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sembled at Halifax. The Senate is composed of representatives, one for each county, annually chosen by ballot. The House of Commons consists of two representatives for each county, and one for each of six towns, chosen in the same manner. A member of the Senate must have resided a year immediately preceding the election in the county in which he is chosen, and must possess 300 acres of land in fee. A member of the House of Commons must have resided a year in the county in which he is chosen, where he must also be proprietor of 100 acres of land in fee, or for the term of his own life. The electors of the senators must be freemen of twenty-one years of age, who have resided in the state twelve months preceding the election, and possess a freehold within the county of fifty acres of land. The electors of the members of the House of Commons must also be freemen, twenty-one years of age, who have paid public taxes, and been inhabitants of the state twelve months immediately preceding the election. The representatives of the towns are chosen by freeholders who have paid public taxes, and been inhabitants therein during twelve months. The executive power is vested in a governor and council of state, chosen by ballot by the assembly. The governor is elected for one year, and is ineligible to office for more than three of six successive years. He must be thirty years of age, a resident of the state for more than five years, and a freeholder of lands and tenements above the value of L. 1000. He is authorized to draw for, and to apply such monies as are voted by the general assembly for the contingencies of the government, for which he is

accountable. With the advice of the council, he may lay an embargo, not exceeding thirty days in succession ; he may grant pardons and reprieves in the recess of the general assembly, except when the prosecution is instituted by this body. The council consists of seven members, four of whom is a quorum, and their advice and proceedings are entered in a journal, which is authenticated by their signature, and, when called for, laid before the general assembly. The governor is captain-general and commander-in-chief of the militia. In case of death or absence, his place is filled by the speaker of the House of Commons, until his return, or a new nomination of this body. Each house chooses its speaker and other officers, passes judgment concerning the qualifications and election of its members, sits by its own adjournments, and adjourns jointly with the other by ballot. Neither house can proceed to business unless there be present a majority of the members. The following persons are excluded from a seat in the legislature ; receivers of public money not accounted for, treasurers, regular officers in the army and navy, contractors or their agents, judges of the supreme court of law or equity, and of the admiralty, the secretary of state, clergymen and preachers of the gospel, infidels, and persons who deny the being of a God; the Divine authority of the Old and New Testament, the truth of the Protestant religion, or who hold principles incompatible with the freedom and safety of the state. Foreigners, who settle in the state, and take the oath of allegiance, may hold real estate, and, after a year's residence, are considered as free citizens. Delegates to congress are annually cho.

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sen by ballot of the general assembly; they may be suspended, and cannot be elected for more than three years successively. The treasurers of the state are chosen annually ; the secretary for three years.

Judiciary.—The judges are appointed by the joint ballot of the Senate and House of Commons, and are commissioned by the governor. The power of im. peachment belongs to the assembly. Trial is by a special jury upon an indictment by a grand jury. The courts are of law, and equity, and of admiralty. In each county there is a sheriff, coroner, and constables. Justices of the peace are appointed by the legislature, and hold their office during good behaviour. The civil officers of the United States for this state are-1. A judge, whose salary is 1500 dollars ; 2. An attorney, with 200; a marshal, with 400; and a clerk, whose remuneration is the fees of his office.

An Abstract View of the Value of Lands and Slaves

in North Carolina, as Assessed for the Direct Tax i of 1815.


Value of

Value of

JAv. value Av. value |Proportion of

of Land of each Tax paid by per acre. Slave. Teach County.

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4,569 50 544,444 574,944 3 | 168 40 5,261 12 645,360 577,3646 66 | 198 56 5,736 23 830,081 675,486

| 188 73 7,076 1,350,096 | 1,297,302 88 202 401 12,448

587,503 510,358 09201 5,160 1,528,862 | 1,431,848 96 2024 | 13,891 2,061,540 1,858,5635 43 | 215 | 18,424 50


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* No particular return was made of the slaves in these counties, The tax is 47 cents per S. 100.

Military Force.—The officers of the regular army of the state are appointed by the senate and house of commons. While in service they are incapable of being members of the legislature. The militia, in 1815, according to the official return, amounted to 43,217, of which 36,043 were infantry, and 1475 dragoons. At Smithville, on the bank and near the entrance of Cape Fear river, the United States have erected a battery of eight twenty-four pounders, a brick building for the accommodation of officers, a block-house, guardhouse, and a range of buildings for the accommodation of 100 artillery-men. *

Religion.—No clergyman, while he continues in the exercise of his pastoral functions, can be a member of the legislature. There is no privileged or established church; every person is at liberty to follow the mode of worship he approves of. † The principal religious denominations are, Presbyterians, Moravians, Quakers, Methodists, and Baptists. The two last are the most numerous. According to the report of the general convention of Baptists, held in Philadelphia in May 1817, the number of churches was then 219, of members 11,711, but from eighteen churches there was no return.

• National Register, July 1816.

+ The first churches were established in 1705. L. 30 currency was granted for the support of a clergyman in each precinct or parish, and marriage was no longer solemnized by the magistrates. In 1741 the salary was increased to L. 133, and the fee for marrying with licence was ten shillings, and by publication five,


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