evil. Dearly out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, beloved, avenge not yourselves, but murders, adulteries, fornications, rather give place unto wrath : for it thefts, false-witness, blasphemies : is written, Vengeance is mine ; I will these are the things which defile a repay, saith the Lord, Rom. xii. 17. man, Matt. xv. 18—20. Ye are of 19. Now therefore there is utterly your father the devil, and the lusts of a fault among you, because ye ço your father ye will do, John viii. 44. to law one with another. Why do That ye put off concerning the for

ye not rather take wrong? Why do mer conversation the old man, which

ye not rather suffer yourselves to be is corrupt according to the deceitful defrauded ? 1 Cor. vi. 7. See that lusts, Eph. iv. 22. Wherein in time none renderevilfor evil unto any man; past ye walked according to the course but ever follow that which is good, of this world, according to the prince both among yourselves, and to all men, of the power of the air, the spirit that 1 Thess. v. 15. Ye have condemned now worketh in the children of dis- and killed the just; and he doth not obedience, ü. 2.

resist you, James v.6. Not rendering VER. 38.

evil for evil, or railing for railing: but "Ηκούσατε ότι ερρέθη: Οφθαλμόν αντί contrariwise blessing, knowing that οφθαλμού, και οδόντα αντί όδόντος. ye are thereunto called, that ye should

inherit a blessing, 1 Pet. iii. 9. Ye have heard that it hath been said, b But Zedekiah the son of Chenaa

A. D. 31.

MATT. V. 39-42.

A. D. 31.

Dah went near, and smote Micaiah on And whosoever shall compel thee to go the cheek, and said, Which way went a mile, go with him twain. the Spirit of the LORD from me to

VER. 42. speak unto thee? 1 Kings xxii. 24. They have gaped upon me with their από σού δανείσασθαι μη αποστραφής.

Τα αιτούντί σε δίδου και τον θέλοντα mouth; they have smitten me upon

. the cheek reproachfully, Job xvi. 10.

a Give to him that asketh thee, and I gave my back to the smiters, and from him that would b borrow of thee my cheeks to them that plucked turn not thou away. off the hair: I hid not my face from a Beware that there be not a thought shame and spitting, Isa. 1. 6. He giv- in thy wicked heart, saying, The seech his cheek to him that smiteth venth year, the year of release, is at him: he is filled full with reproach, hand; and thine eye be evil against Lam. iii. 30. Now gather thyself in thy poor brother, and thou givest him troops, 0 daughter of troops : he hath nought; and he cry unto the LORD laid siege against us: they shall smite against thee, and it be sin unto thee. the judge of Israel with a rod upon Thou shalt surely give him, and thine the cheek, Mic. v. 1. And unto him heart shall not be grieved when thou that smiteth thee on the one cheek givestunto him : because that for this offer also the other, Luke vi. 29. And thing the Lord thy God shall bless when they had blindfolded him, they thee in all thy works, and in all that struck him on the face, and asked thou puttest thine hand unto, Deut. him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that rv. 9, 10. If I have withheld the smote thee? xxij. 64. For this is poor from their desire, or have caused thankworthy, if a man for conscience the eyes of the widow to fail; or have toward God endure grief, suffering eaten my morsel myself alone, and wrongfully. For what glory is it, if, the fatherless have not eaten thereof; when ye be buffetted for your faults, If I have seen any perish for want of ye shall take it patiently? but if, when clothing, or any poor without coverye do well, and suffer for it, ye take ing; If his loins have not blessed me, it patiently, this is acceptable with and if he were not warmed with the God. For even hereunto were ye call- | fleece of my sheep ;- Then let mine ed : because Christ also suffered for arm fall from my shoulder blade, and us, leaving us an example, that ye mine arm be broken from the bone, should follow his steps : who did no Job xxxi. 16-22. The righteous shewsin, neither was guile found in his eth mercy, and giveth, Ps. xxxvii.21. mouth : Who, when he was reviled, He (the righteous) hath dispersed, he reviled not again; when he suffered, hath given to the poor; his righteoushe threatened not; but committed ness endureth for ever, cxii. 9. Say himself to him who judgeth righteous- not unto thy neighbour, Go, and come ly, 1 Pet. ii. 19-23.

again, and to-morrow I will give; VER. 40.

when thou hast it by thee, Prov. iii. Και το θέλουτί σοι κριθήναι, και τον

28. There is that scattereth, and yet Tävá rov naCtiv, äpeç aito xai tò luétiov. increaseth; and there is that withhold

And * if any man will sue thee at the eth more than is meet, but it lendeth law, and take away thy coat, let him to poverty. The liberal soul shall be have thy cloak also.

made fat: and he that watereth shall

be watered also himself, xi. 24, 25. a And unto him that smiteth thee on

He that bath pity upon the poor lendthe one cheek offer also the other; eth unto the Lord; and that which and him that taketh away thy cloak he hath given will he pay him again, forbid not to take thy coat also, Luke xix. 17. Cast thy bread upon the vi. 29. If it be possible, as much as

waters : for thou shalt find it after lieth in you, live peaceably with all many days. Give a portion to seven, men, Rom. xii. 18. Charity-endur- and also to eight; for thou knowest eth all things, 1 Cor. xii. 7.

not what evil shall be upon the earth, VER. 41.

Eccles. xi. 1, 2. In the morning sow Και όστις σε αγγαρεύσει μίλιον Bν, ύπαγε | thy seed, and in, the evening withμετ' αυτού δύο.

hold not thine band : for thou know

A. D. 31.
MATT. v. 42, 43.

A. D. 31. est not whether shall prosper, either so let him give; not grudgingly, or of this or that, or whether they both shall necessity: for God loveth a cheerful be alike good, 6. Is not this the fast giver, 2 Cor. ix. 6, 7. Let him that that I have chosen ?- Is it not to deal stole steal no more: but rather let him thy bread to the hungry, and that labour, working with his hands the thou bring the poor that are cast out thing which is good, that he may have to thy house? When thou seest the to give to him that needeth, Eph. iv. naked, that thou cover him; and that 28. Charge them that are rich in this thou hide not thyself from thine own world, that they be not high-minded, flesh? Isa. Iviii. 6,7. Wherefore, O nor trust in uncertain riches, but in king, let my countenance be accept- the living God, who giveth us richly. able unto thee, and break off thy sins all things to enjoy; That they do by righteousness, and thine iniquities good, that they be rich in good works, by shewing mercy to the poor; if it ready to distribute, willing to commumay be a lengthening of thy tran- nicate, 1 Tim. vi. 17, 18. For God quillity, Dan. iv. 27. Give to every is not unrighteous to forget your work man that asketh of thee; and of him and labour of love, which ye have that taketh away thy goods ask them shewed toward his name, in that ye not again. And as ye would that men have ministered to the saints, and do should do to you, do ye also to them minister, Heb. vi. 10. But to do good likewise. For if ye love them which and to communicate forget not: for love you, what thank have ye? for with such sacrifices God is well pleassinners also love those that love them. ed, xiii. 16. Pure religion and undeAnd if ye do good to them which do filed before God and the Father is good to you, what thank have ye? this, To visit the fatherless and wi. for sinners also do even the same. dows in their affliction, and to keep And if ye lend to them of whom ye himself unspotted from the world, hope to receive, what thank have ye? | Jam. i. 27. Whoso hath this world's for sinners also lend to sinners, to re- good, and seeth his brother have need, ceive as much again. But love ye and shutteth up his bowels of compasyour enemies, and do good, and lend, sion from him, how dwelleth the love hoping for nothing again ; and your of God in him? 1 John iii. 17. reward shall be great, and ye shall b Thou shalt not harden thine heart, be the children of the Highest: for he nor shut thine hand from thy poor is kind unto the unthankful and to brother: But thou shalt open thine the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, as hand wide unto him, and shalt surely your Father also is merciful, Luke vi. lend him sufficient for his need, in 30—36. Give alms of such things as that which he wanteth, Deut. xv. 7,8. ye have, xi. 41, When thou makest a Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, brother, xxiii. 19. He the righteous) nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, is ever merciful, and lendeth; and nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also his seed is blessed, Psal. xxxvii. 26. hid thee again, and a recompense be A good man sheweth favour, and made thee. But when thou makest a lendeth, cxii. 5. But love ye your feast, call the poor, the maimed, the enemies, and do good, and lend, hoplame, the blind: And thou shalt be ing for nothing again ; and your reblessed; for they cannot recompense ward shall be great, and ye shall be thee: for thou shalt be recompensed the children of the Highest : for he is at the resurrection of the just, xiv. kind unto the unthankful and to the 12-14. Therefore if thine enemy evil, Luke vi. 35. hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give

VER. 43. him drink: for in so doing thou shalt

Ηκούσατε ότι ερρέθη: 'Aγαπήσεις τον heap coals of tire on his head, Rom. xii. 20. But this I say, He which sow

πλησίον σου και μισήσεις τον εχθρόν σου. . eth sparingly shall reap also sparing

Ye have heard that it hath been said, ly; and he which soweth bountifully

a thou shalt love thy neighbour, band shall reap also bountifully. Every man hate thine enemy. according as he purposeth in his heart, a Thou shalt love thy neighbour as

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