« PreviousContinue »
senate is elected annually, and is composed of a member from each county, chosen by the electors. A senator must be twenty-five years of age, he must have been a citizen of the United States nine years, an inhabitant of Georgia three years, must possess a freehold estate of the value of 500 dollars, or taxable pro. perty in the country to the amount of 1000 dollars. The senate has the power of trying all impeachments. The house of representatives is composed of members chosen annually from all the counties in proportion to the respective numbers of free white persons, includ. ing three-fifths of all the people of colour. The smallest county has one member; counties with 3000 have two; with 7000, three; with 12,000, four. A representative must be twenty-one years of age, he having been seven years a citizen of the United States, an inhabitant of Georgia three years, and of the county for which he is chosen one year immediately preceding his election, and he must possess a settled clear freehold estate of the value of 250 dollars, or taxable property to the amount of 500 dollars, within the county. The house of representatives has the power of impeaching for crimes and misdemeanours all persons who have been or may be in office. The governor, who is chosen by the general assembly for the term of two years, must have been twelve years a citizen of the United States, six years an inhabitant of the state, must be thirty years of age, and possessed of 500 acres of land within the state, and other property to the amount of 4000 dollars. He is commanderin-chief of the army, navy, and militia of the state.
The assembly meets annually on the second Tuesday in January
Judiciary. The judicial power is vested in a superior court, and such inferior courts as the legislature may from time to time establish. The judges are elected for the term of three years, with the power of being re-elected; they are removeable only by impeachment. The superior court is composed of four judges, each of whom holds a court twice a-year in one of the districts, and has exclusive and final jurisdiction in all criminal cases, except such as relate to slaves and to the titles of lands or real estate. They have power to correct errors of inferior courts, and to order new trials on legal grounds. The inferior courts, which have cognizance of all other civil cases, are established in each county, and consist of five judges who sit twice a-year, and are also judges of the courts of ordinary and probate. There is a state's attorney and solicitor appointed by the legislature, who hold their offices for the term of three years; they are liable to removal if found guilty upon impeachment.
Justices of the inferior courts are elected by the people, and hold their commissions during good behaviour. Justices of the peace, two in each captain's district, are nominated by the inferior courts of the several counties, and have power to summon seven jurors, and try all crimes committed by slaves, and all cases of a civil nature within their district, where the debt or liquidated demand does not exceed thirty dollars. No person can be debarred from advocating, or defending his cause before any court or tribunal, either by
himself or counsel, or both. The legislature cannot grant divorces till the case is tried before the superior court, and a verdict obtained on legal principles. Sheriffs are elected by the people, and hold their appointment for the term of two years. The judiciary officers of the United States, for this state, are, 1. A judge with a salary of 1500 dollars. 2. An attorney with 200. 3. A marshal with fees. 4. A clerk with fees. (Register of United States.)
The following Statement of the Finances was presented by the Treasurer, to the Legislature, in 1816.
Dollars. Cash in the treasury, the 31st of October 1816, 65,866 In good bonds, exclusive of those set apart for the re. demption of the public debt,
152,539 In United States' treasury potes,
226,305 In addition to which, the state holds bank stock, on which has been paid,
- 202,000 The sum due by the national government for the western territory, (a third of which is due,) is 936,558
In all amounting to: 1,364,863 The amount soon to be expended, consisted of what was
due on the bank shares owned by the state, 550,000 Of the amount in the treasury, there was received for bonds to redeem the public debt, 64,000
Sum applicable to such purposes as the legislature
may think proper. *
Statement of the Valuation of Lands, Lots, with their improve. ments, Dwelling-houses, and Slaves, within the several Counties of the State of Georgia, as revised and settled by the Board of Principal Assessors, and the Amount of the Quota of each, at the rate of 33 cents on every 100 dollars valuation.
Districts and Counties.
Valuation as revised land settled by the board of principal assessors.
Amount of the
! The valuation of the property of the state of Georgia, subject
to the direct tax, amounts to 57,746,771 dollars, 16 cents, of which considerably more than one-half is raised on the valuation of slaves.
Dollars. Cenis First district,
46,563 3 Second,
30,322 95 Third,
30,917 88 Fourth,
21,305 82 Sixth,
37,486 78 Quota of the state,
190,748 9 Military Force. The militia amounted, in 1815 to 27,480; of which 23,264 were infantry, 162 artillery, and 1112 dragoons.
Religion. There is no established religion in this state, and no religious tests are required from those who hold public offices. The different denominations,