School Busing: Hearings, Ninety-second Congress, Second Session ...
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972 - School children - 1950 pages
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achieve action American appear areas assignment attend authority basis believe better Board of Education Brown busing Chairman CELLER child choice citizens Civil Rights color committee concerned Congress constitutional amendment County decision desegregation effect elementary equal fact Federal Federal courts feel forced busing freedom grade groups hearing high school House HUNGATE integration involved issue Judge legislation LENT LIBRARY live majority means ment Michigan minority Negro neighborhood school officials opportunity parents percent person Pontiac present President problem proposed public schools pupils quality education question race racial balance reason record Representative result Richmond rule school board school districts school system segregation Senate situation South statement Supreme Court teachers Thank thing tion transportation United zones
Page 572 - We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.
Page 269 - No, sir, she has none. They are meant for us; they can be meant for no other. They are sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains, which the British ministry have been so long forging. And what have we to oppose to them ? Shall we try argument ? • Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten years.
Page 572 - In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms. We come then to the question presented: Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other "tangible" factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority...
Page 269 - Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and having ears, hear not, the things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation? For my part, whatever anguish of spirit it may cost, I am willing to know the whole truth ; to know the worst and to provide for it.
Page 358 - State may, within sixty days after notice of such action, file with the United States court of appeals for the circuit in which such State is located a petition for review of that action. A copy of the petition shall be forthwith transmitted by the clerk of the court to the Commissioner.
Page 36 - I have never shrunk from its expression... that the germ of dissolution of our Federal Government is in the Constitution of the Federal Judiciary; an irresponsible body... for impeachment is scarcely a scarecrow. . .working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little today and a little tomorrow, and advancing its noiseless step like a thief, over the field of jurisdiction, until all shall be usurped from the States, and the government of all be consolidated into one.
Page 481 - To separate them from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone.
Page 315 - ... nothing herein shall empower any official or court of the United States to issue any order seeking to achieve a racial balance in any school by requiring the transportation of pupils or students from one school to another or one school district to another in order to achieve such racial balance, or otherwise enlarge the existing power of the court to insure compliance with constitutional standards.
Page 358 - Code. (b) The findings of fact by the Secretary, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive; but the court, for good cause shown, may remand the case to the...