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election, and possessed of a freehold of lands and tensments above the value of 1000 pounds. Any three of the members constitute a board, of which the governor is president, and is entitled to vote on all ques. . tions in which the council are divided in opinion. The chancellor, judges, and justices, attorney-general, offi. cers of the militia, registers of the land office, surveyors, and all other civil officers, except constables, overseers of the roads, and assessors, are appointed by the. governor, with the advice of the council. Both houses of assembly choose their own officers; a majority of each constitutes a quorum ; any bills, except those which relate to money, may originate in the senate. No member of congress, or person holding an office, under the United States, or any particular state, or employed in the regular land service, or marine, or minister of the gospel, can be elected a member of the general assembly, or of the council of state.
Judiciary. The judges are appointed, by the governor and council, during good behaviour, and may be removed by the same authority, after conviction on indictment, with the concurrence of both houses. The chancellor, judges, attorney-general, clerks of the general court, and of the county courts, registers of wills, and of the land office, are also appointed by the governor and council, and are removeable only for misbehaviour, on conviction in a court of law. In each county there is a register of wills, commissioned by the governor, on the joint recommendation of the senate and house of delegates. There is a court of chancery and of admiralty, and a court of appeals,
whose judgment is final and conclusive. The state is divided into six judicial districts, in each of which there is a county court of three judges, one of whom is styled chief judge, and the other two associate judges. If the judges, or party indicted, suggest that a fair and impartial trial cannot be had in any of the courts of the county, where a trial is instituted, the case may be transmitted to the judges of the court of any adjoining county. The court of appeals is composed of the chief judges of the several judicial districts, any three of whom form a quorum; the judge who has given the decision appealed against in the county court, withdrawing from the bench till it is decided. The judiciary officers of the United States, for the state of Maryland, are: 1. A judge with a salary of 1600 dollars. 2. An attorney with fees. 8. A marshal. 4. A clerk.
Finances. Before the revolution, there was a capitation, or poll-tax, varying from 90 to 170 pounds of tobacco, on all white males, and negroes of both sexes, from sixteen to sixty years of age. Since the revolution, the expences in each county have been defrayed by taxes on licences, marriages, taverns, hawkers, and pedlars, levied by the courts of the state.
In November 1811, the funds of the state amounted to 1,721,852 dollars, consisting of stock of the United States, to the amount of 978,052 dollars. Bank stock, 163,537. Turnpike and other companies, 53,604. Debts, 24,283.
From the Ist of November 1814, to the 1st of November 1815, the sum of 262,824 dollars, 26 cents,
had been disbursed, and there remained in the treasury 569,717 dollars, 83 cents, 6 per cent. Stock: 335,104 dollars and 74 cents, funded 3 per cent. Stock of the United States: 4919 dollars and 13 cents, of the emission of bills of credit, made by an act of congress of the 18th of March 1780; and 76,587 dollars and 19 cents, specie. The appropriations were as follows:
Dolls. cts. Balance of cash in the treasury, 76,587 19 Deduct appropriations due to the 1st of
November 1815, and remaining un
counts, - - - 3,891 39
395 75 For the adjutant-general and brigade in
spectors, - - - 1,169 16 For the redemption of the bills of ex
change, drawn in virtue of an act of
November session, 1779, - 3,865 37 For the redemption of the certificates is.
sued in virtue of the above recited act, 207 49 For colleges, academies, and schools, 4,8000 For the equipment of the quota of mi.
litia of this state, per resolution of
June session, 1812, - 6,839 96 For the purpose of furnishing and re.
pairing the government-house, 988 68
Dolls. cts. For the purchase of arms, ordnance, and
military stores, &c. per resolution of May session, 1813, . . 28,167 84 For payment of the accountants of mi
litia claims, . . . 3000 For the purchase of arms and accoutre
ments, per act of November session, 1808,
15,000 0 For interest on money loaned, • 7,287 83
92,587 9 The journal of accounts of the present session, say, 15,999
50,999 90 Part of the civil list, payable on the 1st day of November 1815, for the payment of which no ap. propriation was made by the legislature, at their last session,
6,166 10 Deficient,
of the eastern,
1000 pounds Sterling,
4 per day.
Abstract of Valuation of Lands, Dwelling houses, and Slaves, within each County of the State of Maryland, as made
under the Act of Congress, of July 22, 1813, showing also the Quota of each County, of the direct Tac, as imposed by the Act of the 2d of August 1813, and the Rate necessary for raising the same.
Rate of Assess-
ment, per 100 Quota, per Act
dollars. of Congress, of Dwelling-houses.
August 2, 1813. | Taxable. Exempt. Total. Number.
Cents M. S.
4,140 2. Queen Anne, 222,255 222,255 1,277 3,106,404 | 5,333 582,088 3,688,4421 15
190,8241 190,824 1,315 1,107,119 457 150 815 1,258,934 18
177,073 177,073 1,089 2,811,316 3,625 526,934 3,3363,300 12
4, 13 9 3. Cecil,
196,5711 196,571 1,464 3,117,868 2,052 217,299 3,335,167|| 17
5,950 Hartford, -
ľ9,810 00 Prince George,
286,694 1,003 4,693,780 9,839 1,417,569 6,111,349 6 7 ,690 00
215,759 753 1,135,462 | 5,303 817,138 1,952,600 20 3 3,950 00
308,723 1,245 5,127,275 6,3481 1,230,830 6,658,105 71 5,110 00
515,290 4,287 19,134,738 6,368 1,356,988 20,491,726| 6 925 | 14,170 00 266,135 266,135 2,219 14,160,359 2,901 661,032 14,821,39 |
17,370 00 Alle, lany, 453,181 1,242 454,423
1,215,140 6 34 129,585 1,344,725 16 5 2,210 OC 5,485,360 1,350 5,486,710
106,490,638 97,478 14,125,845 121,016,583 1253 | 151,623 94