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mer, in shape, resembles a bug, and lives upon trees and rushes. It is very troublesome to cattle, and when it comes in contact with the body, it creates considerable inflammation. The latter is seen upon long grass, and its bite is more dangerous than that of the former, for, in some cases, by rubbing with the hand, it has brought on a mortification of the part. Both insects are destroyed by the fumes of tobacco.

Population.In 1607 it amounted to 40 persons, including blacks. 1608

130 1609

- 490 1610

200 1617

400 1623. - 2,500 1640

20,000 1660

30,000 1671

40,000 2,000 slaves. 1703

60,606 1749

85,000 1763

170,000 100,000 slaves.

$ 292,627 slaves. 1790

U 12,866 free blacks. 1800

S 345,796 slaves.
- 886,149 3 21.679 free blacks.
1810 : 974,672

$ 392,518 slaves.
2 30,570 free blacks.

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Civil or Administrative Division of the State of Vir.

ginia, with the Population of each County and · Chief Town, in 1810, the year of the late Enumera

tion.

Chief Towns. Drummond. Charlottenville.

New Glasgow. Staunton. Warmsprings. Liberty. Martinsburg. Fincastle, 700. Charlestown.

New Canton.
Lynchburg.
Port-Royal, 1500.

Counties. Acconack, Albemarle, Amelia, Ainherst, Augusta, Bath, Bedford, Berkley, Botetourt, Brooke, Brunswick, Buckingham, Campbell, Caroline, Charles’ city, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Cumberland, Culpeer, Cabell, Dimviddie, Elizabeth city, Essex, Faquier, Fairfax, Fluvanna, Frederick, Franklin, Gloucester, Goockland, Grayton,

Number of Inhabitants.

15,743
16,268
10,594
10,548
14.308

4,837
16,148
11,479
13,301

5,843 15,411 20,059 11,001 17,544

5,186 13,161 9.979

9,992 18,967

2,717 12,524 3,608

9,376 22,689 13,!11

4,775 22,574 10,724 10,427 10,203 4,941

Marysville. Manchester. Cartersville. Fairfax.

Petersburg, 5,668. Hampton. Tappahannock, 600. Warrentown. Centreville. Columbia. Winchester, 2,500. Rocky Mount.

Greensville.

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Delaware. Kilmarnock. Jonesville. Leesburg

Lee,

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London,
Louisa,
Lunenberg,
Madison,
Matthews,
Mecklenberg,
Middlesex,
Monongalia,
Mourac,
Montgomery,
Mason,
Nansemond,
New Kent,
Norfolk county,
Northampton,
Northumberland,

Hungary Madison,

St Tammany. Urbanna. Morgantown. Uniontown. Christiansburg Point Pleasant. Suffolk. Cumberland. Norfolk.

Bridgetown.

Chief Towns.

Wheeling.
Standardsville.

Franklin.
Danville.

James' Town. Kempsville. Haymarket.

Beverley.

Lexington.

Counties

Number of Inhabitants. Nottaway,

9,278 Nelson,

9,684 Ohio,

8,175 Orange,

12,323 Patrick,

4,695 Pendleton,

4,239 Pittsylvannia,

17,172 Powhatan,

8,073 Prince Edward,

12,409 Princess Anne

9,498 Prince William,

11,311 Prince George,

8,050 Randolph,

2,854 Richmond,

6,214 Rockbridge,

10,318 Rockingham,

12,753 Russell,

6,316 Shenvandoah,

13,646 Southampton,

13,497 Spotsylvannia,

13,296 Stafford,

9,830 Surry,

6.855 Sussex,

11,362 Tazewill,

3,007 Tyler, Warwick,

1,835 Washington,

12, 136 Westmoreland,

8,102 Wood,

3,036 Wythe,

8,356 York,

5,187 City of Richmond,

9,735 Norfolk borough,

9,193 Petersburg,

5,668

Franklin, Woodstock. Jerusalem. Fredericksburg. Falmouth. Cobham.

Jeffersonville,

Abingdon.
Leeds.
Newport.
Evansham,
York.

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The increase of whites, in the last ten years, was 3!,860, or 6-2 per cent.of blacks, 55,603, or 15per cent. The first blacks were introduced by the Hollanders, about the year 1620, and several thousands were afterwards imported, yearly, by Great Britain, to whom this trade was a source of profit. Mr Jefferson states, that, from the period when the population became uniform, in 1654, to the year 1772, it doubled every 274 years, and that this progression continued nearly the same. The population, in 1810, was 974,672, and the area being 70,500 square miles, this gives nearly fourteen persons to a square mile.

Manners and Character. The inhabitants of the hilly and mountainous parts are tall, robust, generally with black lively eyes, and remarkably white teeth. They are of a browner complexion than the people farther north. The country is very healthy, except in low marshy places bordering on the sea, where the inhabitants are subject to fevers and pleurisies. The yellow fever prevailed at Norfolk, in the summer and autumn of 1800 and 1801, occasioned by the miasma emanating from a considerable extent of surface, which, at the ebb of the tide, is exposed to the sun's rays. It is owing to this circumstance, that, at Lambert's point, fever and ague constantly prevail. Those who inhabit the district from Tide Water to the Blue Ridge, a breadth of from sixty to a hundred miles, enjoy a better climate, and are of larger stature than the generality of Europeans. It is not uncommon to see men from six feet six inches to six feet nine inches in height. Benjamin Harrison is seven feet five inches.

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