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A. D. 31.
MATT. VI. 20--23.
A. D. 31.
themselves a good foundation against then be risen with Christ, seek those the time to come, that they may lay things which are above, where Christ hold on eternal life, 1 Tim. vi. 17-19. sitteth on the right hand of God. Set For ye had compassion of me in my your affection on things above, not on bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling things on the earth. For ye are dead, of your goods, knowing in yourselves and your life is bid with Christ in that ye have in heaven a better and God, Col. ii. 1—3. Take heed, brean enduring substance, Heb. x. 34. thren, lest there be in any of you an Esteeming the reproach of Chtist evilheart of unbelief, in departing greater riches than the treasures in from the living God, Heb. ii. 12. Egypt: for he had respect unto the
VER. 22. recompense of the reward, xi. 26. Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath
“ο λύχνος του σώματός έστιν ο οφθαλnot God chosen the poor of this world μός εάν ούν ο οφθαλμός σου απλούς ή, όλον rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom
το σώμα σου φωτεινόν έσται: which he hath promised to them that
The a light of the body is the eye : bif love him? Jam. ii. 5. To an inherit therefore thine eye be single, thy whole ance incorruptible, and undefiled, and body shall be full of light. that fadeth not away, 1 Pet. i. 4. a The wise man's eyes are in his And when the chief Shepherd shall head ; but the fool walketh in darkappear, ye shall receive a crown of ness, Prov. ii. 14. The light of the glory that fadeth not away, v. 4. I body is the eye: therefore when thine know thy works, and tribulation, and eye is single, thy whole body also is poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know full of light ; but when thine eye is the blasphemy of them which say they evil, thy body also is full of darkness. are Jews, and are not, but are the sy- Take heed therefore that the light nagogue of Satan, Rev. ii. 9.
which is in thee be not darkness. If VER. 21.
thy whole body therefore be full of Ofou yéę isti o Inoaugos épeão, ixe shall be full of light, as when the bright
light, having no part dark, the whole έσται και η καρδία υμών. .
shining of a candle doth give thee For a where your treasure is, there light, Luke xi. 34—36. will your heart be also.
And they, continuing daily with a And wisdom and knowledge shall one accord in the temple, and breakbe the stability of thy times, and ing bread from house to house, did strength of salvation : the fear of the eat their meat with gladness and sinLord is his treasure, Isa. xxxiii. 6. gleness of heart, Acts ii: 46. But I For where your treasure is, there will fear, lest by any means as the serpent your heart be also, Luke xii. 34. While beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so we look not at the things which are your minds should be corrupted from seen, but at the things which are not the simplicity that is in Christ, 2 Cor. seen : for the things which are seen xi. 3. Servants, be obedient to them are temporal, but the things which are that are your masters according to the not seen are eternal, 2 Cor. iv. 18. flesh, with fear and trembling, in sin
b For they that are after the flesh gleness of your heart, as unto Christ, do mind the things of the flesh; but Ephes. vi. 5. Servants, obey in all they that are after the Spirit the things things your masters according to the of the Spirit. For to be carnally minded flesh ; not with eye-service, as menis death ; but to be spiritually minded pleasers ; but in singleness of heart, is life and peace. Because the carnal fearing God, Col. üi. 22. mind is enmity against God : for it is
VER. 23. not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be, Rom. viii. 5-7. Whose Εάν δε ο οφθαλμός σου πονηρός ή, όλον end is destruction, whose God is their το σώμα σου σκοτεινόν έσται. Ει ούν το φώς belly, and whose glory is in their shame, rò és cos exótos ioti, tò cnóros mótov; who mind earthly things.) For our But if a thine eye be evil, thy whole conversation is in heaven; from whence body shall be full of darkness. If therealso we look for the Saviour, the Lord fore the light that is in thee be darkness, Jesus Christ, Phil. üü. 19, 20. If ye l how great is that darkness !
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MATT. VI. 23.
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a Is it not lawful for me to do what law of the LORD is with us? Lo, cerI will with mine own? is thine eye tainly in vain made he it; the pen of evil, because I am good ? Matt. xx. the scribes is in vain. The wise men 15. They have not known, nor under- are ashamed, they are dismayed and stood : for he hath shut their eyes, taken ; lo, they have rejected the word that they cannot see; and their hearts, of the Lord; and what wisdom is in that they cannot understand. And them? viii. 8,9. And he said, Unto none considereth in his heart, neither you it is given to know the mysteries is there knowledge nor understanding of the kingdom of God: bat to others to say, I have burned part of it in the in parables ; that seeing they might fire ; yea, also I have baked bread not see, and hearing they might not upon the coals thereof; I have roasted understand, Luke viii. 10. And Jesus flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make said, For judgment I am come into the residue thereof an abomination this world : that they which see not shall I fall down to the stock of a might see; and that they which see tree? He feedeth on ashes: a de- might be made blind. And some of ceived heart bath turned him aside, the Pharisees which were with him that he cannot deliver his soul, nor heard these words, and said unto him, say, Is there not a lie in my right hand? Are we blind also ? Jesus said unto Isa. xliv. 18--20. Thefts, covetous- them, If ye were blind, ye should have ness, wickedness, deceit, lascivious- no sin : but now ye say, We see; ness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, therefore your sin remaineth, John ix. foolishness, Mark vii. 22. Having the 39-41. Professing themselves to be understanding darkened, being alien- wise, they became fools, Rom. i. 22. ated from the life of God through the For the preaching of the cross is to ignorance that is in them, because of them that perish foolishness; but unthe blindness of their hearts, Ephes. to us which are saved it is the power iv. 18. For ye were sometimes dark- of God. For it is written, I will deness, but now are ye light in the Lord : stroy the wisdom of the wise, and will walk as children of light, v. 8. But bring to nothing the understanding be that hateth his brother is in dark of the prudent. Where is the wise? ness, and walketh in darkness, and where is the scribe? where is the disknoweth not whither he goeth, be puter of this world ? hath not God cause that darkness hath blinded his made foolish the wisdom of this world? eyes, 1 John ii. 11.
1 Cor. i. 18-20. But the natural b Woe unto you, ye blind guides, man receiveth not the things of the which say, Whosoever shall swear by Spirit of God: for they are foolishthe temple, it is nothing; but whoso- ness unto him : neither can he know ever shall swear by the gold of the them, because they are spiritually distemple, he is a debtor! Matt. xxiii. 16, cemed, ü. 14. Let no man deceive &c. Seest thou a man wise in his himself. If any man among you seemown conceit? there is more hope of aeth to be wise in this world, let him fool than of him, Prov. xxvi. 12. Woe become a fool, that he may be wise. unto them that call evil good, and for the wisdom of this world is foolgood evil; that put darkness for light, ishness with God. For it is written, and light for darkness; that put bitter He taketh the wise in their own for sweet, and sweet for bitter! Woe craftiness, iii. 18, 19. Because thou unto them that are wise in their own sayest, I am rich, and increased with eyes, and prudent in their own sight, goods, and have need of nothing ; Isa. v. 20, 21. To the law and to the and knowest not that thou art wretchtestimony: if they speak not accord- ed, and miserable, and poor, and ing to this word, it is because there is blind, and naked : I counsel thee to no light in them, viii. 20. For my buy of me gold tried in the fire, that people is foolish, they have not known thou mayest be rich; and white raime; they are sottish children, and ment, that thou mayest be clothed, they have none understanding : they and that the shame of thy nakedness are wise to do evil, but to do good do not appear; and anoint thine eyes they have no knowledge, Jer. iv. 22. with eye-salve, that thou mayest see, How do ye say, We are wise, and the Rev. iii. 17, 18.
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MATT. VI. 24.
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children, and their children's chilOišeis dúvarai duoi nupios dovasútir hdren: as did their fathers, so do they yàs to iva uishots, rai Tô itego dyanth unto this day, 2 Kings xvii. 33, 34. σει» ή ενός ανθέξεται, και του ετέρου κατα
41. As for you, O house of Israel, φρονήσει: ου δύνασθε Θεώ δουλεύειν και μαμ
thus saith the Lord God; Go ye, pana.
serve ye every one his idols, and hereNo man can a serve two masters: for me : but pollute ye my holy name no
after also, if ye will not hearken unto either he will hate the one, and love the
more with your gifts, and with your other; or else he will hold to the one, idols, Ezek. xx. 39. And them that and despise the other. Ye cannot serve worship the host of heaven upon the God and b mammon.
house-tops; and them that worship a Then saith Jesus unto him, Get and that swear by the LORD, and that thee hence, Satan: for it is written, swear by Malcham, Zeph. i. 5. No Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, servant can serve two masters : for and him only shalt thou serve, Matt. either he will hate the one, and love iv. 10. And if it seem evil unto you the other; or else he will hold to the to serve the LORD, choose you this one, and despise the other. Ye canday whom ye will serve; whether the not serve God and mammon, Luke gods which your fathers served, that xvi. 13. Know ye not, that to whom were on the other side of the food, or ye yield yourselves servants to obey, the gods of the Amorites, in whose his servants ye are to whom ye obey; land ye dwell : but as for me and my whether of sin unto death, or of obehouse, we will serve the LORD. And dience unto righteousness? But God Josbua said unto the people, Ye can be thanked, that ye were the servants not serve the Lord: for he is an holy of sin ; but ye have obeyed from the God; he is a jealous God; he will heart that form of doctrine which was not forgive your transgressions nor delivered you. Being then made free your sins. If ye forsake the LORD, from sin, ye became the servants of and serve strange gods, then he will righteousness. I speak after the mantum and do you hurt, and consume ner of men, because of the infirmity of you, after he hath done you good, your filesh: for as ye bave yielded Josh. xxiv. 15. 19. 20. And Samuel your members servants to uncleanspake unto all the house of Israel, say- ness and to iniquity unto iniquity; ing, If ye do return unto the LORD even so now yield your members serwith all your hearts, then put away vants to righteous unto holiness. For the strange gods and Ashtaroth from when ye were the servants of sin, ye among you, and prepare your hearts were free from righteousness. What unto the LORD, and serve him only: fruit bad ye then in those things and he will deliver you out of the whereof ye are now ashamed? for the hand of the Philistines, 1 Sam. vii. 3. end of those things is death. But now And Elijah came unto all the people, being made free from sin, and become and said, How long halt ye between servants to God, ye have your fruit two opinions? If the LORD be God, unto holiness, and the end everlasting follow him: but if Baal, then follow life, Rom. vi. 16–22. For do I now him. And the people answered him persuade men, or God? or do I seek not a word, 1 Kings xviii. 21. They to please men? for if I yet pleased feared the LORD; and served their men, I should not be the servant of own gods, after the manner of the na- Christ, Gal. i. 10. Ye adulterers and tions whom they carried away from adulteresses, know ye not that the thence. Unto this day they do after friendship of the world is enmity with the former manners : they fear not God? whosoever therefore will be a the LORD, neither do they after their friend of the world is the enemy of statutes, or after their ordinances, or God, James iv. 4. Love not the world, after the law and commandment, neither the things that are in the world. which the LORD commanded the chil- If any man love the world, the love of dren of Jacob, whom he named Israel. the Father is not in him. For all that So these nations feared the LORD, and is in the world, the lust of the flesh, served their graven images, both their I and the lust of the eyes, and the pride
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A. D. 31. of life, is not of the Father, but is of and he becometh unfruitful, xüi. 92. the world, 1 John ii. 15, 16.
Cast thy burden upon the LORD, and b And I say unto you, Make to your he shall sustain thee : he shall never selves friends of the mammon of suffer the righteous to be moved, Ps. unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, lv. 22. And the cares of this world, they may receive you into everlasting and the deceitfulness of riches, and habitations. If therefore ye have not the lusts of other things entering in, been faithful in the unrighteous mam choke the word, and it becometh unmon, who will commit to your trust fruitful, Mark iv. 19. But when they the true riches? No servant can serve shall lead you, and deliver you up, two masters : for either he will hate take no thought beforehand what ye the one, and love the other; or else shall speak, neither do ye premedihe will hold to the one, and despise tate: but whatsoever shall be given the other. Ye cannot serve God and you in that hour, that speak ye: for it mammon, Luke xvi. 9. 11. 13. But is not ye that speak, but the Holy they that will be rich fall into tempta- Ghost, xii. 11. And that which feil tion and a snare, and into many foolish among thorns are they, which, when and hurtful lusts, which drown men in they have heard, go forth, and are destruction and perdition. For the choked with cares and riches, and love of money is the root of all evil; pleasures of this life, and bring no which, while some coveted after, they fruit to perfection, Luke viii. 14. But have erred from the faith, and pierced Martha was cumbered about much themselves through with manysorrows. serving, and came to him, and said, Charge them that are rich in this world, Lord, dost thou not care that my sisthat they be not highminded, nor trust ter hath left me to serve alone Bid in uncertain riches, but in the living her therefore that she help me. And God, who giveth us richly all things Jesus answered, and said unto her. to enjoy, 1 Tim. vi. 9, 10. 17. Martha, Martha, thou art careful and VER. 25.
troubled about many things, x. 40, 41. Διά τούτο λέγω υμίν, Μη μεριμνάτε τη | And which of you with taking thought
can add to his stature one cubit? If ψυχή υμών, τί φάγητε και τι πίητε" μηδε ψυχή πλεϊόν εστι της τροφής, και το σώμα | for the rest ? And seek not ye what Tã cópato inão, tí tvdúcnebe. Oixii ye then be not able to do that thing
which is least, why take ye thought του ενδύματος και ;
ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, Therefore a I say unto you, b Take no neither be ye of doubtful mind, xii. thought for your life, " what ye shall eat, 25, 26. 29.' And they that use this or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your world, as not abusing it; for the body, what ye shall put on. 'Is not fashion of this world passeth away, the life more than meat, and the body 1 Cor. vii. 31. Be careful for nothing; than raiment ?
but in every thing by prayer and supa See parallels on clause 1, ver. 22. plication with thanksgiving let your
requests be made known unto God, b Therefore take no thought, say. Phil. iv. 6. No man that warreth ening. What shall we eat? or, What tangleth himself with the affairs of shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall this life; that he may please him who we be clothed? Take therefore no hath chosen him to be a soldier, 2 Tim. thought for the morrow: for the mor- ï. 4. Let your conversation be withTow shall take thought for the things out covetousness : and be content with of itself. Sufficient unto the day is such things as ye have : for he hath the evil thereof, ver. 31. 34. But said, I will never leave thee, nor forwhen they deliver you up, take no sake thee. So that we may boldly say, thought how or what ye shall speak: The Lord is my helper, and I will not for it shall be given you in that same fear what man shall do unto me, Heb. hour what ye shall speak, x. 19. He xüi. 5,6. Casting all your care upon also that received seed among the him ; for he careth for you, 1 Pet. 8.7. thors, is he that heareth the word; c See parallels on ver. 31. and the care of this world, and the a The life is more than meat, and deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, I the body is more than raiment, Luke
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MATT. VI. 26–29.
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ii. 23. He that spared not his own | ταμάθετε τα κρίνα του αγρού πώς αυξάνει Son, but delivered him up for us all, củ xowlę, oudè vero how shall he not with him also freely
And a why take ye thought for raigive us all things ? Rom. viii. 32.
ment ? Consider b the lilies of the field, VER. 26. 'Εμβλέψατε εις τα πετεινά του ουρανού, they spin ?
how they grow; they toil not, neither do ότι ου σπείρουσιν, ουδε θερίζουσιν, ουδε συνάγουσιν εις αποθήκας και ο πατήρ υμών και a Therefore I say unto you, Take no ουράνιος τρέφει αυτά ουχ υμείς μάλλον δια- thought for your life, what ye shall φέρετε αυτών;
eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet Behold a the fowls of the air: for they for your body, what ye shall put on. sow not, neither do they reap, nor ga
Is not the life more than meat, and ther into barns; yet b your heavenly Fa- the body than 'raiment ? Therefore ther feedeth them. Are ye not much bet- | take no thought, saying, What shall ter than they?
we eat? or, What shall we drink? or,
Wherewithal shall we be clothed ? a And are not two sparrows sold
ver. 25. 31.
Nor scrip for your for a farthing ? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your shoes, nor yet staves : for the work
journey, neither two coats, neither Father. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Fear ye not
man is worthy of his meat, X. 10. He therefore, ye are of more value than answereth and saith unto them, He
that hath two coats, let him impart to mány sparrows, Matt. x. 29–31. Who teacheth us more than the beasts him that hath none; and
be that hath of the earth, and maketh us wiser meat, let him do likewise, Luke iii.
11. And he said unto them, When I than the fowls of heaven? Job xxxv.
you without purse, or scrip, and 11. They give drink to beast
every of the field the wild asses quench said, 'Nothing. Then said he unto
shoes, lacked ye any thing? And they their thirst. By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, them, But now, he that hath a purse, which sing among the branches. These and he that hath no sword, let him seli
let him take it, and likewise his scrip; wait all upon thee; that thou mayest his garment, and buy one, xxii. 35, 36. give them their meat in due season. That thou givest them they gather : They toil not, they spin not ; and yet
b. Consider the lilies how they grow: thou openest thine hand, they are
I filled with good, Ps. civ. 11, 12:27, his glory was not arrayed like one of
say unto you, That Solomon in all 28. He giveth to the beast his food,
these, Luke xii. 27. and to the young ravens which cry, cxlvii. 9.
VER. 29. See parallels on third and last Λέγω δε υμίν, ότι ουδέ Σολομών εν πάση clauses of ver. 16. chap. v.
τη δόξη αυτού περιεβάλετο ως έν τούτων. VER. 27.
And yet I say unto you, That a even τις δε εξ υμών μεριμνών δύναται προ- Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed σθείναι επί την ηλικίαν αυτού πήχυν ένα. like one of these.
Which of you aby taking thought a And when the queen of Sheba had can add one cubit unto his stature ?
seen all Solomon's wisdom, and the a Neither shalt thou swear by thy house that he had built, and the meat head, because thou canst not make of his table, and the sitting of his one hair wbite or black, Matt. v. 36. servants, and the attendance of his And which of you with taking thought ministers, and their apparel, and his can add to his stature one cubit? If cupbearers, and his ascent by which ye then be not able to do that thing he went up into the house of the which is least, why take ye thought LORD ; there was no more spirit in for the rest? Luke xii. 25, 26. But her. And she said to the king, It was now hath God set the members every a true report that I heard in mine own One of them in the body, as it hath land of thy acts and of thy wisdom. pleased him, 1 Cor. xii. 18.
Howbeit I believed not the words, VER. 28.
until I came, and mine eyes had seen Και περί ενδύματος τί μεριμνάτε; κα it: and, behold, the half was not told