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41° to 42°. In 1784 Virginia relinquished all jurisdiction over the country north of the Ohio, and also her title to the soil, except a tract situated between the Scioto and Little Miami rivers; and Connecticut, in 1786 and 1800, did the same, retaining a tract known by the name of Connecticut Reserve, or New Connecticut, 120 miles in length, as wide as the state of Connecticut, and containing nearly four millions of acres.

The territory of Ohio (including the present state of Indiana, and the territories of Michigan and Illinois) came under the jurisdiction of the general congress in 1787, who invested a governor, secretary, and three judges, with all judicial and executive functions, and this form of government continued until the population amounted to 5000 free male inhabitants of full age; when, in 1799, it gave place to a general assembly, consisting of a house of representatives elected by the people, and a legislative council nominated by this house, and appointed by congress, from which a dele. gate was sent to the national legislature. This government continued until 1802, when the population having reached the amount of 60,000, the people were authorized to form a constitution, which was established the following year. This constitution is founded on the most liberal principles. It is subject to revi.' sion,-it secures freedom of conscience,—the liberty of the press-trial by jury,—the right of association for the public good, and of the right of bearing arms. It prohibits unwarrantable searches, extraordinary bail, hereditary privileges, and involuntary servitude. The legislative authority is vested in a general assembly,

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longed, but who afterwards sold their rights to all the lands south of the river Ohio for the sum of L. 10,000 paid by the governor of Virginia. Owing to Indian hostilities no settlements were made within the actual limits of the state of Ohio before the year 1788, when Marietta was established at the mouth of the Muskingum river by emigrants from New England, under the patronage of the Ohio company. The foundation of other establishments was also laid at a place called the North Bead, above the mouth of the Great Miami, at Fort Washington, now Cincinnati, and at Columbia, below the mouth of the Little Miami. From these points the population extended along the Musk. ingum and the Great Miami rivers ; but its progress was slow until the year 1795, when, by the treaty of Grenville, a great portion of this country was ceded to the United States by the twelve Indian tribes to whom it then belonged. Other cessions were made in the years 1805, 1807, and 1808, by which they have aban. doned all claim except to the north-west corner, where they now reside. By the treaty of 1763 Great Bri. tain relinquished to France all her pretensions to the country situated to the west of the Mississippi ; * but that on the east of this river, as far as the mountains, had been granted by charter to the states of Virginia and Connecticut; in consequence of which, the former claimed the right of soil and jurisdiction between the parallels of 36° 30 and 41' north. The latter from

* England claimed jurisdiction over the whole continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.

41° to 42°. In 1784 Virginia relinquished all juris. diction over the country north of the Ohio, and also her title to the soil, except a tract situated between the Scioto and Little Miami rivers; and Connecticut, in 1786 and 1800, did the same, retaining a tract known by the name of Connecticut Reserre, or New Connecticut, 120 miles in length, as wide as the state of Connecticut, and containing nearly four millions of acres. The territory of Ohio (including the present state of Indiana, and the territories of Michigan and Illinois) came under the jurisdiction of the general congress in 1787, who invested a governor, secretary, and three judges, with all judicial and executive functions, and this form of government continued until the population amounted to 5000 free male inhabitants of full age; when, in 1799, it gave place to a general assembly, consisting of a house of representatives elected by the people, and a legislative council nominated by this house, and appointed by congress, from which a dele. gate was sent to the national legislature. This government continued until 1802, when the population having reached the amount of 60,000, the people were authorized to form a constitution, which was established the following year. This constitution is founded on the most liberal principles. It is subject to revi. ' sion,-it secures freedom of conscience,-the liberty of the press-trial by jury,—the right of association for the public good, and of the right of bearing arms. It prohibits unwarrantable searches, extraordinary bail, hereditary privileges, and involuntary servitude. The legislative authority is vested in a general assembly,

consisting of a senate and house of representatives, both elected by the people; all white male inhabitants above the age of twenty-one years, who have resided in the state twelve months next preceding the election, and who have paid state or county-tax, are entitled to vote; any person convicted of bribery or perjury is excluded from the privilege of electing or of being elected. The representatives, whose number is not to exceed seventy-two, are chosen annually on the second

Tuesday in October. Each representative must be twenty-five years of age, a citizen of the United States, an inhabitant of the state, and a payer of taxes, during the year immediately preceding his election, unless absent on public business of the state, or of the United States. The senators, whose number cannot be less than one-third, nor more than one half, of that of representatives, are chosen biennially by the same voters, and one-half of their seats are vacated every year. A senator must be an American citizen of thirty years of age ; must have resided two years immediately preced. ing his election in the county or district for which he is a candidate, unless absent on public business. He must also have paid state or county-tax. ..

A member of either house may be expelled for disorderly behaviour by the concurrent voice of two-thirds of its members, which members constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. In all cases except felony, treason, or breach of the peace, both senators and representatives are privileged from arrest during the session of the general assembly; and are not to be questioned out of doors for any words or speech spoken

in debate. Any person, not a member, may be pu. nished for disorderly or contemptuous behaviour to the house by imprisonment during twenty-four hours. Bills may originate in either house, subject to alteration, amendment, or rejection by the other.

The doors are kept open during the sitting, except when the house requires secrecy; and one house cannot adjourn for more than two days without the consent of the other. Vacancies are filled by writs of election issued for this purpose. No senator or representative can be elected to any civil office which shall have been created, or the emoluments thereof increased, during the time for which he is elected. The power of impeachment is vested in the house of representatives, in which a majority of all the members must concur in criminal or state cases. The senate has the right of trial; and no person can be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of all the members. All civil officers are liable to impeachment for misdemeanour in office, and after removal therefrom to trial according to law. The supreme executive power is vested in a governor, chosen for the term of two years, by the same persons who elect the members of the general assembly. He is not eligible for more than six in eight years; he must be thirty years of age, a citizen of the United States, and an inhabitant of this state four years next preceding his election. The governor has power to grant reprieves and pardons after conviction, except in cases of impeachment; to fill up vacancies in office during the recess of the assembly, by granting a commission which expires at the end of the next session of the legislature,

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