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Sea Island cotton, which grows best near the coast, and on the adjacent islands, yields a greater price in the market than any other kind. The produce of an acre is about 600 pounds in the seed. Cotton is also cultivated on the pine lands, which produce three, four, or fire crops without manure. The seed of the indigo plant is sown in April, and the first crop is cut in July, when it has attained the growth of two feet and a half. There are usually three cuttings in the season. The mean produce of thirty acres has been estimated at 1300 pounds. The sugar-cane is now cultivated along the coast, and to the distance of 120 miles in the interior. Further north, the frost, which often takes place after several days of considerable warmth, kills the shoots in spring; and the natural fruit, when it approaches maturity, is apt to burst. The shoots are protected from the frost, which sometimes prevails, by covering them with dry grass. It is stated, that the produce of an acre under good cultivation is from 2000 to 4000 pounds of sugar. • Rice was introduced about twenty years after the first settlement in 1?73, and has been continued till lately, when the pernicious effects of its cultivation on the health of the inhabitants along the borders of the

* Ni'ajor Butler, on 85 acres, cultivated by 17 hands, produced 140,000 pounds of sugar, and 75 hogsheads of molasses. John M'Queen planted 48 acres in cane, average product 20,000 canes per acre; 5000 canes, the product of one-fouith acre, yielded 600 gallons of juice, which boiled down, made 672 lbs. sugar, and may lose 50 pounds in draining, leaving 622 lbs. or 2488 lbs. of sugar per acre. (Walsh's American Register.)

Savannah induced them to discontinue it. * On tide lands the produce of an acre is from 1200 to 1500 pounds; on inland plantations, from 600 to 1500 pounds. In some very rainy seasons the seed dies, and the fields are resown, when the water disappears. Cotton, in the low country, is from 100 to 300 pounds, and about the same quantity from green seed, in the middle and upper country. The common produce is from 150 to 200 pounds. In 1815 the price of Sea Island cotton was thirty-three cents a pound; that of the uplands twenty cents. In 1817 the first was at forty-five, the last at twenty-nine. Mr Sibbalds is of opinion, that the lands covered with pine are well adapted to the cultivation of cotton, for three or four crops.

Maize.—In the middle parts of the state, in strong dry lands, the produce of maize is from thirty to sixty bushels per acre. In the low country, from ten to thirty. Wheat, in the upper country, yields, by good cultivation, from twenty to twenty-five bushels, weighing fifty-five pounds the bushel. The sweet potatoe is much cultivated in the dry plains, and is a very wholesome and nourishing food. Mixed with flour, in the proportion of one to four, it makes bread of an agreeable taste. Of hay the produce, in York district, from two cuttings, is about eighty waggon loads, each weighing 1200 pounds. That of the Palma

• In 1809 a report was made on this subject by a committee ef the Georgia Medical Society at Savannah.

Christi, or oil of castor, is from 100 to 150 gallons per acre.

Vines.—It is not doubted, that the vine might be successfully cultivated in the south-western parts of this state. There are many wild grapes in the country, and Madeira vines are known to thrive extremely. The soil and climate are equally adapted for silk, and such is the number of mulberry trees, that this useful substance might certainly be produced in sufficient quantity to supply the whole of the United States. The Benni, or sesamum plant, lately introduced by Mr Milledge, gave ten bushels of seed per acre, which was sold at New York at three dollars per bushel. The arrow root, so useful in dysentery and diseases of the bowels, grows here. Peaches, apples, cherries, pears, plums, quinces, nectarines, strawberries, raspberries, grapes, sweet orange, and almonds, grow without the trouble of culture.

In the maritime districts the rice planters, about the beginning of June, remove towards the shore to the pine barrens, or bogs, where they reside in log huts, till the appearance of frost, visiting their plantations occasionally, and receiving therefrom their supply of provisions. Some planters, who live in this way, have property to the amount of 40,000 or 50,000 dollars. The brown corn skipper butterfly, (Papilio alcyus,J and the corn emperor moth, (Phalcena io,) unfold tuemselves in the crysalis state, in the leaves and blade of the Indian corn. The tobacco hawk moth, v sphinx Carolina,) in the caterpillar state, and thebacco worm moth, are a great nuisance to the tobacco plantations. They are easily killed, however, by throwing upon them hot sand or wood ashes.

Products of Mineral Substances in 1810.—At two mills there are made 2500 pounds of gunpowder, value 1250 dollars. Bar iron. Nails. The petrified shells, before alluded to, afford good lime for building, and the millstones of this state are said to be of a better quality than the French burr.

Products of Vegetable Substances.

Cotton cloth, 3,591,612 yards, 1,745,806 dollars.

Cotton and flax, 10,722 8,051

Cotton bagging, 9,463 5,593

Cotton and wool, 441,205 275,761

Linen, 1,790 1,790

126 distilleries, 545,212 gallons, 462,390

1 brewery, 1,878 barrels, 11,268

Saw-mills, 1,252,000 feet, 25,040

From the sweet potatoe, {Convolvulus batatas?) a spirituous liquor is distilled, equal in quality to that produced from rye. It affords another more useful product, known by the name of sago, procured from the most tender and farinaceous parts, by maceration and washing. This nutritive substance resembles that obtained from the medullary part of a palm tree of the East Indies, and on this account it has received the same name. The berries of the dwarf and palmetto, when ripe, are agreeable to the taste, and are eaten by the Indians, and by the bears, deer, and turkeys, who discover a great fondness for them. The roots of the China briar, pounded, washed, and reduced to a paste, are baked in the form of cakes, or made into gruel, sweetened with honey, and are thus eaten by the Indians. In years of scarcity they eat a smalL root, called bog potatoe, on account of the low boggy places in which it grows. * The young leaves of the palmetto, or cabbage tree, are dressed with pepper and salt, or fried with butter; and in this last manner they have the taste of artichokes. The live oak (Quercus phellos) of this state is of great value for ship timber. The wood of the long-leaved pine is valuable for different purposes, being very durable; but it is too heavy for ship-spars.

Products of Animal Substances.

Woollen cloth, 5,591 yards, 4,192 dollars.

Tanned hides, 17,521 70,084

The skins of deer and other animals, dressed and undressed, form a considerable article of trade. The whole amount of manufactures, in 1810, according to the marshal's return, was 2,743,863 dollars, besides doubtful articles, to the amount of 25,040 dollars. The cloth manufactured amounted to 2,041,194 dollars. The inhabitants of the interior now manufacture their own bedding and clothing.

Commerce.—The exports in 1750 were 8897 dollars; 1756, 74,4,85; I773, 121,6/7; 1799, 1,396,759; 1810, 2,424,631. The chief articles of export are live stock, maize, rice, tobacco, indigo, flour, sago, tar, naval stores, canes, leather, deer skins, snake root, myrtle, and bees wax. t

* Western Gazetteer, p. 14.

f The exports from Savannah, (the only port of importance,)

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