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had been disbursed, and there remained in the treasury 569,717 dollars, 83 cents, 6 per cent. Stock: 335,104 dollars and 74 cents, funded 3 per cent. Stock of the United States: 4919 dollars and 13 cents, of the emission of bills of credit, made by an act of congress of the 18th of March 1780; and 76,587 dollars and 19 cents, specie. The appropriations were as follows:
For the purchase of arms, ordnance, and
For payment of the accountants of mi
litia claims, - 300 0 For the purchase of arms and accoutrements, per act of November session, 1808, - - - 15,000 0 For interest on money loaned, - 7,287 83
The journal of accounts of the present session, say, 15,999 90
50,999 90 Part of the civil list, payable on the 1st day of November 1815, for the payment of which no ap. propriaticn was made by the legislature, at their last session, - - 6,166 10
Deficient, - 57,166 O Civil List. Governor's salary, - 1000 pounds Sterling.
Five counsellors, each - 200
Six chief judges of the judicial districts, 2200 dollars.
Twelve associate judges, » 1400
Chief judge of Baltimore county, 525
Chancellor, - - 1275
Treasurer of the western shore, - 750
of the eastern, - 168
Adjutant-general, ■ - 500
Members of the legislature, » 4 per day.
. Military Force.—The militia is embodied by the governor, with the advice and consent of the council. In 1814 the number was 41,410. The amount of claims for pay and rations of militia called into service, in the course of the summer 1813, exceeded 106,000 dollars. Nearly 170,000 were in that year appropriated for the purchase of arms and military stores.
Religion.—The different sects in this state are Roman Catholics, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, German Calvinists, Lutherans, Friends, Baptists, Menonists, Methodists, Swedenborgians, and Nicolists, or New Quakers. In 1811 the number of Episcopalian churches was thirty, of clergymen thirty-five. The Presbyterians have nearly the same number of both; but the most numerous sect are the Roman Catholics, of whom there are more in this than in all the other states. Of the bishop it has been remarked, that he does not assume the title of lordship, or father in God, but simply that of doctor or bishop. The clergymen are supported by voluntary subscription. * According to the report of the general convention of Baptists, held at Philadelphia, in May 1817, the number of their churches was 33, members 570.
Every person appointed to any office, besides the oath of allegiance, is obliged to make a declaration of belief in the Christian religion; but, by the second article of amendment, Quakers, Menonists,
* Before the Revolution the rector received forty pounds of tobacco, or nearly one half of the capitation tax; and was paid in proportion to the number of taxable inhabitants.
Dunkers or Nicolists, or New Quakers, who are conscientiously averse to taking an oath, are qualified for office, on making affirmation; and this substitution is also allowed, when the parties appear as witnesses in a court of justice.
Slaves are treated in the same manner as in Virginia. The annual importation into these two states, before the revolution, was about 4000; 1300 were owned by one planter. Each slave generally raised 1000 pounds, or 6000 plants of tobacco, with some barrels of corn, * and had a weekly allowance, a peck of corn, with the necessary portion of salt.
Education.—The legislature has lately granted considerable funds for the encouragement of education. In 1811 25,000 dollars a-year were appropriated to the support of common schools, which are established in every county; and the incorporated banks are also bound to contribute for their advantage. Those of the city of Baltimore, and that at Hagarstown, are to pay the sum of 20,000 dollars annually, in proportion to their capitals, for the use of county schools, during the extension of their charters from 1813.
Washington College, at Chestertown, in Kent county, was founded in 1782, and placed under the direction of twenty-four visitors, or governors, who have power to fill up vacancies, and to hold estates, of which the yearly value shall not exceed 6000 dollars current money. In 1787 a permanent annual
* Dougas's Summary. Article Maryland.