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Boards and scantling,

feet, 5,000,000 Tar, pitch, and turpentine,

barrels, 100,000 In 1787, from the port of Edenton alone, Indian corn,

bushels, 134,107 Peas,

do. 8,924 Herrings,

barrels, 5,328 Bacon, wheat, skins, furs, tobacco, snake root, bees wax. *

The exports consist of live cattle, tar, pitch, and turpentine, lumber, Indian corn, cotton, and tobacco, pork, lard, tallow, bees-wax, myrtle wax, ginseng, and medicinal roots and plants; a great portion of which is sent to the markets of South Carolina, Georgia, and Virginia. In 1805 the direct exports amounted to 779,903 dollars; in 1810, to 403,949 dollars, of which 401, +65 were of domestic, and 2484 of foreign produce. +

* In the early period of this colony quit-rents and other debts were paid in deer skins, hides, tallow, pork, rice, or tobacco. In 1740, when North Carolina offered 400 men for an expedition projected against the Spaniards at Carthagena, the poll-tax of 3 shil. lings was discharged in tobacco at 10 shillings the cwt., rice at 7s.6d. Indian dressed deer skins at 2s. 6d. the pound; bees-wax at 10d. tallow at 4d. ; pork at 27s. the cwt, ; current paper at 7} for 1.

+ The exports from the port of Wilmington for six months, commencing the 1st of October 1815, and ending the 31st of March 1816, of the produce and manufactures of the United States, were, lumber, (boards and hewn,) timber, staves, shingles, hoops, &c. 157,200 dollars ; tar, turpentine, spirit of do, rosin, pitch, 131,000; produce of live cattle, horses, hogs, bacon, hams, &c. 4,800 ; wheat, flour, Indian corn and meal, 29.500; rice, 48,000 ; tobacco, 92,000; flax-seed, 54,000; cotton, 216,000. Total amount of exe ports for six months, 732,500 dollars. Value of produce transported

The whole coast, and the mouths of the rivers, are covered by sand-banks which obstruct the approach of vessels of large size, except at Brunswick, situated near the embouchure of Cape Fear river, near the southern extremity of the state, where there is a port with sixty feet water. A steam-boat plies between Fayetteville and Wilmington.

Canals. - From the great lake of the Alligator swamp a navigable canal has been cut nine. miles in length for the conveyance of lumber and produce, called the Chesapeak and Albemarle canal. Other canals have been completed along Buckhorn falls in Cape Fear river, seven miles below the junction of Deep and Haw rivers, and along Smilie's falls in the same river. A canal twenty feet in width runs from Phelps lake, in the Dismal swamp, to the head of the river Skappernong, five and a half miles.

A Light-House is to be erected at or near Cape Lookout, for which service a sum was appropriated by congress in 1816. By the same act 15,000 dollars were given for rebuilding the Baldhead light-house. There are also light-houses at Cape Hatteras and at Shell Castle.

The Bridges in this state are still very rude and inconvenient, many of them consisting of trunks of trees, or pieces of rough plank laid parallel to each.

coastwise within the same period, 380,000 ; making together 1,112,500 dollars. The imports consist of foreign merchandise, cider, cheese, iron, and tin-ware, hats and shoes from New England.

other, without fastening, in crossing which accidents often occur even on the main post road. .

Houses are chiefly of wood covered with white paint.

Capes.—One of the most remarkable on the coast is called Cape Hatteras, from which a ridge of sand, of half a mile in width, extends outward, with only ten or twelve feet water at low tide, on which many vessels have perished. * To the south is another cape called Cape Lookout, where, before the year 1777, there was an excellent harbour, which has been since choked up with sand.

The Roads, like those in Virginia, are generally in a bad condition.

Inventions and Discoveries claimed by Citizens of this


It was a negro slave of this state who discovered what is by many considered as a sovereign remedy for the bite of a rattle-snake; and for which he received his freedom and L. 200 from the assembly. This consists in, taking internally the juice of the horehound and plantain; and applying externally to the part affected a poultice of the bruised plants.

Works relating to the History and Geography of this


1. Hern's (Robert) Brief Description of Carolina. Gresham Col. lege, London, 1666.

2. Lawson's (John) History of North Carolina, 1718, London, in 4to, or Journal of 1000 miles travels among the lodians from

* The seaman's observation is, “ If the Bermudas let you pass, you'll get it at Cape Hatteras."

South to North Carolina. This traveller was surveyor-general of North Carolina in the year 1700, and was the first who explored the back country, which seventy years afterwards was examined by Dr Mitchell.

3. Brickall's Ilistory of North Carolina. 1735.

4. Williamson's (Dr) History of this State. 2 vol. in 8vo. 181%, Philadelphia, with a Map. : 5. Pillson (Dr G.) on the Topography and Diseases of Green. ville, or Tar river, North Carolina. Inserted in the Medical Repository of New York, 5 vol. p. 137.

Maps. There is a Map of this State without date, on one sheet, by Samuel Lewis; another on three sheets, by Price and Strother, dated 1808.



SITUATION AND BOUNDARIES.--This state is situated between 32° and 35° 8' north latitude, and between 1° 24' and 6° 10' west longitude from Washington. On the east it extends along the coast of the Atlantic 170 miles. On the south-west and west it is separated from Georgia by the Savannah and Tugelo rivers; on the north and north-east it is bounded by North Carolina; and on north-west by Tennessee. Its length, from the mouth of the Santee on the Atlantic, to the Apalachian Mountains on the north-west angle, is about 340 miles. Area, -24,080 square miles, of which 9570 lie above the falls of the rivers, and 14,510 between the falls and the Atlantic Ocean

Aspect of the Country, and Nature of the Soil.Different ranges of finely wooded mountains, known by the names of Table, Dolenoy, Occonee, Paris, the Glassey, Hogback, Tryon, and King's Mountains, traverse this country, passing through the districts of

* This name was given, in 1729, when it was separated from North Carolina.

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