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to 200 acres of salt-marsh, was sold, in 1713, for L. 305; in 1726, for L. 1750; in 1728, for L.2000 ; in 1768, for L. 2792. Land adjacent to this tract was sold, some years ago, for L. 100 Sterling per acre. Every thing has increased in proportion, the rent of houses, the price of slaves, the wages of labourers, the expence of living, and of education. In 1740, corn was rated by a committee of the assembly at one fourth of a dollar the bushel ; rice 6s. Sterling per cwt. In 1760, rice was 1 dollar, 53 cents, per cwt. ; Carolina flour, 2 dollars, 80 cents; tallow, 10 cents per lb.; pork, 7 dollars per barrel ; salt, 25 cents per bushel. *

Interest of Money.-By a law of the assembly in 1721, no higher rate of interest than ten per cento per

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* Price of Articles at Georgetown in January 1816. The barrel of pork,

- 18 dollars. Of rice,

• 3 The bushel of corn,

. . 64 cents. - Price of Articles at Charleston in January 1816. The barrel of fish called Menhaden,

3 dollars, 50 cents. Of mackerel, Of herrings,

Of salmon, 19 The cwt. of cod fish,

Of new rice, The bushel of corn,

1 Oats,

0 The barrel of beef, Of pork,

24 The pound of cotton called Sea Island, o

Upland,
The pound of bacon,
Of butter,

- - 0 Ton of hemp,

. . .' 250

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annum was to be taken, under the penalty of a forfeiture of treble the amount. The interest in England was then but five. In the preamble of this act it is stated, that L. 25 a-year, and even more, had been exacted for the loan of L. 100. Another law was passed, in 1748, reducing interest from ten to eight per cent. A third, in 1777, brought it to seven, and made the penalties against usury more severe.

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Dollars. Cents. Pound of indigo,

70 to 80 A cwt. of tobacco,

10 to 12 0 Prices at Charleston, July 1816.

Dollars. Cents. Brandy, Cogniac, gal.

- 1

75 Coffee, green, lb.

20 to 23 Gin, Holland,

1 25 to 1 30 Home-spun, Northern, yard,

23 to 30
Rice, new, cwt.
Rum, New England, per gal.
Tea, Hyson,
Six per cent, stock,
Seven do. do.

101
Three do. do. ' .
Treasury Notes at par.
Specie, dollars,

6 to 7 per cent. ad. Bills on London,

8 to 10 per cent. premium. Current Prices of Articles in the South-Western Parts of the

State, in 1808. Indian corn,

50 cents per bushel, Wheat,

75 Oats, Corn blades,

75 per cwt. Hay,

4 per lb. Pork,

Price of Labour.-Carpenters earn 1} dollar a-day, exclusive of maintenance.

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A STATEMENT of the Valuation of Lands, Lots, with their Improve.
ments, Dwelling-houses, Slaves, within the several Districts of the
Siate of South Carolina, as revised and settled by the Board of
Principal Assessors, convened at Columbia in January 1816, and
the Quota of the United States' Direct Tax assigned to each by the
said Board.

DISTRICTS,
Congrestional
and State.

Valuation
Number of of lands, lots Numberl Valuation
acres of and their

of
land. improve- slaves. slaves.

ments.

of

Total valua-
tion of lands
and slaves.

Quota of
direct
tax.

Dollars.

Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Cts.
1. Charleston,

10,000,000 100,000 0
1. Colleton, 845,744 13,236,004| 21,943|5,842,650 9,078,654 22,696 63
" Beaufort, 812,167 H,449,281/ 24,370|0,381,700 10,824,981| 27,062 45

19,903,635 49,75981
Barnwell, 597,578 1,019,745 4,637|1,278,140 2,297,885 5,744 74
Orangeburg,

683.905 1,048,443 6,797|1,893,172 2,941,615 7,354 4
3. Lexington,

738,71811 737,215 2,0111 609,843 1,347,057 3,367 64
(Richland, 1,147,91182,482,552 5,944/1,074,4401 4,356,992 10,892 48

10,943,549 27,358 871
Elgefield,

832,756 12,470,676 11,1203,195,354 5,664,030 14,100 7
4. Abbeville,
523,562 11,881,460 7,574|2,205,568 4,087,028 10,217 52

9,751,058 24,377 64
| Pendleton,

2,611,123 6,527 80
Greenville,

1,531,859 3,829 64
4,142,584 10,357 44

1,904,6141 4,761 53
(Lanren's

2,463,564 6,158
6.

91
N wbury,

2,4:6,912 6,067 35
Fairfield,

6,795,120 16,987 79

1,553, 1901 3,882
(Spartanburg,

99

1,704,132 4,260 33
Chesler,

1,750,732 4,376 85
( Yuk,

1,837,979 4,594 94

6,846,040 17,1159
( Lancaster,

219,403 | 571,7141 2,1161 598,0871 1,169,801 2,924 50
Sumpter, 898,195 12,105,717| 13,030 3,675,7141 5,781,45114,452 57]
Kershaw,

308,464 11,421,2631 5,181|1,509,0311 2,930,294 7,325 75]
Chesterfield, 273,859 | 484,3861 1,862| 543,8011 1,028,1871 2,570) 46] ·

| 10,909,715| 27,274 26
Georgelown, 440,528 2,710,636 14,248/4,284,920 6,995,556 17,458 89

357,865 238,06: 1,405 372,660 610,729 1,526 82
Marion, 577.620 592,633 2,982 781,201 1,373,834 3,434 58
Marlborough, 224,381 693,426 2,500 766,302 1,459,728 3,649 32
Darlington, 362,805 702,815 3,442 940,3171 1,643,139 4,107 83
Williamsburg, | 436,182 471,495,2551,569,94+ 2,041,436 5,103 59

14,124,415 35,311 631
Valuation of the state, and the tax levied by the board
agreeably to the Act of Congress,

1123,416,513'308,541 20
VOL. II.

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Military Force.-Every able bodied white male citizen between the years of eighteen and forty-five is enrolled in the militia. Free men of colour are also employed in the quality of pioneers. Any portion, not exceeding a third part of the whole number, may be obliged by the executive to perform duty out of the state on any particular emergency. The effective militia, in 1815, amounted to 32,202, of which 24,055 were infantry, and 2297 dragoons. There are two divisions, each commanded by a major-general, comprehending nine brigades, thirty-six regiments of infantry, eight regiments, and one squadron of cavalry, and one regiment and a battalion of artillery, besides artil. lery companies attached to some of the regiments of infantry. The brigades are commanded by brigadiergenerals, the regiments by lieutenant-colonels. For each brigade there is a brigade-inspector, with the rank of major, who attends the reviews, and inspects the arms, ammunitions, and accoutrements. There is also an adjutant-general, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, who reviews the militia by regiments; makes reports to, and receives and distributes orders from, the commander-in-chief. The district of Pendleton, si. tuated near the “ Big Mountains,” furnished, during the late war, 1000 militia and 4:00 regulars, for the actual service of the United States.

Study of Law.—By a late act a candidate of twentyone years is entitled to admittance, if approved by judges appointed to examine him on the theory and practice of the profession. In 1808 there were fortyeight practitioners in Charleston. During twenty

seven years preceding the revolution, the whole number admitted was fifty-eight ; and during twenty-five years subsequent to its termination in 1783, 238 were admitted in Charleston, exclusive of those who passed their examination in the country. Several, however, never intended to exercise the profession.

Religion.—The Episcopalians have ten churches in this state, (three of which are in Charleston,) with a bishop and fifteen clergymen. Of the Presbyterians, there are five presbyteries, one at Charleston, consisting of five churches ; two in the western parts, consisting of more than twenty ministers, but including sixty congregations; a fourth comprehends several churches in Georgia, and the lower parts of Carolina; a fifth, a presbytery of seceders of nine ministers, but embracing twenty-two congregations. The Baptists have five associations, consisting of 100 ministers, 130 churches, 10,500 communicants, and 75,000 adherents. According to the report of the general convention of Baptists, held in Philadelphia in May 1817, the num. ber of their churches was then 169, of members 11,003. The Independents, or Congregationalists, have seven churches and six ministers. The Methodists have 200 churches, or places for public worship, 90 local preachers, and 26 travelling preachers who preach annually 18,000 times. The local preachers receive no salary or compensation. The annual expences amount only to 2080 dollars. The construction of each church, or place of meeting, averages 135 dollars. In the upper country clergymen have from 400 to 600 dollars a-year. There is a Jewish Synagogue at

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