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from the General Association of Massachusetts Proper; and of two members from the General Association of New Hampshire. The same number of representatives is sent annually to these several bodies from the general association of Connecticut. There is a committee of twelve members chosen for the purpose of certifying the regular standing of preachers travelling from this state to other parts of the United States.
The “ Missionary Society” was incorporated in 1802 under the direction of twelve trustees. The “ Connecticut Bible Society” holds an annual meeting in May. The officers are a president, vice-presidents, secretary, treasurer, directing committees, agents of deposit, agents to search out the poor in their respective vicinities, and to supply them with Bibles, and a committee of correspondence. The “ Connecticut Society for the Encouragement of Good Morals” has for its object the execution of the laws concerning the religious observance of the Sabbath. The “ Religious Tract Society” has been lately established. The “ Ministers' Annuity Society," incorporated in May 1814, meets annually in Hartford for the purpose of providing annuities for the widows and children of deceased ministers. There is also a “ Charitable Society” for the education of indigent pious young men destined for the ministry.
Seminaries of Learning.-Throughout this state education has been an object of constant attention ; and is now so generally diffused, that it is rare to find a person of mature age, of either sex, who cannot read
and write. There is a grammar school in every county town. * The fund for schools amounts to 1,201,065 dollars, the interest of which, with 12,000 dollars of the public taxes, are yearly expended for the support of education, each town receiving in proportion to its amount on the grand list; and the schools in each are regulated and superintended by a committee chosen by the inhabitants.
Colleges.-Yale College, + founded in 1701, has flourished under popular protection. In 1812, the number of students was 305. In 1814, the number of graduates was eighty-two. In 1817, sixty-one were graduated, and about the same number entered. They are divided into four classes. The senior recites to the president, and attends the lectures of the professors. The three lower classes, which form two divisions, are instructed by the tutors. This seminary is under the direction of a corporation consisting of the governor, lieutenant-governor, six senior members of the council, and ten fellows, all clergymen. The corporation meets annually. The affairs of the institution are under the direction of a committee of three or four members, who meet four times a-year. There is a president, four professors, six tutors, a treasurer, steward, and butler. The different lectureships are, 1st, Divinity, of which the president is professor; 2d,
* In Newhaven, containing but 750 families, there are sixteen public, and eight private schools.
† So named in honour of Elihu Yale, Esq. of London, its principal benefactor, then governor of the East India Company.
Mathematics, and Natural Philosophy; 3d, Chemistry and Mineralogy ; 4th, Languages and Ecclesiastical History; 5th, Law.
For the freshman class, the candidate must be able to construe the Greek Testament, Virgil, and Cicero, and to write Latin, according to Clarke's Introduction; he must also be acquainted with arithmetic. There are three vacations ; the first of six weeks' du. ration, beginning at the college commencement, the second Wednesday of September; the second of three weeks, from the second Wednesday of January ; the third of the same length, beginning in May. The yearly stipend of the president is about 2000 dollars, with a house and garden ; that of each professor is about 1000 dollars, with lodging ; that of tutors 333 dollars, with the board of commons. The price of boarding is about two dollars a-week. Living is said to be nearly one half cheaper than at New York. The library contains about 6000 volumes, and has a fund yielding about 200 dollars. Most of the classical books, which are very valuable, were the donation of the celebrated Berkely, who founded a sort of fellowship, called the Dean's Bounty, for the best classical authors after three years' study. There are also a chemical laboratory, and a mineralogical cabinet containing 2500 specimens. There is, besides, a valuable collection of minerals, containing 24,000 specimens, and estimated at 20,000 dollars, presented for the use of the students by Colonel Gibbs. This gentleman established an annual premium for the student who has made the greatest progress in mineralogical studies. Yale College is the favourite seminary of the Calvinistic clergy of New England. The chief studies are mathematics, languages, and ethics. Medical Institution.-In Yale College there is also a medical institution, in which lectures are delivered on the following subjects : 1. Theory and Practice of Medicine ; 2. Surgery and Midwifery ; 3. Anatomy; 4. Chemistry, Pharmacy, and Mineralogy. Lectures on materia medica and botany are also delivered by one or two of the professors of the foregoing branches. The number of medical students is from sixty to seventy. The whole number of physicians in the state, in 1815, was 347; that of surgeons (not physicians) 26. In the college there are three buildings, each four stories high, situated in the same line, 101 feet by 10, and containing ninety-six chambers, besides lecture-rooms, library, &c.
Academies and Societies.-Bacon Academy, in Col. chester, has about ninety scholars. It was founded in 1801 by Mr Pierpont Bacon of that town, who bequeathed 30,000 dollars for this institution. The Cheshire Episcopal Academy has about sixty students. In 1799, the legislature granted by lottery. 15,000 dollars for its support. There are other academies at Canterbury, Plainfield, Fairfield, Danbury, Litchfield, Ellsworth, Windsor, Hartford, Norwich, New London, and Wood Stock. The “ Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences" was incorporated in 1799. The officers are: 1. A president, four vice-presidents, five counsellors, three corresponding secretaries, one recording secretary, a treasurer, and a committee
of three members for publications. It holds an annual meeting on the fourth Tuesday of October.
The “ Connecticut Medical Society” consists of a president, vice-president, secretary, and treasurer, and fellows from the several counties, in each of which examining committees are holden, according to the regulations of the society.
An institution has been lately organized at Hartford for the instruction of the deaf and dumb, under the direction of the Rev. J. Gallaudet, aided by Mr Le Clerc of the establishment of Abbé Sicard at Paris, who granted to Mr Gallaudet, at the request of the author of this work, free and gratuitous access to the private and public lectures of this admirable institution.
Masonic Lodges. In this state there is a masonic lodge, and fifty three master lodges.
Practice oj Law.-Writs are issued throughout the state by assistants and judges, and by justices in their respective counties, containing the substance of the complaint or declaration; and if there be no good reason for delay, the cause is heard and determined the same term in which the writs are returnable. Attor. nies are admitted and qualified by the county courts.
Two years of studies with a practising attorney in the state after a college education, and three years without this advantage, entitle the candidate to examination, In 1815, there were 202 practising attornies in the state, and 704 justices of the peace. *
* See Connecticut Register for 1815, New London.