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The district board is authorized to specify the studies to be pursued in the schools of the district, and each school board making a selection of text-books for use in the district is directed to keep a record of the same.

Adoption of Text-Books.



Text-books once adopted can not legally be changed within

five years, unless a majority of the voters of the district shall consent at a regularly called dis

trict meeting (4680). If, after five years the school board does not make another adoption, the books formerly adopted continue to be the legally adopted books of the district. After a school board has adopted a certain text-book and

several copies of it have been received and sold to the patrons, the board has no right to recon

sider the resolution adopting such book (88 Mich. 371).

BOOKS FOR POOR CHILDREN. The district board may purchase, at the expense of the district, such text-books as may be necessary for the use of children, when parents are not able to furnish the same; and they shall include the amount of such purchase in the report to the township clerk or clerks, to be levied in like manner as other district taxes (4681).

* NOTE. – Michigan has no law for uniform text-books. The law of 1897 was repealed by the Legislature of 1899.

Free Text-Books.*


SECTION 1. From and after June thirtieth, eighteen hun

dred and ninety, each school board of the State PURCHASED BY shall purchase, when authorized, as hereinafter

provided, the text-books used by the pupils of the schools in its district in each of the following subjects: Orthography, spelling, writing, reading, geography, arithmetic, grammar (including language lessons), National and State history, civil government, and physiology and hygiene; but text-books once adopted under the provisions of this act shall not be changed within five years: Provided, That the text-book on the subject of physiology and hygiene must be approved by the state board of education, and shall in every way comply with section fifteen of act number one hundred and sixty-five, of the public acts of eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, approved June ninth, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, and that all text-books used in any district shall be uniform in any one subject. SEC. 2. The district board of each school district shall

select the kind of text books on subjects enumerated in section one, to be taught in schools

of their respective districts: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall require any change in textbooks now in use in such district. The board shall cause to be posted in a conspicuous place,

at least ten days prior to the first annual school


meeting from and after the passage of this act, a * NOTE.--We print in full Act No. 147. Public Acts of 1889, which is the free text-book law of the State. Michigan has nearly 700,000 chil. dren of school age, about 500,000 of whom are attending school. There are about 7,200 districts in the State; and, up to September, 1894, only about 400 had availed themselves of the benefits of this law. Let the student estimate the cost each year to each pupil, and multiply the amount by 500,000 to get the estimated yearly cost of textbooks to the pupils of the State. Now, supposing text-books can be bought 10 per cent cheaper, and, being actually worn out in the service of the pupils, last 15 per cent longer, what would be the saving in each year, if all districts furnished free text-books?



notice that those qualified to vote upon the question of raising money in said district shall vote at such annual meeting to authorize said district board to purchase and provide free text-books for the use of the pupils in said district. If a majority of all the voters, as above provided, present at such meeting shall authorize said board to raise by tax a sum sufficient to comply with the provisions of this act, the district board shall thereupon make a list of such books and file one copy with the township clerk and keep one copy posted in the school; and due notice of such action by the district shall be noted in the annual report to the superintendent of public instruction. The district board shall take the necessary steps to pur

chase such books for the use of all pupils in the several schools of their districts, as hereinafter

provided. The text-books so purchased shall be the property of the district purchasing the same and shall be loaned to pupils free of charge, under such rules and regulations for their careful use and return as said district board may establish: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall prevent any person from buying his or her books from the district board of the school in which he or she may attend, and that nothing herein contained shall prevent any district having once adopted or rejected free text-books, from iaking further action on the same at any subsequent annual meeting. SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the district board of any

school district adopting free text-books provided for in this act, to make a contract with some

dealer or publisher to furnish books used in said district at a price not greater than the net wholesale price of such books: Provided, That any district may, if it so desires, authorize its district board to advertise for pro ls before making such contract.

SEC. 4. The district board of every school district in the




State adopting free text-books under this act ANNUAL ESTI shall make and prepare annually an estimate of

the amount of money necessary to be raised to comply with the conditions of this act, and shall add such amount to the annual estimates made for money to be raised for school purposes for the next ensuing year.

Said sum shall be in addition to the amount now provided by law to be raised, which amount each township clerk shall certify to the supervisor of his township to be assessed upon the taxable property of the respective districts, as provided by law for raising the regular annual estimates of the respective district boards for school purposes, and, when collected, shall be paid to the district treasurer in the same manner as all other money belonging to said district is paid. SEC. 5. On the first day of February next after the tax

shall have been levied, the director of said dis WHEN LEVIED. trict may proceed to purchase the books required

by the pupils of his district, from the list mentioned in section one of this act, and shall draw his warrant, countersigned by the moderator, upon the treasurer or assessor of the district for the price of the books so purchased, including the cost of transportation. SEC. 6. If the officers of any school district which has so

voted to supply itself with text-books shall refuse or neglect to purchase at the expense of

the district, for the use of the pupils thereof, the text books as enumerated in section one of this act, or to provide the money therefor as herein prescribed, each officer or member of such board so refusing or neglecting shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof before a court of competent jurisdiction, shall be liable to a penalty of not more than fifty dollars, or imprisonment in the county jail for a period not exceeding thirty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court: Provided, That any district board may


buy its books of local dealers if the same can be purchased and delivered to the director as cheaply as if bought of the party who makes the lowest bid to the district board, also that school districts in cities organized under special charters shall be exempt from the provisions of this act; but such districts may, when so authorized by a majority vote of their district boards, submit the question of free text-books to the qualified voters of said districts. If a majority of the qualified electors vote in favor of furnishing free text-books, such district boards shall have authority to proceed under the provisions of this act (Act 147, 1889).

Instruction in Physiology and Hygiene.

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In order that proper instruction be given in the effect on

the human system of stimulants and narcotics, the legislature has enacted laws which make it

the duty of school boards to select suitable textbooks in physiology and hygiene, and likewise the duty of teachers to give instruction in this branch to all the pupils of the school.

In addition to the branches in which instruction is now required to be given in the public schools, instruction shall be given in physiology and hygiene with a special reference to the nature of alcohol and narcotics and their effects upon the human system. Such instruction shall be given by the aid of text-books in the case of pupils who are able to read, and as thoroughly as in other studies pursued in the same school. The text-books to be used for such instruction shall give at least one-fourth of their space to the consideration of the nature and effects of alcoholic drinks and narcotics, and the books used in the highest grade of graded schools shall contain at least twenty pages of matter relating to this subject. Text-books used in giving the foregoing instruction shall first be approved by the state board of education.



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