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That might require the array of war, thy skill Worshipt with temple, priest, and sacrifice ? Of conduct would be such, that all the world One is the sun of Jove, of Mars the other ; Could not sustain thy prowess, or subsist
Till conqueror Death discover them scarce men, In battle, though against thy few in arms. Rolling in brutish vices, and deform'd, These God-like virtues wherefore dost thou hide, Violent or shameful death their due reward. Affecting private life, or more obscure
But if there be in glory aught of good,
It may by means far different be attain'd,
By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent,
borne, All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, Made famous in a land and times obscure; And dignities and powers all but the highest ? Who names not now with honour patient Job ? Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son Poor Socrates, (who next more memorable ?) Of Macedonian Philip had ere these
By what he taught, and suffer'd for so doing, Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held
For truth's sake suffering death, unjust, lives At his dispose; young Scipio had brought down
now The Carthaginian pride ; young Pompey quell'd Equal in fame to proudest conquerors. The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode. Yet if for fame and glory aught be done, Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, Aught suffer'd; if young African for fame Quench not the thirst of glory, but augment. His wasted country freed from Punic rage; Great Julius, whom now all the world admires, The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least, The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd And loses, though but verbal, his reward. With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long
Shall I seek glory then, as vain men seek, ! Inglorious : but thou yet art not too late.” Oft not deserv'd? I seek not mine, but his
To whom our Saviour calınly thus replied. Who sent me; and thereby witness whence I “Thou neither dost persuade me to seek wealth
(plied. For empire's sake, nor empire to affect
To whom the tempter murmuring thus reFor glory's sake, by all thy argument.
“ Think not so slight of glory; therein least For what is glory but the blaze of fame,
Resembling thy great Father: he seeks glory, The people's praise, if always praise unmix'd? And for his glory all things made, all things And what the people but a herd confus'd, Orders and governs ; nor content in Heaven A miscellaneous rabble, who extol
By all his angels glorified, requires Things vulgar, and,well weigh'd, scarce worth the | Glory from men, from all men, good or bad, praise?
[what, | Wise or unwise, no difference, no exemption ; They praise, and they admire, they know not Above all sacrifice, or hallow'd gift, And know not whom, but as one leads the other; Glory he requires, and glory he receives, And what delight to be by such extoll'd,
Promiscuous from all nations, Jew or Greek, To live upon their tongues, and be their talk, Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd; Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise ? From us, his foes pronounc'd, glory he exacts." His lot who dares be singularly good.
To whom our Saviour fervently replied. The intelligent among them and the wise
“ And reason ; since his word all things produc'd Are few, and glory scarce of few is rais'd. Though chiefly not for glory as prime end, This is true glory and renown, when God, But to show forth his goodness, and impart Looking on the Earth, with approbation marks His good communicable to every soul The just man, and divulges him through Heaven Freely ; of whom what could he less expect To all his angels, who with true applause
Than glory and benediction, that is, thanks, Recount his praises : thus he did to Job,
The slightest, easiest, readiest recompense When to extend his fame through Heaven and From them wbo could return him nothing else, Earth,
And, not returning that, would likeliest render As thou to thy reproach may'st well remember, Contempt instead, dishonour, obloquy ? He ask'd thee, * Hast thou seen my servant | Hard recompense, unsuitable return
For so much good, so much beneficence ! Famous he was in Heaven, on Earth less known; But why should man seek glory, who of his own Where glory is false glory, attributed
Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs, . To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. But condemnation, ignominy, and shame? They err, who count it glorious to subdue
Who for so many benefits receir'd, .
Turn'd recreant to God, ingrate and false,
So spake the Son of God; and here again
Yet of another plea bethought him soc.). | Willingly could I Ay, and nope thy reign,
"Of glory, as thou wilt," said he, “ so deem; From that placid aspect and meek regard, Wortb or not worth the seeking, let it pass. Rather than aggravate my evil state, But to a kingdom thou art born, ordaind Would stand between me and thy Father's ire, To sit upon thy father David's throne,
I Whose ire I dread more than the fire of Hell,) By mother's side thy father ; though thy right | A sbelter, and a kind of shading cool Be now in powerful hands, that will not part Interposition, as a summer's cloud. Easily from possession won with arms :
If I then to the worst that can be haste, Judæa now and all the Promis'd Land,
Why move thy feet so slow to what is best, Reduc'd a province under Roman yoke,
Happiest, both to thyself and all the world, Obeys Tiberius; nor is always rul'd
That thou, who worthiest art, should'st be their With temperate sway; oft bave they violated
king? The temple, oft the law, with foul affronts, Perhaps thou linger'st, in deep thoughts detain'd Abominations rather, as did once
Of the enterprise so hazardous and high; Antiochus : and think'st thou to regain
No wonder; for, though in thee be united Thy right, by sitting still, or thus retiring? What of perfection can in man be found, So did not Maccabeus; he indeed
Or human nature can receive, consider, Retir'd unto the desert, but with arms;
Thy life hath yet been private, most part spent And o'er a mighty king so oft prevail'd,
At home, scarce view'd the Galilean towns, That by strong hand his family obtain'd, And once a year Jerusalem, few days' (observe! Though priests, the crown, and David's throne Short sojourn ; and what thence could'st thoa usurp'd,
| The world thou hadst not seen, much less her With Modin and her suburbs once content.
glory, If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zeal Empires, and monarchs, and their radiant courts, And duty; and zeal and duty are not slow, Best school of best experience, quickest insight But on occasion's forelock watchful wait : | In all things that to greatest actions lead. They themselves rather are occasion best ; The wisest, unexperienc'd, will be ever Zeal of thy father's house, duty to free
| Timorous and loth; with novice modesty, Thy country from her heathen servitude.
(As he who, seeking asses, found a kingdom,) So shalt thou best fulfil, best verify
Irresolute, unhardy, unadventurous: The prophets old, who sung thy endless reign; But I will bring thee where thou soon shalt quit The happier reign, the sooner it begins :
Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes Reign then ; what canst thou better do the The monarchies of the Earth, their pomp and while?»
Sufficient introduction to inform [state ; To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd. | Thee, of thyself so apt, in regal arts, « All things are best fulfill'd in their due time; And regal mysteries ; that thou may'st know And time there is for all things, Truth hath said. How their best opposition to withstand.” If of my reign prophetic writ bath told,
With that, (such power was given him then, That it shall never end, so, when begin,
he took The Father in his purpose hath decreed ; The Son of God up to a mountain high. He in whose hand all times and seasons roll, It was a mountain at whose rerdant feet What if he bath decreed that I shall first | A spacious plain, outstretch'd in circuit wide, Be tried in humble state, and things adverse, | Lay pleasant; from his side two rivers flow'd, By tribulations, injuries, insults,
The one winding, the other straight, and left Cintempts, and scorns, and snares, and violence,
between Suffering, abstaining, quietly expecting, | Fair champaign wita less rivers intervelu'd, Without distrust or doubt, that he may know | Then meeting join'd their tribute to the sea : What I can suffer, how obey? Who best | Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil, and wine; Can suffer, best can do ; best reign, who first With herds the pastures throng'd, with flocks Well hath obey'd; just trial, ere 1 merit
seen My exaltation without change or end.
Huge cities and high-tower'd, that well might But what concerns it thee, when I begin
The seats of mightiest monarehs; and so large My everlasting kingdom? Why art thou
The prospect was, that here and there was Solicitous ? What moves thy inquisition ?
room Know'st thou not that my rising is thy fall, For barren desert, fonntainless and dry. And my promotion will be thy destruction ?" To this high mountain top the tempter brought
To whom the tempter, inly rack'd, replied. Our Saviour, and new train of words began. “ Let that come when it comes; all hope is lost “Well have we speeded, and o'er bill and Of my reception into grace : what worse?
dale, For where no hope is left, is left no fear:
Forest and field and flood, temples and towers, If there be worse, the expectation more
Cut shorter many a league ; here thou behold's! Of worse torments me than the feeling can. Assyria, and her empire's ancient bounds, I would be at the worst : worst is my port, Araxes and the Caspian lake; thence on My harbour, and my ultimate repose;
| As far as Indus east, Euphrates west, The end I would attain, my final good.
And oft beyond : to south the Persian bay, My errour was my errour, and my crime
And, inaccessible, the Arabian drought: My crime; whatever, for itself condemn'd; | Here Nineveh, of length within her wall And will alike be punish'd, whether thou
Several days journey, built by Ninus old, Reign, or reign not; though to that gentle brow of that first golden monarchy the seat,
And seat of Salmanassar, whose success
At sight whereof the fiend yet more pregum'd, Israel in long captivity still mourns;
And to our Saviour thus his words renewid. There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues, L“ That thou may'st know I seek not to engage As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice
Thy virtue, and not every way secure Judah and all thy father David's house
On no slight grounds thy safety; hear, and mark, Led captive, and Jerusalem laid waste,"
To what end I have brought thee hither, and Till Cyrus set them free; Persepolis,
shown His city, there thou seest, and Bactra there; All this fair sight: thy kingdom, though foretold Ecbatana her structure vast there shows,
By prophet or by angel, unless thou And Hecatompylos her hundred gates;
Endeavour, as thy father David did, There Susa by Choaspes, amber stream,
Thou never shalt obtain ; prediction still The drink of none but kings: of later fame, In all things, and all men, supposes means; Built by Emathian or by Parthian hands,
Without means us'd, what it predicts revokes. The great Seleucia, Nisibis, and there
But, say thou wert possess'd of David's throne, Artaxata, Teredon, Ctesiphon,
By free consent of all, none opposite,
Roman and Parthian? Therefore one of these From the luxurious kings of Antioch won.
Thou must make sure thy own; the Parthian first And just in time thou com'st to have a view
By my advice, as nearer, and of late
Thy country, and captive lead away her kings,
Maugre the Roman: it shall be my task He marches now in haste; see, though from far, To render thee the Parthian at dispose, His thousands, in what martial equipage Choose which thou wilt, by conquest or by They issue forth, steel bows and shafts their
By him thou shalt regain, withont him not, Of equal dread in flight, or in pursuit;
That which alone can truly re-install thee All borsemen, in which fight they most excel; In David's royal seat, his true successor, See how in warlike muster they appear, Deliverance of thy brethren, those ten trịbes, In rhombs, and wedges, and half-moons, and Whose offspring in his territory yet serve, wings.”
In Habor, and among the Medes dispers'd : He look'd, and saw what numbers numberless Ten sons of Jacob, two of Joseph, lost The city gates out-pour'd, light-armed troops, Thus long from Israel, serving, as of old In coats of mail and military pride;
Their fathers in the land of Egypt serv'd, In mail their horses clad, yet fleet and strong, This offer sets before thee to deliver. Prancing their riders bore, the flower and choice These if from servitude thou shalt restore Of many provinces from bound to bound;
To their inheritance, then, nor till then, From Arachosia, from Candaor east,
Thou on the throne of David in full glory, And Margiana to the Hyrcanian cliffs
From Egypt to Euphrates, and beyond, Of Caucasus, and dark Iberian dales ;
Sbalt reign, and Rome or Cæsar not need fear." From Atropatia and the neighbouring plains
To whom our Saviour answer'd thus, unmov'd. Of Adiabene, Media, and the south
“ Mucb ostentation vain of fleshy arm Of Susiana, to Balsara's haven. .
And fragile arms, much instrument of war, He saw them in their forms of battle rang'd, Long in preparing, soon to nothing brought, How quick they wheeld, and flying behind them Before mine eyes thou hast set; and in my ear shot
Vented much policy, and projects deep Sharp sleet of arrowy showers against the face Of enemies, of aids, battles and leagues, Of their pursuers, and overcame by flight; Plausible to the world, to me worth nought. The field all iron cast a gleaming brown:
Means I must use, thou say'st, prediction else Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn Will unpredict, and fail me of the throne: Cuirassiers all in steel for standing fight, My time, I told thee, (and that time for thee Chariots, or elephants indors'd with towers Were better farthest off,) is not yet come : Of archers; nor of labouring pioneers
When that comes, think not thou to find me slack A multitude. with spades and axes arm'd
On my part aught endeavouring, or to need To lay hills plain, fell woods, or valleys fill, Thy politic maxims, or that cumbersome . Or where plain was raise hill, or overlay
Luggage of war there shown me, argument With bridges rivers prond, as with a yoke ; Of human weakness rather than of strength. Mules after these, camels and dromedaries, My brethren, as thou call'st them, those ten tribes And waggons, fraught with útensils of war. I must deliver, if I mean to reign Such forces met not, nor so wide a camp,
David's true heir, and bis full sceptre sway When Agrican with all his northern powers
To just extent over all Israel's sons. Besieg'd Albracca, as romances tell,
But whence to thee this zeal ? Where was it then The city of Gallaphrone, from whence to win For Israel, or for David, or his throne, The fairest of her sex Angelica,
When thou stood'st up his tempter to the pride His daughter, sought by many prowest knights, Of numbering Israël, which cost the lives Both Paynim, and the peers of Charlemain. Of threescore and ten thousand Israelites Such and so numerous was their chivalry: By three days pestilence? Such was tby zeal
To Israel then; the same that now to me!
to him the celebrated seat of ancient learning, As for those captive tribes, themselves were they Athens, its schools, and other various resorts Who wrought their own captivity, fell off
of learned teachers and their disciples ; acFrom God to worship calves, the deities
companying the view with a higbly-finished Of Egypt, Baal next and Ashtaroth,
panegyric on the Grecian musicians, poets, And all the idolatries of heathen round,
orators and philosophers of the different sects. Besides their other worse than heathenish crimes; Jesus replies, by showing the vanity and inNor in the land of their captivity
sufficiency of the boasted heathen philosophy; Humbled themselves, or penitent besought
and refers to the music, poetry, eloquence The God of their furefathers; but so died
and didactic policy of the Greeks, those of Impenitent, and left a race behind
the inspired Hebrew writers. Satan, irritated Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce
at the failure of all his attempts, upbraids From Gentiles, but by circumcision vain ;
the indiscretion of our Saviour in rejecting his And God with idols in their worship join'd.
offers; and, having, in ridicule of his expected Should I of these the liberty regard,
kingdom, foretold the sufferings that our Who, freed, as to their ancient patrimony,
Lord was to undergo, carries him back into the Unhnmbled, unrepentant, unreform'd,
wilderness, and leaves him there. Night Headlong would follow; and to their gods perhaps comes on : Satan raises a tremendous storm, Of Bethel and of Dan? No; let them serve
and attempts further to alarm Jesus with Their enemies, who serve idols with God.
frightful dreams, and terrific threatening Yet he at length, (time to himself best known,) - spectres; which however have no effect upon Remembering Abraham, by some wonderous him. A calm, bright, beautiful morning succall
ceeds to the horrours of the night. Satan May bring them back, repentant and sincere, again presents himself to our blessed Lord, And at their passing cleave the Assyrian food, and, from noticing the storm of the preceding While to their native land with joy they haste: night as printed chiefly at him, takes occasion As the Red Sea and Jordan once he cleft,
once more to insult him with an account of the When to the Promis'd Land their father's pass'd : sufferings which he was certainly to undergo. To his due time and providence I leave them." This only draws from our Lord a brief rebuke.
Su spake Israel's true king, and to the fiend Satan, now at the height of his desperation, Made answer meet, that made void his wiles. confesses that he had frequently watched Jesus So fares it, when with truth falesehood contends. from his birth, purposely to discover if he was
the true Messiah; and, coliecting from what passed at the river Jordan that he most probably was so, he had from that time more assi
duously followed him, in hopes of gaining some PARADISE REGAINED.
advantage over him, which would most effec
tually prove that he was not really that Divine BOOK IV.
Person destined to be bis “ fatal enemy.*
In this he acknowledges that he has hitherta The ARGUMENT.
completely failed; but still determines to
make one more trial of him. Accordingly he Satan, persisting in the temptation of our Lord,
conveys him to the Temple at Jerusalem, and, shows him imperial Rume in its greatest pomp
placing him on a pointed eminence, requires and splendour, as a power which he probably
him to prove his divinity either by standing
there, or casting himself down with safety. would prefer before that of the Parthians; and
Our Lord reproves the tempter, and at the tells him that he might with the greatest ease
same time manifests his own divinity by standexpel Tiberius, restore the Romans to their liberty, ard make himself master not only of
ing on this dangerous point. Satan, amazed the Roman Empire, but by so doing of the
and terrified, instantly falls; and repairs to
his infernal compeers to relate the bad suc. whole world, and inclusively of the throne of David. Our Lord, in reply, expresses his
cess of his enterprise. Angels in the mean contempt of grandeur and worldly power, no
time convey our blessed Lord to a beautiful tices the Inxury, vanity, and profligacy of the
valley, and, while they minister to him a Romans, de claring how little they merited to
repast of celestial food, celebrate his victory be restored to that liberty, which they had
in a triumphant hymn. lost by their nuisconduct, and briefly refers to thegreatness of his own future kingdom. Satan, Perplex'D and troubled at his bad success now clesperate, to enhance the value of his The tempter stood, nor had what to reply, proffered gifts, professes that the only terms, Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope on which he will bestow them, are our Saviour's So oft, and the persuasive rhetoric falling down and worshipping him. Our Lord | That sleek'd his tongue, and won so much on expresses a firm but temperate indignation at
Eve, such a proposition, and rebukes the tempter | So little here, nay lost; but Eve was Eve : by the title of “ Satan for ever damned.” This far his over-match, who, self-deceiv'd Satan, abashed, attempts to justify himself: | And rash, before-hand had no better weigh'd be theu assumes a new ground of temptation, The strength he was to cope with, or his own : and proposing to Jesus the intellectual gratifi. But as a man, who had been matchless held cations of wisdom and knowledge, points out In cunning, over-reach'd where least be thought, To salve his credit, and for every spite,
| Germans, and Scythians, and Sarmatians, north Still will be tempting him who foils him still, Beyond Danabius to the Tauric pool. And never cease, though to his shame the more; / All nations now to Rome obe:lice pay; Or as a swarm of Aies in vintage time,
To Rome's great emperor, whose wide domain, About the wine-press where sweet must is In ample territory, wealth, and power, pour'd,
Civility of manners, arts and arms,
Before the Parthian. These two thrones except, Though all to shivers dash'd, the assault renew The rest are barbarous, and scarce worth the (Vain battery !) and in froth or bubbles end;
sight, So Satan, whom repulse upon repulse
Shar'd among petty kings too far remov'd; Met ever, and to shameful silence brought, These having shown thee, I have shown thee all Yet gives not o'er, though desperate of success, The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory. And his vain importunity pursues.
This emperor hath no son, and now is old, He brought our Saviour to the western side Old and lascivious, and from Rome retird Of that high mountain, whence he might behold To Capreæ, an island small, but strong, Another plain, long, but in breadth not wide, On the Campanian shore, with purpose there i Wash'd by the southern sea, and, on the north, His horrid lusts in private to enjoy ; To equal length back'd with a ridge of hills Committing to a wicked favourite That sereen'd the fruits of the earth, and seats of All public cares, and yet of bim suspicious; , men,
Hated of all, and hating. With what ease, Fromcold Septentrion blast; thence in the midst Endued with regal virtues, as thou art, . . Divided by a river, of whose banks
Appearing, and beginning noble deeds, On each side an imperial city stood, i Might'st thou expel this monster from his throne, With towers and temples proudly elevate
Now made a stye, and, in his place ascending, Op 'seven small bills, with palaces adorn'd, A victor people free from servile yoke ! Porches, and theatres, baths, aqueducts,
And with my help thou may'st ; to me the power Statues, and trophies, and triumphal ares, Is given, and by that right I give it thee. Gardens, and groves, presented to his eyes, Aim therefore at no less than all the world; Above the height of mountains interpos'd:
Aim at the highest: without the highest attain'd, (By what strange parallax, or optic skill
Will be for thee no sitting, or not long, Of vision, multiplied through air, or glass
On David's throne, be prophesied what will." Of telescope, were curious to inquire :)
To whom the Son of God, unmov'd, replied. And now the tempter thus his silence broke, “ Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show
“ The city which thou seest, no other deem Of luxury, though call'd magnificence, Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the More than of arms before, allure mine eye, Earth,
Mach less my mind, though thou should'st add So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrich'd
to tell Of nations; there the Capitol thou seest, Their sumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts Above the rest lifting his stately bead
On citron tables or Atlantic stone, On the Tarpeian rock, her citadel
(For I have also heard, perhaps have read,) Impregnable; and there mount Palatine, Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne, The imperial palace, compass huge and high Chios, and Crete, and how they qnaff in gold, The structure, skill of noblest architects,
Crystal, and myrrhinte cups, emboss'd with gems With gilded battlements conspicuous far, And studs of pearl; to me should'st tell, who Turrets, and terraces, and glittering spires :
thirst Manya fair edifice besides, more like
And hunger still. Then embassies thou show'st Houses of gods, (so well I have dispos'd
From nations far and nigh: what hodany that, Nyaery microscope,) thou may'st behold, But tedious waste of time, to sit and hear Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs, So many hollow compliments and lies, Carv'd work, the hand of fam'd artificers, Outlandish flatteries? Then proceed'st to talk In cedac, marble, ivory, or gold.
Of the emperor, how easily subdued, Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see How gloriously: I shall, thou say'st, expel What conflux issuing forth, or entering in ; A brutish monster; what if I withal Pretors, proconsuls to their provinces
Expel a devil who first made him such ? Hasting, or on return, in rubes of state,
Let his tormenter conscience find him out; Lictors and rods, the ensigns of their power, For him I was not sent; por yet to free Legions and cohorts, terms of horse and wings: That people, victor once, now vile and hase; Or embassies from regions far remote,
Deservedly made vassal; who, once just, In various habits, on the Appian road,
Frugal, and mild, and teinperate, conquer'd well, Or on the Emilian; some from farthest south, But govern ill the nations mder yoke, Svepe, and where the sbadow both way falis, Peeling their provinces, exhausted all. Meroe, Nilotic isle ; and, more to west, | By lust and rapine; first ambitious grown The realm of Bocchus to the Black-mour sea; Of triumph, that insulting vanity; From the Asian kings, and Parthian among these; | Then cruel, by their sports to blood inur'd From hdia and the golden Chersonese,
Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts expos'd; And utmost Indian isle 'Faprobare,
Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier still, Dusk faces with white siiken turbans wreath'd; And from the daily scene effeminate. From Gallia, Gades, and the British west; | who wise and valiant man would seek to free ..