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season of trial lias been most successful. We copy from The New York Timet an account "of the departure of the ship "George Griswold," which, it will be remembered, has been gratuitously granted by its owner, from New York for England on the 10th January. It is gratifying to our common humanity to have to record such acts of sympathy with our Lancashire sufferers.
"So peculiar an event as the sending of a ship laden with food from our shores to the land where dwell our bitterest enemies and our most malignant traducers,* is too significant and too thoroughly an exponent of our national habit to be permitted without the customary reception, Accordingly, the good ship was decked in her brightest holiday garb. From every available point waved to the breeze an emblem of nationality and an insignia of power. Upon her deck was gathered a company of New York merchants and philanthropists, with many of the fairer sex, who, though not of the former class, are honorary and working members of the latter. But more especially we noticed the Rev. Dr. Vinton, Rev. Dr. Adams, Rev. Dr. S. H. Cox, Rev. Dr. Cuyler, Rev. Dr. Smith, J. C. Green, A. T. Stewart, W. A. Dodge, A. A. Low, 8. B. Chittenden, G. Griswold, David Dowes, H. W. T. Mall, Jonathan Sturges, B. H. Field, J. T. Johnston, S. Sloan.
"The Rev. Dr. Adams invoked the blessing of God upon the work so auspiciously begun.
"Mr. Green gave an account of the proceedings of the Executive Committee. It was distinctly asserted that they had no object in the work in which they were engaged other than to come to the rescue of suffering humanity.
"Mr. Ariel A. Low, the treasurer, reported the amount contributed to be over 108,000 dollars. There were two other organisations not reported. There
• We wish our American friends would not use such Btrong language. They will do us more Justice, by and by.—Ed.
were on board of that ship, 11,236 barrels of flour, 200 boxes of bacon, 50 barrels of pork, 500 bushels of iCorn, 500 barrels and boxes of bread, 200 boxes of bacon, 1,500 barrels of flour, and 50 barrels of pork by the Produce Corn Exchange. There remained yet in hand 30,900 dollars in caBh, a sum sufficient to inaugurate another movement similar to this. More sums were being sent in."
We notice in Tlie Sunday School World a collection made for this Fund at Yonkers, New York, after a very singular service, which we record as being the only instance of the sort which ever came under our notice.
"Six congregations were united on the occasion, completely filling the first Presbyterian church, and six pastors, representing the two schools of the Presbyterian church, the Dutch Reformed, the Episcopal, the Baptist, and the Methodist churches, took part in the services, and joined in preaching one and the same sermon! The text of the discourse was Eph. v. 20, 'Giving thanks always, for all things, unto God and the Father, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.' The Dutch Reformed pastor introduced the sermon, and very naturally divided it into six parts. Each part had been assigned to one of the preachers, and at the end of an hour the large congregation, had heard, with evident satisfaction, a well-jointed, and interesting sermon, preached by six ministers of as many different denominations 1 At the close of it, a collection was taken up for the suffering operatives of Lancashire, England."
The contributions from Sunday schools towards relieving the Lancashire distress remitted to the Sunday School Union, have amounted to £2,792. 18s. 4d.
The Emancipation Op American Slaves is proceeding. In addition to the measure proposed to the Congress by President Lincoln (as recorded in our last number) for effecting the voluntary emancipation of all by the year 1900, lie has issued, pursuant to his threat as formerly announced, a proclamation deolaring the freedom of all slaves in the territories now in revolt against the Federal Government. This proceeding is so important, that we feel it our duty to place it fully before our readers. After reciting his former proclamation, the President proceeds :—
"Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested, as Commanderin-Chief of the army and navy of the United States, in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and Government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days from the day of the first above-mentioned order, and designate as tho States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:—
"Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana—except the parishes of St. Barnard, Picquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, Terre Bonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the city of New Orleans—Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia—except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth, and which excepted parts are for the present left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.
"And, by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do aver and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward .shall be
free, and that the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognise and maintain the freedom of said persons.
"And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free, to abstain from all violence unless in necessary selfdefence, and I recommend to them that in all cases, when allowed, they labour faithfully for reasonable wages.
"And I further declare and make known that such persons of suitable condition will be received into the armed service of the United States, to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.
"And, upon this—sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the constitution—upon military necessity—I invoke the considerate judgment of mankindand the gracious favour of Almighty God.
"In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, in the year of Our Lord one thousand [seal.] eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-seventh. (Signed)
By the President, Abraham Lincoln, William H. Seward, Secretary of State." The importance of this measure can hardly be exaggerated. It seems to sound the knell of slavery throughout the whole North American continent; for although its provisions only profess to affect the States now in rebellion against the Federal Government, yet they will certainly come to the knowledge of the slaves in those slave States which still adhere to the Union, and must be carried out there. The President has been reproached with inconsistency in not making the emancipation universal; bat this the Constitution forbids. He has done all in his power, in this respect, by his Message to Congress, noticed in our last number, recommending the States to adopt a system of emancipation. The present proclamation is essentially a war measure,—it is so treated by the President,—and it is thus only that it can be justified. Doubtless, he hesitated long before employing this most awful means of bringing the conflict to an end. It is an attempt, however it may be disguised, to raise the slave population of the States designated, against their masters; and may lead to scenes of horror, compared with which the blood already shed in this war will be but as a drop in the ocean. The only effect of it hitherto has been to increase the bitterness of hatred on the part of the South, and, we fear, to lead to acts on their part which do not surprise although they deeply grieve us.
The War Is America does not exhibit any symptoms of coming to an end. Mr. Cuyler, of Brooklyn, whose animated address in reference to the relief proposed to be sent to our Lancashire operatives we reported last month, proves to have been mistaken in his opinion of the expedition under General Banks, about which there appeared to be so much mystery. It was destined for New Orleans, whero General Banks has superseded General Butler, whose proceedings there have procured him such an unenviable notoriety.
In Tennessee, a five days' conflict ended in the Confederate General Bragg quietly withdrawing his army, without any interference from the Federals under General Rosccranz, thus strictly following the precedents set in this war.
Vicksburg, on the Mississippi, against which the Federals failed last campaign, has been again attacked, but without success. While, in other parts, there has been an alternation of victory and defeat on a smaller scale, but without leading to any decisive result.
In Texas, the Confederates hare captured Galveston and the steamer Harriet Lane, but it is doubtful whether they will be able to retain their conquest of the former.
We are happy to perceive some slight symptoms in the Federal States of a desire for peace. The Emperor of the French has also addressed to the Government at Washington, an expression of his desire that some means may be found for putting an end to the conflict. In this desire the whole civilized world will most heartily concur.
The army of the Potomac was again put in motion at the end of January, but the state of the roads, and attendant delay in supplying the necessary appliances, compelled its return to its former position. This has been followed by the resignation of General Burnside, and the appointment of General Hooker in his place. Generals Sumner and Franklin have also been relieved of their commands.
The Eiir-ERon op The French has been usefully employed in distributing prizes to the Exhibitors at the recent International Exhibition. He took the opportunity of having a laugh at us, for the fears entertained, about two years back, of the hostile intentions of his people towards us, and told his audience that they had really invaded England, and had learnt much that would be profitable to them. Ho also took the opportunity of paying a compliment to this country, which our Government has thought it courteous to acknowledge oflicially. We quote it as the testimony of an intelligent and impartial observer, and as embodying an important principle, "That regard for the laws is the best foundation for real liberty."
"From these material exchanges an exchange still more valuable arises, that of ideas. If foreigners envy us
learn from them. You must, in fact, have heen struck in England by the unrestricted liberty in the manifestation of all opinions and in the development of all interests. You remarked the perfect order maintained in the midst of the excitement (vivacitfj of discussion and the perils of competition. It exists because English liberty always respects the principal bases upon which society and authority are established. This is why it does not destroy, but reforms; it carries in its hands, not the torch which destroys, but the flambeau which illuminates, and in private enterprises the individual initiative employed with indefatigable ardour renders it unnecessary for the Government to be the sole promoter of the vital forces of a nation; thus, instead of regulating everything, it leaves to everyone the responsibility of his actions."
On Thursday, February 5th, the Parliament of Great Britain reassembled for the transaction of business. In the absence of Her Majesty, the Royal Speech was read by the Lord Chancellor, but did not communicate anything which was not previously known. Her Majesty communicated her approval of the marriage of the Prince of Wales—stated that the estimates for the ensning year would provide for such reduction of expenditure as appeared to be consistent with the proper efficiency of the public service, and that various measures of public usefulness and improvement would be submitted for consideration. The debates which ensued did not give much additional information. The Earl of Derby represented the case very fairly when he said, "The Government have not made any very great promises for the future, hut the noblo Earl who seconded the address, referred to one measure relating to convict discipline. With this exception the Government have not thrown much light on the measures they intend to introduce during the session. Let us be content
with being useful, and let us pass a quiet, easy, humdrum session."
The only matter of interest which occurred, was the formal introduction to the House of Peers of the Prince of Wales, who took the oaths and his seat as a Peer of Parliament.
A curious fact has come to light through a statement made by the French Ambassador at Rome, which rendered it necessary for the British Government to make known the circumstance?. It appears that in July last, The Pott. made an application to Mr. Odo Russell, who represents them unofficially at Rome, to know whether in case he were compelled to leave that city he would he well and hospitably received in England. We can readily imagine how such a message would embarrass our Ministers, who could have little disposition to have the Roman Court located here, however willing they might be to shew our accustomed hospitality to the Pope in his individual capacity. They got out of the difficulty by stating that, if the Pope desired to leave Rome, our Admiral should be instructed to convey him to Trieste, Marseilles, or Valencia, or if he would prefer it, they would provide him a suitable residence in Malta, where he would he perfectly uncontrolled. He has not yet found it necessary to avail himself of the offer, which however he gratefully acknowledged.
THE ANNUAL MEETING OF TWIG FOLLY SCHOOL, BETHNAL GREEN,
Was held, Tuesday, January 27th, when about 120 persons sat down to tea. The Rev. Wm. Dorling presided at the public meeting. The Report stated that three scholars had joined the Church, during the year. The Rev. T. Temple, Mr. Brain, and other gentlemen also addressed the meeting.
THE REV. THOMAS BOAZ, LL.D.*
We resume our notice of these interesting memorials, in order to extract from them some particulars of the missionary life of Dr. Boaz. Our Number for February contained an account of his early life, while in March our readers were made acquainted with the remarkable circumstances by which he was brought to forsake the paths of folly and sin, and to devote himself to the service of the Saviour. His early and successful efforts in the service of Christ were described; and it is now our pleasing duty to accompany him to that distant land in which it had long been his desire to labour.
Mr. Boaz left his native shores in August, 1834, and arrived at Calcutta in the following December. At the time of his arrival, the pastorate of the English church, meeting in Union Chapel, was vacant. That chapel owed its existence to the He v. Henry Townley, who had commenced worship in the hall of his own house, and had been the means of gathering together a congregation, for whose accommodation he had been enabled to raise this building. A gentleman by birth, manners, and education; a pious and devout Christian; a man of amiable disposition; and withal possessed of wealth; Mr. Townley was the man to raise a new and hitherto unpopular interest in Calcutta. While he disarmed opposition by the mildness of his rebuke, and the tender compassion apparent in his conversation, he conciliated the great by his gentlemanly bearing, and attracted the lower classes by his condescension and kindness of deportment. To this day his name is held in high veneration, and his memory revered by all classes. Mr. Townley removed to Chinsurah in 1821, and was obliged soon after to leave India on account of ill health. The pastorate of the church was then undertaken by the Rev. James Hill, who laboured there with great acceptance for eleven years. He was well suited for such a position. Possessed of a singularly musical voice, a chaste delivery, and a pleasing manner, he soon succeeded in gathering together a congregation of eager and attentive hearers, who were charmed and edified by his persuasive eloquence. As a preacher Mr. Hill had few equals, and no superiors in Calcutta. In a short time he became so popular that the chapel was filled with large assemblies, composed not only of the middle classes, but of the elite of society.
• "The Mission Pastor." Memorials of the Rev. Thomas Boaz, LL.D. Twenty-four years Missionary in Calcutta. By his Widow. Edited by his Brother-in-law. London : John Snow, pp. 470.