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mentary and combined sounds, is essential to my becoming a good elocutionist, and is an excellent preparation for studying any of them, or I cannot succeed in acquiring a jo, graceful and effective enunciation; but resolution, self-erertion will try them and see. 74. The second sound of C, is hard, or like k, before a, o, u, k, l, § o words and syllables. Came, car, ( call, cap; cove, coon, cot; cute cut, crude; coil, cloud; Clark craw-fish to cram his cow; the croak-ing scep-tic, in rac-coon moc-a-sins, suc-cumbs to the arc-tic spec-ta-cle, and ac-com-mothe e-clip-tic; the crowd claims the clocks, and climbs the cliffs to clutch the crows that craunched the bu-col-ics of the mi-cro-cosm. uiescent, in breathing, speaking and singg; and the dorsal and abdominal muscles be principally used for these purposes. All lar; but they become perverted, during their primary education : hence, the author introduces an entirely new mode of learning read without a book, and then with a book; the same as we learn to talk. The effort— to produce sounds, and to breathe, must be to ; thus by the practice of expelling, (not exploding) the vowel sounds, we return to truth and nature. sound; (the his silent;) also q and k-always when not silent; the queer co-quette kicks the chi-mer-i-cal ar-chi-tect, for cat-e-chiac-ter of the chro-mat-ic cho-rus ; Tich-icus Schenck, the quid-nunc me-chan-ic of Mu-nich, qui-et-ly quits the ar-chieves ca-cher-y of cac-o-tech-ny; the piq-uant crit-ic quaked at the quilt-ing, and asked ques-tions of the quorum of quil-ters. legitimate function of sound, which is an element prior to, and within language. The affections produce the varieties of sound, speech, manifests both the quality and quantity of the affection: hence, all the music is in the vowel sounds : because, all music is vowels are its only mediums of manifesta: tion. As music proceeds from affection and is addressed to the affection, a person does tion; nor does a person truly listen, and derive the greatest enjoyment from the music, unless he yields himself fully to the af.
73. A perfect knowledge of these elethe modern languages: I must master and perseverance are almost omnipotent ; I t; and jo. at the end comes to catch clams, crabs and sc in CAR.] dates his ac-counts to the oc-cult stuc-co of 75. The chest should be comparatively children are maturally right, in this particuthe letters, of spelling, and of teaching to made from the lower muscles, above alluded
76. Irregulars. Ch often have this sing the crit-i-cal choir about the charof the Tus-can mosque, on ac-count of the
77. The expression of affection is the whether of joy or of grief; and sound, in from the affectuous part of the mind, and not truly sing, unless he sings from affecsection, which the music inspires.
Notes. 1. To produce this gutteral aspirate, whisper the imaginary word huh, (u short; ) or the word book, in a whisper. ing voice, and the last sound is the one required: the posterior, or root of the tongue being pressed against the uvula, or veil of the palate. 2. Observe the difference between the names of letters, and their peculiar founds. In giving the names of consonants, we use one, or more vowels, which make no part of the consonaut sound; thus, we call the letter C by the name sce; but the ec make no part of its sound, which is simply a hiss, made by fore. ing the air from the lungs, through the teeth, when they are shut, as indicated by the engraving; similar facts attend the other consonants. 3, H, is silent before n;—as the knavish knight knuckled and kneeled to the knit knobs of the knees' knick-knacks, &c.; Gh, have this sound in lough, (lock, a lake; Irish;) hough, (hock, joint of a hind leg of a beast.)
Proverbs. 1. Every dog has his day, and every man his hour. 2. Forbid a fool a thing, and he'll do it. 3. He must rise betimes, that would please every body. 4. It is a long lane that has no turning. 5. Judge not of a ship, as she lies on the stocks. 6. Let them laugh that win. 7. No great loss but there is some small gain. 8. Never too old to learn. 9. No condition so low, but may have hopes; and none so high, but may have fears. 10. The noise man thinks he knows but little; the fool—thinks he knows all. 11. Idleness—is the mother of vice. 12. When liquor is in, sense—is out.
Anecdote. William Penn—and Thomas Story, on the approach of a shower, took shelter in a tobacco -house; the owner of which—happened to be within: he said to the traveler,-"You enter without leave;— do you know who I am 2 I am a Justice of the Peace.” To which Mr. Story replied— “My friend here—makes such things as thee;—he is Governor of Pennsylvania.”
Eternal Progress. It is not only comforting, but encouraging, to think that mind—is awaking ; that there is universal progress. Men are borne onward, whether they will or not. It does not matter, whether they believe that it is an impulse from within, or above, that impels them forward; or, whether they acknowledge that it is the onward tendency of things, controlled by Divine Providence : onward they must go, and, in time, they will be blessed with a clearness of vision, that will leave them at no loss for the whys and the wherefores.
Varieties. 1. To pay great attention to trifles, is a sure sign of a little mind. 2. Which is worse, a bad education, or no education? 3. The mind must be occasionally indulged with relaaration, that it may return to study and reflection with increased vigor. 4. Love, and love only, is the loan for love. 5. To reform measures, there must be a change of men. 6. Sudden and violent changes—are not often productive of advantage—to either church, state or individual. 7. True and sound reason-must ever accord with scripture: he who appeals to one, must appeal to the other; for the word within us, and the word without us—are
one, and bear testimony to each other.
80. Vowels—are the mediums of conveying the affections, which impart life and warmth to speech; and consonants, of the thoughts, which give light and form to it; hence, all letters that are not silent, should be given fully and distinctly. The reason— why the brute creation cannot speak, is, because they have no understanding, as men have; consequently, no thoughts, and of course, no articulating organs: therefore, they merely sound their affections, instead of speaking them; being guided and influenced by instinct, which is a power given them for their preservation and continuance. 81. Irregulars. S, Z, and X, sometimes are thus pronounced ; as, the pres-i-dent resigns his is-o-la-ted hou-ses, and ab-solves the grea-sy hus-sars of Is-lam-ism ; the puz-zler puz-zles his brains with na-sal pains, buz-zes about the trees as much as he plea-ses, and re-sumes the zig-zag giz-zards of Xera:-es with dis-sol-wing huz-zas, Xan-thus and Xen-o-phon dis-band the pis-mires, which dis-dain to dis-guise their dis-mal phiz-es with their gris-ly beards; Zion's zeal breathes zeph-yrs upon the paths of truths, where resides the soul, which loves the tones of music coming up from Nat-ure’s res-o-nant tem-ples. Notes. 1. This vocal diphthongal sound is made by closing the teeth, as in making the name sound of C, and producing the 21 sound of a in the larynx, ending with a hissing sound; or it may be made by drawing out the sound of z in z. --est. 2, S, following a vocal consonant, generally sounds like Z: tubs, adds; eggs; needs; pens; cars, &c.; but following an aspirate, or breath consonant, it sounds like c in cent, facts, tips, muffs, cracks, &c. would you taste the tranquil scene 1. Be sure—your bosom be serene : Devoid of hate, devoid of strife, Devoid of all, th’t poisons life. And much it 'rails you—in their place, To graft the love of human race. Be always as merry as ever you can, For no oue delights in a sorrowful man.
82. The perfection of music, as well as of speech, depends upon giving the full and jree expression of our thoughts and affections, so as to produce corresponding ones in the minds of others. This is not the work of a day, a month, or a year; but of a life; for it implies the full development of mind and body. The present age presents only a faint idea, of what music and oratory are capable of becoming; for we are surrounded, and loaded, with almost as many bad habits (which prevent the perfect cultivation of humanity,) as an Egyptian mummy is of folds of linen. Let the axe of truth, of principle, be laid at the root of every tree that does not bring forth good fruit. Which do we like better—error, or truth 2 Proverbs. 1. A nan may be strong, and not mow well. 2. It is easier to keep out a bad associate, than to get rid of him, after he has been admitted. 3. Consider well what you do, whence you conne, and whither you go. 4. Every fool can find faults, that a great many wise men cannot mend. 5. He who follows his own advice, must take the consequences. 6. In giving, and taking, it is easy mistaking. 7. Letters do not blush. 8. Murder—will out. 9. Nothing that is violent—is permanent. 10. Old foxes want no tutors. 11. The first chapter of fools is, to esteem themselves wise. 12. God—tempers the wind—to the shorn lamb. Anecdote. Doctor-'em. A physician, having been out gaming, but without success, his servant said, he would go into the next field, and if the birds were there, he would ‘doctor-'em.” “Doctor-'em,--what do you mean by that?” inquired his master: “Why, kill 'em, to be-sure,”—replied the servant. Varieties. 1. Which has caused most evil, intemperance, war, or famine? 2. Power, acquired by guilty means, never was, and never will be exercised—to promote good ends. 3. By applying ourselves diligently to any art, science, trade, or profession, we become earpert in it. 4. To be fond of a great variety of dishes—is a sure proof of a perverted stomach. 5. Prosperity —often leads persons to give way to their passions, and causes them to forget whence they came, what they are, and whither they are going. 6. Evil persons—asperse the characters of the good, by malicious tales. 7. Every man and woman have a good— proper to them, which they are to perfect and fill up. To do this—is all that is required of them ; they need not seek to be in the state of another. In pleasure's dream, or sorrow's hour, In crowded hall, or lonely bow'r, The bus'ness of my soul—shall beForever—to remember thee.
s3. Elocution or vocal delivery, relates to the propriety of utterance, and is exhibited by a proper enunciation, inflection and emphasis; and signifies—the manner of delivery. It is divided into two parts; the correct, which respects the meaning of what is read or spoken; that is, such a clear and accurate pronunciation of the words, as will render them perfectly intelligible; and the rhetorical, which supposes feeling ; whose object is fully to convey, and enforce, the entire sense, with all the variety, strength, and beauty, that taste and emotion demand.
84. The fourth sound of C is SH 3 after the ...i o KN \ ia, we, eo, eou, and wou ; O-U1, AN: ju-di-cious Pho-ci-on, te-na-cious (2.ÉHTS: of his lus-cious spe-cies, ap-pre-\\S- ) ci-ates his con-sci-en-tious as-so- [c in CIA.) ci-ate, who e-nun-ci-ates his sap-o-na-cious pre-science: a Gre-cian pro-fi-cient, with ca-pa-cious su-per-fi-cies and hal-cy-on pronun-ci-a-tion, de-pre-ci-ates the fe-ro-cious gla-ciers, and ra-pa-cious pro-vin-cial-isms of Cap-a-do-cia.
85. The business of training youth in Elocution, should begin in childhood, before the contraction of bad habits, and while the characteris in the rapid process of formation. The first school is the NURSERY: here, at least, may be formed a clear and distinct articulation; which is the first requisite for good reading, speaking and singing: nor can case and grace, in eloquence and music, be separated from ease and grace in private life, and in the social circle.
86. Irregulars. S, t, and ch, in many words, are thus pronounced : the lus-cious no-tion of Cham-pagne and prec-ious sugar, in re-ver-sion for partients, is suffi. cient for the ex-pul-sion of tran-sient ir-ration-al-i-ty from the ju-di-cial chev-a-liers of Mich-i-gan, in Chi-ca-go; (She-cau-go,) the nau-se-a-ting ra-ci-oc-i-na-tions of sensu-al char-la-tans to pro-pi-ti-ate the passion-ate mar-chion-ess ..} Che-mung, are mi-nu-ti-a for ra-tion-al. fis-ures to make E-gyp-tian op-ti-cians of. Notes. 1. This wine diphone on may be made. by prolonging the letters sh, in a whisper, sh—ow. See engraving. 2. Reware of prolonging this sound too much. 3. Exercise all the muscular, or fleshy parts of the body, and let your efforts be male from the dorsal region; i.e. the small of the back; thus girding up the loins of the mind 4. If you do not feel refreshed and invigorated by these exercises, after an hour's practice, rest assured you are not in nature's path: if you meet with difficulty, be particular to inform your teacher, who will point out the cause and the remedy. 5. C is silent in Czar, indict, Cne-us, Ctes-i-phon, science, muscle, scene, sceptre, &c.; S, do. in isle, vis-count, island, &c.; Ch, in schism, yacht, (yot.) drachm. True love's the gift, which God has given To man alone, beneath the heaven. It is the secret sympathy, The silver chord, the silken tie, Which, heart—to heart, and mind—to mind, In body, and in soul—can bind.
Pleasant the sun, When first on this delightful land he spreads His orient beams.
Proverbs. 1. He who sows brambles, must not go barefoot. 2. It is better to do well, than to say well. 3. Look before you leap. 4. Nothing is so bad as not to be good for some-thing. 5. One fool in a house is enough. 6. Put off your armor, and then show your courage. 7. A right choice is half the battle. 8. The for—is very cunning; but he is more cunning, that catches him. 9. When a person is in fear, he is in no state for enjoyment. 10. When rogues fall out, honest men get their due. 11. Reward—is certain to the faithful. 12. Deceit–shows a little mind.
Anecdote. A gentleman, who had listened attentively to a long, diffuse and highly ornamented prayer, was asked, by one of the members, “if he did not think their minister was very gifted in prayer.” “Yes;" he replied, ..i think it as good a prayer as was ever offered to a congregation.”
our Persons. If our knowledge of the outlines, proportions, and symmetry of the human form, and of natural attitudes and appropriate gestures were as general as it ought to be, our exercises would be determined by considerations of health, grace and purity of mind; the subject of clothing .. be studied in reference to its true purposes—protection against what is without, and a tasteful adornment of the person; decency would no longer be determined by fashion, nor the approved costumes of the day be at variance with so comfort and ease of carriage ; and in the place of fantastic figures, called fashionably dressed persons, moving in a constrained and artificial manner, we would be arrayed in vestments adapted to our size, shape, and undulating outline of form, and with drapery flowing in graceful folds, adding to the elasticity of our steps, and to the varied movements of the whole body.
varieties. 1. The true statesman will never flatter the people; he will leave that for those, who mean to betray them. 2. Will dying for principles—prove any thing more than the sincerity of the martyr 3. Which is the stronger passion, love, or anger ? 4. Public speakers–ought to live longer, and enjoy better health, than others; and they will, if they speak right. , 5. Mere imitation—is always fruitless ; what we get from others, must be inborn in us, to produce the designed effects. 6. Times of general calamity, and revolution, have ever been productive of the greatest minds. 7. All mere external worship, in which the senses hear, and the mouth speaks, but in which the life—is unconcerned, is perfectly dead, and profiteth nothing, Habitual evils—change not on a sudden ; But many days, and many sorrors, Conscious remorse, and anguish-must be felt, To curb desire, to break the stubborn will, And work a second nature in the soul, Ere virtue—can resume the place she lost.
Let the tenor of my life—speak for me.
87. Good reading and speaking is music; and he who can sit unmoved by their charms, is a stranger to correct taste, and lost in insensibility. A single exhibition of natural eloquence, may kindle a love of the art, in the bosom of an aspiring youth, which, in after life, will impel and animate him—through a long career of usefulness. Self-made men are the glory of the world. 88. D has two sounds; first, its name sound ; DAME ; dart, dawn, s dab; deed, dead; die, did; dole, t do, dog; duke, duck, druid ; so, W doit, doubt; a dan-dy de-fraud- \\ ed his dad-dy of his sec-ondhand-ed sad-dle, and dubbed the [D in D0. ) had-dok a la-dy-bird; the doub-le head-ed pad-dy, nod-ding at noon-day, de-ter-mined to rid-dle ted-ded hay in the fields till doomsday; the dog-ged dry-ads ad-dict-ed to depre-da-tions, robbed the daw-dawn of its dread-ed di-a-dem, and erred and strayed a ood deal the down-ward road to ad-enunl. 89. I must give all the sounds, particularly the final ones, with great care, and never run the words together, making one, out of three. And—is pronounced six different ways; only one of which is right. Some ...} it an, or en ; others, un, nd, or n : and a few—and; thus good-an-bad; causen-effect; loaves-en-fishes, hills-un-groves; pen-un-ink, you-nd I, or youn-I; an-desaid; hooks-en-eyes, wor-sen-worse, pleasure-un-pain; cakes-n-beer, to-un-the; round’n-round, ol-d'n-young, voice-n-ear; breaden-butter; vir-tu-n-vice; Jame-zen-John : solem-un-sub-lime, up-'n-down, pies'-ncakes. I will avoid such glaring faults, and give to each letter its appropriate sound. Notes. 1. Here the delicate ear may perceive the aspirate after the vocal part of d, as after b, and some other letters. The vocal is made, (see engraving,) by pressing the tongue against the gums of the upper fore-teeth, (the incisors, ) and the roof of the mouth, beginning to say d, without the e sound; and the aspirated part, by removing the tongue, and the organs taking their natural positions; but avoid giving the apirate of the vocal consonants, any vocality. 2. By whispering the vocal consonants, the aspirate only is heard. 3. D is silent in hand sel, hand-saw, handsome, hand-ker-chief, and the first d in Wednesday, stadt-holder, and in Dnie-per, (Nee-per, ) and Dnies-ter, (Neo-ter). 4. Do not give the sound of j to d in any word; as-grand-eur, soldier, verd-ure, ed-u-cate, ob-du-rate, cred-u-lous, mod-u-late, &c.; but speak them as though written grand-yur, sold-yur, &c.; the same analogy prevails in ua-ture, fort-une, &c. 5. The following participials and adjectives, should be pronounced without abridgment; a bless-ed man gives unfeign-ed thanks to his learn-ed friend, and below-ed lady; some wing-ed animals are curs-ed things; you say he curs” and bless'd him, for he seign'd that he had learn'd his lessoon. 6. Pronounce words in the Bible, the same as in other books. Anecdote. Blushing. A certain fashionable and dissipated youth, more famed for his red nose, than for his wit, on approaching a female, who was highly rouged, said; “ § ; you blush from modesty." “Pardon me Sir,"—she replied, “I blush from reflection.” Kindness—in woman, not their beauteous looks Shall win my love.
90. As practicing on the gutterals ve
much improves the voice, by giving it dept of tone, and imparting to it smoothness and strength, I will repeat the following, with force and energy, and at the same time convert all the breath into sound: the dis-carded hands dread-ed the sounds of the muffled drums, that broke on the sad-den'd dream-er's ears, mad-dened by des-pair; the blood ebb’d and flow'd from their double dy'd shields, and worlds on worlds, and friends on friends by thousands roll’d.
Proverbs. 1. An irritable and passionate man—is a downright drunkard. 2. Better go to hearen in rags, than to hell, in embroidery. 3. Common sense—is the growth of all countries, but very rare. 4. Death has nothing terrible in it, but what life has made so. 5. Every rice fights against nature. 6. Folly—is never long pleased with itself. 7. Guilt—is always jealous. 8. He that shows his passion, tells his enemy where to hit him. 9. It is pride, not nature, that craves much. 10. Keep out of broils, and you will neither be a principal nor a writness. -11. One dog barking, another soon joins him. 12. JMoney—is a good servant, but a bad master.
Changes. We see that all material ob. jects around us are changing; their colors change just as the particles are disturbed in their relations. This result is not owing to any natural cause, but to the Divine Power. And are there not higher influences more potent, tho' invisible, acting on man's moral nature, pervading the deepest abysses of his affection, and the darkest recesses of his thoughts ; to purify the one, and enlighten the other, and from the chaos of ..". educe order, beauty and happiness f And why is it not changed? Shall we deny to his moral nature, the powers and capacities which we assign to stocks and stones & Or, is the Almighty less, inclined to bring the most highly endowed of his creatures into the harmony and blessedness of his own Divine Order To affirm either would be the grossest reflection on the character of God, and the nature of his works. If man, then, be not changed, so as to reflect the likeness and image of his Creator and Redeemer, it must be in consequence of his own depraved will, and blinded understandwng.
Varieties. 1. Why is the letter D like a sailor 7 because it follows the C. 2. Books, (says Lord Bacon, ) should have no
trons, but truth and reason. 3. Who folows not virtue in youth, cannot fly vice in old age. 4. Never buy-what you do not want, because it is cheap; it will be a dear article to you in the end. 5. Those—bear disappointments the best, who have been most used to them. 6. Confidence—produces more conversation than either wit or talent. 7. Attend well to all that is said ; for nothin xists in vain, either in outward creation, in the mind, in the speech, or in the actions.
.duthors, before they writc, should read.
91. Do not hurry your enunciation of words, precipitating syllable over syllable, and word over word; nor melt them together into a mass of confusion, in pronouncing them; do not abridge or prolong them too much, nor swallow nor force them; but deliver them from your vocal and articulating organs, as golden coins from the mint, accurately impressed, perfectly finished, neatly and elegantly struck, distinct, in due succession, and of full weight.
92. The second sound of D, is that or T, when at the end of words, |-> after c, f, ss, p, q, o, r, ch, and i sh, with silent e, under the ac- (**) cent; FAC’ D : he curs'd his stuff'd shoe, and dipp'd it in [D. in FACD.) poach'd eggs, that escap'd from the vex'd cook, who watch'd the spic'd food with arch'd brow, tripp'd his crisp'd feet, and dash'd them on the mash'd hearth; she pip'd and wisp'd a tune for the watch'd thief who jump'd into the sack'd pan, and scratch'd
is blanch'd face, which eclips'd the chaf 'd horse, that was attach'd and wrapp'd for a tax'd scape-grace.
93. To read and speak with ease, accuracy, and effect, are great accomplishments; as elegant and dignified as they are useful, and important. Many covet the art, but few are willing to make the necessary application; and this makes good readers and speakers, so very rare. Success depends, principally, on the student's own erertions, uniting correct theory with faithful practice.
94. Irregulars. T-generally has this
sound ; the lit-tle tat-ler tit-tered at the taste-ful tea-pot, and caught a tempt-ing tar-tar by his sa-ti-e-ty; the stout Ti-tan took a tell-tale ter-ma-gant and thrust her against the tot-ter-ing tow-crs, for twist-ing the frit-ters; Ti-tus takes the pet-u-lent out-casts, and tos-ses them into na-ture's pas-tures with the tur-tles; the guests of the hosts at-tract a great deal of at-ten-tion, and sub-sti-tute their pre-texts for tempests; the cov-et-ous part-ner, des-ti-tute of fort-une, states that when the steed is stolen, he shuts the sta-ble door, lest the gravi-ty of his ro-tun-di-ty tip his tac-tics into non-en-ti-ty.
Proverbs. 1. None of you know where the shoe pinches. 2. One may live and learn. 3. Remember the reckoning. 4. Such as the tree is, such is the fruit. 5. The biggest horses are not the best travelers. 6. What cannot be cured, must be endured. 7. You cannot catch old hirds with chaff. 8. Argument—seldom convinces any one, contrary to his inclinations. 9. A horse—is neither better, nor worse, for his trappings. 10. Content—is the philosopher's stone, that turns all it touches into gold. 11. Never sport, with the opinions of others. 12. Be prompt in everything.
Anecdote. President Harrison, in his last out-door exercise, was assisting the gardner in adjusting some grape-vines. The gardner remarked, that there would be but little use in trailing the vines, so far as any fruit was concerned; for the boys would come on Sunday, while the family was at church, and steal all the grapes; and suggested to the general, as a guard against such a loss, that he should purchase an active watch-dog. Said the general, “Better employ an active Sabbath-school teacher; a dog may take care of the grapes, but a good Sabbath-school teacher will take care of the grapes and the boys too.”
Home. Wherever we roam, in whatever climate or land we are cast, by the accidents of human life, beyond the mountains or beyond the ocean, in the legislative halls of the Capitol, or in the retreats and shades of private life, our hearts turn, with an irresistible instinct, to the cherished spot, which ushered us into existence. And we dwell, with delightful associations, on the recollection of the streams, in which, during our boyish days, we bathed, the fountains at which we drank, the piney fields, the hills and the valleys where we sported, and the friends, who shared these enjoyments with us.
Varieties. 1. If we do well, shall we not be accepted # 2. A guilty conscience—paralyzes the energies of the boldest mind, and enfeebles the stoutest heart. 3. Persons in love, generally resolve—first, and reason af. terward. 4. All contingencies have a Providence in them. 5. If these principles of Elocution be correct, practicing them as here taught, will not make one formal and artificial, but matural and effectuous. 6. Be above the opinion of the world, and act from your own sense of right and wrong. 7. All christians believe the soul of man to be inmortal: if, then, the souls of all, who have departed out of the body from this world, are in the spiritual world, what millions of inhabitants must exist therein'
The man, who consecrates his powers,
when a twister, a twisting, will twist him a twist,
For twisting his twist, he three twines doth intwist ;
But if one of the twines of the twist do untwist,
The twine that untwisteth untwisteth the twist.
Notes. 1. This dento-lingual sound may be made by whispering the imaginary word tuh, (short u) the tongue being pressed against the upper front teeth, and then suddenly removed, as indicated by the engraving. 2. T is silent when preceded by s, and followed by the abbreviated terminations on, le. Apostle, glisten, fasten, epistle, often, castle, pestle, soften, whistle, chasten, bustle, christen; in eclai, bil-let-dour, debut, haut-boy, currants, de-pot, hostler, mortrage, Christmas, Tmolus, and the first t, in chest-nut and mis-tle-toe. 3. The adjectives, blessed, cursed, &c. are exceptions to the rule for pronouncing d. 4. Consonants are sometimes double in their pronunciation, although not found in the name spelling; pit-ied, (pitted,) river, (riv-var, mon-ey (mon-ney,) etc. Beware of chewing your words, as vir-chu, ta-chure, etc. Self—alone, in nature rooted fast, Attends us—first, * leaves us—last.
eace. D2 p