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taught, and nine months considered a reasonable time for trial for a pupil to show an ability to learn. Any child of sound mind but who by reason of defective hearing cannot profitably be taught in the public schools may be considered deaf.

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This law provides a commission of four persons appointed by the governor who, with the State librarian, constitute a board of library commissioners. The term of office is four years, two being appointed every second year. Vacancies are also filled by appointment of the governor. The duty of this commission is to give advice and counsel to free libraries on such questions as the selection of books, cataloguing and details of library management. They must make a report to the governor in January of each year. All free libraries in the State must report to the library commission annually. The board is entitled to a sum not to exceed five hundred dollars in any one year for supplies and expenses of its members in the discharge of their duties. None of the members receive a salary, except the secretary, whose salary is limited to three hundred dollars in any one year. All expenses of the commission are paid out of the general fund of the State.

[Act No. 250.]

LOAN FUNDS FOR STUDENTS IN STATE INSTITUTIONS.

The purpose of this law was to provide for the establishment of associations or corporations whose object shall be the loaning of money to students in the university, normal schools, agricultural, mining and manual training schools of the State. The manner of incorporation and general powers of the corporation are similar to those organized under the general law of the State. This law is printed in full in the General School Law for 1899.

[Act No. 44 ]

PRINTING OF PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.

Sections eleven, thirty, and thirty-two of this act are of interest to school officers and teachers. Section eleven refers to the report of the superintendent of public instruction, and provides that there shall be printed one copy for each school library of the State, one to each superintendent of public instruction, State university and State normal school in the United States, one for each living ex-superintendent and ex-deputy superintendent in this State, one for each commissioner and school examiner, each city superin. endent of schools and two hnndred copies for deposit with the secretary of State for future distribution.

The superintendent of public instruction may in his discretion order three hundred copies in addition to the above.

The report is limited to three hundred pages and the amount expended for cuts and illustrations must not exceed fifty dollars. Section thirty provides a Legislative Manual (Red Book) for each district school, each graded and city school, each library other than school library and to each county commissioner of schools.

Section thirty-two makes it the duty of the county commissioners of schools to distribute the Legislative Manual to all the schools in their respective counties, and also to see that the same are kept for the use of the schools.

REVIEW QUESTIONS.

In answering some of the following questions the studen will be obliged to consult Miller's Compiled Laws, Reports of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the Legislative Manual.

1. By whom are school districts formed and numbered ?
2. What are specific taxes ?
3. What is meant by a fractional district ?
4. How are vacancies in State offices filled ?
5. How is the primary school fund raised ?

6. About how much money is apportioned in each year among the school districts of the State ?

7. Should all instruction in our public schools be given in the English language ?

8. What is done with lands which escheat to the State from a defect of heirs ?

9. How many months of school must be maintained during a school year to entitle districts to primary school money ?

10. How many members compose the board of regents of the State university ?

11. What is the length of a regent's term of office ? 12. Who is the president of the university ?

13. Is the president of the university a member of the board of regents ?

14. Of how many members is the State board of education composed ? 15. What is the length of the term of office of a member of the board of education ?

16. What is the salary of the superintendent of public instruction ? 17. Of what State boards is the superintendent a member?

18. What provision was made in the constitution for the establishment of an agricultural college ?

19. Mention some of the duties of the superintendent of public instruction.

of the corporation are similar to those organized under the general law of the State. This law is printed in full in the General School Law for 1899.

(Act No. 44 )

PRINTING OF PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. Sections eleven, thirty, and thirty-two of this act are of interest to school officers and teachers. Section eleven refers to the report of the superintendent of public instruction, and provides that there shall be printed one copy for each school library of the State, one to each superintendent of public instruction, State university and State normal school in the United States, one for each living ex-superintendent and ex-deputy superintendent in this State, one for each commissioner and school examiner, each city superin. endent of schools and two hnndred copies for deposit with the secretary of State for future distribution.

The superintendent of public instruction may in his discretion order three hundred copies in addition to the above.

The report is limited to three hundred pages and the amount expended for cuts and illustrations must not exceed fifty dollars. Section thirty provides a Legislative Manual (Red Book) for each district school, each graded and city school, each library other than school library and to each county commissioner of schools.

Section thirty-two makes it the duty of the county commissioners of schools to distribute the Legislative Manual to all the schools in their respective counties, and also to see that the same are kept for the use of the schools.

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50. Mention some of the information that must be contained in the inspector's annual reports.

51. Give some of the school duties of the township clerk. 52. How is the number of meetings of the board of inspectors limited ? 53. What compensation is allowed to school inspectors ?

54. What yearly salary does the clerk of the Upper Peninsula township district receive ? 55. What is the maximum size of primary school districts ?

56. Have the inspectors authority to change the boundaries of a school district which has been organized by special legislative enactment?

57. By whom are changes in the boundaries of fractional districts made ? 58. When may a school district be said to be legally organized ?

59. How many days' notice must be given of a meeting to change boundaries of a school district?

60. How many notices must be posted for change of boundaries ?
61. How may two or more primary districts be consolidated ?
62. How may a district be divided into two or more districts ?

63. Have the inspectors the right to destroy a district by detaching its territory?

64. How may a primary district organize into a graded district ?

65. Under what conditions may inspectors make an alteration in the boundaries of a graded district ?

66. How may two primary districts organize into one graded district ? 67. May a graded district change to a primary district ? 68. How many township school districts are there in Michigan? 69. How many primary districts ? 70. How many graded districts: 71. In the Upper Peninsula how are township districts organized ?

72. Of how many members is a township board of education composed ?

73. Mention several of the advantages of the township system over the district system.

74. What are some of the reasons why the township should not be the unit in school matters.

75. Has the township system been successfully tried in other States ? If so, where ?

76. Is the township system unpopular in States where it has been established ? If so, in what States ? 77. What is the date of the annual school meeting ?

78. When and how are the members of township boards of education elected ?

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