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1. This systEM unfolds the true Philosophy of MIND and Voice, in accordance with the nature of Man, and the structure of Language. The Elements are first presented; then, the common combinations, followed by the more difficult ones; all of which are to be practiced in concert, and individually, after the Teacher. These exercises essentially aid in cultivating the Voice and Ear, for all the objects of Speech and Song: while the Principles and Practice tend to develop and perfect both mind and body, agreeably to the Laws, that should govern them. The Vowels must first be mastered, then the Consonants; and the exercises interspersed with reading, and rigid criticism on the Articulation and Pronunciation. N. B. The words printed in italics and CAPITALS, are more or less emphatic; though other words may be made so, according to the desired offoct: the dash (–) indicates a pause for inhalation: connecting words are sometimes excepted. 2. A has four regular sounds t First, Name sound, or long: ALE; ate, a-zure; rare a-pri-cots; **** scarce pa-tri-ots; fair bracelets for la-tent mus-ta-ches; hai-ry ma-gi and su-pi-ent liter-a-ti for pa-trons; ma-tion-al No/ ca-ter-er for ra-di-a-ted sta- (***) mens, and sa-li-ent pas-try with the ha-lo gra-tis; the ra-tion-al plain-tiff tears the cambric, and dares the stairs for the sa-vor of rai-sins; they drain the cane-brakes and take the bears by the nape of the neck; the may-or's pray-er to Mayn-ton Sayre is—to be-ware of the snares pre-par'd for the matron’s shares: a-men has both syllables accented; but it should never be pronounced ah-men (2d a,) Ilor azu-nnen. 3. Position. Sit, or stand erect, with the shoulders thrown back, so as to expand the chest, prevent the body from bending, and facilitate full and deep breathing. Open the mouth wide enough to admit two fingers, side-wise, between the teeth, and keep the lips free and limber, that the sounds may flow with clearness and precision, nor let there be too much, nor too little moisture in the mouth. A piece of hard wood, or ivory, an inch, or an inch and a half long, of the size of a pipe-stem, with a notch in each end, if placed between the teeth, perpendicularly, while practicing, will be found very useful in acquiring the habit of opening wide the mouth. 4. E has this sound in certain words; among which are the following: ere, ere-long ; feint heirs; the hei-nous Bey pur-reys a bo-quet ; (bo-kar) they rein their prey in its ey-ry, and pay their freight by weight; hey-dey : o-bey the eyre, and do o-bei-sance to the Dey; they sit tete-a-tate (ta-tah-tate,) at trey; also, there and where, in all their compounds,-there-at, there-by, there-fore, there-in, there-on, therewith ; where-at, wher;” where-fore, where
in, where-on, where-writh, &c.; also, in the contraction of erer and never, as where-e’er I go, where-e’er I am, I ne'er shall see thee more. “How blest is he, who ne'er consents, By ill advice to walk.” Anecdote. Plato—defines man-" An animal, having two legs, and no feathers.” This very imperfect description attracted the ridicule of Di-og-e-nes; who, wittily, and in derision, introduced to his school—a fowl, stripped of its feathers, and contemptuously asked,—“Is this Plato's man?” Notes. 1. Don't caricature this sound of a and c before r, by giving it undue stress and quantity, in such words as-air, (ay-ur, pa-rent, (pae-rent,) dare, (day-ur, chair, there, where, &c., nor give it a flat sound, as some do to e in bleat, pronouncing it blaat. To give this sound properly, separate the teeth an inch, project the lips, and bring forward the corners of the mouth, like a funnel. 2. It would be just as proper in prose, to say, wherecerer I go, where-erver I am, I neever shall see thee more; as to say in poetry, where car I am, I near shall see thee more. 3. E in weight, whey, (i, y, gh are silent,) and a in age, whale, &c., are just alike in sound; and as this sound of e does not occur among its natural, or regular sounds, as classed by our orthoepists, it is called “irregular;" i. e. it borrows this name sound of a; or is sounded like it. 4. Some try to make a distinction between a in fate, and a in fair, calling it a medial sound: which error is owinz to t being an abrupt element, and r, a prolonged one: but no one can make a good sound of it, either in speech or song, when thus situated, by giving it a sound unlike the name sound of a, beware of unjust prejudices and prepossessions. I say ma-shunal, ra-shun-al, &c., for the same reason that I say notional and de-votional ; because of analogy and effect. Proverbs. 1. Accusing—is proving, when malice and power sit as judges. 2. Adversity— may make one wise, but not rich. 3. Idle folks —take the most pains. 4. Every one is architect of his own fortune. 5. Fine feathers make fine birds. 6. Go into the country to hear the news of the town. 7. He is a good orator—who convinces himself. 8. If you cannot bite, never show your teeth. 9. Lawyers' houses—are built on the heads of fools. 10. Little, and often, fill the purse. 11. Much, would have more, and lost all. 12. Practice—makes perfect. The Bible—requires, in its proper delivery, the most extensive practical knowledge of the principles of elocution, and of all the compositions in the world; a better impression may be made, from its correct reading, than from the most luminous commentary. Varieties. 1. Love what you ought to do, and you can easily do it;-oiled wheels run freely. 2. Cicero says, that Roscius, a Roman orator, could express a sentence in as many different ways by his gestures, as he himself could by his words. 3. Why is the letter A, like a honey-suckle? Because a B follows it. 4. Never speak unless you have something to say, and always stop when you have done. 5. The most essential rule in delivery is—Be natural and in earnest. 6. Our education should be adapted to the full development of body and mind. 7. Truth can never contradict itself; but is eternal and immutable—the same in all ages: the states of men’s reception of it—are as various as the principles and subjects of natural creation.
* good have no time, as make bad use of it. B
5. Elocution—is an Art, that teachesmehow to manifest my feelings and thoughts to others, in such a way as to give them a true idea, and expression of how, and what, I feel and think, and, in so doing, to make them feel and think, as I do. Its object is, to enable me to communicate to the hearers, the whole truth, just as it is; in other words, to give me the ability, to do perfect justice to the subject, to them, and to myself: thus, involving the philosophy of end, cause, and effect, the correspondence of affection, thoughts and words. 6. The second sound of A is grave, or Italian. Ah ; alms, far; pa- * pa calms ma-ma, and com- ork, mands Charles to craunch the al-monds in the haun-ted paths; his ma-ster de-man-ded a haunch of par-tridge of fa- \ ther; aunt taun-ted the laundress for salve from the bama-na tree; Jar-vis farms sar-sa-pa-ril-la in A-mer-i-ca; ma-nil-la balm is a charm to halve the qualms in Ra-ven-na; he a-bides in Chi-na, and vaunts to have saun-tered on the a-re-na, to guard the vil-la hearths from harm-ful efflu-vi-a; they flaun-ted on the sofa, ar-gu-ing for Quarles’ psalms, and for-mula for jaun-dice in Mec-ca or Me-di-na; a calf got the chol-e-ra in Cu-ba, and a-rose to run the gaunt-let for the ayes and noes in Acel-da-ma. 7. In making the vowel sounds, by expelling them, great care must be taken, to convert all the breath that is emitted, into pure sound, so as not to chase the internal surface of the throat, and produce a tickling, or hoarseness. The happier and freer from restraint, the better: in laughing, the lower muscles are used involuntarily; hence the adage, “laugh, and be fat.” In breathing, reading, speaking, and singing, there should be no rising of the shoulders, or heaving of the bosom, both tend to error and ill health. Beware of using the lungs, as it is said; let them act, as they are acted upon by the lower muscles. Notes. 1. This, strictly speaking, is the only natural sound in all languages, and is the easiest made: it merely requires the under jaw to be dropped, and a vocal sound to be produced: all other vowels are derived from it; or, rather, are modifications of it. 2. When a is an article, i.e. when used by itself, it always has this sound, but must not be accented; as, “a man saw a horse and a sheep in a meadow:” except as contrasted with the ; as, “I said the man, not a man.” 3. When a forms an unaccented syllable, it has this sound: as, a-wake, a bide, a-like, a-ware, a tone, a-void, a-way, &c. 4. It has a similar sound at the end of words, either with, or without an h: as, Noah, Han-nah, Sa-rah, Af-rica, A-mer-i-ca, i-o-ta, dog-ma, &c. Beware of saying, No-er, Sary, &c. 5. It generally has this sound, when followed by a single r in the same syllable: as, ar-son, artis', kc.; also in starry, (full o' stars,) and tar-ry, (besmeared with tar.) Education. The derivation of this word -will assist us in understanding its meaning; it being composed of the Latin word e-du-co, to lead or draw out. All developments, both of matter and spirit, are from
within—out, not from without—in. The beautiful rose—does not grow by accretion, like the rocks; its life flows into it through the nutriment, imbibed from the earth, the air, and the water, which are incorporated with the very life-blood of the plant as a medium : it is a manifestation of the LIFE that fills all things, and flows into all things, according to their various forms. The analogy holds good as it respects the human mind; tho' vegetables are matter, and mind—is spirit; the former is of course much more confined than the latter. The powers of the mind—must be developed by a power from within, and above itself; and that is the best education, which will accomplish this most rapidly, and effectually, in accordance with the laws of God, which always have reference to the greatest good and the most truth. Amecdote. A clergyman, whose turn it was to preach in a certain church, happening to get wet, was standing before the sessionroom fire, to dry his clothes; and when his colleague came in, he asked him to preach for him; as he was very wet. “No Sir, I thank you;” was the prompt reply: “preach yourself; you will be dry enough in the pulpit.” Proverbs. 1. A burden that one chooses, is not felt. 2. A guilty conscience needs no accuser. 3. After-wit is every body's wit. 4. Enough —is as good as a feast. 5. All is but lip wisdom, that wants experience. 6. Better bend, than break. 7. Children and fools often speak the truth. 8. Out of debt, out of danger. 9. Wade not in unknown waters. 10. Do what you ought, and let come what trill. 11. Empty vessels make the greatest sound. 12. Pause, before you follow an example. Natural and Spiritual. Since we are possessed of both body and soul, it is of the first importance that we make use of natural and spiritual means for obtaining good; i.e. natural and spiritual truths. Our present and eternal destinies—should ever be kept in mind; and that, which is of the greatest moment, receive the principal attention: and, since death—is only a continuation of life, our education should be continuous : both states of being will be best attended to, when seen and attended to in connection. Varieties. 1. Horses will often do more for a whistle, than a whip: as some youth are best governed by a rod of love. 2. Why is a bankrupt like a clock 2 Because he must either stop, or go on tick. 3. True reading is true earposition. 4. Conceive the intentions of the author, and enter into the character. 5. The sciences and mechanical arts are the ministers of wisdom, not the end. 6. Do we love our friends more when present, or absent? 7. All natural truths, which respect the works of God in creation, are not only real natural truths, but the glasses and containing principles of spiritual ones.
8. The means to be used, thus to make known my feelings and thoughts, are tones, words, looks, actions, earpression, and silence: whence it appears, that the body is the grand medium of communication between myself and others; for by and through the body, are tones, words, looks, and gestures produced. Thus I perceive, that the mind, is the active agent, and the body, the passive agent; that this is the instrument, and that the performer: here I see the elements of mental and vocal philosophy.
9. The third sound of A is broad: ALL, wall, auction, aus;pice; J. U.
mark-ish au-thor, dined on nau-se-ous sau-sa-ges; the au- A burn pal-frey drew lau-rel plau-dits; his naugh-ty dwarf got the groat through the fau-cit; he thwar-ted the fal-chion and salted the shawl in false wa-ter; the law-less #". got in-stall'd in the au-tumn, and e-frau-ded the green sward of its bal-dric awn-ing. 10. Curn AN, a celebrated Irish orator, presents us with a signal instance, of what can be accomplished by assiduity and perseverance: his enunciation was so precipitate and confused, that he was called “stuttering Jack Curran.” To overcome his numerous defects, he devoted a portion of every day to reading and reciting aloud, slowly, and distinctly, some of the most eloquenter/racts in our language: and his success was so complete, that among his excellencies as a speaker, was the clearness of his articulation, and an appropriate intonation, that melodized every sentence. Notes. 1. To make this sound, drop and project the jaw, and shape the mouth as in the engraving; and when you wish to produce a very rrupt sound, in speech or song, in addition to the above, swell the trind, ope, (which will elongate and enlarge the vocal chords,) and form the voice as low as possible in the larynr; for the longer and larger these chords are, the graver will be the voice: also, practice making sounds, while exhaling aud inhaling, to deepen the tones. This sound is broader than the German a. 2.0 sometimes has this sound: I thought he caught the cough, when he bought the cloth; he wrought, fought, and sought, but talked naught. 3. Beware of adding an r after w, as lawr, jawr, fawr, &c. 4. The italie a in the followinz, is broad. ..all were ap-palled at the thral-dom of Wal-ter Raleigh, who was al-most scald-ed in the cal-dron of boiling wa-ter. Habits of thought. Thinking is to the mind what digestion is to the body. We may hear, read, and talk, till we are gray, but if we do not think, and analyze our subjects, and look at them in every aspect, and see the ends, causes, and effects, they will be of little use to us. In thinking, however, we must think clearly and without confusion, as we would examine objects of sight, in order to get a perfect idea of them. Thinking—is spiritually seeing; and we should always think of things so particularly, as to be able
to describe them to others with as much accuracy as we do any earternal objects, which we have seen with our material eyes. Anecdote. Wild Oats. After the first speech, made by the younger Pitt, in the House of Commons, an old member sarcastically remarked,—“I apprehend that the young gentleman has not yet sown all his wild oats.” To which Mr. Pitt politely replied, in the course of an elaborate and eloquent rejoinder, “Age —has its privilege; and the gentleman himself—affords an ample illustration, that I retain food enough for GEEs E to pick.” Proverbs. 1. A calumny, tho' known to be such, generally leaves a stain on the reputation. 2. A blow from a frying pan, tho' it does not hurt, sullies. 3. Fair and softly, go sure and far. 4. Keep your business and conscience well, and they will be sure to keep you well. 5. A man knows no more, to any purpose, than he practices. 6. Bells call others to church, but enter not themsel res. 7. Revenge a wrong by forgiring it. 8. Venture not all you have at once. 9. Examine your accounts and your conduct every night. 10. Call me cousin, but don't cozen me. 11. Eagles— fly alone, but sheep flock together. 12. It is good to begin well, but better to end well. Theology—includes all religions, both heathem and christian, and comprehends the study of the Divine Being, his laws and revelations, and our duty towards Him and our neighbor. It may be divided into four grand divisions; viz. Paganism, Mahomedanism, Judaism, and Christianity. The study of Theology is the highest and noblest in which we can be engaged: but a mere theoretical knowledge, like the sunbeam on the mountain glacier, may only dazzle—to blind; for, unless the heart is warmed with love to God, and love to man, the coldness and barrenness of eternal death will reign in the soul: hence, the all of Religion relates to life; and the life of Religion is—to do good —for the sake of good. Varieties. He, who studies books alone, will know how things ought to be; and he who studies men, will know how things are. 2. If you would relish your food, labor for it; if you would enjoy your raiment, pay for it before you wear it; if you wonld sleep soundly, take a clear conscience to bed with you. 3. The more we follow nature, and obey her laws, the longer shall we live; and the farther we deviate from them, the sooner we shall die. 4. Always carry a few proverbs with you for constant use. 5. Let compulsion be used when necessary; but deception —never. 6. In China, physicians are always under pay, except when their patrons are sick, then, their salaries are stopped till health is restored. 7. All things speak; note well the language, and gather wisdom from it. .Nature—is but a name for an effect, Whose cause—is God.
11. Words, I see, are among the principal means used for these important purposes; and they are formed by the organs of voice: these two things, then, demand my first and particular attention, words and voice; words are composed of letters; and the voice, is the effect of the proper actions of certain parts of the body, .. vocal organs, converting air into sound; which two mighty instruments, words and voice, must be examined analytically, and synthetically; without which process I cannot understand any thing. 12. The fourth sound of A is short: AT, aft, add ; I had rath-er J have a bar-rel of as-par-a-gus, | than the en-am-el and ag-ate; the ca-bal for-bade the mal-eac-tor his ap-par-el-and javein; Char-i-ty danc'd in the ran-a-ry with Cap-ri-corn; so **** the mal-con-tents pass'd thro' Ath-ens in Feb-ru-ar-y; his cam-els quaff'd the Asphal-tic can-al with fa-cil-i-ty; plas-ter the fal-low-ground after Jan-u-ar-y; the ade an-swers on the com-rade's staff; the i. tas-sel is man-u-fac-tur'd in France; É. at-tack'd the tar-iff with rail-le-ry, af. ter he had scath'd the block and tack-le with his ac-id pag-en-try. 13. The more perfect the medium, the better will it subserve the uses of communication. Now, by analyzing the constituents of words and voice, I can ascertain whether they are in a condition, to answer the varied purposes for which they were given ; and ortunately for me, while I am thus analyzing the sounds, of which words are composed, I shall, at the same time, become acquainted with the organs of voice and hearing, and gradually accustom them to the performance of their appropriate duties. Notes. 1. To give the eract sounds of any of the vowels, take words, in which they are found at the beginninz, and proceed as if you were going to pronounce the whole word, but stop the instant you have produced the towel sound; and that is the true one. 2. Beware of clipping this, or any other sound, cr changing it: not, I’km go, you'knsee, they'kncome; but, I can go; you can see; they can come. 3...A, in ate, in verbs, is generally long; but in other parts of speech of more than one syllable, it is usually short; unless under some accent: as-intimate that to my intimate friend; educate that delicate and obstinate child; he calculates to aggravate the case of his affectionate and unfortunate wife; the compassionate son meditates how he may alleviate the condition of his disconsolate mother; windicateyour consulate's honor; deprecate an unregenerate heart, by importunate prayer; the prelate and primate calculate to regulate the ultimates immediately. 4. Observe—that often the sounds of vowels are sometimes modified, or changed, by letters immediately preceding or succeeding; which may be seen, as it respects a, for instance, in ren-e-gade, membrane, rep-ro-tate, can-did-ate, po-ten-tate, night-in-gale, &c.; some having a slight accent on the last syllable; and others having the a preceded, or followed by a vocal consonant: see previous Note 3. 5. A letter is called short, when it cannot be prolonged in Speech, (though it can in Song,) without altering its form; and long, when it can be prolonged without such change: therefore, we call a sound long, or short, because it is seen and felt to be so: as, cold, bot; pale, mat: in making a long sound the glottis is kept open indefinitely; and in making a short one, it is closed suddenly, producing an abrupt sound, like some of the consonants. Anecdote. Saving Fuel. Sometime ago, when modern stoves were first introduced, and offered for sale in a certain city, the vender remarked, by way of recommending them,
that one stove would save half the fuel. Mr. Y— being present, replied, “Sir, I will buy two of them, if you please, and then I shall save the whole.”
Proverbs. 1. All truths must not be told at all times. 2. A good servant makes a good master. 3. A man in distress, or despair, does as much as ten. 4. Before you make a friend, eat a peck of salt with him. 5. Passion—will master gou, if you do not master your passion. 6. Form —is good, but not formality. 7. Erery tub must stand on its own bottom. 8. First come, first serv’d. Friendship—cannot stand all on one side. 10. Idleness—is the hot-bed of rice and ignorance. 11. He that will steal a pin, will steal a better thing. 12. If you lieupon roses when young, you will lie upon thorns when old.
Qualifications of Teachers. Inasmuch as the nature of no one thing can be understood, withouta knowledge of its origin, and the history of its formation, the qualifigations of teachers are seen and felt to be so great, as to induce the truly conscientious to exclaim, in view of his duties, “Who is suffcient for these things!” How can we educate the child in a way appropriate to his state and relations, without a knowledge of his mental and physical structure? Is not a knowledge of psychology and physiology as necessary to the educator, as the knowledge of mechanics is to the maker or repairer of a watch 2 Who would permit a man even to repair a watch, (much less hire a man to make one,) who had only seen its externals? Alas! how poorly qualified are nine-tenths of our teachers for the stations they occupy , almost totally ignorant of the mature and origin of the human mind, and the science of physiology, which teaches us the structure and uses of the body. But how little they understand their calling, when they suppose it to be merely a teaching of book-knowledge; without any regard to the development of mind and body. A teacher should possess a good moral character, and entire self-control; a fund of knowledge, and ability to communicate it; a uniform temper, united with decision and firmness; a mind to discriminate character, and tact to illustrate simply the studies of his pupils; he should be patient and forbearing; pleasant and affectionate, and be capable of overcoming all difficulties, and showing the uses of knowledge.
Varieties. 1. If one were as eloquent as an angel, he would please some folks, much more by listening, than by speaking. 2. An upright politician asks—"that recommends a man; a corrupt one—who recommends him. 3. Is any law independent of its maker? 4. Kind words—cost no more than unkind ones. 5. Is it not better to be wise than rich 2 6. The power of emphasis—depends on concentration. 7. Manifested wisdom—infers design.
14. There are then, it appears, two kinds of language; an artificial, or conventional language, consisting of words; and a natural language, consisting of tones, looks, actions, expression, and silence; the former is addressed to the eye, by the book, and to the ear, by speech, and must thus be learned; the latter—addresses itself to both eye and ear, at the same moment, and must be thus acquired, so far as they can be acquired. To become an Elocutionist, I must learn both these languages; that of art and science, and that of the passions, to be used according to my subject and olject.
15. E has two regular sounds; first, its name sound, or long: EEL; e-ra, e-vil; nei-ther *4/ de-ceive nor in-vei-gle the s N seam-stress; the sleek ne-gro o j bleats like a sheep; Cae-sar's NSEZ / e-dict pre-cedes the e-poch of E in EEL.1 tre-mors; the sheik's beard stream'd like a me-te-or; the ea-gle shriek'd his pat-an on the lea; the e-go-tist seemed pleas'd with his ple-na-ry leis-ure to see the co-te-rie; JE-ne-as Leigh reads Mo-sheim on the e-dile's heath; the peo-ple tre-pann'd the fiend for jeer-ing his prem-jer; his liege, at the or-gies, gave ge-il-iads at my niece, who beat him with her be-som, like a cava-lier in Greece.
16. Since the body is the grand medium, for communicating feelings and thoughts, (as above mentioned,) I must see to it, that each part performs its proper office, without infringement, or encroachment. By observation and experience, I perceive that the mind uses certain parts for specific purposes; that the larynx is the place where vocal sounds are made, and that the power to produce them, is derived from the combined action of the abdominal and dorsal muscles. Both body and mind are rendered healthy and strong, by a proper use of all their organs and faculties.
17. Irregular Sounds. I and Y often have this sound; as-an-tique, ton-tine; the po-lice of the bas-tile seized the man-da-rin for his ca-price at the mag-a-zine, the umique fi-man-cier, fa-tigued with his bom-bazine va-lise, in his re-treat from Mo-bile, lay by the ma-rines in the ra-vine, and ate verdi-gris to re-lieve him of the cri-fique. Sheridan, Walker and Perry say, yea yea, and nay nay, making the e long, but Johnson, Entick, Jamieson and Webster, and the author, pronounce yea as if spelled yay. Words derived immediately from the French, according to the genius of that language, are accented on the last syllables;–ca-price, fa-tigue, police, &c. Sorrow-treads heavily, and leaves behind A deep impression, e'en when she departs. While Joy–trips by, with steps, as light as wind, And scarcely leaves a trace upon our hearts Of her faint foot-falls.
18. That the body may be free, to act in accordance with the dictates of the mind, all unnatural compressions and contractions must be avoided; particularly, cravats and stocks so tight around the neck, as to interfere with the proper action of the vocal organs, and the |. circulation of the blood ; also, tight waistcoats; double suspenders, made tighter with straps; elevating the feet to a point horizontal with, or above, the seat; and lacing, of any description, around the waist, j. the freedom of breathing naturally and healthfully. Anecdote. True Modesty. When Washington had closed his career, in the French and English war, and become a member of the House of Burgesses, in Virginia, the Speaker was directed, by a vote of the house, to return thanks to him, for the distinguished services he had rendered the country. As soon as Washington took his seat, as a member, Speaker Robinson proceeded to discharge the duty assigned him; which he did in such a manner as to confound the young hero; who rose to express his acknowledgments; but such was his confusion, that he was speechless; he blushed, stammered, and trembled for a short time; when the Speaker relieved him by saying—“Sit down, Mr. Washington; your modesty is equal to your valor; and that—surpasses the power of any language that I possess” Proverbs. 1. A blythe heart makes a blooming visage. 2. A deed done has an end. 3. A great city, a great solitude. 4. Desperate cuts— Inust have desperate cures. 5. All men are not men. 6. A stumble—may prevent a fall. 7. A foot always comes short of his reckoning. 8. Beggars must not be choosers. 9. Better late, than never. 10. Birds of a feather flock together. 11...Nothing is lost in a good market. 12. All is well, that ends well. 13. Like priest, like people. Varieties. 1. The triumphs of truth—are the most glorious, because they are bloodless, deriving their highest lustre—from the number of the saved, instead of the slain. 2. Wisdom—consists in employing the best means, to accomplish the most important ends. 3. He, who would take you to a place of vice, or immorality, is not your real friend. 4. If gratitude—is due from man—to man, how much more, from man—to his Maker / 5. Arbitrary power—no man can either give, or hold; even conquest cannot confer it: hence, law, and arbitrary power—are at eternal enmity. 6. They who take no delight in virtue, cannot take any—either in the employments, or the inhabitants of heaven. 7. Beware of violating the laws of Life, and you will always be met in mercy, and not in judgment. The calm of that old reverend brow, the glow Of its thin silver locks, was like a flash Of sunlight—in the pauses of a storm.