Page images
PDF
EPUB

the tissue of which is like the seed of the pine tree, and of so hard a texture as to resist the stroke of the hatchet. The stingray inhabits the shallowest waters, near the Gulf of Mexico. Of shell fish there are oysters, lobsters, craw-fish, shrimps, mussels.

Birds.—The wild turkey, tufted woodcock, heath hen; the wood pigeon, which are very numerous in the winter; wild duck, pigeon, and other water fowl, are abundant. The paroquet, the eagle, swan, crook, or saw-bill; the hatchet-bill, or red foot; ivory-bill, king. fisher, halcyon, corbijeau ; the pelican, or grand gosier, which has a pouch or reservoir for food, large enough to hold four or five gallons ; flamingo, buzzard, or carrion crow of the Antilles ; the owl, woodpecker, blackbird, ortolan, swallow, wren, and humming bird. It has been remarked, that most of the fowl of the northern lakes frequent those of Louisiana in winter. Swan, geese, brant, and ducks, are so numerous on the lakes of Red river, that their noise is often stunning.

Population. In the year 1712, when the colony was granted to Crozat, the population consisted of 400 whites, and twenty negro slaves. A great number of slaves were afterwards imported from the coast of Guinea, and distributed by the company among the inhabitants of the colony at the rate of 1000 livres a-head, payable in three years, in the produce of the country. The population of the state, according to the census of 1810, amounted to 86,556, distributed among the different parishes as follows :

Square Miles.

Inhabitants.
Plaquemines,

1,500

1,549 Orleans,

1,300

24,552 St Tammany,

2,000) St Helena,

1,300

10,000
East Baton Rouge, 500 (
New Feliciana,

1,050)
St Bernard,

400

1,020 St Charles,

300

3,291 St John Baptiste,

150

2,990 St James,

170

3,955 Ascension,

350

2,219 Assumption,

500

2,472 Interior of Lafourche, 2,500

1,995 Ibberville,

350

2,679 West Baton Rouge, 850

1,463 Pointe Coupée,

600

4,539
Atakapas,
S St Mary's, 2

7,369
*l St Martin's, so
Opelousas, St Landré, 7,600

5,048
Avoyelles,

700

1,109 Concordia,

2,100

2,875 Rapides,

2,300

2,300 Ocatahoolu,

2,000

1,164 Ouachitta, or Washiia, 4,000 .

1,077 Natchitoches,

2,870 The following estimate was made in 1814, the state being divided into three great sections: 1. The northwest section, including Red river and the Washita country, of 21,619 square miles, 12,700 inhabitants ; 2. The-south-west, including those of Opelousas and Atakapas, 12,100 square miles, 13,800; 3. The southeast, including New Orleans and West Florida, 12,120, 75,200. * In all, 101,700.

[ocr errors]

10,600

ON

* Western Gazetteer, p. 147.

VOL. II,

LI

the tissue of which is like the seed of the pine tree, and of so hard a texture as to resist the stroke of the hatchet. The stingray inhabits the shallowest waters, near the Gulf of Mexico. Of shell fish there are oysters, lobsters, craw-fish, shrimps, mussels.

Birds.-The wild turkey, tufted woodcock, heath hen; the wood pigeon, which are very numerous in the winter; wild duck, pigeon, and other water fowl, are abundant. The paroquet, the eagle, swan, crook, or saw-bill; the hatchet-bill, or red foot ; ivory-bill, king. fisher, halcyon, corbijeau ; the pelican, or grand gosier, which has a pouch or reservoir for food, large enough to hold four or five gallons ; flamingo, buzzard, or carrion crow of the Antilles; the owl, woodpecker, blackbird, ortolan, swallow, wren, and humming bird. It has been remarked, that most of the fowl of the northern lakes frequent those of Louisiana in winter. Swan, geese, brant, and ducks, are so numerous on the lakes of Red river, that their noise is often stunning.

Population. In the year 1712, when the colony was granted to Crozat, the population consisted of 400 whites, and twenty negro slaves. A great number of slaves were afterwards imported from the coast of Guinea, and distributed by the company among the inhabitants of the colony at the rate of 1000 livres a-head, payable in three years, in the produce of the country. The population of the state, according to the census of 1810, amounted to 86,556, distributed among the different parishes as follows :

[ocr errors]

Square Miles.

Inhabitants.
Plaquemines,

1,500

1,549 Orleans,

1,300

24,552 St Tammany,

2,000 St Helena,

1,300 East Baton Rouge, 500

10,000 New Feliciana,

1,050) St Bernard,

400

1,020 St Charles,

300

3,291 St John Baptiste,

150

2,990 St James,

170

3,955 Ascension,

350

2,219 Assumption,

500

2,472 Interior of Lafourche, 2,500

1,995 Ibberville,

350

2,679 West Baton Rouge,

1,463 Pointe Coupée,

600

4,539 S St Mary's, 2

7,369 Opelousas, St Landré, 7,600

5,048 Avoyelles,

700

1,109 Concordia,

2,100

2,875 Rapides,

2,300

2,300 Ocatahoolu,

2,000

1,164 Ouachitta, or Washiia, 4,000 .

1,077 Natchitoches,

10,600

2,870 The following estimate was made in 1814, the state being divided into three great sections: 1. The northwest section, including Red river and the Washita country, of 21,619 square miles, 12,700 inhabitants ; 2. The-south-west, including those of Opelousas and Atakapas, 12,100 square miles, 13,800; 3. The southeast, including New Orleans and West Florida, 12,120, 75,200. * In all, 101,700.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

Indians. When the French took possession of this country, it was inhabited by various Indian nations ; the Tchenakas and Mackas, between the river Mississippi and the lakes; the Sitimachas, above the lakes; the Atakapas, near the coast, described as man-eaters; the Collapissas, or Aquilonpissas, above and below New Orleans, where they had about twenty cabins. Above Pointe Coupée stood the village of the Tunicas, who, joining in the wars of the French, their chief was raised to the rank of General of Red men. The Avoyelles, who lived on the banks of Red river, supplied the French with cattle and horses. The Cado. daquioux also lived on this river, about 100 leagues from its mouth, and were associated with the Quachittas, who had been driven by the Chickasaws from their residence on Black river. The first settlers on the Mississippi were much molested by the Choctaws and Chickasaws. The present Indians, within the limits of this state, reside chiefly on Red river. The Howmas, who formerly occupied the island of New Orleans, are united with the Otakapas, forming about 200 in number. The latter are most numerous on Vermillion creek. They have no fixed habitation, and are often seen near the towns and villages, seeking spirituous liquors, of which they are very fond. The Opelousas, 150 in number, reside near the church of the same name. The Tunicas, or Tounicas, reduced to 140, reside chiefly at Avoyelles. The Choctaws live on the branches of Bayou Bæuf, of which they are said to be the aborigines, and are dispersed as far as Natchitoches on the Washita and Red river. Their

« PreviousContinue »