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95. Let the position be erect, and the body balanced on the foot upon which you stand: banish all care and anariety from the mind; let the forehead be perfectly smooth, the lungs entirely quiescent, and make every ef. fort from the abdominal region. To expand the thorax and become straight, strike the PALMs of the hands together before, and the backs of them behind, turning the thumbs tupward : do all with a united action of the body and mind, the center of exertion being in the small of the back; be in earnest, but
husband your breath and strength; breathes
often, and be perfectly free, easy, independent, and natural.
98. Irregulars, Gh and Ph frequently have this sound; Phil-ip Brough, laugh’d enough at the phantoms of the her-maph-rodite phi-los-o-phy, to make the nymph Saphi-ra have a phthis-i-cal hic-cough; the seraph’s draught of the proph-e-cy was lith-ograph’d for an eph-a of phos-pho-res-ent maph-tha, and a spher-i-cal trough of tough phys-ic.
Notes. 1. To make this dento-labial aspirate, press the under lip against the upper fore teeth, as seen in the engraving, and blow out the first sound of the word f-ire! 2. Gh, are silent in drought, burrough, nigh, high, brought, dough, flight, etc.; and Ph and h in phthis-i-cal. 3. The difficulty of applying rules, to the pronunciation of our language, may be illustrated by the two following lines, where ough is pronounced in different ways; as o, us, off, ow, co, and ock. Though the tough cough and hiccough plough me through, O'er life's dark lough my course I will pursue.
Anecdote. Natural Death. An old man, who had been a close observer all his life, when dangerously sick, was urged by his friends, to take advice of a quack; but objected, saying, “I wish to die a natural death.”
The patient mind, by yielding—overcomes.
Proverbs. 1. Hope—is a good breakfast, but a bad supper. 2. It is right to put everything to its proper use. 3. Open confession—is good for the soul. 4. Pride—must have a fall. 5. The lower mill-stone—grinds as well as the upper one. 6. Venture not all in one ressel. 7. what one ardently desires, he easily believes. 8. Yielding—is sometimes the best way of succeeding. 9. A man that breaks his word, bids others be false to him. 10. Amendment—is repentance. 11. There is nothing useless to a person of sense. 12. The hand of the diligent—maketh rich.
Patience and Perseverance. Let any one consider, with attention, the structure of a common engine to raise water. Let him observe the intricacy of the machinery, and behold in what vast quantities one of the heaviest elements is forced out of its course; and then let him reflect how many experiments must have been tried in vain, how many obstacles overcome, before a frame of such wonderful variety in its parts, could have been successfully put together: after which consideration let him pursue his enterprise with hope of success, supportin the spirit of industry, by thinking how muc may be done by patience and perseverance.
Varieties. Was the last war with England—justifiable? 2. In every thing you undertake, have some definite object in mind. 3. Persons of either sex—may captivate, by assuming a feigned character; but when the deception is found out, disgrace and unhappiness will be the consequences of the fraud. 4. All truths—are the forms of heavenly loves; and all falsities—are the forms of infernal loves. 5. While we co-operate with Nature, we cannot labor too much—for the development and perfection of body and mind; but when we force or contradict her, so far from mending and improving “the human form divine,” we actually degrade it below the brute. 6. How ridiculous some people make themselves appear, by giving their opinions for or against a thing, with which they are unacquainted / 7. The law of God is divine and eternal, and no person has a right to alter, add, or diminish, one word: it must speak for itself, and stand by itself. Who needs a teacher—to admonish him, [mist? That flesh—is grass 2 That earthly things—are What are our joys—but dreams ? and what our But goodly shadows in the summer cloud 1 [hopes, There's not a trind that blows, but bears with it Some rainbow promise. Not a moment flies, But puts its sickle—in the fields of life, [cares. And mows its thousands, with their joys and Our early days t—How often—back We turn—on Life's bewildering track, To where, o'er hill, and valley, plays The sunlight of our early days 1 A monkey, to reform the times, Resolved to visit foreign clines.
99. He who attempts to make an inroad on the existing state of things, though evidently for the better, will find a few to encourage and assist him, in effecting a useful reform; and many who will treat his honest exertions with resentment and contempt, and cling to their old errors with a fonder pertinacity, the more vigorous is the effort to tear them from their arms. There is more hope of a fool, than of one wise in his own conceit.
100. The second sound of F, is that or v OF; (never off, nor uv;) there-of here-of, where-of; the S-Lo. only words in our language, in /4a.s. which F, has this sound: a (\o- )
[F in OF...]
piece of cake, not a piece-ucake, nor a piece-ur-cake.
101. Muscle Breakers. Thou waft'd'st the rickety skiff over the mountain height cliffs, and clearly saw'st the full orb'd moon, in whose silvery and effulgent light, thou reefd'st the haggled sails of the ship-wrecked vessel, on the rock-bound coast of Kamscat-ka. He was an unamiable, disrespectful, incommunicative, ;..."...s. dable, unmanageable, intolerable and pusilanimous old bachelor. Get the latest amended edition of Charles Smith's Thucyd-i-des, and study the colonist's best interests.
103. FAULTs in articulation, early contracted, are suffered to gain strength by habit, and grow so inveterate by time, as to be almost incurable. Hence, parents should assist their children to pronounce correctly, in their first attempts to speak, instead of permitting them to pronounce in a faulty manner: but some, so far from endeavoring to correct them, encourage them to go on in their baby talk; thus cultivating a vicious mode of articulation. Has wisdom fled from men; or was she driven away 7
Notes. 1. This diphthonzal sound, is made like that of f. with the addition of a voice sound in the larynx: see engraving. 2. A modification of this sound, with the upper lipover-lapping the under one, and blowing down on the chin, gives a very good imitation of the humble.bee. 3. Avoid saying gim me some, for give me some; I haint got any, for I have not got any; I don't luff to go; for, I don't love, (like rather,) to go; you'll has to do it; for you will hare to do it.
What is a man,
If his chief good and market of his time,
Proverbs. 1. A good cause makes a stout heart, and a strong arm. 2. Better ten guilty persons escape, than one innocently suffer. 3. Criminals—are punished, that crime may be prerented. 4. Drunkenness—turns a man out of himself, and leaves a beast in his room. 5. He that goes to church, with an evil intention, goes on the deril's errand. 6. Most things have handles; and a wise man takes hold of the best. 7. Our flatterers—are our most dangerous enemies; yet they are often in our own bosom. 8. Porerty—makes a man acquainted with strange bedfellows. 9. Make yourself all honey, and the flies will be sure to devour you. 10. Many talk like philosophers, and live like fools. 11. A stitch in time—saves nine. 12. The idle man's head, is the devil's workshop.
Anecdote, School master and pupil. A school master—asked a boy, one very cold winter morning, what was the Latin—for the word cold: at which the boy hesitated, —saying, I have it at my finger’s ends.
Ourselves and Others. That mandeserves the thanks of his country, who connects with his own—the good of others. The philosopher—enlightens the world ; the manufacturer—employs the needy; and the merchant—gratifies the rich, by procuring the varieties of every clime. The miser, altho’ he may be no burden on society, yet, thinking only of himself, affords no one else—either profit, or pleasure. As it is not of any one—to have a very large share of happiness, that man will, of course, have the largest portion, who makes himself—a partner in the happiness of others. The hENEvoleNT—are sharers in every one's joys.
Varieties. 1. Ought not the study of our language be made part of our education 2 2. He who is slowest in making a promise, is generally the most faithful in performing it. 3. They who are governed by reason, need no other motive than the goodness of a thing, to induce them to practice it. 4. A reading people—will become a thinking people; and then they are capable of becoming a rational and a great people. 5. The happiness of every one—depends more on the state of his own mind, than on any external circumstance; nay, more than all external things put together. 6. There is no one so despicable, but may be able, in some way, and at some time, to revenge our impositions. 7. Desire—seeks an end z the nature of the desire, love and life, may be known by its end.
when lowly Merit—feels misfortune's blow,
whose nature is—so far from doing harm, That he suspects none.
104. In all schools, one leading object should be, to teach the science and art of reading and speaking with effect: they ought, indeed, to occupy seven-fold more time than at present. Teachers should strive to improve themselves, as well as their pupils, and feel, that to them are committed the future orators of our country. A first-rate reader is much more useful than a first-rate performer on a piano, or any other artificial instrument. Nor is the voice of song sweeter than the voice of eloquence: there may be eloquent readers, as well as eloquent speakers.
105. G has three sounds: first, name sound, or that of J, before e, i, and y, generally: GEM ; Gem-eral Ghent, of gi-ant ge-nius, suggests that the o-rig-i-nal mag-ic of the frag-ile gip-sey has gener-a-ted the gen-e-al-o-gy of Georgi-um Si-dus; the geor-gics of George German are ex-ag-er-a-ted by the pan-e-gyr-ics of the log-i-cal ser-geant; hy-dro-gen, og-ygen and ging-seng, ger-min-ate gen-teel ginger-bread for the o-rig-i-nal ab-o-rig-i-nes of Ge-me-va.
106. It is of the first importance, that the reader, speaker and singer be free and unrestrained in his manner; so as to avoid using the chest as much as possible, and also of being monotomous in the flow of his words: thus, there will be perfect correspondence— of the feelings, thoughts and actions. Look out upon Nature; all is free, varied, and erpressive; such should be our delivery. Nature—abhors monotony, as much as she does a vacuuill.
107. Irregulars. J generally has this sound. The je-june judge just-ly jeal-ous of Ju-lia’s joy, joined her to ju-ba James in June or July; the ju-ry jus-ti-fy the joke, in jerk-ing the jave-lin of Ju-pi-ter from the jol-ly Jes-u-it, and jam-ming it into the jovi-al Jew, to the jeop-ar-dy of the jeer-ing jock-ey.
Notes. 1. This triphthongal sound, as are most of the other vocal consonants, is composed of a vocal and aspirate. To make it, compress the teeth, and begin to pronounce the word judge, very loud; and when you have made a sound, e. i. got to the u, stop instantly, and you will perceive the proper sound; or begin to pronounce the letter g, but put no e to it: see engraving. 2. The three sounds, of which this is composed, are that of the name sound of d, and those of e, and h, combined. 3. Breath as well as voice sounds, may be arrested, or allowed to escape, according to the nature of the sound to be produced.
Anecdote. A pedlar—overtook another of his tribe on the road, and thus accosted him: “Hallo, friend, what do you carry 2” “Rum and Whisky,”—was the prompt reply. “Good,” said the other; “you may go ahead; I carry gravestones.”
The quiet sea,
Proverbs. 1. He that seeks trouble, it were a pity he should miss it. 2. Honor and ease—are seldom bed-fellows. 3. It is a miserable sight to see a poor man proud, and a rich man avaricious. 4. One cannot fly without wings. 5. The fairest rose at last is withered. 6. The best evidence of a clegyman’s usefulness, is the holy lives of his parishoners. 7. We are rarely so unfortunate, or so happy, as we think we are. 8. A friend in need, is a friend indeed. 9. Bought wit is the best, if not bought too dear. 10. Disputations— leave truth in the middle, and the parties at both ends. 11. We must do and live. 12. A diligent pen supplies many thoughts.
Authority and Truth. Who has not observed how much more ready mankind are to bow to the authority of a name, than yield to the evidence of truth? However strong and incontestible—the force of reasoning, and the array of facts of an individual, who is unknown to fame, a slavish world —will weigh and measure him by the obscurity of his name. Integrity, research, science, philosophy, fact, truth, and goodness—are no shield against ridicule, and misrepresentation. Now this is exceedingly humiliating to the freed mind, and shows the great necessity of looking at the truth itself for the evidence of truth. Hence, we are not to believe what one says, because he says it, but because we see that it is true : this course is well calculated to make us independent reasoners, speakers, and writers, and constitute us, as we were designed to be—FREEMEN, in feeling, thought and act.
Varieties. 1. How long was it, from the discovery of America, in 1492, by Columbus, to the commencement of the Revolutionary War, in 1775? 2. Most of our laws would never have had an eristence, if evil actions had not made them necessary. 3. The grand secret—of never failing—in propriety of deportment, is to have an intention—of always doing what is right. 4. Only that, which is sown here, will be reap'd hereafter. 5. Is there more than one God? 6. The human race is so connected, that the well intentioned efforts of each individual—are never lost; but are propagated to the mass; so that what one—may ardently desire, another —may resolutely endeavor, and a third, or tenth, may actually accomplish. 7. All thought is dependent on the will, or voluntary principle, and takes its quality therefrom : as is the will, such is the thought; for the thought—is the will, in form, and the state of the will—may be known by that form. Go abroad, upon the paths of Nature, and when Its voices whisper, and its silent things [all Are breathing the deep beauty of the world, Kneel at its simple altar, and the God, Who hath the living waters—shall be there.
| 108. Elocution—is not, as some erroneously suppose, an art of something artificial in tones, looks and gestures, that may be learned by imitation. The principles teach us—to exhibit truth and nature dressed to advantage: its objects are, to enable the reader, and speaker, to manifest his thoughts, and feelings, in the most pleasing, perspicuous, and forcible manner, so as to charm the affections, enlighten the understanding, and leave the deepest, and most permanent impression, on the mind of the attentive hearer. 109. The second sound of G, is hard, or gutteral, before a, o, u, l, r, and often before e, and i ; also, 7. at the end of monosyllables, and s sometimes at the end of dissyllables, and their preceding syllables. GAME; a giddy goose 16 in GAME.] got a ci-gar, and gave it to a gan-grene beggar: Scrog-gins, of Brob-dig-nag, growls over his green-glass gog-gles, which the big ne-gro gath-er-ed from the bog-gy quag-mire; a gid-dy gig-gling girl glides into the grogge-ry, and gloats over the gru-el in the great pig-gin of the rag-ged grand-mother, exclaim-ing, dig or beg, the game is gone. 110. Foreigners and natives may derive essential aid from this system of mental and vocal philosophy; enabling them to read and speak the language correctly; which they most certainly ought to do, before they are employed in our schools : for whatever children learn, they should learm correctly. Good teachers are quite as necessary in the primary school, as in the Academy or College: at least, so thought Philip, king of Macedon, when he sent his son Alexander to Aristotle, the great philosopher, to learn his letters : and Alexander says, he owed more to his teacher, than to his father. 111. Irregulars. Gh, in a few words, has this sound: tho’, strictly speaking, the h is silent. The ghast-ly bur-gher stood aghast to see the ghost of the ghyll, eat the #oly gher-kins in, the ghos-tly burgh, hey are silent in—the neigh-bors taught their daugh-ters to plough with de-light, though they caught a fur-lough; &c. Notes. 1. This vocal sound is made, by pressing the roots of the tongue against the uvula, so as to close the throat, and beginning to say go, without the of the sound is intercepted lower down than that of first d, and the jaw dropped more; observe also the vocal and aspirate; the sound is finished, however, in this, as in all other instances of making the vocal consonants, by the organs resuming their natural position, either for another effort, or for silence. 2. If practice enables persons with half the usual number of fingers to accomplish whatever manual labor they undertake; think, how much may be done in this art, by those who possess their vocal organs complete, provided they pursue the course here indicated,—there is nothing like these vocal gymnastics. 'Tis autumn. Many, and many a fleeting age Hath faded, since the primal morn of Time ; And silently the slowly journeying years, All redolent of countless seasons, pass.
112. Freedom of Thought. Beware of pinning your faith to another's sleeve—of forming your own opinion entirely on that of another. Strive to attain to a modest independence of mind, and keep clear of leadingstrings: follow no one, where you cannot see the road, in which you are desired to walk; otherwise, you will have no confidence in your own judgment, and will become a changeling all your days. Remember the old adage—“let every tub stand on its own bottom /** And, “never be the mere shadow of another.”
Proverbs. 1. He dies like a beast, who has done no good while he lived. 2. 'Tis a base thing to betray a man, because he trusted you. 3 Knares—imagine that nothing can be done without knavery. 4. He is not a wise man, who pays more for a thing than it is worth. 5. Learning— is a sceptre to some, and a bauble—to others. 6. JWo tyrant can take from you your knowledge. 7. Only that which is honestly got—is true gain. 8. Pride—is as loud a beggar as want ; and a great deal more saucy. 9. That is a bad child, that goes like a top ; no longer than it is whipped. 10. It is hard for an empty bag to stand upright. 11. Learn to bear disappointment cheerfully. 12. Eradicate your prejudices.
Anecdote. A sharp Eye. A witness, during the assizes, at York, in England, after several ineffectual attempts to go on with his story, declared, “he could not proceed in his testimony, if Mr. Brougham did not take his eyes off from him.”
varieties. 1. Which does society the most injury, the robber, the slanderer, or the murderer? 2. In every period of life, our talents may be improved, and our mind expanded by education. 3. The mind is powerful, in proportion as it possesses powerful truths, reduced to practice. 4. Give not the meats and drinks of a man, to a child; for how should they do jo 5. A proverb, well applied at the end of a phrase, often makes a very happy conclusion : , but beware of using such sentences too often. 6. Extravagant—and misplaced eulogiums—neither honor the one, who bestows them, nor the person, who receives them. 7. Apparent truth—has its use, but genuine truth a greater use : and hence, it is the part of wisdom-to seek it. "Tis midnight's holy hour—and rilence now is brooding, like a gentle Spirit, o'er The still and pulseless world. Hark! on the winds The bell's deep tones are swelling,-'tis the knell Of the departed year. No funcral train Is sweeping past,-yet, on the stream, and wood, With melancholy light, the moonbeans rest, Like a pale, spotless throud, the air is stirred, As by a mourner's sigh—and on yon cloud, That floats on still and placidly through heaven, The Spirits—of the Seasons—seem to stand ; Young Spring, bright Summer, Autumn's solemn form, And Winter, with his aged locks, and breathe, In mournful cadences, that come abroad Like the far wind-harp's wild and touching wail, A melancholy dirge—o'er the dead yearGone, from the Earth, forever.
113. These principles of oratory—are well calculated to accustom the mind to the closest investigation and reasoning ; thus, affording a better discipline for the scientific, rational, and affectuous faculties of the mind, than even the study of the mathematics: for the whole man is here addressed, and all his mental powers, and all his acquirements, are called into requisition. This system is a fiery ordeal; and those who pass through it, understandingly, and practically, will come out purified as § fire; it solves difficulties, and leads the mind to correct conclusions, respecting what one is to do, and what one is not to do. 114. The third sound of G is that of Zh; which, tho' common to s #. o: o to this #. *R*. rom the French; or, perhaps we should say, the words . (**) which G has this sound, are \ \ov French words not Anglicised —or made into English. The pro-te-ge (pro-ta-zha, a person protected, or patronized,) during his bad-e-nage, (bad-enazh, light or playful discourse,) in the menog-eory, (a place for the collection of wild animals, or their collection,) on the mi-rage, (me-razh, an optical illusion, presenting an image of water in sandy deserts,) put rouge, (roozh, red paint for the face,) on the chare-d'af-fair, (shar-zha-dif-fare, an ambassaor, or minister of secondary rank.) 115. This work informs i. pupil, as the master workman does the apprentice : it teaches the principles, or rules, and the way to apply them; and when they are thus applied to practice, he has no more use for them: indeed, its rules and directions serve him the same purpose as the guide-post does the traveler; who, after visiting the place, towards which it directs, has no further need of of it. 116. Irregulars. Soften has this sound. and Z, generally. The az-ure ad-he-sion to the am-bro-sial en-clo-sures is a ro-se-ate treas.ure of vis-ions of pleas-ures; the seizure of the viz-ier's en-thu-si-asm is an inva-sion of the gla-zier's di-wi-sions of the scis-sors; the j. takes the bra-zier's cro-sier with a-bra-sions and cor-ro-sions by ex-po-sure, and treas-ures it up without e. lis-ions. Notes. 1. This vocal triphthonzal consonant sound may be made, by placing the organs, as if to pronounce sh in thow, and adding a voice sound, from the larynx; or, by drawing out the wound of the imaginary word zhure, Zh-ure. 2. Analyze these sounds thus; give the first sound of c, keep the teeth still compressed, add the aspirate of h, and then prefix the vocality; or reverse the process. G is silent in—the malign phlegm of the poig-nant snat, impregns the en-sign's di-a-phragm, and snaws into Char-le-magne's se-ragl-io. - - Anecdote. A considerate Minister. A very dull clergyman, whose delivery was monotonotts .# ninteresting to his hearers, putting many of the old folks asleep—said to the boys, who were playing in the gallery; “Don’t make so much noise there; you will awake your parents below.” For me, my lot—was what I sought; to be, In life, or death, the fearless, and the frue.
Proverbs. 1. Impudence, and wit, are vastly different. 2. Keep thy shop, and thy shop will keep thee. 3. Listeners—hear no good of themselves. 4. Make hay while the sun shines. 5. An ounce of discretion is worth a pound of writ. 6. Purposing, without performing, is mere fooling. 7. Quiet persons—are welcome every where. 8. Some have been thought brace, because they were afraid to run away. 9. A liar—is a braro towards God, and a coward towards men. 10. Without a friend, the world is a wilderness 11. A young man idle,_an old man—needy. 12. Resolution, without action, is a slothful folly.
Reading Rooms. Incalculable good might be done to the present and the rising generation, by the establishment, in every, town and village in our country, of Public Reading Rooms, to be supported by voluntary subscription: indeed, it would be wise in town authorities to sustain such institutions of knowledge by direct taration. Oh! when shall we wake up to a consideration of things above the mere love of money-making.
Varieties. 1. Did Napoleon-do more evil than good—to mankind 2. A necessary part of good manners—is a punctual observation of time; whether on matters of civility, business, or pleasure. 3. It is absurd—to expect that your friends will remember you, after you have thought proper to forget them, 4. How much pain has borrowed trouble cost us. 5. Adversity—has the effect of eliciting talents, which, in prosperous circumstances, would have lain dormant. 6. When the infidel would persuade you to abandon the Bible, tell him you will, when he will bring you a better book, 7. When the mind becomes persuaded of the truth of a thing, it receives that thing, and it becomes a part of the person's life : what men seek, they find.
The spacious firmament—on high,
Soon as the evening shades prevail,
What, though, in solemn silence, all