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119. It is said, that no description can adequately represent Lord Chatham : to comprehend the force of his eloquence, it was necessary to see and to hear him: his whole delivery was such, as to make the orator a part of his own eloquence: his mind was view'd in his countenance, and so embodied was it in his every look, and gesture, that his words were rather felt than followed; they invested his hearers; the weapons of his opponents fell from their hands; he spoke with the air and vehemence of inspi. ration, and the very atmosphere flamed around him.

120. His silent at the beginning and end of many words. The hon-est shopherd's ca-tarrh, hum-bles the heir-ess in her dish-a-billes, and hu-mors the thy-my rheto-ric of his rhymes to rhap-so-dy; the humor-some Thom-as ex-plained diph-thongs and triph-thongs to A-bi-jah, Be-ri-ah-Calah, Di-nah, E-li-jah, Ge-rah, Hul-dah, Isa-iah, Jo-nah, Han-nah, Nin-e-vah, O-badi-ah, Pis-gah, Ru-mah, Sa-rah, Te-rah, Uri-ah, Wa-ni-ah, and Ze-lah.

Notes. 1. This sound is the material of which all sound, are made, whether vowel or consonant, either by condensation, or modification. To demonstrate this position, commence any sound in a whisper, and proceed to a vocality; shaping the organs to form the one required, if a vowel or vocal consonant, and in a proper way to produce any of the aspirates. 2. Those who are in the habit of omitting the h, when it ought to be pronounced, can practice on the preceding and similar examples: and also correct such sentences as this; Hi took my 'orse hand went hout to unt my 'ogo, hand got host my 'orse, hand 'iched im to a hoak tree, hand gave 'im some hoats. 3. It requires more breath to make this sound, than any other in our language; as in producing it, even mildly, the lungs are nearly exhausted of air. It may be made by whispering the word huh: the higher up, the more scat. tering, the lower in the throat, the more condensed, till it becomes vocal.

I am well aware, that what is base,
JMo polish–can make sterling—and that vice,
Though well perfumed, and elegantly dressed,
Like an unburied carcass, trick'd with flowers,
Is but a garnished nuisance,—fitter far
For cleanly riddance,—than for fair attire.

Proverbs. 1. When the cat is away, the mice will play. 2. One may be a wise man, and yet not know how to make a watch. 3. A tricked companion invites us to hell. 4. All happiness and misery—is in the mind. 5. A good conscience is excellent dirinity. 6. Bear and forbear—is good philosophy. 7. Drunkenness—is a voluntary madness. 8. Envy shoots at others, and wounds herself. 9. Fools lade out the water, and wise men catch the fish. 10. Good preachers give fruits, rather than flowers. 11. Actions are the raiment of the man. 12. Faith is the eye of love.

Anecdote. Frederick the Great, of Prussia, an ardent lover of literature and the fine arts, as well as of his people, used to rise at three or four o’clock in the morning to get more time for his studies, and when one of his intimate friends noticed how hard he worked, he replied, “It is true, I do work hard, but it is in order to live; for nothing has more resemblance to death, than idleness: of what use is it, to live, if one only vegetates?”

Wrong Choice. How miserable some people make themselves, by a wrong choice, when they have all the good things of earth before them, out of which to choose! If good judgment be wanting, neither the greatest monarch, nor the repeated smiles of fortune, can render such persons happy; hence, a prince—may become a poor wretch, and the peasant—completely blessed. . To know one's self—is o degree of sound judgment; for, by failing rightly to estimate our own capacity, we may undertake—not only what will make us unhappy, but ridiculous. This may be illustrated by an unequal marriage with a person, whose genius, life and temper—will blast the peace of one, or both, forever. The understanding, and not the will—should be our guide.

Varieties. 1. What can the virtues of our ancestors profit us, unless we imitate them? 2. Why is it, that we are so unwilling to practice a little self-denial for the sake of a future good? 3. The toilet of woman—is too often an altar, erected by self-love—to vanity. 4. Half the labor, required to make a first-rate musician, would make an accomplished reader and speaker. 5. Learn to unlearn what you have learned amiss. 6. A conceit of knowledge—is a great enemy to knowledge, and a great argument for ignorance. 7. Of pure love, and pure conception of truth, we are only receivers : God only is the giver; and they are all His from first to last. It is a beautiful belief, that ever-round our head, Are hovering, on noisles wing, the spirits of the dead. It is a beautiful belief, when ended our career, That it will be our ministry to watch o'erothers here; To lend a moral to the flower; breathe wisdom on the wind; To hold commune, at night's pure noon, with the imprison'd mind, To bid the mourner—cease to mourn, the trembling beforgiven; To bear away, from ills of clay, the infant—to its heaven. Ah! when delight—was found in life, and joy-in every breath, I cannot tell how terrible—the mystery of death. But now, the past is bright to me, and all the future—clear: For 'tis my faith, that after death, I still shall linger here.

121. Important Remarks. Every pupil only all the specific sounds of our language, simple and compound, but also the different and exact positions of the vocal organs, neshould, unyieldingly, insist upon having these two things faithfully attended to : for success in elocution, and music, absolutel to be excused from a full and hearty compliance. Master these elementary principles, and you will have command of all the and feelings. 122. L. has only one sound, which is its name sound. LAY ; the * § lil-y white lamb the live-long /. | day; Lem-u-el Ly-ell loves the <> lass-lorn lul-la-by of the landbliss-ful dal-li-ance, gen-teel-ly lis-tens to the low-ly lol-lard's live-ly song; the lawyer le-gal-ly, and plain-ly tells his luck-less i-cal re-ply of the nul-ly-fy-ing leg-is-lator, who, in list-less lan-guor, lies, and reales him-self over the el-der blow tea: (not 123. Pronounce my, you, your, and that, when emphatic, with the vowels full and open. My harp is as good as yours. He was my friend, not yours. That man related that story. When these words are not emphatic, the sounds of y and u are shortsound, while the a is entirely suppressed. My pen is as bad as my paper, How do ou do? Very well; and how do you do book; it is my book. I said that you said, that you told him so. Notes. 1. This vocal lingual dental sound (from the upper gums and the roof of the mouth: pronounce the word to, by prolonging the sound of l; l—o. 2. Do not let the eye mis. lead the ear in the comparison of sounds; gay and ghay are and f in folly: the same may be observed of thin thine and thou 3. Never forget the difference between the names of letters, and their respective sounds; weigh their natures, powers and qualities. one (wun;) also e-i-o-h-t, and eight (ate ;) e-n-o-w-g-h, and enuff. Is there not a better way? and is not this that way? 5. L is silent in balm, salve, could, psalm, would, chalk, should, task, hal-ser monds, &c. Anecdote. One Tongue. Milton, the author of Paradise Lost and Regained, was one if he did not intend to instruct his daughter in the different languages : “No Sir," replied Milton, “one tongue is sufficient for a Ye depots, too long—did your tyranny hold us In a vassalage vile—ere its whakness we knew; But we learn'd, that the links of the chain, that enthrardus,

should be required to notice, distinctly, not cessary to produce them. The teacher demands it: no one, therefore, should wis mediums for communicating your thoughts laird's little fool loudly lauds the lord's love-ly la-dy, and, with [*****) cli-ent, that he liter-al-ly re-pels the il-log-oo-t loot.)

told you, but would not tell me.' I said he ened, the o silent, and u having its second

ave you got your book 2 This is not your larynx, 'ongue and teeth,) is made by pressing the tongue against the alike to the rar, tho' unlike to the eye; so are ph in philosophy 4. Notice the dissimilarity between the letterso-n-e, and the word (hawser.) fal-con (faw-k'u,) salm-on, folks, malm-sey (21a) alday asked, by a friend of female education, tuosnan.

Were forg'd by the scars of the captive alone.

Proverbs. 1. Almost, and very migh, save many a lie. 2. A man may buy even gold too dear. 3. He, that waits for dead men's shoes, may long go barefoot. 4. It is an ill cause, that none dare speak in. 5. If pride were an art, there would be many teachers. 6. Out of sight, out of mind. 7. The whole ocean is made of single drops. 8. There would be no great ones, if there were no little ones. , 9. Things unreasonable—are never durable. 10. Time and tide wait for no man. 11. An author's writings are a mirror of his mind. 12. Every one is architect of his own character. In the Truth. How may a person be said to be in the truth f This may be understood, rationally, by a comparison : we say—such a man is in the mercantile business; by which we mean, that his life—is that of merchandizing, and is regulated by the laws of his peculiar calling. In like manner, we say of a christian, that he is in the truth, and in the Lord, when he is in the true order of his creation; which is—to love the Lord, with all his heart, and his neighbor as himself; and to do unto others—as he would they should do unto him : such a one is, emphatically, in the truth, and the truth makes him free; and this is the only freedom on earth, or in heaven; and any other state is abject slavery. Varieties. 1. Why is the L, in the word military, like a man’s nose! Because, it is between two i i. 2. No one is wise at all times; because every one is finite, and of course, imperfect. 3. Money—is the servant of those, who know how to use it; but the master of those, who do not. 4. Rome— was built, 753 years before the christian era, and the Roman empire—terminated 476 years after it; what was its duration 2 5. The tales of other times—are like the calm dew of the morning, when the sun is faint on its side, and the lake is settled and blue in the vale. 6. As is the state of mind, such is the reception, operation, production, and manifestation—of all that is received. 7. Ends of actions show the quality of life, natural men ever regard natural ends; but spiritual men—spiritual ones. Changing, forever changing!—So depart The glories—of the old majestic wood: So–pass the pride, and garniture of fields; The growth of ages, and the bloom of days, into the dust of centuries; and so— Are both—renewed. The scattered tribes of men, The generations of the populous earth, ...All have their seasons too. And jocund Youth Is the green spring-time—Manhood's lusty strength Is the maturing rummer—hoary. Age Types well the autumn of the year—and Death Is the real winter, which forecloses all. And shall the forests—have another spring, And shall the fields—another garland wear, And shall the worm—come forth, renew’d in life, And clothed with highest beauty, and not MAN ? No!—in the Book before me now, I read ...Another language; and my faith is rure, That though the chains of death may hold it long, This mortal—will o'ermaster them, and break 4way, and put on immortality.

124. Read, and speak, in such a just and impressive manner, as will instruct, interest and affect your hearers, and reproduce in them all those ideas and emotions, which you wish to convey. Remember, that theoryis one thing, and practice—another; and that there is a great difference, between knowing how a sentence should be read or spoken, and the ability to read or speak it: theoryis the result of thought; practice—of actual experience.

125. M has only one sound; MAIM : meek men made mum-mies out t of gam-mon, and moon-beams York/ of gum-myam-mo-ni-a, for a pre- © mi-um on dum-my som-nam- \\ s bu-lism: mind, man-ners and IM in Manil mag-na-nim-i-ty, make a migh-ty man, to a-mal-ga-mate em-blems and warm-pum for an om-ni-um gath-er-um: the malt-man circum-am-bu-lates the cim-me-ri-an ham-mock, and tum-bles the mur-mur-ing mid-shipman into a min-i-mum and maz-i-mum of a mam-mi-form di-lem-ma.

126. CIcERo and DEMosthexes, by their words, lives, marims, and practice, show the high estimation, in which they held the subject of oratory; for they devoted years to the study and practice of its theory and art, under the most celebrated masters of antiquity. Most of the effects of ancient, as well as of modern eloquence, may be attributed to the manner of delivery: we read their words, but their spirit is gone; the body remains, beautiful indeed, but motionless—and dead; TRUE eloquence—revivifies it.

Notes. To produce this labio-nasal sound, close the lips and make a sound through the nose, resembling the plaintive lowing of an ox, with its mouth closed; or, a wailing sound through your nose. 2. This is called a nasal sound, because it is made through the nose; and not because it does not pass through it, as many imagine: which may become evident, by producing the sound when the nose is held between the thumb and forefinger. 3. Avoid detaching letter from preceding words, and attaching them to rucceeding ones; as-his cry moved me; for, his crime moved me. 4. M is silent before n, in the same syllable; as, Mnason, and mne-mon-ics.

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128. By the aid of the principles here inculcated, children can be taken, before they have learned the names of the letters, and, in a few months, become better readers than one in fifty of those taught in the usual way; and they may have their voices so developed and trained, by the natural use of the proper organs and muscles, as to be able to read, speak, and sing, for hours in succession, without hoarseness, or injurious exhaustion. It is a melancholy reflection, that children learn more bad habits than good ones, in most of our common schools.

Proverbs. 1. He, that does you an ill turn, will never forgive you. 2. It is an ill wind that blows nobody any good. 3. The proof of the pudding—is in eating. 4. None so deaf, as they that will not hear. 5. Time—is a file, that wears, and makes no noise. 8. When every one takes care of himself, care is taken of all. 7. Without pains, there can be no gains. 8. One may as well expect to be at ease, without money, as to be happy, without virtue. 9. A man, like a watch, is valued according to his going. 10. The government of the will is better than an increase of knowledge. 11. Character—is everything—to both old and young. 12. War brings scars.

Anecdote. Long Enough. A man, upon the verge of bankruptcy, soin purchased an elegant coat, upon credit, .# being told by one of his acquaintances, that the cloth was very beautiful, though the coat was too short; replied, with a sigh—“It will be long enough before I get another.

Honor—was the virtue of the pagan; but christianity-teaches a more enlarged and nobler code; calling into activity—all the best feelings of our nature,`-illuminating our path, through this world, with deeds o and charity, mutually done and received, -and sustaining us, amidst difficulties and temptations-by the hope of a glorious immortality,+ in which peace— shall be inviolable—and joids

varieties. ... 1. Why is a fashionably dressed lady, like a careful housewife? Be. cause her waist (waste), is always as small as she can make it. 2. Literature and Science, to produce their full effect, must be generally diffused, like the healthful breeze. 3. The elements, so mixed in him, that Nature might stand up, and say to all the world, “This is a man " 4. All minds are influenced every moment; and there is a providence in every feeling, thought and word. 5. The excesses of our youth, are drafts on our old age, payable Wiś ; though sometimes, they are payable at sight. 6. I will not only know the way, but walk in it. 7. As it is God's will to fill us with his life, let us exert every faculty we possess, to be filled with it; and that with all sincerity and diligence. The man, th’t's resolute, and just, Firm to his principles and trust, Nor hopes, notor-can bind.

129. Distinctness of articulation demands special attention, and requires that you should pronounce the vocal letters, as well as every word, audibly and correctly, giving to each its appropriate force and quantity. Unless these principles are perfectly understood, your future acquirements will be more or less faulty : for, in proportion as one is igmorant of what ought to be felt, thought, and done, will he be liable to err.

130. N has two sounds; first its name sound: NINE; the land-man’s


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i-nates the no-ble-man's ninepins with his an-ti-no-mi-an nonsense: Na-hant, and Flan-ni-gan, joint-tenants of nine-ty-nine Man-i-kins, u-man-imous-ly en-chain with win-ning tones, the be-nig-nant du-en-na, while they are con-vened to nom-i-nate con-di-ments for the so-cini-an con-ven-tion of the non-res-i-dents; he knows his nose, I know he knows his nose : he said I knew he knows his nose: and if he says he knows I know he knows his nose, of course, he knows I know he knows his nose. 131. Some public speakers, in other respects inferior, from the ease, grace, dignity and power of their delivery, are followed and applauded; while others, however sound in matter, and finished in language, on account of their deficiency of manner, are passed by almost unnoticed. All experience teaches us the great importance of manner, as a means of inculcating truth, and persuading others to embrace it. Lord Bacon says, it is as necessary for a public speaker, as decorum for a gentleman. Notes. 1. This vocal nasal sound is made, by pressing the tongue against the roof of the mouth, and thus preventing the sound from posing through the mouth, and emitting all of it through the nosc, see engraving. 2. In comparing sounds, be guided solely by the ear; beware of going by sight in the science of accoustics. 3. Remember, when there is a change in the position of the organ, there is a corresponding change in the sounds. 4. in words where 1 and n precede ch, the sound of t intervenes in the pronunciation: filch, blanch, wench, inch, bench, &c. 5. Beware of omissions and additions; Boston notion, not Boston ocean. Regain either, not regain Leither. Anecdote. The Rev. Mr. Whitfield— was once accused, by one of his hearers, of wandering in his discourse; to which he replied: “If you will ramble like a lost sheep, I must off. after you.” TruthComes to us with a slow—and doubtful step; Measuring the ground she treads on, and forever Turning her curious eye, to see that all Is right—behind; and, with keen survey, Choosing her onward path.

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Proverbs. 1. It is not the burthen, but the orer-burthen, that kills the beast. 2. The death of youth is a shipwreck. 3. There is no disputing of tastes, appetites, and fancies. 4. When the for preaches, let the geese beware. 5. Almsgiving—never made a man poor; nor robbery– rich ; nor prosperity—wise. 6. A lie, begets a lie, till they come to generations. 7...Anger—is often more hurtful than the injury that caused it. 8. Better late ripe, and bear, than blossom, and blast. 9. Experience—is the mother of science. 10. He that will not be counselled, can not be helped. 11. Expose one's evils, and he will either forsake them, or hate you for the erposure. 12. Do not hurry a free horse. 13. Everything would live.

Gradations. The dawn, the deep light, the sun-rise, and the blaze of day! what softness and gentleness " all is graduated, and yet, all is decisive. Again, observe how winter—passes into spring, each— weakened by the struggle; then, steals on the summer, which is followed by the maturity of autumn. Look also at the gradations and commingling , of infancy, childhood, Jouth, manhood and age : how beautiful the series 1 and all this may be seen—in the successive developments of the human mind: —there is first sense, then ancy, imagination and reason,<-each of which—is the ground, or continent, of all that succeed : sense—is the rude germ, or crust of the {..." which is the full-fledged bird, freed rom its confinement and limited notices, and soaring aloft, unrestrained, in the luxuries of its new being ; then, succeeds imagination, a well regulated fancy, that emulates the work of reason, while it borrows the hues—of its immediate parent ; and reason —is the full and perfect ãomo of all that sense—originally contain'd, fancy—decorated, and imagination—designed—in a thousand forms: thus reason—combines the whole, and from the whole, thro' the light of the Supreme Mind, deduces her conclusions : thus, shall the gradations, or series of developments, continue in the good, and the true—to all eternity

Varieties. 1. How many years intervened—between the discovery of the mariner's compass, in 1302, and the discovery of America o 2. The covetous man—is as much deprived of what he has, as of what he has not ; for he enjoys neither. , 3. Ah! who can tell, how hard it is to climb the steep, where Fame's proud temple shines afar, checked by the scoff of Pride, by Envy's frown, and Poverty's unconquerable bar! 4. A man of cultivated mind, can converse with a picture, and find an agreeable companion in a statue. 5. Little mentriumph over the errors of great ones, as an owl-rejoices at an eclipse of the sun. 6. The eternal and natural worlds are so united, as to make but one ; like the soul and the body. 7. What is the difference between good sense, and wit?

A villain, when he most seems kind, Is most to be suspected.

132. Be perfectly distinct in your articulation, or you cannot become an easy, graceful, effective and natural elocutionist; therefore, practice on the vowels and consonants, as here recommended, separately and combined. If your utterance is rapid, and indistinct, your reading and speaking, will not be listened to with much pleasure, or profit. A hint—to those who would be wise, is suf


133. The second sound of N, is that of Ng, before hard g, and often 2. \

before hard c, k and q under the accent. BANK; con-gress con- (o quers the strang-ling don-key, No.7 and sanc-tions the lank con-clave IN in BANK.) in punc-til-ious con-course: the san-guine un-cle, ana:-ious to ling-er much long-er among the tink-ling in-gots, jin-gles his rinkled fin-ger over the lin-guist’s an-gu-lar shrunk shanks. 134. The common mode of teaching elocution is considered the true one, because it has been so long admitted and practiced : the old have become familiar with it, and follow it from habit, as their predecessors did; and the rising generation receive it on trust: thus, they pass on, striving to keep each other in countenance: hence it is, that most of our bad habits, in this important art, are born in the primary school, brought up in the academy, and graduated in the college; if we proceed so far in our education. Is not an entire revolution necessary. 135. Irregulars. Ng have generally this sound. In cultivating and strength-en-ing the un-der-stand-ing, by stud-y-ing, read-ing, wri-ting, cy-pher-ing, and speak-ing, I am think-ing of con-tend-ing for go-ing to singing meet-ing; in re-lin-quish-ing your standing in the crisp-ing fry-ing pan, by jump-ing o-ver the wind-ing rail-ing, you may be sailing on the boil-ing 0-cean, where the limp-ing her-rings are skip-ping, and danc-ing, around some-thing that is laugh-ing and cry-ing, sleep-ing and wa-king, low-ing and smi-ling. Notes. 1. This nasal diphthonzal vocal consonant sound, may be made by drawing the tongue back, closing the passage from the throat into the mouth, and directing the sound through the nose; as in giving the name sound of w; it can be distinctly perceived by protonging, or singing the no sound in the word sing. 2. If the accent be on the syllable beginning with g and chard, and k, and q, the n may take its name sound; as, con-grat-u-late, con-cur, con-clude, &c. 3. The three sounds of m and n, are the only nasal ones in our language. 4. Some consonant sounds are continuous: the 1st, 33, and 4th of c : the 2nd off, the third of g, l, m, n, r, &c. are examples; others are abrupt or discrete; as, b, d, p, k, t, &c.; so we have continuous sounds, (the long ones, ) and abrupt or discrete ones, (the short.) Anecdote. Equality. When Lycurgus, king of Sparta, was to reform and change the government, one advised him, that it should be reduced to an absolute popular equality : “Sir,"—said the lawgiver, “be. gin it in your own house first. Love—reckons hours—for months, and day—for years; And every little absence—is an age.

Proverbs. 1. A miss, is as good as a mile. 2. A man is a lion in his own cause. 3. He that has too many irons in the fire, will find that some of them will be apt to burn. 4. It is not an art to play; but it is a very good art to leave off play. 5. Beyond the truth, there is nothing but error; and beyond error, there is madness. 6. He, who deals with a blockhead, has need of much brains. 7. The burnt child dreads the fire. 8. When one will not, two cannot quarrel. 9. Words from the mouth, die in the ears; but words from the heart —stay there. 11. Young folks—think old folks fools; but old folks know that young ones are. 11. First know what is to be done, then do it. 12. The tongue, without the heart, speaks an unknown tongue. 13. Remember the reckoning. The three essentials—of every existence are an inmost, a middle and an outmost: i. e. an end, a cause, and an effect: the end is the inmost, the cause is the middle, and the effect the outmost, or ultimate. Ex. Man is one existence, and yet consists of a soul, or inmost principle, a body, or middle principle, and an activity, or ultimate principle. In his soul are ends, or motives to action; in his body are causes, or ways and means of action; and in his life are effects, or actions themselves : if either were wanting, he could not be a man ; for, take away his soul, and his body would die for want of a first principle to live from ; take away his body, and his soul could not act in the natural world, for want of a suitably organized instrument; take away his life, or the activity of his body from his soul, and both soul and body would cease to exist for lack of erercise. In other words, MAN consists of will, or inmost ; understanding, or intermediate; and activity, or ultimate. It is evident, that without willing, his understanding would never think, and devise means of acting ; and without understanding, his will—could not effect its purpose; and without action—that willing and understanding would be of no use.

varieties. 1. The thief—is sorry he is to be punished, but not that he is a thief. 2. Some—are o in fair weather. 3. Is the casket—more valuable than the jewel it contains 4. Indolence—is a stream that flows slowly on ; yet it undermines every virtue. 5. All outward existence—is only the shadow of that, which is truly real; because its very correspondence. 6. Should we act from policy, or from principle * , 7. The prayer oft. memory is a reflected light, like that of the moon; that of the understanding alone, is as the light of the sun in winter; but that of the heart, like the light and heat united, as in spring or summer, and so also, is all discourse from them, and all worship.

The Flight of years.

Gone I gone forever t—Like a rushing ware
Another year—has burst upon the shore
Of earthly being—and its last low tones,
Wandering in broken accents on the air,
Are dying—to an echo.

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