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derable progress in manufactures and the mechanical arts. Coarse linen and yarn are now articles of exportation.
The steam-boat Washington, built at Wheeling in * 1816, is 148 feet in length; her main cabin 60 feet; the engine, which weighs only 9000 pounds, has the power of 100 horses. The first sea-rigged vessel of the Ohio river, the St Clair, of 120 tons, was built at Marietta, in 1799, in north latitude 39° 34'. Shipbuilding has been lately revived at this place under the direction of a “Commercial and Exporting Company.” More than twenty boats were built at and near Columbus on the Scioto river in 1817, for the purpose of carrying flour to New Orleans ; and a still greater number at Delaware, Circleville, and Chillicothe, each to carry 300 barrels. The voyage from Louisville to New Orleans and back is performed by the steamboats in 35 or 40 days.-(American Register.)
Products of Mineral Substances. 3 furnaces,
118,190 dollars. 24 naileries,
64,723 Saltwork, 24,000 bushels,
Common pottery is made at Cincinnati, and a glassmanufactory has been lately established. Scythes are manufactured at Cincinnati at twenty dollars per dozen. Sickles at ten dollars. Screw augers cheaper than those imported. The Scioto saltworks, situated near the centre of Jackson county, which belong to the United States, furnish a considerable quantity of salt.
Products of Vegetable Substances. Cotton goods made in families, yards, 56,072, value,
43,600 dollars, 2 cotton factories, Flaxen cloths, yards, 1,093,031,
425,149 768 cotton spindles in operation. Maple sugar, pounds, 3,023,806,
308,932 * 343 distilleries,
580,180 13 breweries,
5,719 2 paper mills,
10,000 6 gunpowder mills,
Products of Animal Substances. Woollen cloth made in families, yards, 93,074, - value,
112,485 dollars. 10,856 looms for cotton and wool, 21 fulling-mills, 217 tanneries, .
153,581 4 flax seed oil-mills,
276,267 In 1811 the general assembly of the state enacted, that each person who had a family should be allowed to keep twelve sheep, and that their wool, and all the yarn and cloth manufactured by them, should be exempt from all attachment, distresses, or executions. The gross value of all these manufactures, according to the marshal's return, was estimated at 2,894,290 dollars.
* The annual product of a common tree is about ten pounds of sugar. The sap is extracted in the months of February and March. In the process of briling it is cleared with animal jelly. Eggs, milk, or glue, and a small portion of unslacked lime, are thrown in to take up the superabundant acid; and thus prepared, it is sold at ten or twelve cents a pound.
Commerce. The external trade of the state passes through the channel of the Ohio river, and by the Mississippi to New Orleans, with the exception of a small portion of the northern parts which finds a market at Lake Erie. * The exports consist of flour, pork, bacon, and lard, whisky, peach brandy, beer, and porter, pot and pearl ashes, cheese, soap, and candles, hemp and spun yarn, boards of walnut, cherry and blue ash, furs from the waters of the Great Miami, Wabash, and Maumee. D . The imports consist of goods from the East Indies,
Europe, and New England, and manufactures of the middle states, which are transported 300 miles across the mountains from Philadelphia and Baltimore. From Louisiana are imported the commercial productions of that country, sugar and molasses, cotton, rice, and salted hides. From the Missouri territory lead, peltry, and skins; from Tennessee and Kentucky, cotton, tobacco, salt petre, and marble ; from Pennsylvania and Virginia, iron in the bar, rolled or cast form, nails, millstones, glass-ware. +
* In the new settlements on the Ohio river there are vessels with cabins fitted up like a shop, and furnished with goods of all kinds, which are given in exchange for the produce of the plantations. Their arrival is announced by the sound of a horn, or conch shell. -Sutcliff's Travels, p. 91.
+ The nature and amount of the surplus productions of the western country bordering on the Ohio may be estimated
Banks and Companies.At Cincinnati the “ Miami Exporting Company ” was incorporated in 1803, for
from the following statement, copied from the “ Pittsburgh Navigator.” Commerce of the Ohio river, from the 24th of November 1810,
to the 24th of January 1811, a period of two months. Horses,
155 Game fowls,
681,900 lbs. in bulk. Bacon,
6,300 Venison hams,
817 hams. Tallow,
180 pounds. Butter,
1,085 gallons. - Royal,
62 Onions, Ginseng,
20 Seneca oil, ,
200 groce. Soap,
59 pounds. Hemp, .. Thread,
1,484 Rope yarn,
154,000 Bale rope,
forty years ; capital 450,000 ; dividends between 10 and 15 per cent. for several years past. The “ Farmers and Mechanics' Bank,” incorporated in 1813, for five years, capital 200,000; dividends from 8 to 14 per cent. Bank of Cincinnati not yet chartered, the shares 50 dollars, of which 8800 were sold in 1817 to 345 persons; dividends from 5 to 8 per cent. The Owl Creek Bank of Mount Vernon commenced its operations on the 5th of October 1816, with a nominal capital of 250,000 dollars, and power to increase it to double this amount. At Dayton, on the east bank of the Great Miami river, there is a bank called the “ Dayton Manufacturing Company," with a capital of 100,000 dollars ; and at Lebanon, in Warren county, there is a bank called the “ Lebanon Miami Banking Company," with a capital of 250,000 dollars.
Bridges. The legislature has authorized the erection of a toll-bridge over Milk Creek, near its confluence with the Ohio. But the steam ferry-boats will probably be more economical than any bridge across
27,700 yards. Tow-cloth,
4,619 Tarred rope,
479 coils. Oats,
500 bushels. Corn,
216 Cherry plank,
18,000 feet. Pine plank,
279,300 Staves, ..
286 All these articles passed the falls of the Ohio in keel and flat bottomed boats, 211 in number.