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mastered, we might almost say created, and reduced to writing, and one half the adult population taught to read. There had been established four hundred and three public schools, in which seventeen thousand four hundred and forty children and youth were being instructed.
The entire Bible had been translated from the original tongues, and there had been printed fifty-two thousand copies of the New Testament, and twenty thousand of the Old, besides several editions of one and ten thousand copies of fragmentary portions of the Scriptures, before the entire translation was completed. Upwards of seventy other different works, large and small, had been compiled and issued from the press, and the total number of pages printed at the missionary presses up to 1844, were twenty-two million sixty-one thousand seven hundred and fifty.
There had been organized twenty-five independent native churches, and there had been received to them, on examination, thirty-one thousand four hundred and nine persons, of whom there were then living in regular standing twenty-two thousand six hundred and fiftytwo, being more than one-fifth of the entire population of the Islands.
Besides these educational results that can be condensed into statistics, it should be added as a part of their education as a people, that the institutions of the Sabbath and of Christian marriage had been firmly established; government had been rendered comparatively just and stable; a good written constitution and
CONDENSED RESULTS OF EDUCATIONAL SERVICES. 289
laws had been enacted ; life and property were rendered secure; the country's industry and resources were beginning to be developed. The Hawaiian nation's independence had been acknowledged by other nations, and it was admitted into the fraternity of Christian States. The commerce of the Islands, that is, the value of its commercial exchanges, or bills negotiated there for the supply of ships, had grown from little or nothing to two hundred thousand dollars, while the yearly net revenue of the kingdom had reached to seventy thousand dollars, and the annual consumption of foreign goods was one hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars.
For the educational force of the nation there were found employed at the lapse of the first quarter of a century, as religious teachers of the Hawaiian people, or in other missionary service among them, six unmarried and forty married missionaries, having families to the number of one hundred and twenty children. There were five hundred and forty-eight native schoolteachers, themselves first taught by the missionary educators. There were four boarding-schools or seminaries, having two hundred and seventy-six pupils. There were two families formerly in the service of the Mission changed to that of the government, but devoted to the improvement of the Hawaiian race.
What then remained to be done before the Sandwich Islands could cease to be missionary ground, and what still remains, in order to complete the education of the Hawaiians, is, more thoroughly to instruct and Chris
tianize the common people; to train up an educated native ministry which the people shall support; to reform the national habits of living; to inculcate upon the sexes inodesty and chastity; to efface the dreadful characters of pollution and death, which heathenism has been burning in for ages upon the Hawaiian constitution; to introduce more extensively the improvements and arts of civilization; to develop the country's agricultural resources, and to foster habits and institute new ways of industry. .
'In order to accomplish all this, there are needed both religious teachers, physicians, artisans, mechanics, and farmers, to lighten the load and do the undone work of worn and weary pastors; to man the institutions of learning, and to afford suitable medical aid to the people, and to the missionary stations remote from each other, and to teach the natives all the arts of peace.
If any man think that where so much has been done little remains to do, in the process of national instruction and elevation, and when he reads that within the last two years the different Hawaiian churches have contributed in cash nine thousand three hundred dollars for building and repairing their churches, supporting preaching and schools, and for other benevolent purposes—if he infer that, therefore, the great American Education Society can soon drop their Hawaiian pupils, we have only to say that a greater mistake could hardly be entertained.
That we may ere long leave the pastors to be supported, after they get there, in great part by the peo
AMERICA'S DUTY TOWARDS HAWAII.
ple, is undoubtedly true. But America must continue to supply the men and their outfits, and lend also a helping hand to educational institutions there for at least twenty years longer, and the leading minds in the education of the nation must be from abroad. We do not say that if the American Church should now withdraw its aid, and send to the Heart of the Pacific no more missionaries, that the light of the Gospel would go out along with the lamps of life in the present ministers, and the people all go back to heathenism, or over to the Roman Beast.
Such a result would be impossible; for truth has made too deep an impression, and taken too strong a hold, to be so soon effaced or uprooted. Spiritual life would still linger here and there ; and though the leaven of the Gospel might in many cases turn sour and become rank Romanism, yet the salt of Divine truth would have been too widely diffused to let society change in the mass, either into the rottenness of Rome, or the Dead Sea of paganism.
Had missionaries there done nothing (like Schwartz in India) but preach the Gospel, this might be. But they have wisely translated and printed the Scriptures, and founded seminaries and schools; and the people would know too much to be befooled into baptized Romish heathenism, or led back blindfold into that sottish form of it which they forsook. They would probably soon fall into practical, lying infidelity, saying to them, what they like, Let us eat and drink, for to-morrow we die.
There would be just enough Christians among them to keep up the form of godliness without its power, and they would retain enough of outward religion to keep them from being feared like barbarians, by foreigners, while they would practise all uncleanness with greediness, and foreigners would join with them in digging the nation's grave with their lusts.
The fact that the Gospel has been fairly offered to a nation of more than one hundred thousand souls within much less than the period of one generation; that multitudes have embraced it with eagerness; that many have died in the faith of Jesus ; that many live, the exemplary disciples of Christ, to praise him for having ever put it into the hearts of American Christians to send them the Gospel; and that a nation of besotted, letterless savages has been reformed, by its living educators, into an orderly nátion of readers—all this, so far from allowing American philanthropy in the least to relax its efforts, is, as it were, for nothing else in the arrangements of Divine Providence, but to give the Church a standing proof, a visible demonstration, of what would follow from a proportionate outlay of Christian educational agencies upon every barbarous nation on the face of the earth. When it can be said that the Protestant school-master is abroad everywhere, as at. the Sandwich Islands; when the teacher, the Christian minister, the editor, and the author—those four leaders in modern civilization-are planted together among all the tribes and families of man, as they now are side by side in the Heart of the Pacific, the educa