Page images

Savannah induced them to discontinue it. * On tide lands the produce of an acre is from 1200 to 1500 pounds ; on inland plantations, from 600 to 1500 pounds. In some very rainy seasons the seed dies, and the fields are resown, when the water disappears. Cotton, in the low country, is from 100 to 300 pounds, and about the same quantity from green seed, in the middle and upper country. The common produce is from 150 to 200 pounds. In 18:5 the price of Sea Island cotton was thirty-three cents a pound ; that of the uplands twenty cents. In 1817 the first was at forty-five, the last at twenty-nine. Mr Sibbalds is of opinion, that the lands covered with pine are well adapted to the cultivation of cotton, for three or four crops.

Maize. - In the middle parts of the state, in strong dry lands, the produce of maize is from thirty to sixcy bushels per acre. In the low country, from ten to thirty. Wheat, in the upper country, yields, by good cultivation, from twenty to twenty-five bushels, weighing fifty-five pounds the bushel. The sweet potatoe is much cultivated in the dry plains, and is a very wholesome and nourishing food. Mixed with flour, in the proportion of one to four, it makes bread of an agreeable taste. Of hay the produce, in York district, from two cuttings, is about eighty waggon loads, each weighing 1200 pounds. That of the Palma

* In 1809 a report was made on this subject by a committee of the Georgia Medical Society at Savannah.

Christi, or oil of castor, is from 100 to 150 gallons per acre.

Vines.--It is not doubted, that the vine might be successfully cultivated in the south-western parts of this state. There are many wild grapes in the country, and Madeira vines are known to thrive extremely. The soil and climate are equally adapted for silk, and such is the number of mulberry trees, that this useful substance might certainly be produced in sufficient quantity to supply the whole of the United States. The Benni, or sesamum plant, lately introduced by Mr Milledge, gave ten bushels of seed per acre, which was sold at New York at three dollars per bushel. The arrow root, so useful in dysentery and diseases of the bowels, grows here. Peaches, apples, cherries, pears, plums, quinces, nectarines, strawberries, raspherries, grapes, sweet orange, and almonds, grow without the trouble of culture,

In the maritime districts the rice planters, about the beginning of June, remove towards the shore to the pine barrens, or bogs, where they reside in log huts, till the appearance of frost, visiting their plantations occasionally, and receiving therefrom their supply of provisions. Some planters, who live in this way, have property to the amount of 40,000 or 50,000 dollars, The brown corn skipper butterfly, (Papilio alcyus,) tid the corn emperor moth, (Phalæna io,) unfold tiemselves in the crysalis state, in the leaves and ule of the Indian corn. The tobacco hawk moth,

phinx Carolina,) in the caterpillar state, and the i vacco worm moth, are a great nuisance to the tous


[ocr errors]

bacco plantations. They are easily killed, however, by throwing upon them hot sand or wood ashes.

Products of Mineral Substances in 1810.–At two mills there are made 2500 pounds of gunpowder, value 1250 dollars. Bar iron. Nails. The petrified shells, before alluded to, afford good lime for building, and the millstones of this state are said to be of a better quality than the French burr.

Products of Vegetable Substances.
Cotton cloth, 3,591,612 yards, 1,745,806 dollars.
Cotton and flax, - 10,722

8,051 Cotton baggiog,


5,593 Cotton and wool, 441,205

275,761 Linen,


1,790 126 distilleries, 545,212 gallons, 462,390 I brewery,

1,878 barrels, 11,208 Saw-mills,

1,252,000 feet, 25,040 From the sweet potatoe, (Convolvulus batatas,) a spirituous liquor is distilled, equal in quality to that produced from rye. It affords another more useful product, known by the name of sago, procured from the most tender and farinaceous parts, by maceration and washing. This nutritive substance resembles that obtained from the medullary part of a palm tree of the East Indies, and on this account it has received the same name. The berries of the dwarf and palmetto, when ripe, are agreeable to the taste, and are eaten by the Indians, and by the bears, deer, and turkeys, who discover a great fondness for them. The roots of the China briar, pounded, washed, and reduced to a paste, are baked in the form of cakes, or made into gruel,

sweetened with honey, and are thus eaten by the Indians. In years of scarcity they, eat a small root, called bog potatoe, on account of the low boggy places in which it grows. * The young leaves of the palmetto, or cabbage tree, are dressed with pepper and salt, or fried with butter; and in this last manner they have the taste of artichokes. The live oak (Quercus phellos) of this state is of great value for ship timber. The wood of the long-leaved pine is valuable for dif. ferent purposes, being very durable ; but it is too heavy for ship-spars.

Products of Animal Substances.
Woollen cloth, 5,591 yards, 4,192 dollars.
Tanned hides, 17,521 70,084

The skins of deer and other animals, dressed and undressed, form a considerable article of trade. The whole amount of manufactures, in 1810, according to the marshal's return, was 2,743,863 dollars, besides doubtful articles, to the amount of 25,040 dollars. The cloth manufactured amounted to 2,041,194 dollars. The inhabitants of the interior now manufacture their own bedding and clothing.

Commerce. The exports in 1750 were 8897 dollars; 1756, 74,485; 1773, 121,677; 1799, 1,396,759; 1810, 2,424,631. The chief articles of export are live stock, maize, rice, tobacco, indigo, flour, sago, tar, naval stores, canes, leather, deer skins, snake root, myrtle, and bees wax. +

* Western Gazetteer, p. 14. + The exports from Savannah, (the only port of importance)

The imports consist of foreign merchandise, brought directly from France and England; and also from New York and Philadelphia. The New England states furnish butter, cheese, fish, potatoes, onions, apples, cider, shoes, and New England rum. Between St Mary's and the neighbouring island of Amelia, an active smuggling trade was carried on during the late war. English merchandise was land. ed there, and afterwards sold as Spanish to the Americans.

Roads.—There are no turnpike roads in this state. The road from Fort Hawkins to Fort Stoddart, through the Indian territory, was completed in 1811. A road was lately carried through, between Georgia and Tene

from the 1st of November 1815 to the 27th of April 1816, were as follows: Sea Island cotton,

10 722 bales. Upland ditto,

62,698 Rice,

15.798 whole tierces.

2,336 half ditto. Tobacco,

1,501 hogsheads. The quantity of cotton exported from Savannah, from the 1st of October 1815 to the 10th of February 1816, was,

To England, . 14,552 bales Upland.
Ditto, .

. 3,638 ditto Sea Island. To France,

4,346 ditto Upland. Ditto.

97 ditto Sea Island. To Europe,

874 ditto Upland. Ditto,

40 ditto Sea Island. Coastwise,

. 10,123 ditto.

Total, 83,670 bales. In 1759 10,000 pounds of raw silk were exported,

« PreviousContinue »