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Works relating to the History of this Staté. 1584. Philip Amidas and Arthur Barlow's Voyage to the Coast of Virginia, in Hakluyt's Collection.

1586_1590. Two Voyages to Virginia by Grinville, inserted in the same work.

1586. Harriot's (Thomas) servant to Sir W. Raleigh, Account of Virginia.

1590. John Withe's Voyage to Virginia, Hakluyt's Collection.

1619. Virginian riches evalued by the description of Florida, her neighbour, &c. London, in 4to, translated from the Portaguese by Richard Hakluyt.

1622. State of Affairs in Virginia. London.

1622. Bullock's (William) Description of Virginia impartially examined.

1650. Williams (Ed.) Virgo Triumphans. London, 4to.

1671. Discovery of the Western Parts of Virginia, with Dr Mitchell's Remarks.

1671. Journal from Virginia to the Apemathian Mountainsi · 1672. Lederer's (John) Discoveries from Virginia to Carolina, translated from the Latin by Sir William Talbot, in 8vo London.

1687. Voyage d'un Français, avec une Description de la Vire ginie et du Maryland. La Haye, in 8vo.

1693. Clayton's Account of Virginia, in 4to, London, inserted in the 17th Vol. of the Philosophical Transactions:

1705. Biru's llistory, and Present State of Virginia, in Four Parts. London, in 8vo.

1724. Jones' Present State of Virginia, in 8vo. London.

1782. Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia, written in 1781. This author in Query 22 gives a short notice of the follow. ing works :

Smith's (Captain) History from the First Settlements to the year 1624.

Stith's (Rev. William) History of the same period, 1 vol in 8vo. He was a native of Virginia, aud President of the College of William and Mary.

1722. Beverley's (R. B.) History from the earliest period. London, in 8vo. Account of the Indians and Colonists.

Keith's (Sir William) History from the earliest period to the year 1725.

To these are added a list of the Pamphlets, four in number, on the question of Independence; and a Chronological Catalogue of State Papers from the year 1496 to 1768.

1796. Tucker's (George) Dissertation on Slavery, with a Proposal for the gradual abolition of it in the State of Virginia. Philadelphia, in 8vo. pp. 106.

1802. Baltzell's (Dr John) Essay on the Mineral Properties of the Sweet Springs of Virginia. pp. 30, in 8vo. Baltimore.

1810. Marshall's (Judge) Life of Washington. 5 vols. in 8vo.

1810. A Tour through parts of Virginia in the Summer of 1808, &c. edited by John Caldwell of New York, in 12mo. pr. 63. Belfast, Ireland,

1810. Campbell's (J. W.) History of Virginia, in 8vo. Burke's History of Virginia, 1 vol. in 8vo.

1815. Valentine's (Louis) Sur les Maladies les plus communes en Virginie, et Principalement sur les fluxions de poitrine. Troisième partie de son Memoire sur les Fluxions de Poitrine. Nancy.

Skelton Jones proposes to complete Burke's History of Virginia, which was left unfinished by the author.

Maps.-In the year 1612, a Map of Virginia, with a Description of the Country. by W. S. in 4to. Oxford.

In 1807, a Map of this state in six sheets, formed from actual Surveys, and the latest and most accurate Observations, by James Madison, D.D. President of William and Mary's College.

In 1816, the Legislature of the State voted an adequate sum for a more correct and improved Map, and a Chart of each County,

CHAPTER XIX.

OHIO.

SITUATION AND BOUNDARIES.—This state is situated between 38° 30' and 42° north latitude, and 3° 32' and 7° 43' west longitude. It is bounded on the south by the Ohio river, north by Lake Erie, and the Michigan territory, east by Pennsylvania, and west by Indiana. Its extreme length from north to south is 228 miles, and its breadth about 200. Area, according to Mr Drake, about 40,000 square miles, or 25,000,000 acres.

Aspect of the Country and Nature of the Soil. The most elevated part of this state is a chain of hills extending along the 41st degree of latitude, from which the waters flow in opposite directions, northwards to Lake Erie, and southwards to the river Ohio. * The ridges from which the waters flow in different directions, run generally parallel to the Alleghany mountains. The hills in some places cross the streams, and in others take the same direction. † The south-eastern parts

* The mean elevation of the country situated between Lake Erie and the Cumberland Mountains in the meridian of Cincinnati, has been estimated at 350 feet. See Drake's Picture of Cincinnati, p. 63.

+ Forsyth's Topography of Ohio, inscried in the Medical Repa. sitory of New York for 1809.

are hilly ; but all the rest of the country, except near the Ohio, and some of its larger streams, is generally level, or gently undulating. Towards the south there are woodless plains of considerable extent, covered with fine herbage. In some places the waters, not finding a channel, have forined ponds and marshes ; but, upon the whole, this state has perhaps more land in proportion to its extent, capable of cultivation, than any of the others. The elevated grounds have a surface of easy ascent, and susceptible of tillage to the very summit. It is remarked, that the northern side of the hills have the richer soil, which is supposed to be ow. ing to the constant deposition of leaves carried thither by the southerly winds. * The hills in the southern parts of the state consist of a weak yellow clay, with a thin covering of vegetable mould. They are better adapted for grass than tillage ; but in some places where clay is over limestone, the soil is very fertile. The river bottoms, which are remarkably rich, consist of a cool sand, sufficiently, but not too dry, easy of tillage, and, as far as is yet experienced, inexhaustibly fertile. This bottom land, of which there are extensive tracts, is agreeably varied in surface, rising into hills occasionally, and never flat. † The eastern portion of the state between the Muskingum river and the Pennsylvania line, to the distance of fifty miles north, is uneven, rising into high hills, between which are deep vallies, but the whole surface is rich and capable of

* Forsyth's Topography of Ohio, inserted in the Medical Repo. sitory of New York for 1809, p. 353.

+ Birkbeck's Notes, p. 64 and 69.

cultivation. From the Muskingum river to the great Miami on the west, the country is broken, but the hills gradually diminish in elevation ; and some approach the river Ohio, while others sink at the distance of two or three miles. In the north-western and northern parts the surface is more level, the soil moister, but crossed by tracts of dry meadow and forests, with a . sandy or gravelly soil. In the north-west corner the soil is rich, but moist and unhealthy * to the distance of eight or ten miles from the outlet of the rivers ; but, above this, the country is very healthy., Between Huron river and the Miami of the lakes there are extensive forests and prairies intersected with tracts of wood land.

Lakes. There are no lakes of any considerable size in this state except lake Erie, which forms the northern boundary for nearly 200 miles. This lake is navigated by vessels carrying about 100 tons.

Streams which run into Lake Erie, watering the Northern Portion of the State.--The largest and most westerly is the Miami of the Lake, which rises in the state of Indiana, where its two branches, known by the name of St Mary's and Little St Joseph's, run in opposite directions to their junction ; and from this point their united waters take a north-eastern course to Lake Erie. Its southern branch, called the Laglaise river, is a considerable stream, which takes its rise ten or twelve miles north-east of the source of the St Mary's. It is proposed to run a canal between the sources of the Loramie, St Mary's, and the Laglaise,

* Western Gazetteer, p. 274.

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