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district in which said person is to teach, and shall be annulled only by the state board of education, and by it only for cause. It shall be the duty of said board of education carefully to

examine any course of study in the science and APPROVAL OF art of teaching that may be submitted to it by

the trustees of any college and, if satisfactory, to furnish such trustees with a written certificate approving the same. If, at any time, the said board of education con

cludes that any college, whose graduates may WITHORAWING desire to receive such certificate, is not giving

such instruction in the science and art of teaching and in the other branches as shall be approved by it, then said board shall so determine by a formal resolution and shall give notice thereof to the trustees of such college; and thereafter no teachers' certificates shall be given by said board to the graduates of such college, until said board shall be satisfied that proper instruction in the science and art of teaching and in other branches is given by such college, and the board shall certify such fact to the trustees of such college.




The faculty of the department of literature, science, and

the arts, of the University of Michigan, shall give to every person receiving a bachelor's, master's,

or doctor's degree, and also a teacher's diploma for work done in the science and in the art of teaching from said University, a certificate, which shall serve as a legal certificate of qualification to teach in any of the schools of this State, when a copy thereof has been filed or recorded in the office of the legal examining officer or officers of the county, township, city, or district (4804). Such certificate shall not be liable to be annulled except

by the said faculty of the University; but its effect may be suspended in any county, township, city or district, and the holder thereof


may be stricken from the list of qualified teachers in such county, township, city, or district, by the legal examining officer or officers of the said county, township, city, or district, for any cause and in the same manner that such examining officer or officers may be by law authorized to revoke certificates they have given, and such suspension shall continue in force until revoked by the authority suspending it.


The state board of education holds two meetings each year, at which they examine teachers and grant certificates to such as have taught in the schools of the State at least two years, and who, upon a thorough and critical examination in every study required for such certificate, are found to possess eminent scholarship, ability, and good moral character. Such certificates, signed by the members of said board, impressed with its seal, entitle the holder to teach in any of the public schools of this State without further examination, and are valid for life unless revoked by said board. No certificate shall be granted except upon the prescribed examination (1818). The branches required in an examination for State certifi

cates are chemistry, zoology, rhetoric, literature, geology, in addition to those required for

first grade certificates. The said state board of education may, in its discretion,

endorse State teachers' certificates or normal FROM OTHER school diplomas granted in other states, if it be

shown to the satisfaction of such board that the examinations required or courses of study pursued are fully equal to the requirements of this State (1826).



Teachers' Institutes.*

All boards or officers authorized by law to examine appli

cants for certificates shall collect, at the time of ANNUAL FEES. examination, from each male applicant an an

nual fee of one dollar, and from each female applicant an annual fee of fifty cents; and the director or secretary of any school board that shall employ any teacher who has not paid the fee hereinbefore provided shall collect, at the time of making contract, from each male teacher so employed, an annual fee of one dollar, and from each female teacher so employed, an annual fee of fifty cents (1839).

All persons paying a fee as required by this section shall be given a receipt for the same; and no person shall be required to pay said fee more than once in any school year. The requirements of this law apply to all teachers, whether applicants for certificates or employed by school boards (Atty. Gen., March 21, 1884). All such fees collected by the director or secretary of any

school board are paid over to the county commissioner of schools of the county in which they

were collected, on or before the fif:eenth day of March, June, September, and December, accompanied by a list of those persons from whom they were collected (93 Mich., 281). And all such fees, together with all those that are collected by the county commissioner of schools, are paid over by him to the treasurer of the county in which they were collected, on or before the last day of March, June, September, and December in each year, accompanied by a complete list of all persons from whom said fees were collected; and a like list, accompanied by a statement from the county treasurer that said fees have been paid to him, shall

* NOTE.—This act does not conflict with the constitution (xiv, i,) on the ground that the fees are specific taxes; nor on the ground th:lt the fees are not uniform. This section (law) is not defective, incom. plete, ineffectual and is not therefore void. (67 N. W. 973.)


be sent by said commissioner to the superintendent of pub lic instruction. All moneys paid over to the county treasurer, as provided by this act, shall be set apart as a teachers' institute fund (4840). The superintendent of public instruction shall annually

appoint a time and place in each organized WHERE HELD. county for holding a teachers' institute, make

suitable arrangements and give due notice of the same: Provided, that in organized counties having less than one thousand children between the ages of five and twenty years, the holding of the institute shall be optional with the said superintendent, unless requested to hold such institute by fifteen teachers of the county in which such institute is to be held. However, if there shall not be a sufficient number of teachers in any county to make such request, then teachers of adjoining counties who desire to attend such institute may unite in the required application to said superintendent. Also, the said superintendent may, in his discretion, hold an institute for the benefit of two or more adjoining counties, and draw the institute fund from each of the counties thus benefited (4841). The superintendent of public instruction, in case of inabil

ity personally to conduct any institute or to make the necessary arrangements for holding the same,

is authorized to appoint some suitable person for that purpose, who shall be subject to the direction of the superintendent. Every teacher attending any institute held in accordance

with the provisions of this act, shall be given by the superintendent of public instruction, or by

the conductor, a certificate setting forth at what sessions of said institute such teacher was in attendance; and any teacher who closes his or her school in order to attend the institute shall not forfeit his or her wages as teacher





during such time as he or she attended it, and the certificate
provided shall be evidence of such attendance (4842).
For the purpose of defraying the expenses of rooms, fires,

lights, or other necessary charges, and for pro-
curing teachers and lecturers, the said superin-

tendent or the person authorized by him to conduct the institute, may demand of the county clerk of each county for the benefit of which the institute is held (who shall thereupon draw an order on the county treasurer of his county for such sum) an amount necessary to defray these expenses but not exceeding the institute fund in the county treasury; and the treasurer of said county is hereby required to pay over to said superintendent or conductor, from the institute fund in his hands, the amount of said order (4843). In case the institute fund in any county is insufficient to

defray the necessary expenses of any institute held under the provisions of this act, the auditor

general shall, upon the certificate of the superintendent that he has made arrangements for holding such institute and that the county institute fund is insufficient to meet the expenses thereof, draw his warrant upon the State treasurer for such additional sum as said superintendent shall deem necessary for conducting such institute, which sum shall not exceed one hundred* dollars for each institute of five days' duration (4843). The superintendent is authorized to hold, once in each year,

an institute for the State at large, to be denomi. nated a State institute; and for the purpose of de

fraying the necessary expenses of such institute, the auditor general shall, on the certificate of said superintendent that he has made arrangements for holding such institute, draw his warrant upon the state treasurer for such sum as said superintendent shall deem necessary for conducting such institute, which sum shall not exceed four hundred * Amended by act No. 64, Laws of 1899.


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