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wo may always have to bo proud of our beloved land. And now in reference to you, teachers ; and am I not right, sir, in addressing them as teachers? Ah ! sir, we expect from this army of King Jesus exploits ten thousand times as brilliant as ever will be performed by those men in or around tho kingdom of Sardinia, These will appeal to tho mind, and who will not say, God bless them? But our work is not yet done. You know, they used to say in this country, "Ignorance is the mother of devotion ;" but that old notion is dead and it is buried, and we have put it down so deep that it won't rise again here; but we do not rest yet; wo have written upon our banner, "For tho soul to be without knowledge, is not good." We shall go and tako it, and put it upon the last citadel of ignorance, until heaven shall echo with the cry, "They all know God, from the least to the greatest." Go on, my fellowteachers ; go on, you that arc our co-workers in the vineyard of God—our companions in arms; by-and-by the battle will bo over, the victory will be gained, and the groat God will say to us, "Well done, good and faithful servants, inasmuch as yo did it unto the least of these my brethren, ye did it unto me."
The Rev. William Brock seconded tho resolution. He said Dear Sir, my christian frionds, I should always like to have just such a precursor or forerunner as my friend, Mr. Bushell; though it docs somewhat endanger the seconder of a resolution, too, to have a mover like that. He has in few words, but most apt and effective words, opened out and exhausted the resolution; ho has done it so well, that really that which one might have had to say must be left unsaid, because it is boforo you already; so I must 'leave tho resolution in spito of mysolf. I am not one of the preachers, Sir, that always tako three divisions; I think my friend was a little wrong there ; he must speak for himself, not for me. Very often I have no divisions at all, and all that I caro about in tho way of divisions at any time is that the word may be "rightly divided," so that each may havo a portion in due season. Tho very first speech I ever made in this hall was for the Sunday School Union ; and I remember well the next day, in another part of London, hearing some one speaking about tho meeting of the night before (and ho is on tho platform now) and he said, "Our young brother from Norwich did admirably." Now that was I, a young brother! Well, Sir, I am very glad that wo get old; for where in tho world would there bo any room for us, if we did not? Where would Mr. Bushell havo been, for instance, if I had not got old? But I am very thankful we do not get old together; that would be a calamity, I tako it. I am very glad wc do not got old at once ; I should have boon very sorry to have boon what I was when I was the young brother in my first address to this Union, and then to bo what I am. at a vault. I do not know how I should have felt or got on if that had been so; but God's plans nnd arrangements are always so beautiful; I feel now, I think,fvery much as I felt then ; and I think that the feeling, as ono gots older, improves, ripens, culminates towards perfection ; and I stand here to-night after twenty years or more of hard wear and tear, a firmer friend of tho Sunday School Union than I was then, and a more intolligont friend, therefore, a stronger friend. I havo not been pastor of a church for twenty-five years and more, without knowing the value of the Sunday School. Times without number havo I had tho blessedness of receiving to fellowship and church-membership those who were converted to God in the classes of the Sunday school. The very last meeting over which I presided, when I had tho blessedness of receiving tho largest number I over received at onco to fellowship, thero was a goodly admixture of Sunday school children. Tho very first children brought into my Sunday school at Bloomsbury ton yoars ago, are now joining our church time after time. I say that, to encourage you, teachors, and somo of my brother ministers too. Wo havo gone on, as I think, upon the principle that the teacher and tho preacher havo just one common object. That was well put by Mr. Watson in the Report, that the
preacher and tho teacher have tho same truth, and we have to a large extent the same kind of action. Only, according to his doctrino, and I believe it to bo a sound one, you have rather the upper hand of us; you have a better opportunity than we have. I have often felt, "Oh, if I could got six or eight pooplo at a time, and have an hour with them, instead of having six or eight hundred to talk to, some of whom I shall never see any moro, and many of whom I can never get at foot to foot as you can. You have an opportunity that I know many of you do valuo, and out of which instrumentality I beliove a great amount of your success has come. It is preaching and teaching, the same gospel, the same motives, the same hope and foundation of success, actuating you and actuating us.
You remember how Paul burst out into thanksgiving because of the preaching of the gospel: "Therein I do rejoice; yea, and I will rejoice, because Christ is preached." Sir, I wondor how he would have rejoiced, if he had lived in London in 1859. Why, no preachers had ever been heard from the steps of the Capitol there; yet ho rejoiced. No class of children had ever been gathered into the area of tho Coliseum there; or into the comparative retirement of the Pantheon. Oh! if ho could have done what we have been ablo to do with our teaching and preaching at Exeter Hall, and St. James's Hall, and Westminster Abbey, and all tho other places besides, how he would havo said, three or four times over, "Yea, and I will rejoice;" because he knew that by that sort of instrumentality God's work would be done on earth, and his will, even as it is done in heaven. I read tho othor day, I think somewhat in the prospect of this meeting, a vory olaborato paper in a certain review, which ostentatiously proclaims itself the improver of the morals of tho country, of the common people, on secular principles, and with secular instrumentality. I read that paper over and over and over again; and I stand on the platform at Exeter Hall to-night, and say, after tho experience of centuries—large, painful experience, too—that there is not a provision mentioned in that paper for tho ultimate improvement of this country that would not turn out to bo labour in vain, and tho spending of strength for naught. Good, I admit, in very many of its aspects; comparatively and subordinatoly good ; but as to grasping the master evil, which is the parent of all evils, the dopravity of human nature, it not only does not meddle with that, but it officially and formally ignores it, and says there is no such thing. How can thoro be anything but failure out of a schomo which is based on a bottom like that? We were called upon to give a sound and secular education to tho masses. Do not content yoiirselvcs, they said, with just giving the rudiments of things, but cultivate and bring out results: discipline tho mind for thinking; supply materials for thinking: familiarize the people with the best methods of thinking; toll them about tho chemistry of common lifo; tell them about their moral, physical, and mental constitution ; toll thorn about their duties to then- familios, and about their dutios to the country; and, so far, you will have done well. Besides that, take care to give them remunerative labour; acknowlodgo the right of every man to live ; and then insist upon tho fair day's wages for the fair day's work. And screen your countrymen (wo were told in that paper) from their dread of pauperism ; let your so-called charity never insult them any moro; and, so far, you will havo done well. Thon we were callod upon to give them tho blessings, to which our chairman has referred, of enfranchisement, tho criminal and the incapable excepted; deal with them as men; tako off the badges of serfdom from them, and let them be as you yourselves arc; let them bo free men; and, so far, you will havo dono well. Then get thorn to adopt civilized, social habits; alter, with their permission, or get them to niter, with their help, that which hi confessedly on all sides so bad ; get them to change filth for cleanliness ; tho rotten rag for the seemly garment; the dark, cribbed, dirty, dark_attic, or the still darker cellar, for the well-ventilated and well-lighted chamber J and, so far, you will do well. And then, as a sort of climax, let tho tasto of the people bo educated ; bring them into contact with your great works of ancient and modem art j throw open your museums to them; bring them into your sculpture-rooms, into ybur artistic and antique saloons, and stir up within them the aesthetic which is in every man's nature (which I rather doubt); ensure the abandonment of the base by inducing a love for the refined, and teach them to detest the grovelling, by causing them to bo enraptured with the sublime. Well, I read all that; not in so many words, but in substance ; and I said to myself, " I will road it again." That was just tho whole of it—sound, secular education; remunerative labour ; good, civilized, social habits; the fr.vnchiso, and the cultivation of the taste; and when you have done all this, you will havo a moral, an onlightened, and a loyal population. Sir, I ask every man and every woman in tliis place, whether they do not observe the entire absence of Hod's very namo in those suggestions? It is as though there were no God; as I do solemnly bolievo in the theories of thoso men there is no God. There is not a word said about setting the man's naturo right; it is all setting his circumstances l ight. Dross him well; feed him well; house him well; but what about him—the underlying nature? Not a word; nothing about the seal, tho fountain, tho principle of all life and of all action ; that is entirely left out of the question. Sir, tho Sunday School Union takes it into the question, and, therefore, its operations will not fail, but, God blessing them, will succeed. Wo believe that as is a man's nature, so will bo a man's life ; and that as is tho stato of a man's heart so will be the state of that man's conduct! and wo go everywhere, to every child in our infant classes, to the oldest boy or girl, or young man or maiden in our Bible classes, and we not only proclaim it when necessary, but, what is better, we assume it from first to last —the heart of every one of them is desperately wicked, and they must needs bo bom again. And so teaching and so believing, there is strong, and I hold it to be indubitablo, reason for tho belief that we shall not labour in vain, nor spend our strength for naught. I grant to the secularists that evory one of these things that I have mentioned is valuable in its way. Let them not so far misrepresent us (as I bclievo some of them would) as to say: "Oh! those saints at Exeter Hall ignore all that." Sir, I ask who are tho advocates of it all? Who were tho advocates of it before some of these men were ever heard of? Why, the men who founded tho Sunday School Union. Why, who is tho man that goes about in all the dens and cellars of the metropolis? Lord Shaftesbury. Who are tho practical secularists? Lord Shaftesbury, and our honourable chairman, and their coadjutors. But what about the other part of it? They are avowed honourable, public, consistent disciples of tho Lord Jesus Christ, willing to do all theso things ; but doing them in the second place, and taking care about tha^ depravity in the first place of all. And then, what saith experience as to the success which these various .measures would obtain? And, in tho prospect of tho future, what may we expect that they will secure? Sir, I ask this great assembly, and through them all England, whether the debaucheries that all so much deplore are to be found amongst the people exclusively who never went to school? I ask whether the dishonesties we so deploro are found amongst the men of scanty means? Nay; they are foimd, some of the worst of them, amongst the men who have fared sumptuously every day. I ask whothor the inhumanities that we deplore are found amongst the mon only from whom the franchise is withheld? Nay; they are found, to a large extent, amongst tho men who boast that they are frep. I ask whether the frauds and falsehoods we so much deplore are found most amongst tho men who havo not a house over their head t No; they are found, to a large extent, likewise amongst the men who have affluence and wealth almost boundless. I ask once more, you anil all England, whether the profanities wo so much deplore are found alono amongst tho mon to whom the name of Rubens and of Michael Angelo are unknown? or whether they are not found among some of your choicest connoisseurs in art? I speak to wise men j judge what I say. And if so, it becomes something worse than ignoranco for people to go about and say, "Now give tho people of England all these advantages, and then you will have all manner of morality; deal with their physical condition scientifically, and with their intellectual condition philosophically, and you will turn their habitation* into a paradise, and themselves into princes and kings." Sir, all experience denies it, and the entire drift of revelation contradicts it; and we stand hero to-night to say that, acting upon the contradiction, wo have a more excellent way by teaching and by preaching everywhere j that we arc not to deal with symptoms, but with sources; that wo are not to doal with profanity, or falsehood, or debauchery, or dishonosty, or inhumanity, in the forms in which they meet our eye now and then, but down in their most essential elements; and wo go to our classes and our pulpits, strong in the Lord and in tho power of His might, not merely assuming the depravity of human nature, but knowing that we have a groat cure for that depravity in the transforming efficacy of God the Holy Ghost, and in tho precious blood of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. And give me what wo have had now for fifty-six years, according to this Report; give mo the Sunday School Union, embodying, as it does, tho Sunday school operations, and if I be asked, as I havo been asked in the paper, sneeringly and scornfully, "What comes of all your Sunday schooling, and your evangelical efforts!" I say, Sir, tho attitudo of our country amongst the countries of the earth comes of it. "What comes of evangelical effort! The high position of old England at this moment; and not only its high position, but, I believe, its deeply founded and its invulnerablo position, God holping us. What comes of it? Whore havo tho men been living, or what have they been doing, to ask such a question? A loyal population; a throne established on the affections of the people; more love for men, and more reverence towards God, than the same population has seen ever since the world has existed. And that goes on with yet accumulating force from day to day. God does not forsako the work of his own hands. God docs bless our children in our schools, and blesses them when they grow up to be parents, by making them blessings to their children. The work is going on to-night, and wo give it an impulse here, and God blesses us as wo are doing it. Then, as a yet larger result, what will follow? Honest speech; mercantile morality; gonial, kindly neighbourhood; loyalty yet firmer and moro intelligent: the loving of ono another as wo love ourselves, because we have learned the great lesson of loving God with all our hearts. Givo mo a population doing that; and, as you know so well, Sir, wo havo a largo mass of tho population doing that now, doing it yet more and moro; mark me, not the corrected ones, but tho regenerated ones; not the improvod ones, but tho twice-born ones; not tho amended ones in tho exterior, but the newly created ones in the interior—tho very nature itself transformed: and that being tho case, they will deny ungodliness and worldly lust, and Hvo soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world. No need for the law to arm itself to keep them in order; no need for justice to bo ever on the alert for fear of them; no need for humanity to stand aloof, because it dreads them; no need for virgin modesty to stand in dread of such pcoplo as thoy approach. Conjugal relationships, filial, fraternal, parental relationships, are all held sacred. There, Sir, you have safety; and I venture the avowal that you have not it anywhoro else. Whon a man is right with God, then is ho right to be trusted with his fellow. So that after the Report we have read to-night, after what wc find of promiso in tho annual meeting of this Union, I think we may say our "beloved" land indeed, with emphasis. Yes, Old England, thcro is hopo for thee still. Tho burial-place of our fathers, and tlio birthplace of our children, there is hope for Old England after all. She shall bo delivered from her dreadful pauperism, and she shall be rescued from her unrighteous legislation; she shall bo cleansed from her terrible licentiousness, and she shall be saved, God helping her, on the one hand, from the superstition that endangers our immortality, and, on tho othor hand, from the infidelity that laughs our immortality to scorn, and sho shall become a royal habitation of righteousness, and joy, and peaco in the Holy Ghost. Great Britain! great, not in the conventional designations of your secular geography alono; great, not in the grateful vocabulary of Italian refugees alono, and refugees from othor lands, who will talk to you about Great Britain as you cannot understand, when they find in it a shelter and a home; groat, not merely in the vocabulary of many-tongucd and many-charactered people; but great in all the essential, the illustrious, wide-reaching, and everdeepening qualities of greatness, that will make her a light in tho world and a praise in the wholo earth. No work for some unborn Gibbon in the decline and fall of the British Empire, then; for there shall be imprcguablo stability; there shall be no inglorious, pitiful, disreputable downfall: but there shall be indefinite advancement and imperishablo renown.
Tho resolution having boon put, and carried unanimously, the audience joined in singing the following hymn.
Tunc—"prospect." No 43, Union Tune Booh
How good and pleasant is tho sight,
Brethren, whoso cheerful hearts unite
When streams of love, from Christ the
And heavenly peace, with balmy wing,
'Tis like the oil, divinely sweet,
Tho trickling drops perfumod his feet,
'Tis pleasant as tho morning dews
That fall on Zion's hill,
And makes his grace distil.
Tho Bev. J. F. Serjeant : I have to move the following resolution :—■ "That whilo this meeting would desire to record its conviction that the increase of general education, and tho extended circulation of periodical literature, require on tho part of all thoso who undertake tho intellectual and moral and religious instruction of others, diligent preparation for the faithful dischargo of so important a duty, this meeting would also urgo on all Sunday school teachers the necessity of seeking, by specific prayer for and with their scholars, and by personal and individual appeals to their hearts, to render tho class instruction more interesting and efficient, and thus to bring the scholars to an early decision for Christ."
You see the resolution speaks of the increase of general education, and in tho extended circulation of periodical literature. It is an ago of improvement. Truly, of the making of books there is no cud. Wo havo the Bible—the Book of books—of all sizes, at all prices, without note or comment. Again, wo have it beautifully illustrated and copiously annotated, published in one hundred and fifty-six different languages. Wo have books on geography, books on navigation, books on astronomy books on medicine, books on law. Then there are serials constantly fluttering from tho press, some of them adapted for sick rooms, some for splendid drawing rooms, somo for lowly huts, some for busy factories. Every subject is discussed. Even bishops of the bench doff their lawn sleeves, and peers of tho realm lay aside their coronets, to lecture in mechanics' institutes to popular auditories. There is scarcely a subject that is not discussed, from the cronomy of a beehive up to the evangelisation of a continent—from tho manufacture of a pin to the discovory of the latest planet. Now, this resolution recognises this inorcase of general education and the expanded