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Abstract of Lands, Lots, Dwelling Houses, and Slaves, owned or possessed on the 1st day of April 1815, within the State of Pennsylvania, returned by the United States' Assessors, revised and corrected by the Board of Principal Assessors.

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Internal Government. The annual election for civil officers is on the second Tuesday of October. Inspectors, previously elected by the people, appoint persons who act as judges of the election, and the latter furnish a sealed statement of the election to the sheriff, who, within the space of thirty days, transmits it to the governor, by whom the names of the new members are immediately published. In Philadelphia, the aldermen, fifteen in number, are elected by the free. holders, every seven years ; the common-council men, thirty in number, every third year. The mayor is elected annually by the aldermen, out of their own body; the recorder, every seven years, by the mayor and aldermen, from among the citizens ; the mayor, recorder, eight aldermen, and sixteen common-council men, form a quorum.

Religion. The principles of religious freedom were first established by the illustrious Penn. “ If abridged of the freedom of their consciences, as to their religious profession and worship, no people can be happy; and, therefore, I do grant and declare, that no person inhabiting this province or territories, who shall acknowledge one Almighty God, the Creator, Ruler, and Upholder of the world, and live quietly under the civil government, shall in any case be molested, or prejudiced in his person, or estate, because of his conscientious persuasion or practice.” Before the revolution Roman Catholics and Jews were excluded from a share in the government. The latter had no vote till the adoption of the new constitution, which placed every denomination on the same footing as to public

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Abstract of Lands, Lots, Dwelling Houses, and Slaves, owned or possessed on the 1st day of April 1815, within the State of Pennsylvania, returned by the United States' Assessors, revised and corrected by the Board of Principal Assessors.

Dwelling and Out Total valuation as de
Lands and Lots subject to
houses subject to termined by princi-

Quota for each
Taxation.

District.
DISTRICTS.

pal assessors.

Taxation.

Acres. Square Feet. No. Dwell. No.Out-ho Dollars. Cents. Dollars. Cents. 1, Philadelphia city,

37,838,293 8,491 4,005 32,812,743 69,113 31 2. Philadelphia county,

74,654

1441

11,277 5,683 22,128,369 60 46,662 82 3. Chester and Delaware counties,

511,679 213

7,153 11,062 32,325,807 80 68,166 49 4. Montgomery county

285,565

4,605

12,474,617 33 5,743

26,305 64 5. Bucks county,

356,809

112 5,257 7,346 16,314,349 34,402 61 6. Lancaster county,

529,812

7,918 411

7,574 39,228,851 75 82,723 17 > | York,

en 16,830,307 20 35,490 62

779,021 191 7,840 "

8,4803

to Adams,

9,211,222 90 19,424 I 8. Northampton and Wayne, - .

1,550,792 16,172,029

6,3951

6,207 21,063,237 52 44,416 74 9. Berks,

725,776

6,630 6,823 26,082,056 55,00019 10. Danphin and Lebavou

349,165

3,708 2,118 19,102,388 40 40,281 83 | Franklin,

S 12,353,167 20 11.

5,2771

26,049 53 967,022

6,57713 Cumberland,

0,3% 13,700,688 1 28,890 88 12. Northumberland,

913,178

5,383

4,759 10,176,478 59 21,459 47 13. Miflin and Huntingdon,

958,5351

3,403 3,510 10,545,722 22,238 11 14. Bedford, Somerset, and Cambria,

1,829,708 405 9,569 2,420 8,393,014 64 17,698 63 to Fayette,

5 4,329,818 45 9,130 43
} 714,486

3,498 3,8093
13. Green,

1,796,117 56 3,787 53
16. Washington,

487,508 176,440 4,186 4,422 5,826,708 82 12,286 97 Alleghany,

5,837,659

12,3101 6

3,775 938,792

4,855

705,294

1,487 27 Westmoreland,

4,990,351 85 10,523 32 14,024,967

4,449 4,284

901,2494 1,900 49 19. Centre, Clearfield, Jefferson, Potter, and M'Kean, 1 3,220,594 3,122,172 1,676

4,851,366 69 10,230 23 20. Luzerne,

1,662,502

3,431

3,633,162 30 7,661 37 21. Lycoming and Tioga,

1,702,772

1,972 1,1431 4,268,579 57 9,001| 9 22. Mercer, Butler, and Beaver,

1,015,4271

4,591 3,205 3,651,905 40 7,700 89 23. Crawford, Venango, Erie, and Warren,

2,180,418

27 2,516

2,097 3,098,755 12 6,534 443 25,778,741 60,101,280 117,880 108,939 546,633,889 32 730,958 32

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Internal Government. The annual election for civil officers is on the second Tuesday of October. Inspectors, previously elected by the people, appoint persons who act as judges of the election, and the latter furnish a sealed statement of the election to the sheriff, who, within the space of thirty days, transmits it to the governor, by whom the names of the new members are immediately published. In Philadelphia, the aldermen, fifteen in number, are elected by the free. holders, every seven years ; the common-council men, thirty in number, every third year. The mayor is elected annually by the aldermen, out of their own body; the recorder, every seven years, by the mayor and aldermen, from among the citizens ; the mayor, recorder, eight aldermen, and sixteen common-council men, form a quorum.

Religion.—The principles of religious freedom were first established by the illustrious Penn. “ If abridged of the freedom of their consciences, as to their religious profession and worship, no people can be happy; and, therefore, I do grant and declare, that no person inhabiting this province or territories, who shall acknowledge one Almighty God, the Creator, Ruler, and Upholder of the world, and live quietly under the civil government, shall in any case be molested, or prejudiced in his person, or estate, because of his conscientious persuasion or practice.” Before the revolution Roman Catholics and Jews were excluded from a share in the government. The latter had no vote till the adoption of the new constitution, which placed every denomination on the same footing as to public offices and employments. About the year 1802 the congregations of the different denominations were as follows: Presbyterians, 36; German Calvinists, 84; German Lutherans, 84 ; Quakers, 54 ; Episcopalians, 26; Baptists, 15; Roman Catholics, 11 ; Scotch Presbyters, 8; Moravians, 8; Free Quakers, 1 ; Universalists, 1; Covenanters, 1; Jewish Synagogues, 2; besides several Methodists. According to the report of the general convention of Baptists, held at Phila. delphia, in May 1817, the number of their churches was then 60, that of members 4517.

Benevolent and Humane Societies. In the city of Philadelphia there are eight public charitable institutions, and two private; three female societies for general charity; eight free schools ; fifteen mutual benefit societies; associations for the relief of foreigners; and eleven mutual benefit societies, for foreigners and their descendants. St Andrew's society, German incorporated society, St George's society, Hibernian society, French benevolent society, the Cincinnati society, composed of officers of the army of the revolution, for granting relief to the distressed members, their widows, and orphans. The mutual benefit societies are,--the Shipmasters' society, the Franklin society, the Caledonian society, the Union society, the Friendly society, the Provident society, and some others. Harmony Society, established in Butler county, on the right bank of the Connoquenessing creek, is composed of German emigrants, who, under George Rapp, their chief, in 1803 and 1804, fled from the intolerance of the Lutheran church to the western

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