International Law Codified and Its Legal Sanction: Or, The Legal Organization of the Society of States

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Page 577 - The authority of the legitimate Power having in fact passed into the hands of the occupant, the latter shall take all the measures in his power to restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety, while respecting, unless absolutely prevented, the laws in force in the country.
Page 555 - To kill or wound treacherously individuals belonging to the hostile nation or army ; c. To kill or wound an enemy who, having laid down his arms, or having no longer means of defense, has surrendered at discretion ; d.
Page 547 - Until a more complete code of the laws of war has been issued, the High Contracting Parties deem it expedient to declare that, in cases not included in the Regulations adopted by them, the inhabitants and the belligerents remain under the protection and the rule of the principles of the law of nations, as they result from the usages established among civilized peoples, from the laws of humanity, and from the dictates of the public conscience.
Page 502 - With the object of facilitating an immediate recourse to arbitration for international differences, which it has not been possible to settle by diplomacy, the contracting Powers undertake to maintain the Permanent Court of Arbitration, as established by the First Peace Conference, accessible at all times, and operating, unless otherwise stipulated by the parties, in accordance with the rules of procedure inserted in the present Convention.
Page 549 - The inhabitants of a territory which has not been occupied, who, on the approach of the enemy, spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading troops without having had time to organize themselves in accordance with Article 1, shall be regarded as belligerents if they carry arms openly and if they respect the laws and customs of war.
Page 549 - The laws, rights, and duties of war apply not only to armies, but also to militia and volunteer corps fulfilling the following conditions: 1 . To be commanded by a person responsible for his subordinates; 2. To have a fixed distinctive emblem recognizable at a distance; 3. To carry arms openly; and 4. To conduct their operations in accordance with the laws and customs of war. In countries where militia or volunteer corps constitute the army, or form part of it, they are included under the denomination...
Page 511 - The parties can reserve in the "Compromis" the right to demand the revision of the Award. In this case and unless there be an Agreement to the contrary, the demand must be addressed to the Tribunal which pronounced the Award. It can only be made on the ground of the discovery of some new fact calculated to exercise a decisive influence...
Page 524 - The contracting powers agree not to have recourse to armed force for the recovery of contract debts claimed from the government of one country by the government of another country as being due to its nationals.
Page 503 - Any alteration in the list of arbitrators is brought by the Bureau to the knowledge of the contracting powers. Two or more powers may agree on the selection in common of one or more members. The same person can be selected by different powers. The members of the court are appointed for a term of six years.
Page 567 - The attack or bombardment, by whatever means, of towns, villages, dwellings, or buildings which are undefended is prohibited.

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